A series of laws, passed during the presidency of John Adams at the end of the eighteenth century, that sought to restrict the public activities of political radicals who sympathized with the French Revolution and criticized Adams's Federalist policies.
a person who advocates a redistribution of landed property, especially as part of a social movement.
(in the US) a body of advisers to the president, composed of the heads of the executive departments of the government.
an agreement or a settlement of a dispute that is reached by each side making concessions
money that is owed or due
a select part of a group that is superior to the rest in terms of ability or qualities
a tax levied on certain goods and commodities produced or sold within a country and on licenses granted for certain activities
someone who wanted the ratification of the constituition
establish or originate (an institution or organization)
to give or provide the meaning
refers to the act in which men were captured and forced into naval service.
an amount of money or property left to someone in a will
abstention by governments from interfering in the workings of the free market.
a court has the power to hear a case for the first time
the total amount of money that a country's government has borrowed, by various means.
patriotic feeling, principles, or efforts
the state of not supporting or helping either side in a conflict
an organised group of people with at least roughly similar political aims and opinions, that seeks to influence public policy by getting its candidates elected to public office.
a formal set of principal goals which are supported by a political party or individual candidate
an earlier event or action that is regarded as an example or guide to be considered in subsequent similar circumstances
a state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives
a firm decision to do or not to do something
a state's annual income from which public expenses are met
a tax or duty to be paid on a particular class of imports or exports.
not in accordance with a political constitution
administrative decisions that are directly related to all issues and activity within a nation's borders
a government's strategy in dealing with other nations
review by the US Supreme Court of the constitutional validity of a legislative act.