Strong connective tissue,helps to transmit power and joins muscle to bone
Bands of connective tissue, very tough and resilient, keep joints stable joins bone to bone
This is a connective tissue, role is to reduce friction and act as a shock absorber
This muscle causes flexion at the elbow
This muscle causes extension at the elbow
This is the working muscle that produces and controls the movement - contracts and shortens
The relaxing and lengthening muscle part of a pair of muscles
Decreasing the angle at a joint
Increasing the angle at a joint
Movement away from the midline
movement towards the mid line of the body
This movement is when the bone turns about its long axis
Combination of adduction, abduction, flexion or extension and rotation
This muscle is used in all movements of the arm, its main function is to lift the arm
This ankle is used to extend the ankle joint -point the toes
These muscles extend the hip joint and adduct the hip
These muscles bend the body forward at the hip causing flexion of the vertebral column
This is the muscle that serves as the stabiliser
the inner framework made up of all the bones of the body
a soft tissue inside the bone that produces blood cells
specialized connective tissue composed of osteocytes forming the skeleton
strong connective tissue that supports the body and is softer and more flexible than bone
place where two or more bones meet
A group of genetic diseases. They're caused by defective genes that are passed from parent to child.
Very common congenital disorder that affects the posture, balance and motor functions. Physical tasks become difficult because of this disorder.
Shoulder muscles help in rotating the shoulder as well as move the hand in front and back. Structural strength for this joint is due to tendons of these muscles.
It's degenerative and inflammatory in nature. It affects systemic connective tissue causing weakness and muscle atrophy.
It's a common disease of the bones. Approximately 10 million Americans have the disease, with at least three times more Americans at risk of developing it.
Which group of muscles located in the shoulder acts to support the joint during rotation movements?
What type of joint is the shoulder?
Name the function of the skeleton beginning with S
Which component of a synovial joint lubricates and nourishes the joint?
What type of joint is the knee?
What movement does the shoulder do?
What type of muscle starts with a H
What muscle is located at the top of the legs
Name one of Bo'ness that form the shoulder joint?
What bone sits in front of the knee joint?
What bones form the head and thee respectively?
What bone is in the head?
What bone keeps you upright?
Name one of the ankle joints
What type of joint is the elbow?
Muscle located in the upper arm and elbow joint
Muscles that increase the angle between the members of a limb
Muscles that connect the upper anterior tibial extremity to the vertebrac column
main extensor muscle of the hip and Buttox
Chief muscle of calf ; flexes knee and foot
Muscle that connects calf muscles to heel bone
Muscles that decrease the angle between bones and joints
Muscle on on the front part of upper arm
Triangular muscle located on shoulder
Large muscle on the chest
Muscles that laterally rotate the hip
Flexor of the hip
Muscles that are located between the ribs and the pelvis , on the front of the body
A muscle that contracts and moves a limb
Form the walls of the heart.
Shortening of a muscle
Allows muscle to return to original shape once being stretched
Increasing the angle between two parts. (Straightening)
Decreasing the angle between two parts. (Bending)
Flexes lower leg and extends thigh.
Area of a muscle that moves when muscle contracts.
Not controlled by choice or desire.
Protect buttocks and extends thigh
Decline in ability of a muscle to generate force.
Area of a muscle that remains stationary when the muscle contracts.
Circular muscles in the walls of the anus and urethra.
Done by choice or desire.
Covers the inner anterior aspect of the femur.
Tissue that connects muscle to bone.
found in the internal organs.
Attaches to bone
Aids in flexing the knee (longest muscle in body)
Movement around a central axis.
Adducts and flexes upper arm.
Bending forward or bending the foot away from the knee
Moving in a circle at a joint while the other end remains stationary
Muscle fibers are stimulated by nerves,contact, or become short and thick.
Moves ribs for breathing.
Flexor muscle in the upper arm.
The study of structure and form of a body
The study of human movement
The study of the functional processes of a body
Standing, facing forward with arms at sides and palms facing upward; Also called standard anatomical position
Moving a body part away from the middle of the body
Moving a body part toward the midline of the body
Range of motion performed by an athlete
Moement performed by examiner while the athlete relaxes all muscles
A joint between bones
Refers to both right and left (on both sides)
A fluid filled sac that serves as a cushion and reduces joint friction
Refers to the neck; the seven vertebrae
Refers to the upper back; 8th trhough 19th vertebrae
Moving a joint in a circular motion
Farthest away from the centre of the body
Closest to the centre of the body
Back or posterior of any structure
Front or anterior of any structure
The bottom or sole of the foot
Ankle movement bring the foot toward the shin
Turning the sole of the foot outward
Turning the sole of the foot inward
Bending a joint or decreasing the angle between two bones
Excessive, forceful extension of a limb beyond its normal limits
Excessive, forceful flexion of a limb
Away from the midline of the body; toward the side
Toward the midline of the body
A band of non-elastic, tough connective tissue connecting the ends of bones
Crescent shaped wedges of cartilage that pad the knee between the tibia and femur
A dense, tough tissue that attaches muscles to bone
movement in the anterior direction
Movement in the posterior direction
Decrease in muscle or tissue size odten due to lack of use
Increase in muscle or tissue size
A bruise; a closed injury caused by a blow or a crushing of the tissue
A grating, grinding, or sticking sound or sensation
A collection of blood beneath the skin
A method or apparatus used for treatment or therapy
the plane that divides the body into upper and lower segments
the axis that runs from head to toe
movement away from the median
straightening a joint to increase the angle
when you stand on your tip-toes, your ankles are in this position
the bones that are most common in the wrists and ankles
the skeleton that includes the moveable limbs
the longest bone in the body
fingers and toes
the tip of the sternum
the cheek bone
the shoulder blade
the ability of a muscle to stretch and return to its normal position
a single nerve impulse
the muscle primarily responsible for movement of a body part
the calf muscle
the chest muscle (group)
the butt muscles (group)
the joints that allow the most movement
the joint found at the tumb
attach muscle to bone
when someone is injured, you should follow this principle for quick treatment
carbohydrates are stored as this in the muscles and liver
the energy pathway that allows an athlete to compete in endurance type activities
the sub-pathway that produces the most ATP
the muscle fibres that have the ability to tense and relax quickly
vessels that carry blood away from the heart
vitamins and minerals
lack of water during exercise can cause this
something used to give an athlete a mental or physical edge over his/her competitors
the "F" in FITT
the breakdown of the overall training plan into distinct training periods
weightlifting is an example of this type of training
the sit and reach test measures this
movement about an axis
application of force over a segment of time
the development of relationships with peers, friends, etc
the movements that take place after the critical instant
the sports event that takes place every 4 years
1st Law of Motion
Rotary movement around the longitudinal axis of a bone toward the midline of the body.
