Membrane Proteins Crossword
Type
Crossword
Description

What makes membrane fluid?
What makes membrane mosaic in appearance?
Plasma membrane is ________ because it allows certain molecules to pass through.
Membrane protein that carry out chemical reactions
Membrane protein that bind to signaling molecules
Membrane protein that attach to extracellular matrix and cytoskeleton.
Membrane proteins that allow specific ions or molecules to enter or exit the cell.
Membrane proteins that attach adjacent cells.
Membrane protein that act as ID tag.
Molecule that makes most of the cell membrane.

Unit 3 Vocab Word Search

Unit 3 Vocab Word Search
Type
Word Search
Description

Selective Permeability
Facilitated Diffusion
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Phospholipid Bilayer
Hypertonic Solution
Dynamic Equilibrium
Transport Proteins
Hypotonic Solution
Fluid Mosaic Model
Passive Transport
Isotonic Solution
Active Transport
Plasma Membrane
Golgi Apparatus
Mitochondria
Cytoskeleton
Chloroplasts
Prokaryotic
Endocytosis
Cell Theory
Organelles
Exocytosis
Eukaryotic
Centrioles
Ribosomes
Nucleolus
Lysosomes
Diffusion
Cytoplasm
Cell Wall
Flagella
Vacuole
Osmosis
Nucleus
Cilia

Cells and Tissues Crossword

Cells and Tissues Crossword
Type
Crossword
Description

The plasma membrane is responsible for deciding what can enter or leave the cell. This is called
Where the DNA is located
This organelle makes proteins
This organelle makes ATP or energy
These help the cell move things
The plasma membrane is made of proteins, cholesterol and
This part of a phospholipid is hydrophillic
Hate water
This type of movement is from a lower concentration to a higher concentration and requires energy
An ion goes through a doorway. This type of passive movement is called
Movement of water is called
The solution around a red blood cell has a higher concentration of substances
To make an identical copy of a cell is called
This part of the cell cycle is where we make a copy of the ogranelles
Programmed cellular death. To kill a cell we don't need is called
The phase of mitosis that the chromosomes pull apart
The study of diseased tissues is called
This type of tissue is found on free surfaces and has tight junctions
This cell shape has an irregular border
this type of epithelium is found in the respiratory tract
This type of cell makes mucous
Type of connective tissue that is avascular
Type of liquid connective tissue that helps with filtering of infections
the medical term for swelling
Connective tissue found in tendons and ligaments
Fat in our body is called
The name for a white blood cell
This organelle makes lipids

Cell Crossword Puzzle

Cell Crossword Puzzle
Type
Crossword
Description

An organelle found in plants and algae that absorbs sunlight and uses it to drive the synthesis of organic compounds (sugars) from carbon dioxide and water
A protective layer external to the plasma membrane in plant cells bacteria fungi and some protists; protects the cell and helps maintain its shape
A structure found in animal cells from which microtubules originate and that is important during cell division (contains two centrioles)
The central vacuole is a cellular organelle found in plant cells. It is often the largest organelle in the cell. It is surrounded by a membrane and functions to hold materials and wastes.
A narrow thread of cytoplasm that passes through the cell walls of adjacent plant cells that allows connections between them.
A digestive organelle in eukaryotic cells; contains hydrolytic enzymes that digest engulfed food or damaged organelles
The contents of a eukaryotic cell between the plasma membrane and the nucleus; consists of a semi-fluid medium and organelles; can also refer to the interior of a prokaryotic cell
A cell structure consisting of RNA and protein organized into two subunits and functioning as the site of protein synthesis in the cytoplasm; in the eukaryotic cells the ribosomal subunits are constructed in the molecules
organelle composed of a double membrane that acts as the storehouse for most of a cell's DNA
A bean-shaped organelle that supplies energy to the cell and has its own ribosomes and DNA
The thickest of the three main kinds of fibers making up the cytoskeleton of a eukaryotic cell; a hollow tube made of globular proteins called tubulins; found in cilia and flagella
That portion of the endoplasmic reticulum with ribosomes attached that make membrane proteins and secretory proteins
The portion of the endoplasmic reticulum that lacks ribosomes centrioles/ A small cylindrical organelle near the nucleus in animal cells, occurring in pairs and involved in the development of spindle fibers in cell division.
A small cylindrical organelle near the nucleus in animal cells, occurring in pairs and involved in the development of spindle fibers in cell division.
A thin flexible layer around the cells of all living things; it's job is to separate the cytoplasm from the cell's surroundings
A complex of vesicles and folded membranes within the cytoplasm of most eukaryotic cells, involved in secretion and intracellular transport.

