Compound used by cwlls to store and release energy
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Proccess used by plants and othee autotrophs to capture light energy and use it to power chemical reactions that convert carbin dioxide and water into oxygen and energy rich carbohydrates such as sugars and starches
Photosynthesis
Light absorbing molecule used by plants to gather the sun's energy
Pigment
Principal pigment of plants and other photosynthetic organisims
Chlorophyll
Organelle found in cells of plants and some other organisms that captures the energy from sunlight and converts ut into chemical energy
Chloroplast
Set of reactions in photosynthesis that use energy from light to produce ATP and NADPH
Light dependent reaction
Set of reactions in photosynthesis that do not require light, energy from ATP and NADPH is used to build high energy compounds such as sugar also called the calvin cycle
Light independence (calvin cycle)
First set of reactions in cellular respiration in which a molecule of glucose is broken into two molecules of pyruvic acid
Glycolysis
Proccess that releases energy by breaking down glucose and other food molecules in the presence of oxygen
Cellular respiration
Proccess by which cells release energy in the absence of oxygen
Fermentation
Proccess that does not require oxygen
Anaerobic
Procces that requires oxygen
Aerobic
Second stage or cellular resporatiom in which pyruvix acid is broken down into carbon dioxide in a seri3s of energy extracting reactions
Krebs cycle