Soil Vocabulary Crossword
Type
Crossword
Description

Resources that can be replaced or replenished like trees, water, sunlight (2 words).
A renewable energy source that can be grown from living material that can be converted into a biofuel.
A thin layer of material on the Earth's surface in which plants have their roots.
Component of amino acids, proteins, nucleotides, nucleic acids, chlorophyll and coenzymes.
Using waste from the home and yard to make new soil.
An area in the ground where water sits on top of the zone of saturation...it is the water line (2 words).
The amount of pores in the soil that store water and air.
A soil layer that is formed from bedrock over a long period of time with the help of water.
A type of soil that is a mixture of clay, sand, and humus that is good for growing plants as it holds an appropriate amount of water and has many nutrients.
A type of soil that is made up of rotted or decayed plants and dead animals or remains.
A layer of soil in a profile.
A type of soil that is fine and powder like.
Water that soaks into the ground and collects in pores.
A vertical picture of all the layers of soil.
A group of organisms that break down dead organisms and put them back into the soil.
An element involved in osmosis and ionic balance and in opening and closing of stomata; activator of many enzymes.
This means water can NOT pass through soil.
A way to classify soil by determining the percentage of silt, clay, and sand within it.
A type of soil that is best for growing plants (made up of weathered rocks and humus).
A type of soil that is tightly packed and holds a lot of water.
An element that helps a plant convert other nutrients into usable materials

Geology Crossword

Geology Crossword
Type
Crossword
Description

molten rock
cool, top layer of Earth
17 huge slabs of rock
tool to measure motion of ground
a naturally occurring solid that has a specific chemical make-up
2 or more minerals together.
formed from cooled magma or lava.
forms under the surface, cools slowly and forms big crystals.
forms above the surface, forms small crystals.
made of sand, rocks, minerals, and organic matter.
the compaction and cementation of sediments.
organisms (plants + animals) preserved in sedimentary rock.
formed when heat and pressure "RECYLCE" rock.
this law states that older rocks are at the bottom of the sequence, youngest at the top.
movement of Earths crust.
heat, ash, and lava released from vent forms "cones"
shaking caused when tectonic plates suddenly move and release pressure and stress.
acid rain eats away rock. Forms caves and sinkholes.
water and wind breaking down rocks.
weathered rock and organic matter.
organic material
nutrient rich
sand, silt, clay
Least Permeable
air spaces
ability to transport H2O
gritty, H2O flows easily
powder
sticky and clumpy (NO H2O flow)
best for plants, mix of all.
wind deposited silt
decomposing organic matter

Soil Vocabulary Crossword Puzzle

Soil Vocabulary Crossword Puzzle
Type
Crossword
Description

Occurs when chemical reactions dissolve the minerals in rock or change them into different minerals
Average weather pattern in an area over a long period of time; can be classified by temperature, humidity, precipitation and vegetation
Planting along the natural contours of the land to reduce soil erosion
Each layer in the soil profile hoizon A (top layer of soil) horizon B (middle layer) and horizon C (bottom layer)
Dark colored decayed organic matter that supplies nutrients to plants and is found mainly in top soil
Mechanical weathering processes that occurs when water freezes in the cracks of rocks and expands causing the rock to break apart
Removal of minerals that have been dissolved in water
Twigs, leaves and other organic matter that help prevent erosion and hold water and may eventually be changed into humus by decomposing organisms
Physical processes that break rock apart without changing its' chemical makeup; can be caused by ice wedging animals and plant groups
Method for reducing soil erosion; plant stalks are left in the field after harvesting and the next year's crop is planted within the stalks without plowing
Chemical weathering process that occurs when some minerals are exposed to oxygen and water over time
Mixture of weathered rock and mineral fragments, decayed organic matter, mineral fragments, water, and air that can take thousands of years to develop
Verical section of soil layers, each of which is a horizon
Farming method used to reduce erosion on steep slopes
Mechanical or chemical surface processes that break rock into smaller and smaller pieces