Cell Transportation Crossword

Cell Transportation Crossword
Type
Crossword
Description

Movement of water across a semipermeable membrane
Movement of molecules from a high concentration to a lower concentration
A structure within the cell membrane which allows charged and/or larger molecules to pass through the membrane
Movement of molecules from a LOW concentration to a HIGH conc. using ATP (energy)
Movement of molecules from a HIGH concentration to a LOW conc. with NO ATP (energy) used
Amount of molecules of a material in a specific area
A solution with a GREATER amount of SOLUTE ("dissolved stuff") as compared to the cell
A solution with a LESSER amount of SOLUTE ("dissolved stuff") as compared to the cell
A solution with an EQUAL concentration of solute (and water) as compared to the cell
The force that the vacuole places on the cell membrane to push it against the cell wall-- increases when vacuole is larger
Means that only some things may pass through
Type of Active Transport where large amounts/sizes of molecules EXIT the cell in bulk
Type of Active Transport where large amounts/sizes of molecules ENTER the cell in bulk
"Water-loving"-- Refers to the polar phosphate heads of the phospholipid
"Water-fearing"- refers to the fatty acid tails of the phospholipid which make the inner part of the cell mem.

Chapter 4- The Cell Crossword

Chapter 4- The Cell Crossword
Type
Crossword
Description

coined the term "cells" when examining cork cells
very thin boundary of a cell that is flexible
when diverse proteins embed themselves in the phospholipid bilayer
true nucleus
before nucleus
bacteria are __
prokaryotes have this in place of a nucleus
chloroplasts and __ function in energy processing
structural support, movement, and communication between cells are the functions of the plasmamembrane, plant cell wall, and ___
chemical activities of a cell
dividing of cells in prokaryotes
stores water and a variety of chemicals
nucleus and ___ carry out the genetic control of the cell
transport in our bodies paid for with ATP
makes more ribosomes and synthesizes RNA
only organelle named after someone; finishes, sorts, and ships cell products
genetic control center of the cell; contains most of the cells dna
combination of DNA and protein fibers
thread-like gene carrying structures found in the nucleus; most visible during mitosis
provides an acidic environment for its enzymes' digestive functions; digest food and recycles damaged organelles
sacs of membrane
fluid containing DNA, ribosomes, and enzymes in a chloroplast
membranous sac in a chloropast
stacks of thylakoids, where green chlorophyll molecules trap solar energy
acts as a detoxifyer, lacks attached ribosomes; produces enzymes for synthesis of lipids, oils, etc.; storage of calcium ions
makes more membrane, makes proteins destined to leave the cell
contains mitochondrial dna, ribosomes, enzymes that catalyze reactions of cellular respiration
involved in the synthesis, storage, and export of molecules; contains nuclear envelope, ER, golgi apartus, lysosomes, vacuoles, and plasma membrane
eliminates water in protists
organelles involved in manufacture, distribution, and breakdown of molecules include the ER, golgi, lysosomes, vacuoles, and ___
comes from the maternal line
have cell walls, chloroplasts, large vacuole, plasmodesmata
has lysosomes, centrioles, some have flagella
provides support; regulates cellular activites
picture taken by a microscope
measure of clarity
increase in apparent size of an object
bends light through lenses to magnify the image of specimen as it is projected into your eye; object appears upside down; magnify up to 1000 times clearly
fouses a beam of electrons through or onto the surface of a specimen; 100,000x
uses thin film of gold over specimen; big in size; views surfaces of cells
views internal cell structure; uses electomagnets to bend the paths of the electrons
a microscope that amplifies differences in destiny so that structures in the living cells appear almost three-dimensional

