_____ begins with smell and taste and is under involuntary control
digestion
Cholecystokinin, gastric inhibitory peptide, secretin, and _____ represent the four hormones that regulate digestion.
gastrin
The breakdown of complex structures into smaller ones is known as _____ reaction.
catabolic
pH and _____ affects enzymes rate of reactions
temperature
_____ moves water through a selectively permeable membrane
Osmosis
Equal in cell and solution
Isotonic
More particles in solution
Hypertonic
More particles in the cell and less in the solution
Hypotonic
_____ refers to the concentration of particles in solution
osmolality
This process occurs when substances cannot move across cell membranes (hint: two words)
Active Transport
Sodium potassium pump is important for ____ function
Nerve
The byproduct of stomach contents and digestive juices
Chyme
This part of the small intestines is where most of the digestion occurs
Jejunum
This rhythmic contraction moves the bolus of food down the esophagus
peristalsis
Bulk transport occurs by endocytosis and _____
exocytosis
____ is produced by the liver
Bile
Bile is stored and secreted by the _____
gallbladder