Weathering and Erosion Crossword

Weathering and Erosion Crossword
Type
Crossword
Description

What type of weathering breaks smaller pieces of rock from larger pieces
What type of weathering slowly dissolves rock
What is the process in which wind, water, gravity transport soil?
When farmers change crops to protect nutrient depletion.
When farmers grow a crop between seasons to prevent erosion.
Creating a series of steps so that farming can occur on a steep hill
Leaving the previous season's stalks behind to prevent erosion.
Refers to the pore space in soil taken up by water or oxygen
Water dissolves and carries nutrients in topsoil to lower layers
The top layer of soil
The most fertile section of topsoil
The layer of rock beneath soil layers
When water in the air causes chemical change
Repeated freezing and thawing in cracks of rock
Type of weathering in which harder rock weathers less than softer rock
When limestone is dissolved underground, you get a...
When pollution and rain weather together.
Grinding away of rock
Agent of mechanical weathering
Agent of chemical weathering
Living agent of mechanical weathering
Rock that is the source of the fragments
Protecting soil from nutrient loss or erosion
When water slows and drops sediment
Deposition that occurs as a body of water slows to flow into another
Sediment deposits here when a river overflows its banks (pg.318)
a fan-shaped deposion on land
As a mountain ages, its peaks become (rounder/sharper)

Soil Crossword Puzzle

Soil Crossword Puzzle
Type
Crossword
Description

Occurs when chemical reactions dissolve the minerals in rocks or change them into different minerals
average weather pattern in an area over a long period of time; can be classified by temperature, humidity, precipitation, and vegetation
planting along the natural contours of the land to reduce soil erosion
each layer in a soil profile horizon A (top layer of soil), horizon B (middle layer) and horizon C (bottom layer)
dark-colored, decayed organic matter that supplies nutrients to plants and is found mainly in topsoil.
mechanical weathering process that occurs when water freezes in the cracks of rocks and expands, causing the rock to break apart.
removal of minerals that have been dissolved in water
twigs, leaves, and other organic matter that help prevent erosion and hold water and may eventually be changed into humus by decomposing organisms
physical processes that break rock apart without changing its chemical makeup; can be caused by ice wedging, animals, and plant roots
method for reducing soil erosion; plant stalks are left in the field after harvesting and the next year’s crop is planted within the stalks without plowing
chemical weathering process that occurs when some minerals are exposed to oxygen and water over time
mixture of weathered rock and mineral fragments, decayed organic matter, mineral fragments, water, and air that can take thousands of years to develop.
vertical section of soil layers, each of which is a horizon
farming method used to reduce erosion on steep slopes
mechanical or chemical surface processes that break rock into smaller and smaller pieces

SOIL CROSSWORD

SOIL CROSSWORD
Type
Crossword
Description

Largest particle dries quicl;y and texture is rough and gritty.
Relative proportions of sand, silt, and clay
What the soil is composed of air, water, nutrients, and orgainic matter
the proccess by which the surface of the earth is worn away by the action of water, glaciers, winds, waves, ext.
How much water the soil will allow through
Depends on how many pores and the size of the pores
influenced by the amount of proteins present in the soil
used to identify different types of soil
the break down of rock and minerals by rain, acid, salt, wind, and temperature into sediments
Medium sized particles, texture is smooth and powdery when dry and slippery when wet.
smallest particle; smooth and hard as stone when dry and sticky when wet
Mixture of sand, silt, and clay. Best type of soil for growing plants.
soil layers; more mature soil has more horizons
Mixture of rock, minerals, and organiz matter
living particles in soil
non living particles in soil
Mostly made of decaying leaves, twigs, and animal remains/waste
loose soil that is rich in organic material needed by plants
rich in minerals that are wased down in minerals that are wased downfrom topsoil by rain
slightly broken up rock. plants roots cannot go through this layer. Mostly inorganic.
also knowthe parent material. unweathered solid rock bneath all layers.
the extraction of valuable minerals or geological materials from the earth.
a natrual material with a high concentation of metals and valuable materials that can be extracted for a profit.
when a mine is no longer being used, the land should be restored to its former state or better.
minerals or substances that occur in nature and can be used for economic gain.
a natural resource that can be replaced quickly enough so that we will not run out
hydrocarbons created from the remains of formerly living organisms used for energy.
a natrual resource that we need to use carefully because it cannot be replaced quickly and we will run out.

Earth's Resources Crossword

Earth's Resources Crossword
Type
Crossword
Description

a type of natural resource that cannot be replaced or can only be replaced after thousands or millions of years
protecting our natural resources and using them responsibly
a type of natural resource that can be replaced
a solid, non-living substance found in nature
a non-living substance made of one or more minerals; there are 3 main types
a material that is burned for energy
a mixture of minerals, weathered rocks, and decayed plants and animal matter
a type of resource found on Earth that is necessary or useful to people
the trace or remains of an organism that lived long ago
type of energy from the sun
died out, leaving no more of that type of organism alive
when harmful things get into the water, air, and land
a type of energy that comes from moving air
energy made from moving or falling water
a type of resource that can be used again and again
energy from living things, plants or animals, or waste
a type of energy made from heat inside the earth
melted rock that is underground in the mantle layer of the Earth
combination of sand, silt, clay and humus; best soil for plants
tiny bits of weathered or broken-down rock and once-living animals and plants

