A series of laws, passed during the presidency of John Adams at the end of the eighteenth century, that sought to restrict the public activities of political radicals who sympathized with the French Revolution and criticized Adams's Federalist policies.
Alien Act
a person who advocates a redistribution of landed property, especially as part of a social movement.
Agrarian
(in the US) a body of advisers to the president, composed of the heads of the executive departments of the government.
Cabinet
an agreement or a settlement of a dispute that is reached by each side making concessions
Compromise
money that is owed or due
Dept
a select part of a group that is superior to the rest in terms of ability or qualities
elite
a tax levied on certain goods and commodities produced or sold within a country and on licenses granted for certain activities
excise
someone who wanted the ratification of the constituition
Federalist
establish or originate (an institution or organization)
founding
to give or provide the meaning
interpret
refers to the act in which men were captured and forced into naval service.
impressments
an amount of money or property left to someone in a will
legacy
abstention by governments from interfering in the workings of the free market.
laissezfaire
a court has the power to hear a case for the first time
originaljurisdiction
the total amount of money that a country's government has borrowed, by various means.
nationaldept
patriotic feeling, principles, or efforts
nationalism
the state of not supporting or helping either side in a conflict
neutrality
an organised group of people with at least roughly similar political aims and opinions, that seeks to influence public policy by getting its candidates elected to public office.
Politicalparty
a formal set of principal goals which are supported by a political party or individual candidate
politicalplatform
an earlier event or action that is regarded as an example or guide to be considered in subsequent similar circumstances
precedent
a state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives
republic
a firm decision to do or not to do something
resolution
a state's annual income from which public expenses are met
revenue
a tax or duty to be paid on a particular class of imports or exports.
tariff
not in accordance with a political constitution
unconstitutional
administrative decisions that are directly related to all issues and activity within a nation's borders
domesticpolicy
a government's strategy in dealing with other nations
foreignpolicy
review by the US Supreme Court of the constitutional validity of a legislative act.
judicialreview