Most common category of infection-causing microorganisms
Bacteria
Type of microorganism that must enterliving cells in order to reproduce
Virus
Measures designed to prevent the spread of infection or potentially infectious microorganisms to health epersonnel, clients, and visitors.
Isolation
Invasion by microorganism that is limited to the specific part of the body where the microorganism remains.
Local infection
Occurs when an invading microorganism spreads and damages different parts of the body.
Systemic infection
Techniques to be used with all clients to decrease the risk of transmitting unidentified pathogens
Universal precautions
The whole body inflammatory process, resulting in acute illness. A state of infection.
Sepsis
An adaptive response to what the body sees as harmful.
Inflammation
Highly contagious viral respiratory disease that is associated with inflammaation of the mucous membranes in the nose
Influenza
Acute bacterial infection of the dermis and underlying connective tissue
cellulitis
Inflammation and obstruction of the mucus membranes of the small airways
Bronchiolitis
Primary cells involved in both nonspecific and specific immune system responses
Leukocytes
Laboratory cultivations used to identify probable microorganisms by their characteristics
Cultures
Drainage by gravity of secretions fro various lung segments
Postural drainage
Forceful striking of the skin with cupped hands to aid in indirect removal of mucous from airway passages
Percussion
Vague feeling of physical discomfort
Malaise
Areas of alveolar collapse that appear as densities on film
Atelectasis
Difficult or labored breathing
Dyspnea
Bloody sputum
Hemoptysis
Visible sinking of the chest wall on inspiration
Retractions
A combination of percussion, vibration, and postural drainage that is utilized to reduce lungc onsolidation and prevent atelectasis
Chest physiotherapy
Deficient blood oxygenation
Hypoxemia