Type
Crossword
Description

this small group made the decisions in Sparta Council of Elders
currency used in Sparta heavy iron bars
form of government used by Sparta oligarchy
meeting place for Athens agora
men entitled to vote in Athens citizens
walled city-state near the sea Athens
city-state with fertile farmland on an inland plain Sparta
Spartan group who stole necessaries from neighbors armies
Spartans highly valued this quality in its people strength
Spartan economy relied on this farming
Athens economy relied on this trade
group of Athenians that met every day to discuss government policies Council of 500
the peninsula that Sparta was located on Peloponnesus
in Athens, these people never went out alone women
these people of Athens could be working in a silver mine 300 feet below the surface slaves
Spartans discouraged this activity because it feared contact with other city-states trade
Spartan slaves who were from conquered villages helots
the age a Spartan man could retire from the army sixty
an Athenian student would learn to play this instrument lyre
Athenian students memorized long passages of this poetry
one side had the image of Athena, the other side an owl in Athens coin
type of government used in Athens democracy
Spartan soldiers were well known for this quality brute force

Review for Ancient Greece Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Won the Battle of Marathon Athens
Won the Battle of Thermopylae Persia
Spartan Slaves Helots
Athenian Leader Pericles
City and the surrounding countryside City State
Athenian form of government Democracy
Athens has a large_________ Navy
Sparta has a large __________ Army
What Sparta is good at War
Which battle happens first? Marathon or Thermopylae Marathon
Aristotle tutored him Alexander the Great
Student of Socrates Plato
Socrates was force to drink this Hemlock
Plato believed in this type of king Philosopher
Plato wrote this The Republic
Plato founded this which lasted 900 years Academy
Type of government where voters vote on each issue direct democracy
Most powerful Greek god Zeus
Athena was the goddess of this Wisdom
The Parthenon was dedicated to Athena
Number of Battles Alexander loses none
Reason Alexander dies. Hint: means high temperature Fever

Athens and Sparta Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Which empire took control of Athens? Roman
Spartian warriors were known for their skill and ___ Bravery
How many kings ruled the city of Sparta? Two
Athens was a powerful ___ citystate
Building this structure was an achievement in Athens Parthenon
8,000 of these ruled over 10,000 slaves sparties
Women in Athens had lots of ___ freedom
The Assembly met on top of this hill pnyx
How many social classes did Athens have? four
What was the lowest social class in Athens? slaves
Athens had four of these around their city mountains
What class were the farmers in in Sparta? Helots
A famous philosopher in Athens Socrates
At what age were boys in Sparta taken from their parents and trained for warfare? seven
Athens had this type of government democracy
What did Sparta do early on to the land around them Conquered
Who was the king who helped Sparta defeat Troy? Menelaus
What was the name of the middle class in Sparta? perioeci
War between Athens and Sparta peloponnesian
This caused lots of people in Athens to become sick and die plague

Ancient Greece Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What is a form of government in which citizens govern themselves? Democracy
Who is someone who uses reason to explain natural events? Philosopher
What is the city-state in Ancient Greece that is the current capital? Athens
Only 1/5 of the people were allowed to participate in ________. Government
Slaves, foreigners, and ______ were excluded from government. Woman
Plato, Aristotle, and ______ were notable Greek philosophers. Socrates
Many Greeks believed that their ______ were responsible for all natural events. gods
A ______ is a sacred site used to consult a god or goddness. Oracle
Who was the goddness of war? Athena
Who was the father of Hercules? Zeus
The first _____ was held in Greece. Olympics
Which philosopher believed intellectual intelligence can only be attained by upper-class males? Aristotle
Which Athenian branch of government was made up of a council of only 500 men? Executive
What kind of democracy does Ancient Athens have? direct
What princess did the Trojans capture that led into the Trojan war? helen

