Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Who proposed the idea of plate tectonics? Henry Hess
What type of plate boundary collides with the other to create mountains? Convergent
Who proposed the theory of continental drift? Alfred Wegener
What type of plate boundary slides past the other to create fault lines? Transform
What type of plate boundary pulls away from the other to form rift valleys? Divergent
What islands were formed over a hotspot? Hawaiian Islands
Magma that has reached the surface Lava
Hot, molten rock from deep within the earth Magma
When two plates collide and the more dense one sinks under the earths surface Subduction
When magma oozes from mid ocean ridges, creating new crust that gradually moves away from the ridge and makes one ocean bigger and the other smaller Seafloor spreading
Cool, rigid outermost layer of the earth. Consists of the upper most part of the mantle and the crust Lithosphere
Solid layer with plasticity in the upper mantle just below the lithosphere Asthenosphere
Heated, less dense air or liquid rises and cooler, more dense air or liquid sinks Convection Current
Theory that continents were once one big land mass and over time they drifted apart Continental Drift
Materialized remains of organisms that show how long an animal lived and the structure of their body Fossil
Theory that the lithosphere is divided into tectonic plates that float around on the asthenosphere Plate Tectonics
What mountain range formed from the collision of the India and Eurasia plate? Himalayas
What mountain formed along the coast of South Africa as a result of plate subduction after a collision Andes Mountains
What islands were formed from the collision of two oceanic plates? Aleutian Islands
Area in the mantle from which magma rises from a narrow plume to form volcanic mountains Hotspot

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Plate Tectonics Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

What describes large scale movements of the Earth's lithosphere? Plate Tectonics
The lithosphere is divided into... Tectonic Plates
Two plates collide they make... Convergent Boundaries
When two plates move away from each other this is called... Divergent Boundaries
A boundary at which two plates move past each other horizontally is called a... Transform Boundary
What is the outermost rigid layer of Earth? Lithosphere
What is a layer of weak or soft mantle that is made of rock? Asthenosphere
What is the strong lower part of the Earth's mantle? Mesosphere
What explains the age and magnetic patterns of sea floor rocks? Sea-Floor Spreading
What is the outermost layer of Earth? Core
What is the movement of matter that results from differences in density? Convection
What is located between the core and the crust? Mantle
What extends from below the mantle to the center of Earth? Core
What element makes up most of Earth's core? Iron
What is the liquid layer of Earth's core? Outer core
What is dense and is in the center of Earth and extends from the bottom of the outer core to the center of Earth? Inner core
What are the huge trenches on Earth's seafloor? Ocean Trenches
What pushes the rest of a plate away from the mid-ocean ridge? Ridge Push
What is the portion of motion of a tectonic plate that can be accounted for b the portion of motion of a tectonic plate that can be accounted for by its subduction? Slab Pull
What is the slow creeping motion of Earth's solid silicate mantle caused by convection currents carrying heat from the interior of the Earth to the surface? Mantle Convection

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Plate Tectonics Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

What is the trace or organism that lived in the past? Fossil
What is liquid magma that reaches the surface? Lava
What is the molten mixture of rock? Magma
What was the land mass that broke 200 million years ago? Pangea
What is a section of litosphere that slowly moves over the asthenosphere carrying pieces of continental drift and oceanic crust called ? Plates
What is the theory that pieces of earths litosphere are in constant motion driven by convection currents in the mantle called? Plate Tectonics
What is the process by which the shaking is perpendicular to the direction to the wave called? Seafloor spreading
What are vibrations that travel through earth carrying the energy released during an earthquake called? Seismicwaves
What causes the rock to change its shape or volume? Stress
What is rocks surface, size, and shape? Texture
What is a slab of volcanic rock formed when magma is forced up and flows out as lava called? Sill
What is an opening on earths surface where magma is forced up and flows out as lava called? Vent
What is a violent shaking of the ground? Earthquake
What is very dense, has a solid center,mostly iron, and has small amount of oxygen? Innercore
What is the largest layer inside the earths? Mantle
What forms when the top of the volcano collapse? Caldera
What fossil when sediments fill in a mold and harden into a rock? Cast
What is a liquid core that surrounds earths solid inner core and that's is mostly made of iron? Outtercore
What is bits of rocks or solified lava dropped from the air? Tephra
What is the location in the mantle that is hotter than other areas? Hotspot

