The act of acquiring or gaining possession.
The act of setting up a colony away from one's place of origin.
Economic system aimed at self-reliance and strengthening the national economy by accumulating bullion, gaining colonies, and establishing a favorable balance of trade.
As governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony, Winthrop (1588-1649) was instrumental in forming the colony's government and shaping its legislative policy.
Rejected the Church of England in order to have pure Christianity; worked for religious tolerance.
The settlement in the Colony of Virginia was the first permanent English settlement in the Americas.
The colony established by the Pilgrims.
Band of laws that restricted the use of foreign shipping for trade only between England and its colonies.
The first legislative assembly of elected representatives in North America.
A triangle shaped series of Atlantic trade routes linking Europe, Africa, and the Americas.
A religious movement that swept through the colonies and Europe during mid 1700s. Rapid growth of evangelical religions such as Methodist and Baptist. First real common colonial experience
Christian preacher and theologian considered to be one of early America's most powerful religious voices.
Spanish conqueror of Mexico
took the lead in European exploration
went around the cape and cut across the Indian ocean to the coast of India
a thriving spice trade port
believed he could reach Asia by sailing west instead of east around Africa
Christopher Columbus explored these coastlines
persuaded the king of Spain to finance his voyage to Asia through the western hemisphere
explored the New England coastline of the Americas for England
his letters described the land he saw led to the use of the name America
individuals with firearms, organizational skills, and determination that led to success
landed on the pacific coast of south America with 180 men
the right of landowners to use native Americans as laborers
the exchange of plants and animals between Europe and Asia
a settlement of people living in a new territory, linked to a parent country
a set of principles that dominated society
the difference in value between what a nation imports and what it exports
large agricultural estates
connected Europe, Asia, and Africa
the middle portion of the triangular trade route
"so great is the corruption that our country is being completely depopulated"
pulled into the slave trade
in the 1500's Portugal came to dominate this land
Spanish and Portuguese officials who had been born in Europe
descendants of Europeans born in Latin America
offspring of Europeans and Native Americans
offspring of Africans and Europeans
Founded in North America in 1682 by William Penn in Philadelphia it is the 12th colony.
Founded in 1607 by John Smith in Jamestown it is the first colony during that time it was the starving time.
This is the second colony founded in 1626 by Peter Minuit on Manhattan Island.
John Winthrop and other colonists founded this colony in 1630 this is the third colny.
Founded in 1633 by Lord Baltimore a major city in this colony is Baltimore it is the 4th colony.
Land of the Brave this colony was founded in 1636 by Roger Williams and others at Providence.
This colony was founded by Thomas Hooker in 1636 at Hartford a city in this colony is New Haven.
Founded in 1638 by John Mayson and established by John Wheelwright it is the seventh colony.
Peter Minuit founded this colony along with Sweden company in 1638. Reason for founding is trade and profits.
This colony was founded in 1653 by Virginia colonists a major city in this colony is Raleigh.
English colonists founded this colony in 1663 this colony was one of the warmest colonies in North America.
Named after the British Island of Jersey situated in the English Channel founded in 1664.
This is the last colony and it was founded in 1732 by James Oglethorpe a major city in this colony is Savannah.
First English settlement in North America
Any of the patriotic societies, originally secret, that opposed the Stamp Act and thereafter supported moves for American Independence
A group of London merchants
Provided investors partial ownership and a share in future profits
Supporters of the constitution
He was a planter, a lawyer, and a republican
Those who opposed ratification of the constitution
Was a German American printer and journalist in New York City
Freedoms people posses relating to life, liberty, and property
The first legislative assembly in the American Colonies
An agreement among people in a society with a government
An unsuccessful uprising by frontiers men in Virginia in1676
Pattern of trade that developed in colonial times among the Americas, Africa, and Europe
The theory that a country should sell more goods to other countries than it buys
The part of the Atlantic Ocean between the West Coast of Africa and the West Indies
A written plan for government that 41 men aboard the Mayflower signed
The "great charter" of English liberties, formed by king John by the English barons and sealed at Runnymede
Was an English-American political activist, philosopher, political theorist, and revolutionary
He was king of Great Britain and Ireland
One of the people who traveled by boat from England and created the first permanent settlement in New England at Plymouth in 1620
A member of the Religious Society of Friends, a Christian movement founded by George Fox c. 1650.
