Type
Word Search
Description

Vill
Vassal
Treasurer
Steward
Sheriff
Sergeant
Reeve
Passage
Marcher Lords
Man-at-arms
League
Knights Fee
Justiciar
Heriot
Gentleman
Merchet
Farm
Fair
Excommunication
Earl
Duke
Chamberlain
Baron
Castle
Knight

Middle Ages Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

covering of iron worn by knights armor
chuirch official who oversaw the work of priest bishop
a high official of the catholic church appointed by pope cardinal
where the lord and his knights lived castle
people of the middle ages believed it represented god's rules and teachings Catholic Church
qualities of a good knight, bravery,respect for women chivalry
an official of the church such as priest, bishop clergyman
expeditions sent by the pope to capture the holy land crusades
a period of several hundred years during the dark middle ages dark ages
large piece of land owned by a lord estate
the act of removing a persons membership from church excommunication
arrangement between lord, vassal,, and serf for ownership of land feudalism
land given for military service fief
holding beliefs that the church felt were wrong heresy
court to punish heretics inquisition
clowns before a lord to make them laugh jesters
contest between knights on horseback joust
person who rules a country during middle ages king
man of honor in the military knight
well to noble who owns an estate lord
large piece of land owned by a lord manor
fall of the roman empire in 476 and ended with modern period 1400 medieval period
same as medieval period middle ages
singers and musicians who entertained the lords minstrels
deep, wide, water-filled ditch surrounding a castle moat
building where monks lived monastery
man who gives up property to serve god monk
class of rich people, nobles or lords nobility
poor people who worked on manors peasants
head of the roman catholic church pope
clergyman of the christian church priest
very poor people who worked for lords serfs
contest or joust beetween two knights or two groups of knights tournament
wandering minstrels who wrote poems about the love of a beautiful lady of noble birth troubadours
noble who was given land by the lord in return for military service vassal

Feudal System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Served in military after receiving land Vassal
Owned the land Lord
Vassal to the Lords Knight
Class of rich people who owned land Aristocracy
Code that Knights were expected to live by Chivalry
Most Common form of Government in Medieval Europe Feudalism
Unwritten agreement between vassals and lords Feudal Contract
land granted to a vassal by a lord Fief
agricultural estate ran by the lord and where the peasants worked Manor
The fear of __________ Promoted feudalism Invasion
Continent where this feudalism was mostly found Europe
knights Armour was very ________ Expensive
This document limited the kings power Magna Carta
Census taken by William the Conqueror Domesday
Business organization that set standards Guild
middle class Bourgeoisie
worker who was bound to land Serf
Main attraction at tournaments Joust
King who signed the Magna Carta John
Richard the First nickname Lionheart
Large stone fortresses Castle
battle strategy where a city is surrounded and the starved into surrender Siege
The Plague that was in Europe at the same time as feudalism Black Death
large plow carruca
type of society that was man centered Patriarchy

Medieval times "The Dark Ages Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

An economic and Political system that was developed in the middle ages Fuedalism
Lowest rank of people on a manor also known as a peasant Serf
Being expelled or kicked out of the church Excommunicated
The Bubonic Plague Black Death
Leader of the Roman Catholic Church Pope
An estate including peasants and lords manor
lord or son of a lord knight
medieval institution of knighthood where they learned bravery, courtesy, honesty, and manners chivalry
symbolic bade a knight wears to show what family he is from coat of arms
Religious wars between Christian and Muslim fighting over the holy land The crusdes
A tower moved up against the walls of a castle so attackers could get in Siege tower
A machine that projects (Catapults) large stone or other objects Trebuchet
A piece of land given to you by the king and in return you gave people to fight at war fief
Under lord or feudal tenant Vassal
A period of time when there was a lot of starvation, death, and the plague (black death) Dark ages
a knight in training Squire
A defensive fort where the King or a lord lives Catsle
a document that says the king is not above the law and ensures rights for the people Magna Carta
A young boy who acts as a servant for a knight page
A German tribe who settled in the land we know know as France Franks

