Type
Crossword
Description

major function of the renal system filter blood
bean shaped organ that can be unilobular or multilobular kidney
synthesizes erythropoietin renal cortex
between the cortex and hilus renal medulla
contain the loop of Henle pyramids
part of the medulla that contains the collecting ducts columns
functional unit of the kidney nephron
carries blood to the glomerulus afferent arteriole
carries blood from the glomerulus efferent arteriole
capillaries that reabsorb nutrients from the tubular system peritubular
pressure that forces filtrate out of the glomerular capillaries hydrostatic
pressure that retains water in the blood osmotic
where ions are reabsorbed in the loop of Henle ascending
how ions are reabsorbed in the distal convoluted tubule active
how water is reabsorbed in the descending loop of Henle passive
convoluted tubule where glucose and amino acids are reabsorbed proximal
controlled by ADH and aldosterone collecting duct
putting waste products into the tubular system secretion
connect the hilus to the bladder ureter
stores urine bladder
tube that takes urine out of the body urethra
internal urethral sphincter, muscle smooth
control over the external urethral sphincter voluntary

Urinary System Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

ADH
afferent arteriole
bladder
bowman capsule
buffer
collecting duct
cortex
distal convoluted tubule
efferent arteriole
Electrolytes
excretion
filtration
interstitial cystitis
kidney stones
loop of Henle
medulla
nephritis
proximal convoluted tubule
renal artery
renal artery stenosis
renal kidney failure
renal vein
Retroperitonial
ureter
urinary tract infection

Urinary System Word Scramble

Type
Word Scramble
Description

renal vein
renal artery
glomerulus
minor calyx
major calyx
ureter
bladder
loop of henle
kidney
pyramid
cortext
renal pelvis
renal column
collection duct
distal convoluted tubule

The Urinary System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Torso Specimen: The kidneys lay directly on this. Posterior Abdominal Wall
Torso Specimen: This kidney is slightly lower than the other. Right
Specimen UGO 819: Arteries and veins enter the kidneys here. Renal Hilus
Specimen UG1 S2: This surrounds the kidneys to cushion and protect them. Perinephric Fat
Specimen UG1 S2: This surface of the kidneys is not covered by peritoneum. anterior
Specimen UG 830: The outer, lighter brown division of the kidney. Cortex
Specimen UG 830: The inner, darker brown division of the kidney. Medulla
Specimen UG 830: The Medulla is made up of Renal Pyramids, which are striped due to the presence of these ducts. Collecting
Specimen UG 830: The Renal Pyramids are separated by these projections of the Renal Cortex. Renal Columns
Specimen UG 830: This is the functional unit of the kidney. Nephron
Specimen UG 830: These structures transport urine to the bladder. Ureters
What type of muscle forms the inner layer of the walls of the ureters. Longitudinal
The valve like structure preventing back flow of urine from the bladder. Physiological Sphincter
Specimen UG4PS6: This condition is called nephrolithiasis, but is more commonly referred to as what? Kidney Stones
Specimen UG4PS6: Nephrolithiasis can obstruct urine outflow and cause what? Infection

Urinary System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Waste materials are filtered from the blood into these. Kidneys
The tube that leads from the kidney to the bladder ureter
Painful urination Disuria
Visual examination of the urinary bladder. Cystoscopy
Inflammation of the urethra Urethritis
Muscular sac that holds urine Bladder
Root that means Renal Pelvis Pyel
Largest artery located in the abdominal cavity. Abdominal aorta
The kidneys are located behind the parietal peritoneum. Their location is then, _______peritoneal Retro
Abnormal condition of protein (alumin) in the urine. Albuminuria
Shock waves are beamed into a patient to crush urinary tract stones. Lithotripsy
Nitrogenous waste materials are separated from the blood by a machine. Dialysis
A person who performs surgery on the urinary tract and provides treatment of male reproductive disorders. Urologist
Vessel that carries blood toward the heart from the kidneys. Renal Vein
One of the two roots meaning kidney Nephr

