Soil Formation Crossword
Type
Crossword
Description

Soil supports life on ________.
Soil provides a ___________ for many animals
The layer of soil that lies on the Earth's surface.
To break down into smaller parts.
The layer of soil underneath the topsoil.
__________ in air and water cause the rock to weaken and crumble.
__________ of plants growing in the cracks help weaken rocks.
Underneath the subsoil.
Soil rich in nutrients.
The topsoil, subsoil and rock are all part of the Earth's _______.

Geology Crossword

Geology Crossword
Type
Crossword
Description

molten rock
cool, top layer of Earth
17 huge slabs of rock
tool to measure motion of ground
a naturally occurring solid that has a specific chemical make-up
2 or more minerals together.
formed from cooled magma or lava.
forms under the surface, cools slowly and forms big crystals.
forms above the surface, forms small crystals.
made of sand, rocks, minerals, and organic matter.
the compaction and cementation of sediments.
organisms (plants + animals) preserved in sedimentary rock.
formed when heat and pressure "RECYLCE" rock.
this law states that older rocks are at the bottom of the sequence, youngest at the top.
movement of Earths crust.
heat, ash, and lava released from vent forms "cones"
shaking caused when tectonic plates suddenly move and release pressure and stress.
acid rain eats away rock. Forms caves and sinkholes.
water and wind breaking down rocks.
weathered rock and organic matter.
organic material
nutrient rich
sand, silt, clay
Least Permeable
air spaces
ability to transport H2O
gritty, H2O flows easily
powder
sticky and clumpy (NO H2O flow)
best for plants, mix of all.
wind deposited silt
decomposing organic matter

Weathering and erosion Crossword

 Weathering and erosion  Crossword
Type
Crossword
Description

The process that breaks down rock and other material at Earth surface
The process by which ice wind water and soil move weather rock
Rock is physically broken down into smaller pieces
Breaks down rock with chemical changes
The geological principle that the same geologic processes that operate it today in the past to change
Grinding away of rocks by other rock particles carried in water with ice or wind
Sports rock when water seeped into cracked and freezes and expands
Chemical change in which substance combines with oxygen as when iron oxides forming rest
Characteristics of material that is full of tiny connected air spaces I can see through
Loose weathered material and earth surface in which plants can grow
Dark colored organic material in soil
Organisms that breakdown the remains of organisms and I just them

Soil Vocabulary Crossword Puzzle

Soil Vocabulary Crossword Puzzle
Type
Crossword
Description

Occurs when chemical reactions dissolve the minerals in rock or change them into different minerals
Average weather pattern in an area over a long period of time; can be classified by temperature, humidity, precipitation and vegetation
Planting along the natural contours of the land to reduce soil erosion
Each layer in the soil profile hoizon A (top layer of soil) horizon B (middle layer) and horizon C (bottom layer)
Dark colored decayed organic matter that supplies nutrients to plants and is found mainly in top soil
Mechanical weathering processes that occurs when water freezes in the cracks of rocks and expands causing the rock to break apart
Removal of minerals that have been dissolved in water
Twigs, leaves and other organic matter that help prevent erosion and hold water and may eventually be changed into humus by decomposing organisms
Physical processes that break rock apart without changing its' chemical makeup; can be caused by ice wedging animals and plant groups
Method for reducing soil erosion; plant stalks are left in the field after harvesting and the next year's crop is planted within the stalks without plowing
Chemical weathering process that occurs when some minerals are exposed to oxygen and water over time
Mixture of weathered rock and mineral fragments, decayed organic matter, mineral fragments, water, and air that can take thousands of years to develop
Verical section of soil layers, each of which is a horizon
Farming method used to reduce erosion on steep slopes
Mechanical or chemical surface processes that break rock into smaller and smaller pieces

Weathering and Erosion Crossword

Weathering and Erosion Crossword
Type
Crossword
Description

What type of weathering breaks smaller pieces of rock from larger pieces
What type of weathering slowly dissolves rock
What is the process in which wind, water, gravity transport soil?
When farmers change crops to protect nutrient depletion.
When farmers grow a crop between seasons to prevent erosion.
Creating a series of steps so that farming can occur on a steep hill
Leaving the previous season's stalks behind to prevent erosion.
Refers to the pore space in soil taken up by water or oxygen
Water dissolves and carries nutrients in topsoil to lower layers
The top layer of soil
The most fertile section of topsoil
The layer of rock beneath soil layers
When water in the air causes chemical change
Repeated freezing and thawing in cracks of rock
Type of weathering in which harder rock weathers less than softer rock
When limestone is dissolved underground, you get a...
When pollution and rain weather together.
Grinding away of rock
Agent of mechanical weathering
Agent of chemical weathering
Living agent of mechanical weathering
Rock that is the source of the fragments
Protecting soil from nutrient loss or erosion
When water slows and drops sediment
Deposition that occurs as a body of water slows to flow into another
Sediment deposits here when a river overflows its banks (pg.318)
a fan-shaped deposion on land
As a mountain ages, its peaks become (rounder/sharper)