A system of government in which priests rule in the name of God or a god.
Water brought or affected by tides.
Pawtuxet Indian, later of the Wampanoag tribe in what is now Massachusetts.
A person or institution that owes a sum of money.
The founder of the colony of Georgia
Hostility and ill-treatment, especially because of race or political of religious beliefs.
pertaining to or characteristic of a people, especially a group (ethnic group) sharing a common and distinctive culture, religion, language, or the like.
A tropical plant of the pea family, which was formerly widely cultivated as a source of dark blue dye.
A person under contract to work for another person for a definite period of time, usually without pay but in exchange for free passage to a new country.
When people allow other people to think or practice other religions and beliefs.
The Middle colonies were referred to this.
An estate on which crops such as coffee, sugar, and tobacco are cultivated by resident labor.
A type of British colony mostly in North America and the Caribbean in the 17th century.
A member of a group of English Protestants of the late 16th and 17th centuries who regarded the Reformation of the Church of England under Elizabeth as incomplete and sought to simplify and regulate forms of worship.
An agreement reached by the Pilgrims on the ship the Mayflower in 1620, just before they landed at Plymouth Rock.
A Puritan spiritual adviser, mother of 15, and an important participant in the Antinomian Controversy that shook the infant Massachusetts Bay Colony from 1636 to 1638.
Sparsely inhabited rural areas.
State laws established to determine the status of slaves and the rights of their owners.
Where did Great Britain send unwanted people
Religious movement in the colonies during the early 1700s
Which region had the longest growing season
What region made great boats
What region was nick named the bread basket
What group settled in Plymouth Massachusetts
What group wanted to purify the Church of England and had to glee to America because of religious persecution
Who was kicked out of the puritans church and then founded Rhode Island
Who was kicked out of the puritans church then founded the fundamental orders of Connecticut
The New England colonies were settled for _______
What was written by the pilgrims in 1602
What was the first representative government
What was the first written constitution in the colonies
Who founded Pennsylvania
What group had religious tolerance, abolition of slavery, nonviolence and women's rights
Who founded Georgia
A company backed by investors where each person receives partial ownership
a colony established as a refuge for Catholics
a New England Colony that guaranteed Religious Freedom
these workers, who were forced to come to America, were found mostly in the Southern Colonies
Georgia was founded as a refuge for these people
a colony that had a governor appointed by the king
a written contract issued by a government
co-founder of Rhode Island, fled Massachusetts
a crop that made Jamestown prosperous
the ship that brought the Pilgrims to Plymouth
the movement of thousands of Purtians to the New England colonies
a person who sold their labor in return for passage to America
a Separatist group that fled England and settled in Plymouth
a set of laws agreed to by the Pilgrim men aboard the Mayflower, established majority rule
a colony owned by one or two individuals
first permanent English Settlement in America
a religious group that settled in Pennsylvania with William Penn
created in 1619, the first representative assembly in the colonies
the first Constitution in the colonies, _________________ of Connecticut
a type of crop grown for profit
main reason the New England Colonies were established
Consisting of two houses
A charter agreed to by King John of England that granted nobles certain rights and restricted the King's powers
A colony that was based on a grant of land by the English monarch to a proprietor, or owner, in exchange for a yearly payment
Colonies based on a grant of land by the British crown to a company or a group of settlers
An alliance formed in 1643 by the Plymouth, Connecticut, Massachussetts Bay, and New Haven colonies in order to defend themselves from threats posed by Native Americans and by settlers from near by Dutch colonies
First Plan for uniting the colonies, proposed by Benjamin Franklin
Law passed by English parliament that required a government tax stamp on paper goods and all legal documents
A meeting of colonial delegates in Philidelphia to decide how to respond to the abuses of authority by the British government
A declaration of citizen's rights issued by the Virginia Convention
The document that created the first central government for the United States. It was replaced by the Constitution in 1789
Legislation passed by Congress to establish a plan for settling the North West territory
Delegates of Constitutional Convention who developed the framework for the government and wrote the Constitution
The plan for government in which the national government would have supreme power and a legislative branch would have two houses with represenatives determined by state population
A proposal to create a unicameral legislature with equal representation of states instead or representation by population
