a machine that moves gases through a spray of water that dissolves many pollutants
buildings that have very poor air quality have a condition known as this
formed when primary pollutants react with other primary pollutants or with naturally occurring substances, such as water vapor
health problems are known to arise from this type of pollution
when air pollution hangs over urban areas and reduces visibility
carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxide, and sulfur dioxide
the air above is warmer than the air below
the intensity of sound
a measure of how acidic or basic a substance is
sudden influx of acidic water that causes a rapid change in the water's pH
a fire retardant insulator formed of long, thin fibers and that are valued for their resistance to heat
when harmful substances build up in the air to unhealthy levels
a tasteless, odorless gas
inhaled asbestos fibers will will do this
rain, sleet, or snow that contains a high concentration of acids
the increase in the concentration of acid
the sudden influx of acidic water that causes a rapd change in the water's pH
a pollutant put directly into the air by human activity
Rain that contains harmful chemicals collected from the atmosphere when chemicals are burned
A substance that has been linked to causing one or more types of cancer
A substance sprayed on plants to protect them from bugs
Air pollution caused by a reaction of chemicals in the atmosphere and sunlight
The replacement of unclean air with fresh air
Something that causes damage to the environment
A heat resistant mineral that can be woven into fabric
A salt or ester of acid
A compound of Hydrogen and Carbon
A unit used to measure sound
A basic solution.
Potential of Hydrogen
An Acid that is completely ionized in aqueous solution
An Acid that is only slightly ionized in aqueous solution
A solution of known concentration used in carrying out a titration
Process used to determine the concentration of the solution
A base that reacts with water to form the hydroxide ion and the conjugate acid of the base
A base that completely dissociates into metal ions and hydroxide ions in aqueous solution
Any substance that can accept a pair of electrons to form a covalent bond
Any substance that can donate a pair of electrons to form a covalent bond
The positive ion formed when a water molecule gains a hydrogen ion.
The particle formed when a base gains a hydrogen ion.
A compound that has a pH of less then 7.
A compound that has a pH more than 7.
Able to be dissolved in a solute.
A chemical reaction between an acid and a base that produces water and a salt.
A substance that changes colors to indicate a change in the pH.
Negative log of the concentration of hydroxide ion.
The point in the titration at which the indicator changes colors.
What is the pH of Lakes normally
Used to cure heartburn.
Any process that results in the formation of an ion.
A molecule or ion that is a proton donor
An ionic compound composed of a cation and the anion from an acid.
A type of rain that is caused by air pollution
Methane, CO2, Hydrogen, and Fluorine are what type of gasses
This was enacted in 1963, by the 88th US Congress
Can air pollution affect humans? True or False?
Can Air pollution affect animals? True or False?
40% premature deaths caused by air pollution were in ____?
China, along with India, contains over 50% of the world’s sources of ____ pollution
Air pollution kills over _____ million people each year
What is the abbreviation of the government agency that protects the environment?
Acid rain harms vegetation and _____ life?
Air pollution can affect your ______ system
The Pollution Prevention Act, is an act that limits the amount of ______ that the industries are releasing into the enviroment
The Clean Air Act works alongside the experts at ___ to reduce and regulate emission of greenhouse gasses
Chronic respiratory disease, lung cancer, heart disease, damage to the brain, and COPD are examples of ____ term effects
Acid rain is an effect on the __________
Would visability increase or decrease due to air pollution
Burning ______ _____ is a cause of air pollution/global warming
Air pollution can cause us to have an upper respiratory disease called ______
The government of the US and the world have enacted policies and created agencies to regulate the quality of the ___
Air Pollution/Global Warming can cause ozone _________
A substance that can donate hydrogen ions (H+).
A substance that can accept hydrogen ions because it has an hydroxide ion (-OH).
Chemicals that change colors in the presence of hydrogen and/or hydroxide ions.
A common used indicator to determine the pH of acids and/or bases.
What a substance is considered if it has a pH of 7.
A measure of how acidic or alkaline a substance is.
The reaction of an acid with a base to produce a salt and water.
A base can also be defined as a proton...