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Tectonic Plates Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Wegner's Hypothesis that the continents once formed part of a single landmass. Continental Drift
Identical fossils found in both South America and Western Africa. Fossil Evidence
Similarities in the coastlines of continents. Coastline Evidence
Ages and types of rocks in the coastal regions of separate continents matched. Geological Evidence
Layers of debris from ancient glaciers on separate continents. Climatic Evidence
Undersea mountain chain that forms as magma rises and creates new sea floor as tectonic plates move apart. Mid Ocean Ridge
Geological evidence suggest that Earth's magnetic field has not always pointed North. Magnetic Reversals
The stripes in the sea floor illustrates Earth's alternating magnetic field. Magnetic Symmetry
Plates move away from each other. Divergent Boundary
Plates collide with each other. Convergent Boundary
Two plates slide past each other horizontally. Transform Boundary
New sea floor forms as magma rises to Earth's surface and solidifies at a mid-ocean ridge. Sea Floor Spreading
Another name for the crust and upper mantle. Lithosphere
As the lithosphere moves away from the mid-ocean ridge it cools and becomes denser. It begins to sub-duct, as the leading edge begins to sink it pulls the rest of the plate along behind it Slab Pull
A large continent that broke up into smaller continents. Supercontinent

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PLATE TECTONICS Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

the hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a single landmass, broke up, and drifted to their present locations. Continental drift
a long, undersea mountain that has a steep, narrow valley at its center, that forms as magma rises from the asthenosphere, and that creates new oceanic lithosphere ( sea floor ) as tectonic plates move apart. Mid-ocean ridges
the valley at the center of the ridge was a crack in Earth's crust. Rift
the process by which new oceanic lithosphere ( sea floor ) forms as magma rises to Earth's surface and solidifies at a mid-ocean ridge. Sea-floor spreading
the study of the alignment of magnetic minerals in a rock, specifically as it relates to the reversal of Earth's magnetic poles. Paleomagnetism
the theory that explains how large pieces of the lithosphere, called plates, move and change shape Plate tectonics
the solid, outer layer of Earth that consists of the crust and the rigid upper part of the mantle. Lithosphere
the solid, plastic layer of the mantle beneath the lithosphere. Asthenosphere
dense and made up of rock that is rich in iron and magnesium. Oceanic crust
low density and is made up of rock that is rich in silica. Continental crust
when tectonic plates move, sudder shifts can occur along their boundaries. Earthquakes
form when plate motions generate magma that erupts on Earth's surface. Volcanoes
a major area in the basin of the Pacific Ocean where a large number of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur. Pacific Ring of Fire
move away from each other Divergent boundary
move towards each other Convergent boundary
the place where two lithosphere plates come together, one on top of the other Subduction zone
a curved chain of volcanic islands located at a tectonic plate margin, typically with a deep ocean trench Island Arc
slide past each other horizontally Transform boundary
the movement of tectonic plates Convection
the supercontinent that was once a big landmass Pangea

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Plate Tectonics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Theory earth, has been broken into plates and are motion due to convention currents in upper mantle Plate Tectonics
Term for the super continent which contained all plates together Pangea
Thin, outer most layer of the earth above the mantle Crust
The solid outer layer of the earth that consists of the crust and rigid upper part of mantle Lithosphere
The soft layer of the mantle on which the Tectonics plates move Asthenosphere
When two plates slide past each other horizontally Transform boundary
Continents once formed a single landmass broke up and drifted to their present locations Continental drift
The process by which new oceanic crust forms as magma rises towards the surface and solidifies at divergency boundaries Sea floor spreading
The boundary formed by the collision of two plates Convergent boundary
Two plates are moving away fromeach other Divergent
Long narrow depression formed at divergent boundaries Rift Valley
Two plates collide and the more dense ocean plate descends below the other plate Subduction
A current caused by the rising of heated fluid and sinking of cooled fluid to drive plate movement into the mantle of earth Convection current
Extremely deep areas in the ocean that are created by subducting plate Trench
An area in the mantle that is super heated and melts through the crust Hot spot
An underwater mountain range made out at divergent plate boundaries Mid - Ocean ridge
Measures and records earthquakes magnitude based on the energy released in an earthquake Seismographs
Location right above the focus Epicenter
Portion of earth crust that primarily contains granite, is less dense than oceanic crust Continental crust
Thinner more dense younger crust making ocean floor Oceanic crust

