Compound used by cells to store and release energy
Adenosine triphosphate
Process that requires oxygen
Process that does not require oxygen
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and other food molecules in the presence of oxygen
Cellular respiration
Principal pigment of plants and other photosynthetic organisms
Organelle found in cells of plants and some other organisms that captures the energy from sunlight and converts it into chemical energy
Process by which cells release energy in the absence of oxygen
First set of reactions in cellular respiration in which a molecule of gluecose is broken into two molecules of pyruvic acid
Second stage of cellular respiration in which pyruvic acid is broken down into carbon dioxide in a series of energy-extracting reactions
Krebs cycle
Set of reactions in photosynthesis that use energy from light to produce ATP and NADPH
Light-dependent reaction
Set of reactions in photosynthesis that do not require light. Also called the Calvin Cycle
Light-independent reaction
Process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture light energy and jse it to power chemical reactions that convert carbon dioxide and water into oxygen and energy-rich carbohydrates such as sugars and starches
Light-absorbing molecule used by plants to gether the sun's energy