Excretory System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Where does glomerular Filtration take place? Renal Corpsucle
What is the opposite to selective reabsorption? Tubular Secretion
Urine is carried from the bladder by the ___________ to the exterior of the body Urethra
Filtrate contains all materials in the blood except red & _______ cells White
Glomerular filtration is enhanced by high ________ ________ in the glomerulus Blood pressure
Drugs such as, ____________ are secreted Penicillan
Tubular secretion can either be active or __________ Passive
ADH stands for an _______-________ hormone Anti Duretic
Water and other substances not absorbed drain from the ___________ ducts Collecting
What artery carries blood to the kidney? Renal
What carries waste products to the bladder? Ureter
In the nephron, the Loop of _______ is between the descending limb and ascending limb Henle
There are about 1.2 _________ nephrons in each kidney million
What is the outer part of the kidney? Cortex
What is the inner part of the kidney? Medulla
What arteriole passes out of the renal corpuscle? Efferent
What arteriole forms a knot of capillaries called the glomerulus? Afferent
What is one of the two layers in the glomerular capsule that serperates blood? Capillary Wall
The kidneys are the principal ___________ organs Excretory
Kidneys are resposible for maintaining the constant ____________ of material in the body fulids concentration

Nephron Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

Where does blood filtration in the kidneys occur? Glomerulus
What does the capillary bed drain out through? Interlobular veins
What delivers about 1,200 milliliters of blood per minute to the kidney to be filtered? Renal arteries
What is apart of the medulla cortex and is located in the renal pelvis? Segmental arteries
What are vessels of the renal circulation which supply the renal lobes? Interlobar arteries
what is located at the border of the renal cortex and renal medulla? Arcute arteries
What are a group of blood vessels that supply the nephrons in many excretory systems? Afferent arterioles
What form from a convergence of the capillaries of the glomerulus? Efferent arterioles
What is the basic structural and functional unit of the kidney? Nephron
What are the veins that drain the kidney? Renal Veins
What are tiny blood vessels, supplied by the efferent arteriole, that travel alongside nephrons allowing reabsorption and secretion between blood and the inner lumen of the nephron? Peritubular capillaries

Urinary System Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

BOWMANS CAPSULE
DETRUSOR MUSCLE
DISTAL CONVOLUTED TUBULE
GLOMERULUS
HILUM
KIDNEYS
LITHOTRIPSY
LOOP OF HENLE
METABOLIC WASTES
MICTURITION
NEPHRONS
PROXIMAL CONVOLUTED TUBULE
RENAL COLUMN
RENAL CORPUSCLE
RENAL CORTEX
RENAL MEDULLA
RENAL PELVIS
RENAL PYRAMIDS
RENAL SINUS
RENAL TUBULE
TRIGONE
URETERS
URETHRA
URINARY BLADDER

