The way in which we record the past for later use in the present.
Memory
The conversion of information into a form that can be stored in memory
Encoding
The creation of a trace of this information within the nervous system
storage
An attempt to recover a memory trace
Retrieval
The first person to investigate memory scientifically and systematically.
Ebbinghaus
Having better recall for words earlier in a list
Primacy Effect
the tendency to better recall words at the end of a list
Recency effect
H.M developed epilepsy after damage to lobe of his brain?
Temporal
Craik and Watkins (1973) found this kind of rehearsal ineffective
Maintenance
A way of relating items of information to each other (recoding) so that they can be more readily recalled
Chunking
an updated way of describing the short term memory
Working memory
the rehearsal by which the subject organises and relates new information to material that is already held in their LTM
elaborative
Recalling a sequence of items from memory. Attach them to a sequence of locations so when you think of those locations, it comes to mind.
Method Of Loci
according to Godden and Baddley, recall is easier if the environments are _____________
Similar
_________ Amnesia means you can't form new memories
Anterograde
___________ Amnesia means you can't remember certain things from the past
retrograde
the strengthening of a trace overtime
consolidation
the memory of autobiographical events
Episodic
the memory that processes ideas and concepts that are not drawn from personal experience
semantic
One of the two main types of memory, acquired and used unconsciously
Implicit
One of the two main types of memory that requires conscious thought
Explicit
the strengthening of a trace over time with potential for alteration
reconsolidation