Cell Communication Crossword

Cell Communication Crossword
Type
Crossword
Description

A set of chemical reactions in a cell that occurs when a molecule attaches to a receptor on the cell membrane
A system of stimuli and response correlated to population density
A form of cell-to-cell communication in which a cell produces a signal to induce changes in nearby cells
A release of hormones that act on distant target cells in the body
Similar to paracrine signaling but there is a special structure called the synapse between the cell originating and the cell receiving the signal
A chemical substance produced in the body that controls and regulates the activity of certain cells or organs
When the target cell detects a signal, usually in the form of a small, water-soluble molecule, via binding to receptor protein
The process by which foreign DNA is introduced into a cell by a virus or viral vector
Any behavior of a living organism that results from an external or internal stimulus
Usually a molecule which produces a signal by binding to a site on a target protein
Act as molecular switches inside cells, and are involved in transmitting signals from a variety of stimuli outside a cell to its interior
Constitute a large protein family of receptors, that detect molecules outside the cell and activate internal signal transduction pathways and, ultimately, cellular responses
Guanine Triphosphate
Guanine Diphosphate
Refers to the reversible transition of a molecule into a nearly identical chemical or physical state
High-affinity cell surface receptors for many polypeptide growth factors
A phosphate group is added
They pass the message to the next signaling component in the chain without otherwise participating
A group of transmembrane ion channel proteins which open to allow ions through the membrane in response to the binding of a chemical messenger
Kinase enzyme that modifies other proteins by chemically adding phosphate groups to them
A phosphate group is taken away
A sequence of events where one enzyme phosphorylates another, causing a chain reaction leading to the phosphorylation of thousands of proteins
An enzyme that removes a phosphate group from the phosphorylated amino acid residue of its substrate protein
A molecule that relays messages in a cell from a receptor on a cell membrane to the final destination where an action within the cell is to take place
A secondary messenger molecule used in signal transduction and lipid signaling in biological cells
A glyceride consisting of two fatty acid chains covalently bonded to a glycerol molecule through ester linkages
A mechanism leading to multiple copies of a chromosomal region within a chromosome arm
Interact and/or bind with multiple members of a signaling pathway, tethering them into complexes
A process of programmed cell death that occurs in multicellular organisms
Protrusion of the plasma membrane of a cell

Cellular Communication Vocabulary Crossword Match the word to the definition.

Cellular Communication Vocabulary Crossword   Match the word to the definition.
Type
Crossword
Description

Strengthening of stimulus energy during transduction.
Convert (a substance, molecule, etc.) into a reactive form.
The bulging out of a part of a cell below the plasma membrane or expansion of air-filled tissue, as occurs in the lungs in bullous emphysema.
Process of programmed cell death that occurs in multicellular organisms.
A common biochemical process in which a phosphate group is removed from an organic compound through hydrolysis.
Occurs when endocrine cells release hormones that act on distant target cells in the body.
Monetary value of all the finished goods and services produced within a country's borders in a specific time period.
Guanine nucleotide-binding proteins, are a family of proteins that act as molecular switches inside cells, and are involved in transmitting signals from a variety of stimuli outside a cell to its interior.
Seven-transmembrane domain receptors, 7TM receptors, heptahelical receptors, serpentine receptor, and G protein–linked receptors (GPLR), constitute a large protein family of receptors, that detect molecules outside the cell and activate internal signal transduction pathways and, ultimately, cellular responses.
Generated by one of the enzymes in the citric acid cycle.
A chemical substance produced in the body that controls and regulates the activity of certain cells or organs.
Substance that forms a complex with a biomolecule to serve a biological purpose.
Ionotropic receptors, are a group of transmembrane ion channel proteins which open to allow ions such as Na+, K+, Ca2+, and/or Cl− to pass through the membrane in response to the binding of a chemical messenger, such as a neurotransmitter.
Form of cell-to-cell communication in which a cell produces a signal to induce changes in nearby cells, altering the behavior or differentiation of those cells.
The transferring of phosphoryl group from a donor to the recipient molecule.
Sequence of events where one enzyme phosphorylates another, causing a chain reaction leading to the phosphorylation of thousands of proteins.
Kinase enzyme that modifies other proteins by chemically adding phosphate groups to them (phosphorylation).
An enzyme that removes a phosphate group from the phosphorylated amino acid residue of its substrate protein.
System of stimuli and response correlated to population density.
Target cell's detection of a signal via binding of a signaling molecule, or ligand.
Any behavior of a living organism that results from an external or internal stimulus.
The high-affinity cell surface receptors for many polypeptide growth factors, cytokines, and hormones.
Crucial regulators of many key signaling pathways.
Similar to paracrine signaling but there is a special structure called the synapse between the cell originating and the cell receiving the signal.
A set of chemical reactions in a cell that occurs when a molecule, such as a hormone, attaches to a receptor on the cell membrane.
Molecules that relay signals received at receptors on the cell surface — such as the arrival of protein hormones, growth factors, etc. — to target molecules in the cytosol and/or nucleus.
Process by which foreign DNA is introduced into a cell by a virus or viral vector.
Can control different processes in the cell including the cell cycle.
Messenger of neurologic information from one cell to another.

