Type
Crossword
Description

proton acceptor, increase the concentration of OH- ions when dissolved in water, greater than 7 on the PH scale, bitter in taste base
simple sugar, important energy source. Component of many carbohydrates glucose
a colorless, sweet, viscous liquid formed as a byproduct in soap manufacture. It is used as an emollient and laxative, and for making explosives and antifreeze. glycerol
a complex of vesicles and folded membranes within the cytoplasm of most eukaryotic cells, involved in secretion and intracellular transport golgi apparatus
taking place with normal contraction; denoting or relating to a solution having the same osmotic pressure as some other solution, especially one in a cell or a body fluid. isotonic
each of two or more forms of the same element that contain equal numbers of protons but different numbers of neutrons in their nuclei, isotope
any of the class of sugars (e.g., glucose) that cannot be hydrolyzed to give a simpler sugar. monosaccharide
the positively charged central core of an atom, consisting of protons and neutrons and containing nearly all its mass; a dense organelle present in most eukaryotic cells, typically a single rounded structure bounded by a double membrane, containing the genetic material nucleus
lubricate the mouth, help with swallowing, protect teeth against bacteria, aid in food digestion salivary gland
tissue that forms a smooth, transparent, two-layered membrane lubricated by a fluid derived from serum serous membrane
a liquid mixture in which the minor component is uniformly distributed within the major component solution
able to dissolve other substances. solvent
the state of a solution in respect of osmotic pressure tonicity

Characteristics of Life Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Liquid part of a cell inside the cell membrane Cytoplasm
Membrane surrounded component of a eukaryotic cell with a specialized function Organelle
Stiff structure outside the cell membrane that protects a cell from attack by viruses and other harmful organisms CellWall
A large macromolecule that does not dissolve in water Lipid
Series of chemical reactions that convert light energy, water, and carbon dioxide into the food energy molecule glucose and give off oxygen Photosynthesis
Process by which glucose is broken down into smaller molecules Glycolysis
Process during which a cell takes in a substance by surrounding it with the cell membrane Endocytosis
The movement of substances through a cell membrane using the cell's energy ActiveTransport
Macromolecules that form when long chains of molecules called nucleotides join together. NucleicAcids
When joining many small molecules together Macromolecule
One sugar molecule, two sugar molecules, or a long chain of sugar molecules Carbohydrates
Network of threadlike proteins joined together that gives a cell it's shape and helps it move Cytoskeleton
Long chains of amino acid molecules Proteins
All living things are made of one or more cells, the cell is the smallest unit of life, and all new cells come from preexisting cells CellTheory
Reaction that eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells can use to obtain energy from food when oxygen levels are low Fermentation
Process during which a cell's vesicles release their contents outside the cell Exocytosis
Flexible covering that protects the inside of a cell from the environment outside the cell CellMembrane
Movement of substance through a cell membrane without using the cell's energy PassiveTransport
Membrane-bound organelle that uses light energy and males glucose from water and carbon dioxide in the process of photosynthesis Chloroplast
An organism's ability to maintain steady internal conditions when outside conditions change Homeostasis
The smallest unit of life Cell
Living things that are made of only one cell Unicellular
Movement of substances from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration Diffusion
Series of chemical reactions that convert the energy in food molecules into a usable form of energy called ATP CellularRespiration
Things that have all the characteristics of life Organism
Living things that are made from two or more cells Multicellular
Part of a eukaryotic cell that directs cell activity and contains genetic info stored in DNA Nucleus

Solutions Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A substance consisting of atoms which all have the same number of protons and the same atomic number. element
A sample of matter with both definite and constant composition with chemical properties Pure Substance
Is composed of two or more separate elements; a mixture. Compound
A substance made by mixing other substances together. Mixture
A liquid mixture in which the minor component (the solute) is uniformly distributed within the major component (the solvent). Solution
The minor component in a solution, dissolved in the solvent. Solute
The liquid in which a solute is dissolved to form a solution. Solvent
The quality or property of being soluble solubility
Capable of being dissolved or liquefied Soluble
Incapable of being dissolved or liquefied Insoluble
A substance composed of two or more metals, or of a metal or metals with a nonmetal Alloy
to make (a liquid) thinner or weaker by the addition of water dilute
the act of concentrating; the state of being concentrated. concentration
a mixture of physically distinct substances with different properties heterogeneous mixture
any combination of substances that has uniform composition and properties homogeneous mixture
An example is milk or mayo Colliod
holding as much water or moisture as can be absorbed; thoroughly soaked saturated
denoting fats containing a high proportion of fatty acid molecules with at least one double bond unsaturated
the stage at which no more of a substance can be absorbed into a vapor or dissolved into a solution saturation point

