transfer of thermal energy by collisions between particles of matter
transfer of thermal energy by the movement of matter from one place to another
ordered series of actions
transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves
to return light, heat, and sound after striking a surface
describes whether circulating air motions will be strong or weak in the atmosphere
layer of cooler air is trapped by a layer of warmer air above it
thin layer of gases surrounding Earth
region within the mesosphere and thermosphere containing ions
matter with a definite volume but with no definite shape
area of the stratosphere with a high concentration of ozone
atmospheric layer directly above the troposphere
atmospheric layer closest to Earth’s surface
gaseous form of water
Movement of air from land to sea at daytime
Transfer of energy when molecules bump into each other
Layer of earths atmosphere that is closest to the ground
Movement of air from land to sea at night
A type of energy that comes to earth from the sun and can damage skin
The movement of a heated material through a liquid
Narrow belt of strong winds
Layer of the stratosphere with a high concentration of ozone
Group of chemical compounds
Shifting of winds and surface currents caused by earths rotation
Layer of electrically changed particles in the thermosphere
Energy transferred by a wave or ray
Thin layer of gases around earth
the layer above the earth and is made of many gases,including oxygen and nitrogen
this is the layer closest to the ground where we live and this is where weather takes place
this layer contains ozone,which is a special layer of oxygen molecules and absorb harmful rays of sun
there is no ozone in this layer and its very cold
A region of the earth's atmosphere where ionization caused by incoming solar radiation affects the transmission of radio waves. It extends from a height of 70 kilometers (43 miles) to 400 kilometers (250 miles) above the surface
its made of light gases and the molecules are spaced farther and farther apart until they don't exist
is a measure of the force applied over a unit area
elevation above sea level or above earth's surface
colorless gas (O3) soluble in alkalis and cold water; a strong oxidizing agent; can be produced by electric discharge in oxygen or by the action of ultraviolet radiation on oxygen in the stratosphere
the region of the stratosphere with the highest concentration of ozone molecules, which by absorbing high-energy solar ultraviolet radiation protects organisms on earth
Electromagnetic radiation that has a wavelength between that of visible light and that of X-rays
a gas that was once commonly used in various products (such as aerosols) but that is believed to cause damage to the ozone layer in the Earth's atmosphere
the process in which energy is emitted as particles or waves
is the movement of something such as heat or electricity through a medium or passage
the envelope of gases surrounding the earth or another planet.
the lowest region of the atmosphere, extending from the earth's surface to a height of about 3.7–6.2 miles (6–10 km), which is the lower boundary of the stratosphere.
the layer of the earth's atmosphere above the troposphere, extending to about 32 miles (50 km) above the earth's surface (the lower boundary of the mesosphere).
the region of the earth's atmosphere above the stratosphere and below the thermosphere, between about 30 and 50 miles (50 and 80 km) in altitude.
the layer of the earth's atmosphere that contains a high concentration of ions and free electrons and is able to reflect radio waves. It lies above the mesosphere and extends from about 50 to 600 miles (80 to 1,000 km) above the earth's surface.
the outermost region of a planet's atmosphere.
the continuous physical force exerted on or against an object by something in contact with it.
the apparent height of a celestial object above the horizon, measured as an angle.
fresh invigorating air, especially that blowing onto the shore from the sea.
a layer in the earth's stratosphere at an altitude of about 6.2 miles (10 km) containing a high concentration of ozone, which absorbs most of the ultraviolet radiation reaching the earth from the sun.
Radiation in the part of the electromagnetic spectrum where wavelengths are just shorter than those of ordinary, visible violet light but longer than those of x-rays
They are harmful to the ozone layer in the earth's atmosphere owing to the release of chlorine atoms upon exposure to ultraviolet radiation.
the emission of energy as electromagnetic waves or as moving subatomic particles, especially high-energy particles that cause ionization
the process by which heat or electricity is directly transmitted through a substance when there is a difference of temperature or of electrical potential between adjoining regions, without movement of the material.
Energy transferred by waves or rays.
It is made of very light gases.
The height of an object or point in relation to sea level or ground level.
This layer contains ozone, which is special layer of oxygen molecules.
The whole mass of air that surrounds the Earth.
This layer is the closet to the ground where we live.
Where meteors burn.
The layer of the earth's atmosphere that contains a high concentration of ions and free electrons and is able to reflect radio waves.
Layer of the stratosphere with a high concentration of ozone; absorbs most of the Sun's harmful ultraviolet radiation.
Group of chemical compounds used in refrigerators ,air conditioners ,foam packaging ,and aerosol sprays that may enter the atmosphere and destroy ozone.
