Type
Crossword
Description

what is calculated when you multiply the actual size by the magnification? image size
the lens that you look into. eyepiece
what's missing from the list: millimetre, micrometre and picometre? nanometre
what does a eukaryotic cell have that a prokaryotic cell doesn't? nucleus
what is the name for the tail like structure on a prokaryotic cell? flagellum
which microscope can see ribosomes? electron
the structure in a plant cell where photosynthesis happens. chloroplast
male sex cell. sperm
what is the name for the tiny hair-like structures that helps to push substances along? cilia
does the jelly coat of an egg cell harden or soften after fertilisation? harden
when an enzyme's active site changes shape meaning the enzyme no longer works. denatured
what is lipid another name for? fat
what does active transport require that passive doesn't? energy
which liquid does osmosis transport? water

Cell Biology Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

organism
nanometre
micrometre
dna
chlorophyll
magnification
structure
mitochondria
ribosomes
cytoplasm
nucleus
microscope
prokaryotic
plasmid
daughter cell
specialised
mutation
malignant
benign
embryonic
stem cell
umbilical cord
therapeutic cloning
differentiation
zygote
placenta
mitosis
gamete
aerobic
active transport
respiration
anaerobic
antibiotic
antiseptic
diffusion

Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What are the smallest units of life? cells
what is in the center of our cells? nucleus
What is a microscopic single-celled organism? Prokaryote
What is an organism consisting of a cell? Eukaryote
What is the semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell? cell membrane
Several structures with specialized functions, suspended in the cytoplasm of a eukaryotic cell organelle
What are the food producers of the cell? chloroplast
What are known as the powerhouses of the cell? mitochondria
What are the protein builders or the protein synthesizers of the cell? ribosomes
What is a complex of vesicles and folded membranes within the cytoplasm of most eukaryotic cells? Golgi bodies
What are organelles that contain digestive enzymes? lysosome
What is the material or protoplasm within a living cell, excluding the nucleus? cytoplasm
What is a tough and rigid outer layer that protects the cell and gives it shape? cell wall
What is a gelatinous layer forming the outer surface of some bacterial cells? capsule
What is a whip-like structure that allows a cell to move? flagellum
What is a small dense spherical structure in the nucleus of a cell during interphase? nucleolus
What is an irregularly shaped region within the cell of a prokaryote? nucleoid
What is a molecule that encodes genetic information for the development and functioning of living organisms? DNA
What is the colorless material comprising the living part of a cell? protoplasm
What is a network of membranous tubules within the cytoplasm of a eukaryotic cell? endoplasmic reticulum

Introduction to Biology Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A prokaryotic organism. Bacteria
Animal, fungi and _________ cells are all eukaryotic cells. Plant
A feature common to prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Cytoplasm
Organelle that contains the genetic information in a cell. Nucleus
Organelle that provides energy for the cell to use. Mitochondria
Adenosine Triphosphate is abbreviated to _____ and is the energy utilized by cells. ATP
Plant organelle that stores wastes, water and other materials. Vacuole
Structure that enables a cell to move. Flagella
Form of genetic material found in cells. DNA
The movement of water from an area of high water concentration to low water concentration. Osmosis
Active transport is the only transport mechanism that requires _________. Energy
A specific type of diffusion which employs the use of protein channels. Facilitated
A particle composed of genetic material that is capable of causing illness. Virus
Rough endoplasmic reticulum is classed as ‘rough’ due to the presence of ___________. Ribosomes
Structures responsible for packaging materials and exporting them out of the cell. Golgibodies
Organelles responsible for photosynthesis. Chloroplasts
Structure common to plant, bacteria and fungi cells. Cellwall