Cell Transport Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

An organism's ability to maintain steady internal conditions when outside conditions change Homeostasis
Hydrophobic tails are facing inward and their hydrophilic heads are outward Phospholipid Bilayer
The movement of substances through a cell membrane without using the cell's energy Passive Transport
The movement of substances from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration Diffusion
The diffusion of water molecules only through a membrane Osmosis
When molecules pass through a cell membrane using special proteins called transport proteins Facilitated Diffusion
The movement of substances through a cell membrane only by using the cell's energy Active Transport
Cells energy ATP
The process during which a cell takes in a substance by surrounding it with the cell membrane Endocytosis
The process by which certain living cells called phagocytes ingest or engulf other cells or particles Phagocytosis
a process by which liquid droplets are ingested by living cells Pinocytosis
The process during which a cell’s vesicles releases their contents outside the cell Exocytosis
The maximum pressure that develops in a solution separated from a solvent by a membrane permeable only to the solvent Osmotic Pressure
Having a lower osmotic pressure than the surrounding environment is called Hypotonic
Having a higher osmotic pressure than the surrounding environment is called Hypertonic
Having equal osmotic pressure with the surrounding environment is called Isotonic

Cell Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

An organelle found in plants and algae that absorbs sunlight and uses it to drive the synthesis of organic compounds (sugars) from carbon dioxide and water Chloroplasts
A protective layer external to the plasma membrane in plant cells bacteria fungi and some protists; protects the cell and helps maintain its shape Cell Wall
A structure found in animal cells from which microtubules originate and that is important during cell division (contains two centrioles) Centrosome
The central vacuole is a cellular organelle found in plant cells. It is often the largest organelle in the cell. It is surrounded by a membrane and functions to hold materials and wastes. Central Vacuole
A narrow thread of cytoplasm that passes through the cell walls of adjacent plant cells that allows connections between them. Plasmodesma
A digestive organelle in eukaryotic cells; contains hydrolytic enzymes that digest engulfed food or damaged organelles Lysosome
The contents of a eukaryotic cell between the plasma membrane and the nucleus; consists of a semi-fluid medium and organelles; can also refer to the interior of a prokaryotic cell Cytoplasm
A cell structure consisting of RNA and protein organized into two subunits and functioning as the site of protein synthesis in the cytoplasm; in the eukaryotic cells the ribosomal subunits are constructed in the molecules Ribosomes
organelle composed of a double membrane that acts as the storehouse for most of a cell's DNA Nucleus
A bean-shaped organelle that supplies energy to the cell and has its own ribosomes and DNA Mitochondria
The thickest of the three main kinds of fibers making up the cytoskeleton of a eukaryotic cell; a hollow tube made of globular proteins called tubulins; found in cilia and flagella Microtubules
That portion of the endoplasmic reticulum with ribosomes attached that make membrane proteins and secretory proteins Rough ER
The portion of the endoplasmic reticulum that lacks ribosomes centrioles/ A small cylindrical organelle near the nucleus in animal cells, occurring in pairs and involved in the development of spindle fibers in cell division. Smooth ER
A small cylindrical organelle near the nucleus in animal cells, occurring in pairs and involved in the development of spindle fibers in cell division. Centrioles
A thin flexible layer around the cells of all living things; it's job is to separate the cytoplasm from the cell's surroundings Cell Membrane
A complex of vesicles and folded membranes within the cytoplasm of most eukaryotic cells, involved in secretion and intracellular transport. Golgi Body

Carbohydrates and Lipids Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Organic compounds build from monosaccharides, containing mostly carbon and water Carbohydrates
Monomer of carbohydrates. Smallest sugars. Glucose, Fructose, Galactose Monosaccharide
Combination of two monosaccharide sugars. Sucrose, Maltose, Lactose Disaccharide
Long chain of monosaccharides joined together. Starch, Glycogen, Cellulose, Chitin Polysaccharide
Simple sugar used to make energy. C6H12O6 Glucose
Monosaccharide found in fruit Fructose
Table sugar. Glucose + Fructose Sucrose
Sugar foundi n milk. Glucose + Galactose Lactose
Polysaccharide containing thousands of glucose monomers. Energy storage in plants Starch
Polysaccharide containing thousands of glucose monomers. Short term energy storage in animals Glycogen
Polysaccharide containing thousands of glucose monomers arranged to give structure to plants. Not digestible by humans Cellulose
Polysaccharide that makes up the exoskeleton of Arthropoda and found in the cell wall of some fungi and algae Chitin
Biomolecule that is insoluble in water. Fats, Phospholipids, and Steroids Lipid
Primary form of fat in foods and your body. Long term energy storage. Triglyceride
Main component of cell membranes. Similar to a triglyceride, except a fatty acid is replaced with a polar head Phospholipid
Class of lipids that contains hormones and cholesterol Steroids
Chain of carbons and hydrogen sulfide that make up fats and phospholipids Fattyacid
Backbone of fats and phospholipids Glycerol
Type of fats that have a hydrogen attached to every carbon. Unhealthy fat Saturated
Type of fats that have at least one double bond between two carbons. Healthier fat Unsaturated
Structural component of cell membranes, and a precursor to some hormones Cholesterol
Primary male hormone responsible for regulation of the reproductive system and secondary sex characteristics Testosterone
Primary female hormone responsible for development and regulation of the reproductive system and secondary sex characteristics Estrogen
A primary female hormone involved in mentruation and pregnancy Progesterone
Enzyme that digests fat Lipase
Lipids that are liquid at room temperature Oil