Soil Crossword Puzzle

Soil Crossword Puzzle
Type
Crossword
Description

Occurs when chemical reactions dissolve the minerals in rocks or change them into different minerals
average weather pattern in an area over a long period of time; can be classified by temperature, humidity, precipitation, and vegetation
planting along the natural contours of the land to reduce soil erosion
each layer in a soil profile horizon A (top layer of soil), horizon B (middle layer) and horizon C (bottom layer)
dark-colored, decayed organic matter that supplies nutrients to plants and is found mainly in topsoil.
mechanical weathering process that occurs when water freezes in the cracks of rocks and expands, causing the rock to break apart.
removal of minerals that have been dissolved in water
twigs, leaves, and other organic matter that help prevent erosion and hold water and may eventually be changed into humus by decomposing organisms
physical processes that break rock apart without changing its chemical makeup; can be caused by ice wedging, animals, and plant roots
method for reducing soil erosion; plant stalks are left in the field after harvesting and the next year’s crop is planted within the stalks without plowing
chemical weathering process that occurs when some minerals are exposed to oxygen and water over time
mixture of weathered rock and mineral fragments, decayed organic matter, mineral fragments, water, and air that can take thousands of years to develop.
vertical section of soil layers, each of which is a horizon
farming method used to reduce erosion on steep slopes
mechanical or chemical surface processes that break rock into smaller and smaller pieces

SOIL CROSSWORD

SOIL CROSSWORD
Type
Crossword
Description

Largest particle dries quicl;y and texture is rough and gritty.
Relative proportions of sand, silt, and clay
What the soil is composed of air, water, nutrients, and orgainic matter
the proccess by which the surface of the earth is worn away by the action of water, glaciers, winds, waves, ext.
How much water the soil will allow through
Depends on how many pores and the size of the pores
influenced by the amount of proteins present in the soil
used to identify different types of soil
the break down of rock and minerals by rain, acid, salt, wind, and temperature into sediments
Medium sized particles, texture is smooth and powdery when dry and slippery when wet.
smallest particle; smooth and hard as stone when dry and sticky when wet
Mixture of sand, silt, and clay. Best type of soil for growing plants.
soil layers; more mature soil has more horizons
Mixture of rock, minerals, and organiz matter
living particles in soil
non living particles in soil
Mostly made of decaying leaves, twigs, and animal remains/waste
loose soil that is rich in organic material needed by plants
rich in minerals that are wased down in minerals that are wased downfrom topsoil by rain
slightly broken up rock. plants roots cannot go through this layer. Mostly inorganic.
also knowthe parent material. unweathered solid rock bneath all layers.
the extraction of valuable minerals or geological materials from the earth.
a natrual material with a high concentation of metals and valuable materials that can be extracted for a profit.
when a mine is no longer being used, the land should be restored to its former state or better.
minerals or substances that occur in nature and can be used for economic gain.
a natural resource that can be replaced quickly enough so that we will not run out
hydrocarbons created from the remains of formerly living organisms used for energy.
a natrual resource that we need to use carefully because it cannot be replaced quickly and we will run out.

Weathering, Erosion and Soil Crossword

Weathering, Erosion and Soil Crossword
Type
Crossword
Description

process of erosion where windblown particles scrape against rock surfaces and wear them away
unweathered solid parent rock
all of Earth's organisms and the environment in which they live
type of weathering where rocks and minerals undergo changes in their composition due to chemical reactions
process by which productive land becomes a desert
removal and transport of weathered material
the settling of eroded material
process that occurs when water repeatedly freezes and thaws in cracks in rocks
erosion that occurs when a channel widens and deepens
weathering where big rocks break down into smaller pieces
erosion where water runs down the side of a slope carving a small stream
pieces of rock that are moved and deposited
loose covering of weathered rock overlying bedrock
distinct layer in soil
section of soil with many distinct layers
the change in elevation of the Earth's crust
the most influential factor in soil formation
soil whose parent material is local
soil whose parent material has moved far from its source
steep slopes have this kind of soil
they help break down organic material and helps increase water holding capacity
regardless of the type of soil, they all need this to develop
decreasing surface area, _____________ chances of chemical weathering
row of trees planted perpendicular to the wind
type of erosion that creates unsorted deposits
chemical weathering due to oxygen
weathering where outer layers seem to peel away like an onion
type of weathering that is favored in cold and dry climate
type of erosion that can defy gravity