Feudalism and Manor Life pages 242-247 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

peasants did not own this land
could for honorable behavior chivalry
warrior on horseback knight
gave his lord food and shelter vassal
relationship between lords and vassals feudalism
large estate manor
worker tied to the land serf
William the ______ conqueror
Eleanor of _________ Aquitaine
Another word for middle ages medieval
Invaders in dragon boats vikings
wife of the king queen
place where the king and queen live castle
knights rode this horse
animal that produced wool sheep
grain harvested to make bread wheat
tool farmers used to dig plow
William was the duke of _______ Normandy

Medieval Feudal System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Who was at the top of the feudal system king
Who was the leader of the Catholic Church in a kingdom? bishop
who made the armour in medieval times? blacksmith
who was at the bottom of the feudal system peasants
Who ruled large areas of land called fiefs? baron
Who ran the local manors? lord
What was feudalism? government
who fought for the king? knights
who was allowed to own land? vassal
what was another name for peasants? villein

Medieval Life Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The state of being extremely poor Poverty
The Middle Ages Medieval
In which Kings live Castle
Wear shiny armour Knight
Of the Castle King
Of Hearts Queen
A person living in poverty Peasant
Lowest British nobility Baron
Expression, "Oh My ...." Lord
And the Tramp Lady
Black Death Plague
Our Royal Family Monarchy
Where Monks reside Monastery
The hill in which a Castle stands Motte
The outer wall of the Castle Bailey
Fortified tower Keep
Identification of Families and Knights through symbols and signs Heraldry
Surrounding ditch Moat
Enclosing or accompanying a Gateway Gatehouse
May be raised to prevent access Drawbridge
Building of strategic positioning Fort
Channel of water Ditch
Surrounding enclosure Palisade
Small tower on the castle corners Turret
Opening to be closed by a gate Gateway
A cat that travels Catapult
Building material Stone

Early Middle Ages Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

A system of government in which power is divided between a central authority and a number of individual states. Feudal System
An estate granted to a vassal by a lord under the feudal system in medieval Europe. Fief
A person who received a grant of land from a lord in exchange for a pledge of loyalty and services Vassal
An armored warrior who fought on horseback. Knight
A lords estate, supported the lord economically from his land and from contributions from the peasant population under his authority. Manorial System
Medieval peasant legally bound to lie on a lords estate. Serfs
King of the Franks from 768, He united much of Europe during the early Middle ages. Charlemagne
A document, written by English nobles, as a way to present their demands to the king. Magna Carta
Medieval Christian warriors sought to recover control of the holy land from the muslims. Crusades
An empire founded in 1299 and dissolved in 1922. Ottoman Empire
A region that included Jerusalem and the area around it. Included Jews, Christians, and muslims. Holy Land
Ruled most of India and Pakistan.It consolidated Islam in South Asia and spread Muslim arts and culture as well as the Mughal Empire
King of England from 6 July 1189 until his death April 6, 1199. He also ruled Duke of Normandy, Aquitaine, and Richard The Lion Hearted
A denial of church teaching Heresy
A decline in the value of money, A rise in the prices of goods and services. Inflation
The taking away of a persons right of membership in a Christian church Excommunication