Cell organelles and functions Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Basic unit of a chemical element Atom
A group of atoms bonded together Molecule
the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, Cell
an organelle found in large numbers in most cells Mitochondria
the material or protoplasm within a living cell Cytoplasm
study of cell structure and function Cell biology
the semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell. Cell membrane
(in green plant cells) a plastid that contains chlorophyll and in which photosynthesis takes place. Chloroplast
a dense organelle present in most eukaryotic cells Nucleus
any of a number of organized or specialized structures within a living cell. Organelles
single-celled organism which has neither a distinct nucleus with a membrane nor other specialized organelles Prokaryote
organism whose cells contain a nucleus surrounded by a membrane Eukaryote
a rigid layer of polysaccharides lying outside the plasma membrane of the cells of plants, fungi, and bacteria Cell wall
A sphere-shaped structure within the cytoplasm of a cell that is composed of RNA and protein and is the site of protein synthesis Ribosomes
a network of membranous tubules within the cytoplasm of a eukaryotic cell Endoplasmic Reticulum
It is another packaging organelle like the endoplasmic reticulum Golgi Complex
transport of materials within the cytoplasm. Vesicles
an organelle in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells containing degradative enzymes enclosed in a membrane. Lysosomes
Theory that states that cells are the basic units of structure and function in living organisms. Cell theory

cellular respiration crossword puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

A compound that functions as a coenzyme in many biological acetylation reactions and is formed as an intermediate in the oxidation of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. Acetyl CoA
a simple sugar that is an important energy source in living organisms and is a component of many carbohydrates Glucose
An organic compound that is composed of adenosine and two phosphate groups ADP
first stage of cellular respiration, it occurs in cytoplasm of the cell, splitting of a sugar Glycolysis
composed of adenosine, ribose, and three phosphate ATP
pH is a measure of the hydorgen ion concentration of a solution. Solutions with a high concentration of hydrogen ions have a low pH and solutions with a low concentrations of H+ ions have a high pH. H+ ions
A series of metabolic processes that take place within a cell in which biochemical energy is harvested from organic substance and stored as energy carriers for use in energy-requiring activities of the cell. Cellular respiration
consisting of two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen. H2O
essential to metabolism of carbohydrates and fats and some amino acids. Coenzyme A
A series of enzymatic reactions in aerobic organisms involving oxidative metabolism of acetyl units and producing high-energy phosphate compounds such as ATP, which serve as the main source of cellular energy. Krebs cycle
process of particles, which are sometimes called solutes, moving through a solution or gas from an area of higher number of particles to an area of lower number of particles. Concentration gradient
power house of the cell Mitochondria
contents outside of the nucleus and enclosed within the cell membrane of a cell. It is clear in color and has a gel-like appearance. Cytoplasm
two nucleotides joined through their phosphate groups, with one nucleotide containing an adenine base and the other containing nicotinamide NAD+
a crystalline organic acid, C 4 H 4 O 5 , that is an important intermediate in the Krebs cycle Oxaloacetate
electron accepter that is utilized in cellular respiration. FADH2
a colorless, odorless, gaseous element constituting about one-fifth of the volume of the atmosphere and present in a combined state in nature Oxygen
is an important enzyme that provides energy for the cell to use through the synthesis of adenosine triphosphate  ATP Synthase
end product of glycolysis, which is converted into acetyl coA that enters the Krebs cycle when there is sufficient oxygen available Pyruvate