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Plate Tectonics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

What was the super continent called? Pangaea
This ring contains most of Earths volcanoes. What is it called? Pacific Ring of Fire
What was the theory that all the continents made one big super continent called? Continental drift
An underwater mountain range. Mid-ocean ridges
Where new oceanic crust is formed through volcanic activity and then gradually moves away from the ridge Sea-Floor Spreading
The study of the record of the Earth's magnetic field in rocks, sediment, or archeological materials Paleomagnetism
A theory explaining the structure of the earth's crust and many associated phenomena as resulting from the interaction of rigid lithospheric plates that move slowly over the underlying mantle Plate Tectonics
These boundaries moves away from each other. Divergent boundary
These boundaries come together. Convergent boundary
These boundaries slide past each other. Transform boundary
A region of the Earth's crust where tectonic plates meet. Subduction Zone
The movement caused within a fluid by the tendency of hotter and therefore less dense material to rise, and colder, denser material to sink under the influence of gravity, which consequently results in transfer of heat. Convection
A crack, split, or break in something. Rift
The rigid outer part of the earth, consisting of the crust and upper mantle. Lithosphere
The upper layer of the earth's mantle, below the lithosphere, in which there is relatively low resistance to plastic flow and convection is thought to occur. Asthenosphere
The uppermost layer of the oceanic portion of a tectonic plate. Oceanic Crust
The relatively thick part of the earth's crust that forms the large landmasses. It is generally older and more complex than the oceanic crust. Continental Crust
A sudden and violent shaking of the ground, sometimes causing great destruction, as a result of movements within the earth's crust or volcanic action. Earthquakes
A mountain or hill, typically conical, having a crater or vent through which lava, rock fragments, hot vapor, and gas are being or have been erupted from the earth's crust. Volcanoes
A curved chain of volcanic islands located at a tectonic plate margin, typically with a deep ocean trench on the convex side. Island Arc

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Chapter 1 Plate Tectonics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

The process by which ocean floor sinks beneath a deep-ocean trench and back into the mantle subduction
When earthquakes occur they produce seismic waves
results from a force pressing on an area pressure
is the layer of rock that forms Earth's outer skin crust
a layer of hot rock mantle
The uppermost part of the mantle and the crust together form a rigid layer lithosphere
lower part of the mantle [soft layer] asthenosphere
is a layer of molten metal that surrounds the inner core outer core
is a dense ball of solid metal inner core
the transfer of energy through space radiation
heat transfer within a material or between materials that are touching conduction
can be transferred by the movement of fluids-liquids or gases convection
the flow that transfers heat within a fluid convection currents
continents slowly moving across the Earth continental drift
continually adds new material to the ocean floor sea floor spreading
the lithosphere broken up into separate sections plates
states that pieces of Earth's lithosphere are in slow, constant motion, driven by convection currents in the mantle plate tectonics
breaks in Earth's crust where rocks have slipped past each other faults
the place where two plates more apart divergent boundary
the place where two plates come together convergent boundary
a place where two plates slip past each other transform boundary

