refers to blood, stem cells, bone marrow, or other tissue that is transferred from one person to another
a drug that prevents blood clots from forming
refers to blood or other tissue derived from a person's own body
refers to a non-cancerous disease that does not spread throughout the body
the soft, spongy tissue inside of bones where blood cells are produced
the process by which blood clots
a test that provides information about the types and numbers of cells in one's blood
a type of white blood cell that mediates allergic reactions and defends the body from infection by parasites and bacteria
also called the red blood cell
a type of white blood cell that includes neutrophils, eosinophils, and basophils
the percentage of the whole blood volume that is made up of red blood cells
blood that is circulating through the body's blood vessels and heart
part of the complete blood count, a blood test used to evaluate bleeding and clotting disorders
An abnormal increase in the number of red cells in the blood
An immature RBC
A clump of red blood cells that appear to be stacked like a roll of coins
Red blood cell formation
An oxygen carrying molecule
Having two copies of the same gene
Breakdown of RBCs
Having a high fat level
Capillary blood collector
Samll blood vessels throughout the body that connect the smaller arteries to the smaller veins
Area in front of the elbow
The liquid part of blood
Plasma protein that is converted to fibrin in the clotting process
The excessive variation in size of cells, especially RBCs
A condition in whihc many red blood cells have abnormal or multiple types of shapes
having a multi-lobed nucleus; used to describe cells such as granulocytes
the inflammation of the lining of hte hear. may be associated with an increase in number of monocytes.
wBCs that are responsible for combating infection by parasites in the body
damage to the brain that occurs when the blood flow to the brain is disrupted.
a potent vasoconstrictor that is released by platelets adhering to a wounded blood vessel
an anticoagulant used to prevent and treat a thrombus or embolus. Also a rodent poison
Any substance that stimulates the production of antibodies.
removal and examination of tissue from the body performed to establish a precise diagnosis
a stone developing in the body, e.g., kidney or bile (not the branch of mathematics)
the study of cells, their origin, structure, function and pathology
A chemical that prohibits clotting
The liquid component of whole blood that is made up predominantly of water
A condition of increased numbers of lymphocytes
A deficiency of all cells
An immature erythrocyte nearly ready to lose its nucleus
Pertaining to a large cell
The cell from which platelets are formed
A deficiency of monocytes
The process of blood production
Malignancy of white blood cells
A clot cell
A granulocyte whose granules stain red
The hormone that stimulates bone marrow production of erythrocytes
An erythrocyte stem cell
Pertaining to a multishaped nucleus
A granulocyte whose granules stain blue
Excessive bilirubin in circulating blood
A white cell
A granulocyte whose granules do not readily accept stain
Multiple staining qualities of erythrocytes
A "ball" cell
The study of blood
The study of form
type of epithelia that is found in the urinary bladder
tissue that receives and conducts electrochemical impulses
type of connective tissue where cells are surrounded by a very hard matrix that contains calcium salts
type of cartilage that is found in the larynx, ribs, and ends of bones
type of connective tissue that is soft and pliable and underlies the skin
type of tissue that is specialized to contract to produce movement
type of connective tissue that is less hard and more flexible than bone
type of muscle contraction produced by smooth muscle that allows material to move along a tube in one direction
structure that the lower surface of epithelial cells rests upon
epithelia that lines most of the respiratory tract
type of connective tissue that forms the framework of filter organs like the spleen and lymph nodes
voluntary mucscle tissue
type of connective tissue that consists of a non living plasma, red cells, white cells, and platelets
cells of connective tissue "live" in a cavity called ___.