A acid can also be defined as a proton...
How a base feels.
How a acid tastes.
How a base tastes.
To break down.
A scale in which numbers 0-14 are used to determine the pH of a substance.
How a acid feels.
What acids/bases do in substances in solutions to produce either hydrogen or hydroxide(depending on substance).
The ion found in a acid.
The ion found in a base.
The word used when acids reacts with active metals.
The process by which a precipitate forms.
a scale that determines how acidic or basic a solution is
chemicals that change colors when put in an acid or base to determine what it is
a substance that can donate hydrogen ions
a substance that can accept hydrogen ions because it has a hydroxide ion
a solution that isn't an acid or a base
an indicator that turns red in an acidic solution
the process of turning an acid more basic and a base more acidic
a liquid mixture that could be defined as an acid or base
pH stands for potential....
a basic solution used to clean drains
an acidic solution that comes from lemons
a proton is a hydrogen ion so acids are often called...
since the hydroxide ion in a base can combine with a hydrogen ion, bases are often called...
an acid with a pH of 1
an acid with a pH of 6
a base with a pH of 14
a base with a pH of 8
an acid can donate these ions
bases have these ions
the processby which a precipitate forms
the point in a titration where the number of moles of hydrogen ions equals the number of moles of hydroxide ions
chain of carbon atoms at one end and either a sodium or potassium salt of carboxylic acid (-COOH) group at the other end
a process in which a solution of known concentration is used to determine the concentration of another solution
any base that does not dissociate completely in solution
the compound formed when a base gains a hydrogen
the point at which an indicator changes color
any substance that can accept electrons to form a covalent bond
acid that can donate one proton
a substance that produces hydrogen ions, H+, in a water solution
any substance that forms hydroxide ions, OH-, in a water solution
solutions that contain ions that react with acids and bases to resist pH change
H3O+ ions, which form when an acid dissolves in water and H+ ions interact with water
organic compound that changes color in acids and bases
chemical reaction that occurs when H3O+ ions from an acid react with the OH- ions from a base to produce water molecules
any acid that only partly dissociates in solution
the compound formed when an acid loses an H+
any substance that can accept electrons to form a covalent bond
the condition in which air contains substances harmful to living things
pollutants put directly into the air by human activities
consists of smoke, ash, soot, dust, lead, and other particles, from burning fuels
an atmospheric condition in which air above is warmer than that air below.
What keeps the air pollution from reaching dangerous levels?
When people in the same building and experience acute health or comfort related effects that seem to be linked to time spent in the same building.
highly acidic rain, sleet, or snowthat results from the release of oxides sulfur and nitrogen into the air from burning fossil fuels
a sudden influx of acidic water caused by melting acidic snows that rush into the lakes and streams killing life.
fog or haze combined with smoke and other atmospheric pollutants
US federal law designed to control air pollution on a national level
a gas produced naturally in the earth by the decay of Uranium
The configuration of the surface of something: or the lay of the land
A photochemical reaction produces this acrid smelling pollutant
The atmospheric layer where ozone is found
Particulate matter is found in this form
When a polluted air mass remains stagnant over a regional area, this is called a thermal
These substances produce air pollution when burned
The most abundant gas in the atmosphere
According to the _________________ Act, citizens can take legal action against those in violation of emissions standards
Natural rain has a pH of 5.6 because of the presence of this compound
A 'dirty' source of energy, but abundant in the U.S.
Vehicles are a _________ source of air pollution
The type of smog common in Chicago
One of the most susceptible populations to poor air quality
One source of a natural primary pollutant
The human/animal system most affected by air pollution
One factor which reduces the effects of air pollution
Sulfur dioxide would be characterized as this type of pollutant
A measure of the acidity (or alkalinity) of a substance, such as precipitation
A pollutant which competes with oxygen in your body
A molecule in red blood cells which oxygen binds to strongly
A nitrogen oxide in a liquid state
The troposphere, the stratosphere, mesosphere, and thermosphere
The source of nitrogen dioxide, if it is not industry
Ozone is an example of this type of pollutant
non-moving sources of pollution, such as factories.
pollutants that are put directly into the air by human or natural activity.
pollutants that form from chemical reactions that occur when primary pollutants come in contact with other primary pollutants or with naturally occurring substances, such as water vapor.
the 1970 amendments to the Clean Air Act required EPA to set National Ambient Air Quality Standards for certain pollutants known to be hazardous to human health. EPA has identified six criteria pollutants: sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, lead, nitrogen oxides, ozone, and particulate matter.