soil conservation Crossword

soil conservation Crossword
Type
Crossword
Description

The area of the Great Plains where wind erosion caused soil loss during the 1930's.
The solid layer of rock beneath the soil.
The layer of soil that differs in color and texture from layers above or below it
Plowing fields along the curves of a slope to prevent soil loss.
A thick mass of grass roots and soil.
The planting of diffrent crops in a field each year to maintain the soils fertility
A chemical change in which a substance combines with oxygen, as when iron oxides, forming rust.
The loose, weathered material on Earth's surface in which plants can grow.
Characteristics of a material that is full of tiny, connected air spaces that water can seep through.
Soil conservation method in which the dead stalks from previos year's crop are left in the ground to hold the soil in place.
The managment of soil to prevent it's destruction.
The grinding away of rock by other rock particles carried in water, ice, or wind.
The loose layer of dead plant leaves and stems on the surface of the soil.
Soil organism that breaks down the remains of organisms and digets them.
The chemical and physical process that can break down at Earth's surface
Process that splits rock when water seeps into cracks, then freezes and expands.
Anything in the environment that humans use.
Dark colored organic material in soil.
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken into smaller pieces.
The process that breaks down rock through chemical changes.
Rich, fertile soil that is made up of about equal parts of clay, sand, and silt.
The process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves weathered rock or soil.
Mixture of humans, clay, and other minerals that forms the crumbly, top most layer of soil.
The geologic principle that the same geologic process that operate today, operated in the past to change Earth's surface.
A measure of how well soil supports plant growth.
The layer of soil beneath the top soil that contains mostly clay and other minerals.

Weathering, Erosion and Soil Crossword

Weathering, Erosion and Soil Crossword
Type
Crossword
Description

the process that breaks down rock and other substances at the earth's surface
the removal of rock particles by wind, water, ice, or gravity
type of weathering where the rocks are physically broken down into smaller pieces
When water expands and freezes creating cracks in rocks. Over time water continues to seep into rock creating bigger cracks eventually breaking the rock into pieces
the process that breaks down rocks chemically ( ex: water, oxygen, carbon dioxide, acid rain)
the material is full of tiny connected spaces that allow water to seep through it
loose weathered material on the Earth's surface in which plants can grow
soild layer of rock beneath the soil
a dark colored substances that forms as remains of animals or plants decay
how well soil supports plant growth
soil that is made up of equal parts sand, silt and clay

Water and Soil Resources Crossword

Water and Soil Resources Crossword
Type
Crossword
Description

A natural resource that we need to use carefully because it cannot be replaced quickly and we will run out.
Loose soil that is rich in organic material needed by plants
Minerals or substances that occur in nature and can be used for economic gain.
How much water the soil will allow through
What the soil is composed of air, water, nutrients, and organic matter
Medium sized particles, texture is smooth and powdery when dry and slippery when wet.
Largest particle dries quickly and texture is rough and gritty.
Mostly made of decaying leaves, twigs, and animal remains/waste
Relative proportions of sand, silt, and clay
Mixture of sand, silt, and clay. Best type of soil for growing plants.
If you don't get your drinking water from a river or reservoir, you probably get it from here
When rain water seeps underground into an aquifer
A specific body of underground water
Certification that a product meets a certain level of water efficiency. This is to water what Energy Star is to electricity
Where most of South Jersey gets it's drinking water
A planted area, dug out to be lower than the surrounding area, where storm water can pool and slowly infiltrate into the ground. Often uses native plants
A special type of pavement that water can flow through. Also called permeable pavement
A container for holding water that falls on your roof and flows through the gutter.
An area of land that drains to a particular body of water on the surface
Water can flow through a material (adj.). Example: a grassy field
can be derived directly from plants, or indirectly from agricultural, commercial, domestic, and/or industrial wastes.

Soil Crossword

Soil Crossword
Type
Crossword
Description

. planting along the natural contours of the land to reduce soil erosion
chemical weathering process that occurs when some minerals are exposed to oxygen and water over time
farming method used to reduce erosion on steep slopes
The layers in a soil profile are also called_________
The processes that break rock apart
vertical section of soil layers, each of which is a horizon
removal of minerals that have been dissolved in water
dark-colored, decayed organic matter that supplies nutrients to plants and is found mainly in topsoil
mixture of weathered rock and mineral fragments, decayed organic matter, mineral fragments, water, and air that can take thousands of years to develop.
organic matter that is decomposed to supply nutrients to soil
the mix of sand, silt and clay is known as