The process by which specimens are logged in, labeled, and assigned a specimen identification code
Accessioning
Ribonucleic Acid
RNA
A plan identifying employees at risk of exposure to bloodborne pathogens and providing training in methods to prevent exposure
Exposure control plan
Disease affecting many persons at the same time, spread from person-to-person, and occurring in an area where the disease is not prevalent
Epidemic
The process of detecting errors in any operational system
Quality Control
Water that has had most of the mineral ions removed
Deionized Water
Comprehensive written safety plan detailing the proper use and storage of hazardous chemicals in the workplace
Chemical Hygiene Plan
A CDC isolation category designed to prevent the transmission of infectious disease, such as measles, that are spread by the airborne route
Airborne Precautions
An upright, straight-sided container with a flared base and a volume scale
Graduated Cylinder
A sub-family of retrovirii that is cytopathic and causes chronic diseases
Lentivirus
The ability to detect small quantities of a measured component
Sensitivity
An infection of birds with one of the influenza A viruses
Avian Influenza
The process of checking, standardizing, or adjusting a method or instrument so that it yields accurate results
Calibration
A virus that has the potential to spread rapidly and therefore must be handled with extreme care. Examples include the Ebola virus and Hantavirus
Hot Virus
A liquid added to a solution to make it less concentrated
Diluent
The selective copying of a gene or any sequence of DNA
Amplification
A highly infectious filovirus that causes a hemorrhagic fever
Ebola Virus
A specific causative agent of disease such as bacterium, virus or chemical etc
Pathogen
Risk or hazard to health or the environment from biological agents
Biohazard
The division of a sample into at least two smaller size vials
Aliquot
A component of a kit used to carry out a chemical reaction to determine levels of different analytes
Reagent
A device that draws contaminated air out of an area and either cleanses and recirculates it, or discharges it to the outside
Fume Hood
Agreement between your test result value and the true value
Accuracy
An assayed sample that is sent as an unknown to laboratories participating in proficiency testing programs
Blind Sample
An instrument that uses pressurized steam for sterilization
Autoclave
A serum based material with assigned target values and acceptable ranges to evaluate the accuracy and reproducibility of a diagnostic assay
Control
A highly sensitive test that can detect and/or DNA fragments of viruses or other organisms in blood or tissue
PCR
A virus that infects lymphocytes and is the cause of infectious mononucleosis
EBV
A liquid solution containing a combination of chemicals, which control and maintain the pH of any other solution it is added to
Buffer
A form of severe immunodeficiency caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus
AIDS
Subtypes have been associated with the development of cervical cancer
HPV
The lead scientist in a research project
PI
Causes chicken pox in children and may reappear in adulthood
VZV
The fundamental unit of life
Cell
Deoxyribonucleic acid
DNA
1996 Act of Congress, a part of which guarantees protection of privacy of an individual's health information
HIPAA
Pathogens that can be present in human blood (and blood-contaminated body fluids) and that cause disease
BBP
Professional society and credentialing agency for clinical laboratory personnel
ASCP
Agency that offers accreditation to clinical laboratories and certification to clinical laboratory personnel
CAP
Formerly called "non-A/non-B" hepatitis
HCV
The clear, non-cellular, fluid portion of the blood
Serum
A class of viruses, which copy genetic material using RNA as a template for making DNA
Retrovirus
Commonly called "serum hepatitis,"
HBV
A common human virus causing mild or no symptoms in healthy people, but permanent damage or death to an infected fetus, a transplant patient, or a person with HIV
CMV