Urinary System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

little-ball shaped cluster of capillaries at the top of each nephron Glomerulus
the top part of of each nephron that encloses the glomerulus Bowman's capsule
stem portion of the nephron renal tubule
blood travels through this structure to reach the kidney for filtration renal artery
chalice; system of ducts carrying urine from the nephrons to the renal pelvis calyces
microscopic functional units (parenchymal cells) of the kidney, comprised of kidney cells and capillaries, each capsule forming urine. nephron
there are 2 of these structures... tube that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder ureter
basin- like portion of the ureter within the kidney renal pelvis
sac that holds the urine urinary bladder
single canal that carries urine to the outside of the body urethra
involuntary discharge of urine or feces incontinence
inherited condition of multiple (grape like) cysts that gradually form in the kidney, causing destruction of normal tissue that leads to renal failure. associated with hypertension, kidney enlargement, and recurrent UTI adult polycyctic kidney disease
invasion of pathogenic organisms (comonly bacteria) in the structures of the urinary tract, especially the urethra and bladder, symptoms include dysuria, urinary frequency, and malaise urinary tract infection
examination of the bladder using a rigid or flexible cystoscope cystoscopy
physical, chemical, and microscopic examination of urine urinalysis
measure of the acidity or alkalinity of urine pH
chemical test used to detect bilirubin in the urine- seen in gallbladder and liver disease bilirubin
method of destroying stones within the urinary tract using electrical energy discharges transmitted to a probe within a flexible endoscope-commonly used to pulverise bladder stones intracorporeal lithotripsy
transfer of a kidney from the body of one person (donor) to another..old kidney is left and new kidney is placed in fossa kidney transplantation
Urination; the process of voiding urine micturition
the fluid within the tissue cells, constituting about 30-40% of the body weight. intracellular fluid
the interstitial fluid and the plasma, constituting about 20% of the weight of the body; sometimes used to mean all fluid outside of cells, usually excluding transcellular fluid. extracellular fluid
any of a group of specialized neurons of the supraoptic nuclei of the thalamus that are stimulated by increased extracellular fluid osmolality to cause the release of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) from the posterior pituitary. osmoreceptor
the main mineralocorticoid hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex, the principal biological activity of which is the regulation of electrolyte and water balance by promoting the retention of sodium (and, therefore, of water) and the excretion of potassium; the retention of water induces an increase in plasma volume and an increase in blood pressure. Its secretion is stimulated by angiotensin II. aldosterone
acts in the kidneys to increase the retention of water when body fluid osmolality increases, e.g. with excessive sweat loss when fluid is not adequately replaced. antidiuretic hormone

Urinary system Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What is the muscular sac that stores urine called? Urinary Bladder
Tubes that carry urine from renal pelvis to urinary bladder Ureters
Tube that transports urine to the outside of the body Urethra
What position are the kidneys in? Retroperitoneal postition
What bone structure protects the kidneys? Ribs
What organ causes the left kidney to be lower Liver
Connective tissue that holds kidney against the dorsal muscles Renal Fascia
Layer of fat surrounding the kidneys that acts as a cushion Perireneal adipose capsule
Transparent tissue that encloses kidney tissues Renal Capsule
What percent of your blood passes through your kidneys each minute? 25 percent
A knot of blood capillaries where blood is filtered Glomerus
Urine is typically yellow because it contains what? Urochrome
Occurs when urine becomes hyperconcentrated with uric acid/calcium crystals that collect in the renal pelvis Kidney stones
Occurs when sharp crystals are passed along the ureters Pain
Outer internal anatomy Renal cortex
Middle internal anatomy Renal medulla
Inner internal anatomy Renal pelvis
Major structural and functional units of kidneys where blood is filtered to form urine Nephrons
Urochrome is a pigment of broken-down what? Hemoglobin
the major structural and functional units if kidneys where blood is filtered to form urine Nephrons
occurs when urine becomes hyperconcentrated with uric acid/calcium crystals that collect in renal pelvis Kidney Stones
Blood pressure from the arteries forces water and other tiny molecules out of the capillary amd into the glomerular capsule Glomerular Filtration
any drugs or excess ions are secreated back into the filtrate into tubule to be eliminated Tubular Secretion
the excess water and unneeded nutritents that exits the body in liquid form Urine
How Many major functions of the Urinary system are there? Three

Chapter 9 Urinary System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

blood conditon, nitrogenous waste Azotemia
the study of, bacteria Bacteriology
pain, urinary bladder Cystalgia
inflammation, glomerulus glomerulitis
abnormal condition, glucose glycosuria
state of, sameness homeostasis
accumulation, water hydrocele
to destroy(break down) ketones Ketolysis
incision(to cut) meatus Meatotomy
stone, kidney Nephrolith
night Nocturnal
discharge, menstruation, scanty Oligomenorrhea
protein protein
record or picture, renal pelvis pyelogram
process of recording, kidney renography
surgical removal, ureter Ureterectomy
surgical fixation, urethra Urethropexy
tumor(mass) urine urinoma
disease, urine uropathy
pertaining to, invoulntary, urine urinary incontinence