SOIL CONSERVATION Crossword

SOIL CONSERVATION Crossword
Type
Crossword
Description

The chemical and physical processes that break down rock at earth's surface
The process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves weathered rock or soil
The geologic principle that the same geologic process that operated in the past to change Earth's surface
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken into smaller pieces
The loose, weathered material on Earth's surface in which plants can grow
The solid layer of rock beneath the soil
Dark-colored organic material in soil
A measure of how well soil supports plant growth
Anything in the environment tha humans use
Rich, fertile soil that ismade up of about equal parts of clay, sand, and silt
The layer of soil that differs in color and texture from the layers above or below it
Soil organism that breaks down the remains of organisms and digests them
A thick mass o grass roots and soil
The management of soil to prevent its destruction
Plowing fields along the curves of a slope to prevent soil loss
The loose layer of dead plant leaves and stems on the surfaceof the soil
The grindimg away of rock by other rock particles carried in water, ice, or wind
Process that splits rock when water seeps into cracks, then freezes and expands
The process that breaks down rock through chemical changes
A chemical change in which a substance combines with oxygen, as when iron oxidizes, forming rust
Characteristic of a material that is full of tiny, connected air spaces that water can seep through
Mixture of humans, clay, and other minerals that forms the crumbly, topmost layer of soil
The area of the Great Plains where wind erosion caused soil loss during during the 1930's
Soil conservation method in which the dead stalks from the previous year's crop are left in the ground to hold the soil in place
The planting of different crops in a field each year to maintain the soil's fertility
The layer of soil beneath the topsoil that contains mostly clay and other minerals

soil conservation Crossword

soil conservation Crossword
Type
Crossword
Description

The area of the Great Plains where wind erosion caused soil loss during the 1930's.
The solid layer of rock beneath the soil.
The layer of soil that differs in color and texture from layers above or below it
Plowing fields along the curves of a slope to prevent soil loss.
A thick mass of grass roots and soil.
The planting of diffrent crops in a field each year to maintain the soils fertility
A chemical change in which a substance combines with oxygen, as when iron oxides, forming rust.
The loose, weathered material on Earth's surface in which plants can grow.
Characteristics of a material that is full of tiny, connected air spaces that water can seep through.
Soil conservation method in which the dead stalks from previos year's crop are left in the ground to hold the soil in place.
The managment of soil to prevent it's destruction.
The grinding away of rock by other rock particles carried in water, ice, or wind.
The loose layer of dead plant leaves and stems on the surface of the soil.
Soil organism that breaks down the remains of organisms and digets them.
The chemical and physical process that can break down at Earth's surface
Process that splits rock when water seeps into cracks, then freezes and expands.
Anything in the environment that humans use.
Dark colored organic material in soil.
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken into smaller pieces.
The process that breaks down rock through chemical changes.
Rich, fertile soil that is made up of about equal parts of clay, sand, and silt.
The process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves weathered rock or soil.
Mixture of humans, clay, and other minerals that forms the crumbly, top most layer of soil.
The geologic principle that the same geologic process that operate today, operated in the past to change Earth's surface.
A measure of how well soil supports plant growth.
The layer of soil beneath the top soil that contains mostly clay and other minerals.

soil formation Crossword

soil formation Crossword
Type
Crossword
Description

the solid layer of rock beneath the soil
the loose weathered material on earth's surface in which plants can grow
dark-colored organic material in soil
a measure of how well soil supports plant growth
a range of values used to indicate how acidic or basic a substance is
rich, fertile soil that is made up about equal parts of clay, sand, and silt
crumby, topmost layer of soil made up clay and other minerals and humus
the layer of soil below topsoil that has less plant and animal matter than topsoil and contains mostly clay and other minerals
a layer of soil that differs in color and texture from the layers above or below it
an organism that break the remains of dead organisms into smaller pieces and digest them with chemicals