an accomplished public servant to run for the white house
Herbert Hoover
on October 29, more than 16 million shares were sold as the stock market collapsed in the great crash
Black Tuesday
raised prices on foreign imports to such a level that they could not compete in the American market
Hawley-Smoot Tariff
a period lasting from 1929 to 1941 in which the economy faltered and unemployment soared
Great Depression
makeshift shantytowns of tents and shacks built on public lands or vacant lots
Hoovervilles
working for bigger landowners rather than for themselves
Tenant Farmers
dust storms in the Great Plains,Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, New Mexico, and Colorado
Dust Bowl
Dust storms in Oklahoma
Okies
involved efforts by local, state, and federal governments to encourage or coerce Mexican immigrants and their naturalized children to return to Mexico
Repatriation
the policy whereby problems could best be solved at local and state levels
Localism
World War 1 veterans seeking the bonus congress had promised them
Bonus Army
1932 the relatively unknown governor of New York
Franklin D Roosevelt
Franklin married his distant cousin in 1905
Eleanor Roosevelt
senator of new deal
Huey Long
presented an even bigger challenge to the FDR
Charles Coughlin
established unemployment insurance for workers who lost their jobs
Social Security Act
addressed the problems of the elderly, the poor, and the unemployed
Second New Deal
putting people to work on public projects put money into the hands of consumers who would buy more goods, simulating the economy
Pump Priming
provided workers with additional rights
Fair Labor Standard Act
was another member of the black cabinet
Mary McLeod Bethune