type of connective tissue that makes up tendons and ligaments
dark and light areas called ___ can be seen in skeletal muscle
flat epithelia that is in multiple layers
type of cell found within columnar epithelia secretes mucus
involuntary muscle tissue found in the heart
tissue type that lines organs and is responsible for protection, secretion, absorption, and filtration
nonliving substance found outside connective tissue cells and is made of structureless ground substance and fibers
type of connective tissue that insulates the body from temperature changes and protects from mechanical damage
type of connective tissue that surrounds and protects the soft organs
columnar epithelia that appears to be in multiple layers but is not
epithelia that is found in the esophagus, mouth, and outer portion of the skin
type of gap junction found in cardiac muscle that allows quick communication between heart cells
the fluid portion of the blood
red blood cells
the oxygen-transporting pigment of erythrocytes
white blood cell
a white blood cell with secretory granules in its cytoplasm (ex. eosinophil/basophil)
the most abundant of the white blood cells
granular white blood cells whose granules readily take up a stain called eosin
white blood cells whose granules stain deep blue with basic dye; have a relatively pale nucleus and granular-appearing cytoplasm
white blood cells with a one-lobed nucleus. no granules in cytoplasm
agranular white blood cells formed in the bone marrow that mature in the lymphoid tissue
large single-nucleus white blood cell; agranular leukocyte
one of the irregular cell fragments of blood; involved in clotting
formation of blood cells
stem cells that give rise to all the formed elements of the blood
the stopping of a flow of blood
the stout wall separating the lower chambers of the heart from one another
begins at the base of the right ventricle, branches into two pulmonary arteries which deliver deoxygenated blood to the corresponding lung
bicuspid and tricuspid
cord-like tendons that connect the papillary muscles to the tricuspid valve and the mitral valve in the heart (heart strings)
lub dub, lub dub
a condition in which the heart produces or is apt to produce a recurring sound indicative of disease or damage
abnormally high blood pressure
a disease of the arteries characterized by the deposition of plaques of fatty material on their inner walls
the membranous sac enveloping the heart
a chamber of the heart receiving blood from the veins; superior heart chambers
discharging chambers of the heart
system of blood vessels that carry blood to and from the lungs for gas exchange
major systemic artery; arises from the left ventricle of the heart
systems of blood vessels that carries nutrient- and oxygen-rich blood to all the body organs
valves that prevent blood return to the ventricles after contraction
the contraction phase of heart activity
a period (between contractions) of relaxation of the heart during which it fills with blood
a volume of blood ejected by a ventricle during systole
sequence of events encompassing one complete contraction and relaxation of the atria and ventricles of the heart
Where do Granulocytes mature?
Which cell types have no nucleus when mature?
A White Blood cell is also called what?
These cells aid in the coagulation process.
What cells lack Granulocytes?
What do monocytes become in the tissues?
What is the formation of platelets called?
An immature red blood cell is known as what?
These white blood cells are defined by their round nucleus.
These white blood cells have an indented nucleus.
What cell is associated with cell mediated immunity?
What cell is associated with humoral immunity?
What is the balance between coagulation and anticoagulation?
The fist step to coagualtion is what?
This prevents excessive clotting/thombus formation.
Fibrinogen and what other plasma protein are involved in the clotting of blood?
This Granulocyte stains pink.
Which Granulocytes pick up a blue/purple stain?
These granulocytes do not take up any stain.
Another name for formed elements
Clear yellowish portion of whole blood
Involved in stopping blood flow from a wound
The study of blood
Molecule important to transporting oxygen
Prime function of this cell is to carry oxygen to all parts of the body
The blood cell can leave the circulatory system
When two blood types can be safely mixed
a type of granular leukocyte
the process of stopping the loss of blood
disease where bleeding can be difficult to stop
blood disease that the woman in the film Blood was diagnosed with
blood disease caused by a pathogen
a type of agranulocyte
substances that can trigger a protective defense mechanism
Type of blood that contains both anti-A and anti-B antigens
Type of blood that contains neither anti-A or anti-B antigens
red blood cell formation
an immature rbc
this allows a rbc to fit into and go thru very tight spaces
The state of low oxygen levels in tissues is referred to as
What type of cell is responsible for most types of blood cell production
condition characterized by reduction of red blood cells, a deficiency of hemoglobin and hematocrit in the blood, or an increased destruction of red blood cells.