Medieval vocab crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Germanic people from Gaul (modern day France and Switzerland) The Franks
religious communities built by the church for women (nuns) Convents
religious communities built by the church for men (monks) Monasteries
Empire begun by Charlemagne Holy Roman Empire
social structure in medieval Europe including lords, knights, vassals, serfs and sometimes a king. Feudalism
(in feudalism) the lord’s estate Manor
complex set of ideals or code by which medieval knights followed. Chivalry
worldly (involved in politics and other social matters) Secular
church tax Tithe
the office of the Pope The Papacy
Different ranks of Church leaders including priests, bishops, cardinals, and the Pope. Clergy
a ceremony in which kings and nobles appointed church officials Lay Investiture
everyday language used by different regions Vernacular
selling of church positions Simony
Church law Canon Law
important religious ceremonies Sacraments
anyone who does not conform to an established attitude, doctrine, or principle Heretic
A holy war launched by Pope Urban II to reclaim the Holy Land for Christians Crusade
group of advisors who acted like a court for the pope Papal Curia
Unified body of law in England formed by England’s royal judges Common Law
Legislative group in England originally comprised of two burgesses (citizens of wealth and property) from every borough and two knights from every county Parliament
Document drawn up by English nobles and approved by King John which guaranteed certain political rights for the people Magna Carta
Meeting of the three estates in France: 1st was the Church leaders, 2nd was the great lords, and the 3rd was the commoners Estates-General
people who are sent out to teach their religion Missionaries
an agreement between the pope and the ruler of a country Concordat
To exclude a person from church membership Excommunicated
a noble who served a lord of higher rank Vassal
land granted a vassal by his lord Fief
vassals or warriors in armor who on horseback Knights
peasants who could not the manor, own property, or marry without the lord’s approval Serfs
the practice of planting crops at different times and leaving some fields unplanted Crop rotation
groups of businesses made up of tanners, carpenters, bakers and craftspeople Guilds
religious beliefs that conflict with the Church teachings Heresy

Middle Ages Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A leader in the church, the bishop was often the top leader in a kingdom Bishop
The top ruler in a monarchy King
The center of life during middle ages the manor was the local lords house or castle Manor
A boy who worked for a guild master in order to learn to trade or craft Apprentice
An area of land given to a lord or baron by a king to rule Fief
A symbol used by knights on their shield, banner, and armor. It helped to distinguish one knight from another Coat of arms
Germanic tribes who settled in the land that is now France today Franks
A defensive fortfication where a lord or a king would live. The local people wuld flee to the castle if they were at attack. Castle
A deadly disease that spread through much of Europe during the Middle Ages. It is estimated that it killed at least one third of all the people in Europe. Black death
A position in a guild above the apprentice, a journeyman worked for a master craftsman and earned a wage. Journeyman
An empirefounded by the Vikings in the city of Kiev. It was ht forunner of Russia Kievan Rus
A document forced upon King John of England by his barons. It said that the king was not above the law and that the people had the right to a fair trial. Magna Carta
A ditch around a castle filled with water. Moat
A young boy that acts as a servant for a kinght while training to become a knight one day. Page
A knight in training, the squire would take care of the knight's armor and weapons. He would also accompany the knight into battle. Squire
The wars where the Christan nations took back control of the liberian Peninsula form the Muslim Moors. Reconquista
The code by which knights pledge to live. It involved honor, being courageous, and one knight from another. Chivalry
A ruler below the king in the fudal system, the baron ruled an area of land called a fief. He would pledge his loyalty to the king in return for the land. Baron
A system of government where the king allotted land to his lords and barons. The lords and barons would then pledge their loyalty to the king and promise to protect his rule. Fudal System
religious wars between the Christians and Muslms for control for holy land, especially Jerusalem Crusades

Medieval Europe Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A narrow inlet of the sea between cliffs or steep slopes fjords
People who are sent by a religious leader to spread the faith Missionaires
Agreement between the pope and the ruler of a country Concordat
Political Order, Under feudalism, nobles governed and protected people in return for services Feudalism
A low-ranking noble under the protection of a feudal lord Vassal
A feudal estate belonging to a vassal Fief
A mounted man-at-arms serving a lord Knight
The system, spirit, or customs of medieval knighthood Chivalry
A member of the peasant class tied to the land and subject to the will of a landowner Serf
A group of merchants or craftspeople Guild
A group of citizens that meets to decide whether people should be accused of a crime GrandJury
A group of citizens that decides whether an accused person is guilty Trial-Jury
The study of religious faith, practice, and experience Theology
A way of thinking that combined faith and reason Scholasticsism
The everyday spoken language of a region Vernacular
Religious worship service for Christians Mass
Ideas that go against the church teachings Hersey
Hostility toward or discrimination against Jews AntiSemitism
A disease that spreads quickly and kills many people plague
The christian reconquest of the Iberian Peninsula Reconquista