Ancient Greece Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A circular shield used in battle by the Hoplites. Hoplon
An area/settlement that is controlled by or belongs to a country. Colony
A formal speech, especially given on a ceremonial occasion. Oration
A contagious bacterial disease characterized by fever and delirium. Plague
The study of ideas about knowledge, truth, the nature and meaning of life, etc. Philosophy
The school male Spartan children were sent to, to become a citizen and soldier. Agogi
A public open space used for assemblies and markets. Agora
A body of heavily armed infantry formed in close, deep ranks. Phalanx
A staple soup made of boiled pigs' legs, blood, salt, and vinegar. Spartan Black Broth
A fortress built on top of a high hill. Acropolis
The Greek word for city-state. Polis
They entered Greece and settled in Peloponnesus, and later colonized Sicily and Southern Italy. Dorians
A member of a group of rich landowners who took power. Aristocrat
A galley with three rows of oars on each side, used as a warship. Trireme
Of or relating to Greek history, culture, or art after Alexander the Great. Hellenistic
A democracy in which the power to govern lies directly in the people, rather than through representatives. Direct Democracy
A form of government in which citizens hold the power. Democracy
One of five Spartan magistrates having power over the king. Ephors
A leader who held power through the use of force. Tyrant
The period of history from the Dorian invasion and end of the Mycenaean civilization, to the the poleis. Dark Age
A government in which only a few people have power. Oligarchy
To banish an unpopular or too powerful citizen from a city for 5 or 10 years by popular vote. Ostracize
A provincial governor in the Persian Empire. Satrap
People who have the right to participate in government. Citizen
A member of a class of serfs (slaves) in Sparta. Helot
A heavily armed foot soldier of ancient Greece. Hoplite
A democracy in which officials are elected to represent a group of people. Representative

Ancient Athens Vocabulary Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

something from a time more than 2500 years in the past ANCIENT
a large, open area in the middle of ancient athens where men would go to shop and gossip AGORA
an independent area made up of a city and the surrounding countryside CITY-STATE
a ruler who steals power and governs in a harsh and cruel way TYRANT
children of parents born in athens and the males had the right to vote CITIZEN
residents of athens who had been born outside the city-state and were not allowed to vote or own land METIC
people owned either by private athenians or by the city-state and did not have the right to own land or to vote SLAVE
a long poem that tells a story, usually about a legendary hero EPIC
A democracy in which people vote directly to make decisions rather than having a representative; They vote on things and laws, rather than for people DIRECT DEMOCRACY
a decision made by people in authority DECREE
a political group in Athenian society TRIBE
a process in which names are drawn by chance from a large number of choices LOTTERY
a group of people picked by lottery to suggest and discuss laws COUNCIL OF 500
a government official who works for the court MAGISTRATE
something that supports or holds up something else PILLAR
a group of people whose job was to resolve disputes, hold jury trials, and decide on punishments COURT
where male citizens would go to make decisions, and vote on laws ASSEMBLY
the person accused of committing a crime in a court case DEFENDANT
the person who brings a complaint about another person to the court PLAINTIFF

Ancient Sparta and Athens Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Lived on the island of Crete Minoans
Lived on mainland Greece Myceneans
Another name for a City-State Polis
Centre of public life Acropolis
A Greek philosopher Socrates
An open air theatre Ampitheatre
An elected military leader of Athens Polemarch
A wealthy land owner in Athens Eupatrid
Ruling council of Athens Areopagus
Athenian men over the age of 18 who could vote (at the time) Athenian Citizens
Migrants in Athens Metics
A worker owned by the state Helot
The Spartan council of elders Gerousia
A Spartan assembly of people Apella
Leaders of the commoners Ephor
Foreigners who settled in Sparta Perioeci
Always kept ready for battle Spartan citizens
Chosen from the 2 ruling families Kings
Not allowed to be citizens but could own land and be educated Spartan women
Often poor and heavily in debt Farmers
The formation the Spartans fought in Phalanx
The city-state that had the best soldiers Sparta
The name of a Spartan shield Aspis
Name of a Spartan spear Dory
Name of a Spartan sword Xiphos
The colour of the Spartans' tunic Crimson
When did Spartan boys start their training? Seven
Another name for a military school Agoge
What the boys lived in Barracks
The age boys entered the Spartan army Twenty
What Spartan boys were encouraged to do Steal
The age Spartan girls went to school Seven
The age Spartan girls were married Eighteen
When Sparta rose to power 650 BC
The amount of Spartans in the Thermopylae Pass Three Hundered
When Spartan soldier stopped fighting in wars (age) Sixty
The god Spartans believe they are descendants of Hercules
A Spartan soldier Hoplite
Amount of elder in the council Thirty
The portion of Greece Sparta is located South-east
The king of Sparta Leonidas
The warSparta defeated Athens in Peloponnesian War
Another name for Sparta Lacedaemon
The meaning of 'Helots' Captives
Were Spartans outnumbered by helots (Yes or No) Yes
What was the secret police force called? Crypteia
Could Spartan women own land (Yes or No) Yes
Who beat Sparta in 371 BC? Thebans
The pass a famous battle took place Thermopylae
The worst title to have as a Spartan soldier Coward