Membrane Transport Crossword

Membrane Transport Crossword
Type
Crossword
Description

material (primarily collagen, glycoproteins, and proteoglycans) secreted from animal cells that provides mechanical protection and anchoring for the cells in the tissue
Cells can also communicate with each other via direct contact
a watertight seal between two adjacent animal cells
forms a very strong spot weld between cells. It is created by the linkage of cadherins and intermediate filaments.
channels between adjacent cells that allow for the transport of ions, nutrients, and other substances that enable cells to communicate
Gap junctions develop when a set of six proteins (called connexins) in the plasma membrane arrange themselves in an elongated donut-like configuration called
group of organelles and membranes in eukaryotic cells that work together modifying, packaging, and transporting lipids and proteins
cytoskeletal component, composed of several intertwined strands of fibrous protein, that bears tension, supports cell-cell junctions, and anchors cells to extracellular structures
unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus or any other membrane-bound organelle
narrowest element of the cytoskeleton system; it provides rigidity and shape to the cell and enables cellular movements
network of protein fibers that collectively maintain the shape of the cell, secure some organelles in specific positions, allow cytoplasm and vesicles to move within the cell, and enable unicellular organisms to move independently
a naturally occurring phenomenon and does not require the cell to exert any of its energy to accomplish the movement. substances move from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration.
area of high concentration adjacent to an area of low concentration
allow some substances to pass through, but not others
a passive process of transport. A single substance tends to move from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration until the concentration is equal across a space
materials diffuse across the plasma membrane with the help of membrane proteins. A concentration gradient exists that would allow these materials to diffuse into the cell without expending cellular energy
The integral proteins involved in facilitated transport. They function as either channels for the material or carriers
hydrophilic domains exposed to the intracellular and extracellular fluids; they additionally have a hydrophilic channel through their core that provides a hydrated opening through the membrane layers
movement of water through a semipermeable membrane according to the concentration gradient of water across the membrane
the extracellular fluid has lower osmolarity than the fluid inside the cell, and water enters the cell or the extracellular fluid has a higher concentration of water in the solution than does the cell. In this situation, water will follow its concentration gradient and enter the cell.
the extracellular fluid having a higher osmolarity than the cell’s cytoplasm; therefore, the fluid contains less water than the cell does. Because the cell has a relatively higher concentration of water, water will leave the cell.
the extracellular fluid has the same osmolarity as the cell. If the osmolarity of the cell matches that of the extracellular fluid, there will be no net movement of water into or out of the cell
mechanisms require the use of the cell’s energy, usually in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). If a substance must move into the cell against its concentration gradient
The combined gradient of concentration and electrical charge that affects an ion
moves ions across a membrane and creates a difference in charge across that membrane, which is directly dependent on ATP.
movement of material that is due to the electrochemical gradient established by primary active transport

TRANSPORT ACROSS MEMBRANES Crossword

TRANSPORT ACROSS MEMBRANES Crossword
Type
Crossword
Description

A solution that contains more solute and has a lower water potential.
it is 7nm thick
Protein that has polysaccharide chains attached
type of lipid
the name of the process for the movement of water
the process in which the molecules ,eve against a concentration gradient
what type of energy does active transport require
what solution contains the highest water potential
Diffusion is a p_ _ _ _ _ _ process
the thinner the exchange surface, the _ _ _ _ _ _ the rate of diffusion
ATP is produced by
net movement of water into a cell causes the cell to be
cell membranes have a _ _ _ _ _/ _ _ _ _ _ _ structure
when channel proteins and carrier proteins deform, this increases the _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ of the cell

Chapter 5 Vocabulary Crossword

Chapter 5 Vocabulary Crossword
Type
Crossword
Description

a protein that transports specific substance through intracellular compartments, into the extracellular fluid, or across the cell membrane
difference in concentration of solutes on two sides of a membrane. Molecules ALWAYS move from HIGH concentration to LOW concentration
a vacuole in some protozoans that expels excess liquid on contraction.
the passive movement of particles from an area of high concentration to low concentration. Particles pass right through the cell membrane.
the concentration of molecules is equal or evenly dispersed throughout a space.
process of spontaneous passive transport of molecules or ions across a biological membrane via specific transmembrane integral proteins
environment (around cell) with higher concentration of solute than that inside the cell. Solvent is lower outside the cell than inside.
pore-forming membrane proteins that allow ions to pass through the channel pore
environment with conditions exactly matching that of inside the cell.
the diffusion of water across a semi-permeable cell membrane
the movement of materials across a cell membrane that uses NO energy.
the force within the cell that pushes the plasma membrane against the cell wall