Chapter 4- The Cell Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

coined the term "cells" when examining cork cells Robert Hooke
very thin boundary of a cell that is flexible plasma membrane
when diverse proteins embed themselves in the phospholipid bilayer mosaic
true nucleus eukaryotic
before nucleus prokaryotic
bacteria are __ prokaryotes
prokaryotes have this in place of a nucleus nucleoid
chloroplasts and __ function in energy processing mitochondria
structural support, movement, and communication between cells are the functions of the plasmamembrane, plant cell wall, and ___ cytoskeleton
chemical activities of a cell cellular metabolism
dividing of cells in prokaryotes binary fission
stores water and a variety of chemicals large central vacuole
nucleus and ___ carry out the genetic control of the cell ribosomes
transport in our bodies paid for with ATP active
makes more ribosomes and synthesizes RNA nucleolus
only organelle named after someone; finishes, sorts, and ships cell products Golgi Apparatus
genetic control center of the cell; contains most of the cells dna nucleus
combination of DNA and protein fibers chromatin
thread-like gene carrying structures found in the nucleus; most visible during mitosis chromosomes
provides an acidic environment for its enzymes' digestive functions; digest food and recycles damaged organelles lysosome
sacs of membrane vesicles
fluid containing DNA, ribosomes, and enzymes in a chloroplast stroma
membranous sac in a chloropast thylakoid
stacks of thylakoids, where green chlorophyll molecules trap solar energy grana
acts as a detoxifyer, lacks attached ribosomes; produces enzymes for synthesis of lipids, oils, etc.; storage of calcium ions smooth er
makes more membrane, makes proteins destined to leave the cell rough er
contains mitochondrial dna, ribosomes, enzymes that catalyze reactions of cellular respiration mitochondrial matrix
involved in the synthesis, storage, and export of molecules; contains nuclear envelope, ER, golgi apartus, lysosomes, vacuoles, and plasma membrane endomembrane system
eliminates water in protists contractile vacuole
organelles involved in manufacture, distribution, and breakdown of molecules include the ER, golgi, lysosomes, vacuoles, and ___ peroxisomes
comes from the maternal line mitochondrial dna
have cell walls, chloroplasts, large vacuole, plasmodesmata plant cell
has lysosomes, centrioles, some have flagella animal cell
provides support; regulates cellular activites extracellular matrix
picture taken by a microscope micrograph
measure of clarity resolution
increase in apparent size of an object magnification
bends light through lenses to magnify the image of specimen as it is projected into your eye; object appears upside down; magnify up to 1000 times clearly light microscope
fouses a beam of electrons through or onto the surface of a specimen; 100,000x electron microscope
uses thin film of gold over specimen; big in size; views surfaces of cells scanning electron microscope
views internal cell structure; uses electomagnets to bend the paths of the electrons transmission electron microscope
a microscope that amplifies differences in destiny so that structures in the living cells appear almost three-dimensional differential interference light

Cell Parts Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the basic structural unit of all living things cell
a specialized part of a cell having some specific function made of macromolecules organelle
A single-celled or multicellular organism whose cells contain a membrane-bound nucleus eukaryote
organism not enclosed in a nucleus. Bacteria and archaeans are this prokaryote
an organelle in the cytoplasm of cells that produces energy mitochondria
the semipermeable membrane enclosing the cytoplasm of a cell cell membrane
the definite boundary that is part of plant cells and not in animal cells cell wall
a double membrane, and found in most living eukaryotic cells, directing their growth, metabolism, and reproduction, and functioning in the transmission of genic characters nucleus
particles in the cytoplasm of cells, either free or attached to the endoplasmic reticulum, that contain RNA and protein and are the site of protein synthesis ribosome
The membrane network in cytoplasm that is composed of tubules that carry ribosomes on their surfaces some are rough while others are smooth. endoplasmic reticulum
a cell organelle containing enzymes that digest particles lysosome
contains chlorophyll and other pigments, occurrs in plants and algae that carry out photosynthesis chloroplast
a complex of vesicles and folded membranes within the cytoplasm of most eukaryotic cells, involved in secretion and intracellular transport golgi apparatus
jelly like substance between the cell membrane and the nucleus cytoplasm
enables many protozoa, bacteria, spermatozoa to move about / swim about the cell flagellum
providing locomotion to protozoans and moving liquids along internal tissues in animals cilia

Enzymes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What substance made by living beings acts as a catalyst to bring about a biochemical reaction? enzyme
What is the substance in which an enzyme acts on? substrate
What is it called when a substrate molecule interacts with the active site of an enzyme? enzyme substrate complex
What is the place where an enzyme and a substrate molecule react? active site
What is the perfect temperature, light and moisture for growth and reproduction called? optimum
What is the name for destroying the properties of molecule by heat or acidity? denature
what is the acidity or alkalinity of a solution called? ph
What describes the intensity of heat in the atmosphere or a substance? temperature
What is the enzyme in your mouth called? amylase
What is the digestive enzyme that breaks down proteins into amino acids? pepsin
What is the enzyme in the pancreas that digests fat? lipase
What is the process of breaking down food called? digestion

