nucleoside triphosphate a small molecule used in cells as a coenzyme.
adenosine triphosphate
process by which plants, some bacteria, and some protistans use the energy from sunlight to produce sugar, which cellular respiration converts into ATP, the "fuel" used by all living things.
photosynthesis
the natural coloring matter of animal or plant tissue.
pigment
a green pigment, present in all green plants
chlorophyll
a plastid that contains chlorophyll and in which photosynthesis takes place.
chloroplast
The series of biochemical reactions in photosynthesis that require light energy that is captured by light-absorbing pigments
light-dependent reaction
chemical reactions that convert carbon dioxide and other compounds into glucose.
light-independent reaction
the breakdown of glucose by enzymes, releasing energy and pyruvic acid.
glycolysis
The chemical process that generates most of the energy in the cell
cellular respiration
the chemical breakdown of a substance by bacteria, yeasts, or other microorganisms
fermentation
relating to, involving, or requiring an absence of free oxygen.
anaerobic
relating to, involving, or requiring free oxygen.
aerobic
the sequence of reactions by which most living cells generate energy during the process of aerobic respiration.
krebs cycle