The Islam God
Allah
Sacred writings of Islam revealed by God to the prophet Muhammad
Quran
The code of law derived by the Koran and from the teachings and examples of Muhammad
Sharia
The last of the great prophets, founder of Islam
Muhammad
The religious faith of Muslims, founded by the prophet Muhammad
Islam
One who has submitted
Muslim
The flight of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina to to escape persecution in A.D. 622
Hijrah
A Muslim place of worship
Mosque
Islamic model for living based on the life and teachings of Muhammad
Sunna
Successor or deputy
Caliph
It is what the four caliphs were called
Rightly guided
It means striving, it's a inner struggle against evil
Jihad
Its when family comes into power, they moved the capital to Damascus
Umayyads
The first caliph of Mecca
Abu Bakr
The fourth caliph of Mecca, was assassinated in 661
Ali
It's a city in the capital of Syria, it was the capital when the Umayyads moved the capital from Mecca
Damascus
Its when you are a caliph and must be a descendant from Muhammad
Shia
They are followers that follow Muhammads example
Sunni
They controlled the empire in 750, and overthrew the Umayyads
Abbasids
It's a claiming descent from Ali and Fatima and its part of a caliphate
Fatimid
It's where the Abbasids moved the capital in 762
Baghdad