Farther from the midline
distal attachment of a muscle or the part that attaches farthest from the midline
away from the skin
proximal attachment of a muscle or the part that attaches closest to the midline
is a standardized method of observing or imaging the body that allows precise and consistent anatomical references.
lying face up
inflammation of the tendon
Movement medially toward the midline of the trunk in the frontal plane
Closer to the trunk of the body
fibrous connective tissue that connects muscles to bones
Farther from the trunk of the body
the central, fleshy portion of the muscle that generally increases in diameter
lying face down
break in a bone
closer toward the midline
imaginary line down the middle of the body
in front of
Joint that performs only flexion and extension
Pull,tear, stretch of a ligament
Pull,tear, stretch of muscle
Straightening movement that results in an increase of the angle in a joint by moving bones apart
connects bone to bone
Joint that permits movements in all planes
close to the skin
behind (in back of)
Rotary movement around the longitudinal axis of a bone away from the midline of the body.
Bending movement that results in a decrease of the angle in a joint by bringing bones together
The ribs are __ to the lungs
A front roll happens on this plane
A figure skater spinning is rotating on the __ axis
This plane cuts the body in front and back
Holding a bowl of soup is an example of
Bringing your thumb towards fingers is
Circular motion of limbs
“Planting the foot”
The ___ axis passes through the body from side to side
Cartwheels and jumping jacks occur around the ___ axis
The ___ axis is perpendicular to the transverse plane
When your biceps curl at the elbow is an example of
Straightening out your leg at the knee is an example of
Bringing top of foot toward shin
Elevation of lateral edge of foot
Ankle sprains are most commonly caused by this type of movement
Moving a segment towards midline of body
This joint moves along one axis and includes knee, elbow.
Connects bone to bone
Joint classification according to motion allowing greatest amount of movement
invertebral discs are an example of a joint with this type of material allowing limited movement
This type of joint is biaxial where the bones are set together like sitting on a horse
The ulna is ___ to the radius
This type of bone helps with shock absorption
The wrist and ankle bones are __ bones
A depression in or on a bone is
Joint found in the shoulder and hip
type of muscle that is voluntary and striated
occurs when a bone is forced out of its joint
only type of tissue that is able to contract
flexible connective tissue that makes up our nose and ears
connects bone to bone
type of joint found in the knee and elbow
place where bones come together
connects bone to muscle
muscle tissue found in the heart
type of muscle that is involuntary; controls breathing, bp, and digestion
occurs when ligaments or tendons are pulled beyond their normal range
helps make red and white blood cells
front of the arm muscles
back of the arm muscles
protects the lungs and other vital organs
The area where two bones are attached
The full movement potential of a joint, usually its range of flexion and extension.
A strong, flexible connective tissue that is found in various parts of the body Includes the joints, the outer ear, and the larynx
Known as diarthrosis; it joins bones with a fibrous joint capsule. SYNOVIAL
Permits rotatory movement only; it is also known as the trochoid. PIVOT
A good example includes the carpometacarpal joint of the thumb which is formed between the trapezium bone and the first metacarpal SADDLE
Allows movement in two planes, allowing flexion, extension, adduction, Abduction, and circumduction CONDYLOID
Formed between bones that meet at flat or nearly flat articular surfaces GLIDING
A joint in which a ball moves within a socket so as to allow rotary motion in every direction within certain limits BALL AND SOCKET
Includes the ankle, elbow, and knee joints HINGE
Present in joints and respiratory passages, and forming most of the fetal skeleton HYALINE
Found in the cavities of synovial joints SYNOVIAL
A tissue that connects, supports, binds or separates other tissues or organs CONNECTIVE
Supports an organ and keeps that organ in position
Attaches muscle to bone
A device used in physical therapy to measure the range of motion around a joint in the body
Movement in which a bone or a whole limb, pivots or revolves around a single long axis
Flexion, extension, abduction, and adduction
A decrease of an angle in certain parts of the body
An increase of an angle in certain parts of the body
Moving body parts away from the mid-line of the body
Moving body parts closer to the mid-line of the body
Movement of the foot in which the foot or toes flex downward PLANTAR
An action of raising the foot upwards towards the shin