Characteristics Of Life Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

An organism's ability to maintain steady internal conditions when outside conditions change Homeostasis
Something that has all of the characteristics of life Organism
A substance that forms when small molecules join together Macromolecule
A long chain of amino acid molecules Protein
A large macromolecule that does not dissolve in water Lipid
Stiff structure outside the cell membrane that protects a cell from attack from viruses and other harmful organisms Cell Wall
Liquid part of a cell inside the cell membrane Cytoplasm
Network of threadlike proteins joined together that gives a cell its shape and helps it move Cytoskeleton
Membrane-surrounded component of a eukaryotic cell with a specialized function Organelle
Movement of substances through a cell membrane without using the cell's energy Passive Transport
Process during which a cell takes in a substance by surrounding it with the cell membrane Endocytosis
Process during which a cell's vesicles release their contents outside the cell Exocytosis
Process by which glucose is broken down into smaller molecules Glycolysis
"Protein factories" produced in the nucleolus Ribosomes
Reaction that eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells can use to obtain energy from food when oxygen levels are low Fermentation
A living thing that is made up of two or more cells Multicellular
Series of chemical reactions that convert light energy, carbon dioxide, and water into the food energy molecule glucose and give off oxygen Photosynthesis

Cell Structure and Function Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

All living things are made of one or more cells cell theory
Long chains of amino acid molecules proteins
A fluid inside a cell that contains salts and other molecules cytoplasm
Formed by joining many small molecules together macromolecules
Macromolecules that form when long chains of molecules called nucleotides join together nucleic acids
A large macromolecule that does not dissolve in water lipid
A network of threadlike proteins that are joined together cytoskeleton
Structures that have specialized functions. They are surrounded by membranes organelles
Membrane-bound organelles that use light energy and make food-a sugar called glucose-from water and carbon dioxide chloroplasts
The movement of substances through a cell membrane without using the cell's energy passive transport
The movement of substances from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration diffusion
the diffusion of water molecules only through a membrane osmosis
Molecules pass through a cell membrane using special proteins called transport proteins facilitated diffusion
The movement of substances through a cell membrane only by using the cell's energy active transport
The process during which a cell takes in a substance by surrounding it with the cell membrane endocytosis
The process during which a cell'svesicles release their contents outside the cell exocytosis

IV Therapy Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

KVO KEEP VEIN OPEN
The primary chemical component within the body; accounts for 50-70% of adult body weight WATER
A type of IV solution capable of freely crossing capillary walls; administration results in quick, but short-term, plasma expansion; clear solutions that do not contain protein CRYSTALLOIDS
COLLOIDS / A type of IV solution with particles too large to pass through semipermeable membranes; contain proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids; usually have a cloudy appearance COLLOIDS
A colloid that is derived from human blood ALBUMIN
Movement of water across a semipermeable membrane from an area of lower concentration of particles to an area of greater concentration OSMOSIS
The amount of pressure needed to draw a solvent across a membrane OSMOTICPRESSURE
The concentration of solute particles contained in a unit volume of solvent; Normal range is 275 mOsm/L to 295 mOsm/L OSMOLARITY
The total number of solute particles in a unit weight of solvent; Normal is approximately 285 mOsm/kg OSMOLALITY
Another term for osmolality, this can be thought of as a solution's "pulling power"; isotonic, hypotonic, or hypertonic TONICITY
Tonicity of this type of IV fluid is the same as that of body fluids; these fluids expand intravascular space without causing fluid shifts ISOTONIC
Tonicity of this type of IV fluid is lower than that of body fluids; administration results in fluid shifts from the intravascular space into the intracellular and interstitial spaces HYPOTONIC
Tonicity of this type of IV fluid is greater than that of body fluids; administration results in fluid shifts out of the cell and into the intravascular space HYPERTONIC
Fluid within the cells; constitutes approximately 2/3 to 3/4 of total body fluid INTRACELLULARFLUID
Fluid in plasma (intravascular space) and interstitial spaces; constitutes approximately 1/4 to 1/3 of total body fluid EXTRACELLULARFLUID
The rupturing of a cell; can result from rapid or over-administration of hypotonic solutions HEMOLYZE
The tonicity of 5% Dextrose in Water (D5W) once the solution is infused and the dextrose is metabolized HYPOTONIC
A patient receiving 5% Dextrose in Water (D5W) is at risk for developing this condition as potassium shifts from ECF to ICF during cellular use of glucose HYPOKALEMIA
An isotonic solution that contains Na, Cl, K, Ca, and lactate LACTATEDRINGERS
The only IV fluid compatible with blood transfusions NORMALSALINE
A common bacterial source of cellulitis STAPHYLOCOCCUS
A potential complication of IV therapy; may be in the form of air, blood clot, or catheter EMBOLISM
A potential complication of IV therapy that can occur if an IV push dose of a medication is administered too rapidly SPEEDSHOCK
Symptoms of this complication include acute dyspnea, moist rales, bounding pulses, hypertension, and JVD FLUIDOVERLOAD
If peripheral IV access cannot be obtained in an emergency situation, this type of access should be attempted immediately INTRAOSSEOUS
gtts/mL; 10, 15, 20, and 60 are most common DROPFACTOR
A common cause of pain related to IV therapy; may be caused by administration of irritating or cold IV fluids VENOUSSPASM