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Plate Tectonics and Volcanoes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

hypothesis that states the continents once formed a single landmass continentaldrift
scientist that proposed continental drift Wegener
long, undersea mountain chain with steep valley at it's center midoceanridge
the process which new oceanic lithosphere forms as magma rises to Earth’s surface and solidifies seafloorspreading
study of alignment of magnetic mineral in rock, as it relates to the reversal of Earth’s magnetic poles Paleomagnetism
theory that explains how large pieces of the lithosphere move and change shape platetectonics
solid, outer layer of Earth that consists of the crust and the rigid upper part of the mantle lithosphere
solid, plastic layer of the mantle beneath the lithosphere asthenosphere
he boundary between tectonic plates that are moving away from each other divergentboundary
the boundary between tectonic plates that are colliding convergentboundary
he boundary between tectonic plates that are sliding past each other transformboundary
the process by which Earth’s crust breaks apart rifting
piece of lithosphere that has a unique geologic history and that may be part of a larger piece of lithosphere terrane
supercontinent that formed 300 million years ago and that began to break up beginning 250 million years ago Pangaea
single, large ocean that covered Earth’s surface during the time of Pangaea Panthalassa
movement or trembling of the ground that is caused by a sudden release of energy when rocks along a fault move earthquake
the sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undeformed shape elasticrebound
the location where the first motion of an earthquake occurs focus
point on Earth’s surface directly above an Earthquake’s starting point or focus epicenter
a region of numerous, closely spaced faults faultzone
tracing of earthquake motion that is recorded by a seismograph Seismogram
an instrument that records vibrations in the ground Seismograph
measure of the strength of an earthquake magnitude
in Earth science the amount of damage caused by an earthquake intensity
a giant ocean wave that forms after a volcanic eruption tsunami
liquid rock produced under Earth’s surface magma
any activity that includes the movement of magma toward or onto Earth’s surface volcanism
magma that flows onto Earth’s surface; the rock that forms when lava cools and solidifies lava

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Plate Tectonics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

He discovered the theory of continental drift and plate tectonics Alfred Wegener
a hypothetical continent that is all the continents as one Supercontinent
a hypothetical landmass that existed when all the continents were joined together pangea
theory that explains how the continents shift on earths surface continental drift
a long narrow excavation in the ground trench
a linear shaped lowland between highlands or mountain ranges riftvalley
an underwater mountain system oceanic ridges
a geographic area containing many related mountains mountain ranges
shaking of the earth due to the sudden release of energy in the crust of earth earthquakes
the theory that explains the motion in the lithosphere plate tectonics
rock fractures hat show evidence of relative movement fault
horizontal movement of the faults against each other transfrom
the plates collide at this type of boundary convergent
the plates move away from each other at this boundary divergent
the process at convergent boundaries when one tectonic plate moves under another subduction
the lithosphere and two types; oceanic and continental crust
lava escaping magma filled chambers below the surface volcano
a ring in the pacific ocean where a lot of volcanic eruptions and earthquakes occur ring of fire
a continental transorm fault through california san andreas
the movement of differently heated liquids convection current

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plate tectonics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

the layer of rock that forms earths outer surface crust
rock that floats high on the mantle that makes up the continents continental crust
the layer of hot solid material between earths crust and core mantle
a ridged layer made up of the uppermost part of the mantle crust lithosphere
the soft layer of the mantle on which the lithosphere floats asthenesphere
a layer of molten lava and nickel that surrounds the inner core of earth outer core
a dense spear of solid iron and nickel at the center of the earth inner core
a plate boundary where two plates move away from each other divergent boundary
a plate boundary where two plates move towards each other convergent boundary
the name of the single landmass that broke apart 200 million years ago and gave rise to todays continents Pangaea
The hypotheses that the continents slowly move across Earth's surface Continental drift
a trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock fossil
the process by whichoceanic crust sinks beneath a deep ocean trench and back into the mantle at a convergent plate boundary dubduction
an undersea mountain chain where new ocean floor is produces mid ocean ridge
a deep valley along the ocean floor beneath which oceanic crust slowly sinks toward the mantle deep ocean trench
a deep valley that forms where two plates move apart rift valley
a plate boundary where two plates move past each other in opposite directions transform boundary
a section of the lithosphere that slowly moves oner the atmosphere carrying pieces of continental and oceanic crust plate
the theory that pieces of earths lithosphere are in constant motion driven by convection currents in the mantle plate tectonics
a break or crack in earths lithosphere along which the rocks move fault

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