viruses Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

An infectionious particle made only out of a strand of DNA or RNA is known as what? virus
What produces disease? pathogen
What is an infectious particle that causes diseases in plants? viroid
What is an infectious particle made out of only proteins that can cause other proteins to fold incorrectly? prion
What is the protein shell around viruses called? capsid
What are viruses that infect bacteria? bacteriophages
What is the phage DNA inserted into the host cell’s DNA? prophage
What is the phage that combines its DNA with the host cells DNA? lysogenic infection
What is an infection pathway in which the host cell bursts? lytic infection
What is the most familiar cold? common cold
What is a rapid outbreak of an infection? epidemic
What substance stimulates the bodys immune response? vaccine
What is a virus that contains RNA and uses an enzyme to make a copy of DNA? retrovirus
What is a small piece of genetic material that can replicate seperatley from the main chromosome? plasmid
What is a long rope like structure outside of a cell that is used for movement? flagellum
What is it called when prokaryotes exchange parts of their chromosomes? conjugation
What is a specialized cell with a protected wall? endospore
What is the process that uses microbes to break down pollutants? bioremediation
What is a poison released by organisms? toxin
What is a chemical that kills or slows down the growth of bacteria? antibiotics

Metabolism Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

a metabolic reaction that converts biochemical energy from nutrients into ATP cellular respiration
ions moving through selectively permeable membrane down the electrochemical gradient chemiosmosis
a green pigment that absorbs light that provides energy for photosynthesis chlorophyll
in biochemistry what binds an effector molecule as a site allosteric regulation
process where the quaternary structure, teritiary structure, and secondary structure are loss by proteins denaturation
a process that changes sugar into gases, alcohol, and acids which occur in bacteria Fermentation
series of chemical reactions occuring within a cell in within a cell in which an initial chemical reactions; enzymes catalyze these reactions Metabolic pathway
a energy transformation in a group of matter thermodynamics
energy needed distort reactant molecules so bonds can break activation energy
a open space on the surface of an enzyme and is also where catalysis occurs active site
a loosely bounded cofactor to enzyme coenzyme
a non-protein helpers for catalytic activity that commonly bind to enzymes cofactors
a system that can not exchange either energy or matter with surroundings isolated system
energy matter that possess because of location or structure; energy that hasn't yet been used potential energy
energy and matter can be transferred between system and surroundings open system
potential energy available for release in chemical reaction chemical energy
consume energy to build complicated molecules to simper ones; biosynthetic pathways anabolic pathways
reactant that enzyme acts on substrate
loss of electrons from one substance oxidation
oxygen is consumed as a reactant along with the organic fuel aerobic respiration

TRANSPORT ACROSS MEMBRANES Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A solution that contains more solute and has a lower water potential. Hypertonic
it is 7nm thick Phospholipidbilayer
Protein that has polysaccharide chains attached glycoproteins
type of lipid cholesterol
the name of the process for the movement of water osmosis
the process in which the molecules ,eve against a concentration gradient Active transport
what type of energy does active transport require ATP
what solution contains the highest water potential pure water
Diffusion is a p_ _ _ _ _ _ process passive
the thinner the exchange surface, the _ _ _ _ _ _ the rate of diffusion faster
ATP is produced by respiration
net movement of water into a cell causes the cell to be turgid
cell membranes have a _ _ _ _ _/ _ _ _ _ _ _ structure Fluid Mosaic
when channel proteins and carrier proteins deform, this increases the _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ of the cell permeability

biology crossword puzzle.

Type
Crossword
Description

a single _ has all of the items necessary to carry out life's activities cell
one of the structure a cell uses to live , grow and reproduce . organelle
cell that has a central nucleus. eukaryote
cell that don't have a nucleus. prokaryote
the cell's power plants break down food molecules to make ATP. mitochondria
barrier between the inside of a cell and its environment. cell membrane
the cell of plants and algae have a hard _ _ made of cellulose . cell wall
dark spot inside the nucleus that stores the materials , that will be used later to make ribosomes. nucleus
organelles at which amino acids are hooked together to make protiens . ribosome
usually have ribosomes attached and is involved in protein and lipid synthesis. endoplasmic reticulum
special vesicles containing enzymes. lysosome
energy converting organelle found in plants and algae cells. chloroplast
stack of flattered sacs, lipids around the cell and the creation of lysosomes . Sort packages & delivers protein. golgi apparatus
fluid inside a cell. cytoplasm
a slender threadlike structure, especially a microscope whiplike that enable many bacteria. flagellum
thick protuberances that project from the much larger cell body . Organelle found in eukaryotic. cilia