(aplastic anemia) failure of the normal process of cell generation and development.
platelet count below 100,000 mm3.
grave coagulopathy resulting from the over stimulation of the normal clotting and clot dissolution processes in response to disease or injury,
abnormal increase in the number of circulating red blood cells and also increased production of granulocytes and platelets.
a condition capable of causing great injury, destruction, or death unless treated.
reduction or absence of all three major blood elements (red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets) from the bone marrow.
absence of anti-hemophilic factor VIII; essential for conversion of prothrombin to thrombin through intrinsic clotting pathway.
excessive bone marrow production of myeloid cells (includes RBC, platelets, granulocytes and agranulocytes).
having two different genes
having two identical genes inherited from each parent for a given hereditary characteristic.
malignant neoplastic immunodeficiency disease of the bone marrow.
primary or secondary disorder characterized by the accumulation of lymph fluid in soft tissue, resulting in edema.
inflammation of one or more lymphatic vessels or channels that usually results from an acute streptococcal or staphylococcal infection in an extremity.
low white blood cell count.
malignant disorder of the hematopoietic system in which an excess of leukocytes accumulates in the bone marrow and lymph nodes.
Joint found in the shoulder and hip
type of muscle that is voluntary and striated
occurs when a bone is forced out of its joint
only type of tissue that is able to contract
flexible connective tissue that makes up our nose and ears
connects bone to bone
type of joint found in the knee and elbow
place where bones come together
connects bone to muscle
muscle tissue found in the heart
type of muscle that is involuntary; controls breathing, bp, and digestion
occurs when ligaments or tendons are pulled beyond their normal range
helps make red and white blood cells
front of the arm muscles
back of the arm muscles
protects the lungs and other vital organs
Connective tissue that is found at joints, joining bone to bone
Connective tissue involved in the bodies immune response
Connective tissue that stores energy in the form of Fat
Muscle tissue that is involuntary, slightly striated and lines the walls of the heart
Epithelium that has a large surface area,is permeable and protects the underlying tissue from damage
Muscle tissue that allows the movement of bones
___________ fibre is found in connective tissue, allows the issue to be strong and flexible
Connective tissue that protects internal organs,supports the body and is attached to muscles.
This type of Epithelium is responsible for absorption of digested substances, support other cell types
Secretory cells found in some epithelia
Connective tissue that transports Gases to and from cells
Connective tissue that binds muscles to bones
Connective tissue that forms a continuous layer under the skin
Type of neurons that bring about movement of an effector muscle
Muscle tissue that moves at will is ____________
Tissue that is involved in blood clotting
Provides support for the nose ears and joints
Red Pigment that binds with oxygen, aids in transport of oxygen
Tissue that carries electrical impulses from one part of the body to another
___________ columnar epithelium has hair like structures.
A red blood cell is called an _______.
Platelets are fragments of this type of mature cell.
A cell that becomes a red blood cell is called a _______.
White blood cells, unlike red blood cells, do not carry any _____.
A high count of these cells is likely due to a bacterial infection.
To combat inflammation, ______ release histamine.
Monocytes differentiate into macrophages, which are either _____ or wandering.
This is an abnormally low level of WBCs caused by radiation, shock, and/or chemotherapy.
_______ is the sequence of responses that stops bleeding.
Stem cells from the umbilical cord are taken and frozen in a ____-blood transplant.
Erythropoietin is released by this organ.
These cells make up about 20-25% of circulating WBCs.
A ______ WBC count is taken to determine specific issues in the body.
Basophils normally make up less than ___ percent of circulating WBCs. (spell it out!)
Eosinophils have large granules that stain an orange-___ color.
Alveolar macrophages are stationed in the _____.
The percent of blood occupied by RBCs is called the _____.
This vein, found in the arm, is typically used for venipuncture. (two words, no spaces)
Blood is more _____ than water.
________ stem cells form all blood cells.
Type AB blood contains no anti-A or anti-B ______.
Type O blood is compatible with ___ other blood types.
______ disease of the newborn involves an Rh- mother and an Rh+ fetus
_____-matching is the mixing of a donor's and recipient's blood to test for compatibility.
Lysozyme is an enzyme that kills _____.
A deficiency in clotting factors is called _____.
_______ fluid bathes body cells.
The study of blood is called _____.
These proteins make up most of the proteins in blood plasma.
Two gases transported by blood are oxygen and _________. (two words, no spaces)