A types of energy that comes to Earth from the Sun ,can damage skin and cause cancer ,and is mostly absorbed by the ozone layer.
The transfer of energy that occurs when molecules bump into each other.
The force use by the weight of tiny particles of air molecules.
Is made up of three oxygen molecules and is what protects us from the sun's harmful UV radiation.
The region surrounding the Earth or another astronomical body.
Part of the upper atmosphere where temperatures increase continuously.
above the Stratosphere and below the Thermosphere between 30 and 50 miles in altitude.
Above the troposphere, extending to about 32 miles above the earth's surface.
The lowest region of the atmosphere, extending from the earth's surface to a height of about 3.7-6.2 miles, which is the lower boundary of the stratosphere.
The outermost region of a planet's atmosphere.
It has a high concentration of ions and free electrons and is able to reflect radio waves. It lies above the mesosphere and extends from about 50-600 miles above the earth's surface.
Technical term for ozone layer.
Colorless unstable toxic gas with a pungent odor and powerful oxidizing properties, formed from oxygen by electrical discharges or ultraviolet light. It differs from normal oxygen in having three atoms in its molecule.
Short for chlorofluorocarbon.
Electromagnetic radiation that has a wavelength between that of visible light and that of X-rays.
Elevation especially above sea level or above the earth's surface.
Earth's air, which is made up of a thin layer of gases, solids, and liquids; forms a protective layer around the planet and is divided into five distinct layers.
The force exerted on a surface.
Energy transferred by waves or rays.
This layer is where all weather happens
The envelope of gasses that surround the earth
The layer above the troposphere(50 km above the earth's surface)
This layer protects us from meteors & is also the coldest
This is where radio waves bounce back to earth's surface
This layer is located on the upper part of the thermosphere (satellites orbit here)
When force is applied to an object
The point/height of an object in relation to sea level and ground level
A colorless unstable gas with an odor(made up of 3 oxygen atoms
Protects the surface from sun's UV rays
Sunburn is caused by this
Saturated compounds of carbon used as refrigerants
the emission of energy as electromagnetic waves or as moving subatomic particles
the process by which sound waves travel through a medium
Layer that contains ozone
Layer with high temperatures due to absorption of the Sun's rays.
Coldest layer of the atmosphere; located above the stratosphere
Layer of electrically charged particles found within the thermosphere
Layer closest to the Earth's surface; contains 90% of the atmosphere's total mass; all weather occurs in this layer
Earth receives energy from the sun in the form of _________.
Important gas in the atmosphere that absorbs ultraviolet radiation from the sun.
Outermost layer of the atmosphere that contains almost no air molecules.
The transfer of heat from one thing to another through direct physical contact.
The transfer of heat by circulation or movement.
The rise in average global temperatures over time.
The __________ effect is the process by which gases in the atmosphere trap heat.
the outer layer of the thermosphere, the atmospheric layer closest to space
a form of oxygen, has three oxygen atoms in each molecule instead of the usual two
the most abundant element in out planet's atmosphere
elevation above sea level
approximately 21% of the atmosphere is compromised of this
the lower part of the thermosphere
all other gases in the atmosphere that are present in small amounts
second most abundant substance in the solid portions of lifeforms
the transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves through space
the outermost layer of Earth's atmosphere
the layer of Earth's atmosphere immediately above the stratosphere
the lowest layer of Earth's atmosphere where all weather occurs
the second lowest layer of Earth's atmosphere; where ozone is contained
the layer of gases that surrounds Earth
the transfer of energy that occurs when molecules bump into each other
Earth's air,which is made up of a thin layer of gases ,solids,and liquids forms a protective layer around the planet and is divided into five distinct layers
narrow belt of strong winds that blows near the top of the troposphere
a type of energy that comes to Earth from the Sun,can damage skin and cause cancer,and is mostly absorbed by the ozone layer
all the water on Earth's surface
group of chemical compounds used in air conditioners,refrigerators,foam packaging,an aerosol sprays that may enter the atmosphere and destroy the ozone layer
the movement of air from land to sea at night,created when cooler,denser air from the land forces up warmer air over the sea
layer of the stratosphere with a high concentration of ozone ; absorbs most of the Sun's harmful ultraviolet radiation
layer of the Earth's atmosphere that is closest to the ground,contains 99% of the water vapor and 75% of the atmospheric gases and is where clouds and weather occur
the movement of air from sea to land during the day when cooler air from above the land to rise
layer of electrically charged particles in the thermosphere that absorbs AM radio waves during the day and reflects back at night