Air pollutants that are potentially harmful and may pose long-term health risks to people who live and work around chemical factories, incinerators, or other facilities that produce or use them (also called hazardous air pollutants).
A form of oxygen that has three oxygen atoms in each molecule instead of the usual two.
Colorless toxic gas created naturally by volcanoes. Human source is mainly from the burning of coal. Creates respiratory problems in humans and acid rain in the environment
(NOx) Major source is auto exhaust. Primary and secondary effects include acidification of lakes, respiratory irritation, leads to smog and ozone. Reduced using catalytic converters.
A colorless, odorless, poisonous gas in cigarette smoke that passes through the lungs into the blood.
A small discrete mass of solid or liquid matter that remains individually dispersed in gas or liquid emissions (usually considered to be an atmospheric pollutant)
A highly toxic metal that can damage the nervous system, blood, and kidneys, and can cause harm to the development of a children's intellectual abilities. Main source was leaded gasoline.
A category of organic chemical with a high vapor pressure, which readily evaporate at normal temperature and pressure. They include benzene, chloroform, formaldehyde, ethanol, etc.
Chemical compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen atoms.
Rain containing acids that form in the atmosphere when industrial gas emissions (especially sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides) combine with water.
A decline in the amount of light reaching the earth's surface because of increased air pollution, which reflects more light back into space.
A process that converts coal that is relatively high in sulfur to a gas in order to remove the sulfur
An additive in gasoline and is an important industrial solvent (also a component in cigarette smoke)
Condition in which warmer air is found above cooler air, restricting air circulation; often associated with a pollution event in urban areas
A brownish haze that is a mixture of ozone and other chemicals, formed when pollutants react with each other in the presence of sunlight
A gray-colored air pollution created when power plants and home furnaces burn fossil fuels, releasing sulfur compounds and smoke particles into the air
Comprehensive regulations that address acid rain, toxic emissions, ozone depletion, and automobile exhaust
Human-induced changes on the natural environment
A term for several minerals that have the form of small elongated particles. Some particles believed to be carcinogenic
A colorless, odorless gas that is radioactiveand comes from the decay of Uranium 238
The tendency of gas or air to rise in a vertical shaft because its density is lower than that of the surrounding gas or air. It is also called stack effect.
A phenomenon in which building occupants experience acute health and/or comfort effects that appear to be linked to time spent in a particular building.
Refers to a structure and using process that is environmentally responsible and resource-efficient throughout a building's life-cycle: from siting to design, construction, operation, maintenance, renovation, and demolition. This practice expands and complements the classical building design concerns of economy, utility, durability, and comfort.
An air pollutant that is a colorless chemical used to manufacture building materials and many household products, such as particleboard, hardwood plywood paneling, and urea-formaldehyde foam insulation.
a measure of the hydrogen (hydronium) ion concentration of a solution
a substance whose water solution conducts an electric current
a measure of the hydroxide ion concentration of a solution
a substance that produces hydronium ions (H3O+) as the only positive ions when dissolved in water
a substance that produces hydroxide ions (OH-) as the only negative ions when dissolved in water
a hydrogen atom without it's electron (consisting solely on a proton)
A compound formed by the combination of water with a hydrogen ion, H3O+
a substance that undergoes a color change that can be used to determine when a reaction is complete
the reaction between an acid and a base to produce water and salt
the concentration of a substance in moles per liter of solution
a logarithm of a solution's hydrogen ion concentration
a logarithmic scale that measures the acidity or alkalinity of a solution on a scale of 1 to 14
the product other than water of a neutralization reaction; an ionic substance consisting of a metallic cation and anion other than the hydroxide ion