The one and only God
Allah
Muslim's holy book
Qur'an
The body of law based on Muhammad's example
Shari'a
The last and greatest of the prophets
Muhammad
"Submission to the will of god"
Islam
"One who has submitted"
Muslim
The migration Muhammad made from Mecca to medina
Hijrah
A Muslim place of worship
Mosque
Muhammad's example
Sunna
Sucessor or deputy
Caliph
The first four caliphs
Rightly guided
Striving; inner struggle against evil
Jihad
They moved the capital to Damascus
Umayyads
Invoked jihad
Abu-baker
The last caliph in the rightly guided
Ali
This is where the Umayyads moved the capital to
Damascus
They believed that a caliph must be a descendant of Muhammad
Shi'a
Followers of Muhammad's example
Sunni
They moved the capital to Baghdad
Abbasids
A Shi'a caliphate that is a descendant of Fatima, Muhammad's daughter
Fatimid
This is where the Abbasids moved the capital to
Baghdad