the basic unit of a chemical element
ATOM
Tendency of a mineral to split along specific planes of weakness to form smooth, flat surfaces
CLEAVAGE
Minerals and organic matter a rock contains
COMPOSITION
a thing that is composed of two or more separate elements
COMPOUND
Solid, geometric form that results from a repeating pattern of atoms
CRYSTAL
When sediment comes to rest
DEPOSITION
a sudden and violent shaking of the ground, as a result of movements within the earth's crust or volcanic action.
EARTHQUAKE
substances that cannot be chemically interconverted or broken down into simpler substances
ELEMENTS
Rock that is formed from cooled and solidified lava or magma
IGNEOUS
The way a surface reflects light
LUSTER
When pressure, temperature, or chemical processes change a rock
METAMORPHIC
a solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence
MINERAL
Area where a set of deep cracks form
RIFTZONE
One or more minerals or organic matter
ROCK
When rock changes from one type to another
ROCKCYCLE
Minerals that form when old rock gets pressed and cemented together
SEDIMENTARY
Color of the powdered form of a mineral
STREAK
Sinking of regions of the crust to lower elevations
SUBSIDENCE
Size, shape, and positions of the grains that make up a rock
TEXTURE
Rising of regions of the crust to higher elevations
UPLIFT
The process where water, wind, ice, and changes temperature break down rock
WEATHERING