Athens/Sparta Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Sparta had really _____ training. Harsh
______ women had more rights than other Greek women. Spartan
Athens really care about ______. Education
In Athens, men joined the army for ___ years. Two
Spartan women were expected to be ______, athletic and disciplined. Strong
Both city-states required the men to join the ______. Military
Boys from Athens learned to run, jump, and _____. fight
Athenian ______ did not receive an education. Women
Education was not _____ in Sparta. Valued
Spartans did not wear ____ or heavy clothes. Shoes

Review of Greece Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The continent on which Greece is located. Europe
Land that is surrounded on three sides with water peninsula
The mountains of Greece had _______ soil, good for growing crops. fertile
Ancient Greek civilization intorduced the following things to the world: theater, Olympic Games, and a____________. architecture
Greek civilization began around 4000 ____ ago. years
Greece is made up of ______ islands. many
The two main Greek city-states were Athens and _____. Sparta
Sparta valued conquest, bravery and t_____ness. tough
A group of armed foot soldiers in ancient Greece arranged close together in rows was called a __________. Phalanx
A Greek city-state could also be called a _____. polis
Trade was in i______ economic activity for early Greek civilizations. important
Spartan _____ were taken from their parents at age 7. boys
Young Spartan men entered the ____ at age 20. army
Spartan soldiers in training did not bathe, but they slept on the ground, made their beds from reeds, and lived without _____. shoes
_____ girls and boys were raised to be harsh and tough. Spartan
Spartan mothers encouraged their boys to win or ____ in battle. die

Ancient Greece Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

deadly widespread disease plague
Sparta & other City-States of lower Greece Peloponnesians
people of Athens Athenians
lower Greek peninsula peloponnesus
Historian-recorded diplomatic attempts to resolve problems Thucydides
Military strategy used to destroy Athens Blockade
Great Statesman & General of Athens Pericles
Breastplate body armor curiass
Athenian war ships Triremes
High City-hill usually with Temples Acropolis
Large temple for the Goddess Athena Parthenon
3 natural harbors,safe ports for Athens Piraeus
main gate entrance into Athens Diplyon
head armor helmet
leg armor greaves
slaves of ancient Sparta helots
Greek soldier hoplite
main weapon of greek infantry spear
Goddess of love & beauty Aphrodite
people with full rights living in a city-state CITIZENS
market place AGORA
God of Thunder leader of the Gods zeus
student of Socrates plato
Great teacher of plato "know thy self" put to death for his ideas SOCRATES

Ancient Greece Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Games held every four years olympics
Outdoor marketplace agora
Government ruled by wealthy privileged families aristocracy
Famous for its army sparta
A fast-spreading, often deadly disease plague
Earliest known greek civilization minoans
Another word for slaves in Sparta helots
Who created the machine that carried water from a lower to a higher level archimedes
A machine that carried water from a lower to a higher level screw
Valuables seized in wartime plunder
The war fought between Sparta and Athens was called peloponnesian
The Trojan war was fought between the Greeks and the people of troy
A great king of Macedonia who expanded the empire Alexander
One of Greek's finest achievements in architecture parthenon
Composed two poems about the Trojan War homer
The "Father of Medicine" hippocrates
Had a mighty navy athens
A greek philosopher who used a question-and-answer method of argument socrates
Greeks believed most gods lived on Mount olympus
The first known lighthouse was located in alexandria
Government ruled by the people democracy
Greek philosophers developed a respect for the power of reason
Created important theories about numbers and music pythagoras
A great leader of Athens pericles
Name of the longest olympic race marathon
After the Greeks defeated the Persians they entered a time called the ______age golden