An agreement worked out at the Constitutional Convention established that a states population would determine representation in the lower house of legislature, while each state would have equal representation in the upper house
Group of people who supported the adoption of the U.S. Constitution and a strong national government
Group of people who opposed the adoption of the Constitution
The pen name that the framers Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay used when writing the Federalist Papers
The first ten ammendments to the U.S. Constitution concerning basic individual liberties
the first permanent english settlement in North America
took control of the colony and built a fort in 1608
introduced a new type of tobacco that sold well in New England
paid their journey to America
establishes the colony of pennslvania
puritan leader who served as a governor of Massachsetts
publicly discussed religious ideas that some leaders thought were radical
protestants who wanted to reform the Church of England
a member of a Puritan's Separatist sect that left England in the early 1600's to settle in the Americas
a person who moves to another country after leaving his or her homeland
a document written by the Pilgrims establishing themselves as a political society and setting guidelines for self-government
Squanto taught the Pilgrims native farming methods and helped them establish relations with the Wampanoag
made up one of the largest religious groups in New Jersey
crops that are always needed
he was forced to surrender New Netherland to the English
people talked about and decided on issues of local interest, such as paying for schools
a system in which goods and slaves were traded among the Americas, Britain, and Africa
a religious movement that swept through the colonies in the 1730's and 1740's
a philosopher that thought people had natural rights such as equality and liberty.
a movement that took place during the 1700's to spread the idea that reason and logic could improve society
he surrender in 1766
American Indian princess, she saved the life of John Smith when he was captured
an attacked led by Nathaniel Bacon against American Indians and the colonial government in Virginia
laws passed in the colonies to control slaves
grown only enough for yourself
The word carved into a tree left behind by the English settlers
The __________________ (nationality) were the first people to land at Roanoke
In 1584 Sir Walter _______________ sent explorers to set up a new colony
The first child of English parents born in America's name was _____________
He was the Governor of Roanoke
Governor White left Roanoke in 1587 to get more ___________________
The Colony of Roanoke what located in what state of the United States
John White left Roanoke for _________________ years
England was at war with this country when John White returned to London
What happened to the colony at Roanoke is still a ___________________
Governor John White returned to Roanoke in 1590 and everyone had ________
Term for having a settlement with no people
There was one human __________________ (group of bones) left at Roanoke.
English settlers had to catch lots of this aquatic animal to live on an island
The colony of Roanoke was established on this continent
way of thought with prime importance on humans not divine matters
a imagined place thats perfect
male head of a family or tribe
setting up a colony away from origin/home country
the difference of the values of exports and inports for a country; a favorable balance is when there is more value in the exports than the imports.
the action of traveling in or through an unfamiliar area in order to learn about it
a treaty signed in 1494 by Spain and Portugal, which split the Western lands down a line of demarcation from north to south, giving Spain the all territory west of the line, and Portugal all land east of the line
Helped to usher in the intense period of European naval exploration that dominated the world during the 15th-17th centuries
His exploration led to the discovery of the Americas by European and resulted in future European colonization in the Americas
Marks the beginning of European colonization in the Americas and sets the stage for European dominance of the Native populations
A system of slavery used by the Spanish conquistadors on their American plantations
A buisness formed by a group of investors who pooled their money to invest together
Had their passage to America paid by someone else and in return they signed a contract agreeing to pay off their debt by working for this person.
Came to America to establish their own colony to escape religious persicution in England
The first law in America for freedom of worship for all Christians
Were motivated by the 3 G's (God, Gold, Glory); Conquered many great Native American Civilizations and brought much much of the Americas under Spanish control in the 15th century
Defeted the Aztecs who were ruled by Montezuma, and conquered Mexico; Spanish conquistador
Recieved Hernando Cortes and his men as gods and allowed them to conquer his kingdom; Aztec Emperor
A child of mix race born from a Spainard and an American Indian
First permanent English settlement in America