Type
Crossword
Description

rule that relative age is determined by order of layers Law of Superposition
graph that shows changes in speed over time velocity graph
distance between two crests wavelength
height of a wave amplitude
determines the colors that we see of light frequency
type of wave that moves parallel to the direction of the disturbance longitudinal
as ____________ increases, acceleration decreases mass
the ____________________ of a magnet is what exerts the invisible force around it magnetic field
____________ causes light to bend when entering new medium refraction
type of rock that forms from heat and pressure metamorphic
type of rock that forms when magma cools igneous
what happens when a population of organisms is isolated geographically speciation

Waves Vocabulary Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

a traveling disturbance that carries energy through matter and space Wave
a repeated back and forth movement of matter; often necessary to produce waves Vibration
a substance or matter through which a wave travels Medium
a type of wave in which particles move across or perpendicular to the direction the wave is traveling Transverse wave
a type of wave in which particles of the medium vibrate back and forth Longitudinal wave
the distance between a wave's resting point and its trough or crest Amplitude
the distance between any two adjacent (side by side) wave crests or and two adjacent wave Wavelength
the number of complete waves that pass a point in a certain time period Frequency
occurs when a wave bounces back after striking something Reflection
occurs when a wave passes from one medium into another and changes direction Refraction
waves that use matter to move or transfer energy Mechanical wave
waves that move through empty space (Vacuum) or use matter to transfer energy Electromagnets wave
is the bending of waves around a barrier or object Diffraction
the ability for two waves to combine and make a new wave when they overlap Interference
wave interface that forms a larger wave when two wave amplitudes overlap Constructive interference
wave interference that can form a smaller wave or cancel each other out when two wave amplitudes meet Destructive interference

Waves and Wave Properties Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A disturbance of particles that transports energy without moving matter. Wave
The distance of one crest of a wave to another. Wave length
The top point of a wave. Crest
The bottom of a wave. Trough
Depends on the type of medium the wave travels through. Speed
The distance of a wave from its resting position. Amplitude
Moves energy through matter. Mechanical Wave
A wave that moves perpendicular to the direction it's going. Transverse wave
A wave that moves parallel to the direction it is going. Longitudinal Wave
The number of times a wave passes a certain point a second. Frequency
The change in direction of a wave passing from one medium to another caused by its change in speed. Refraction
A region in a longitudinal wave where the particles are closest together. Compressions
A region in a longitudinal wave where the particles are furthest apart. Rarefactions
The perception on how high or low a sound is. Pitch

Waves and Electromagnetic Spectrum Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

For waves on the surface of the ocean or lakes wave
This article is about the scalar physical quantity enegry
a measurement that indicates the movement or vibration of something (such as a sound wave or a radio wave) amplitude
Frequency is the number of occurrences of a repeating event per unit time frequency
In physics, the wavelength of a sinusoidal wave is the spatial period of the wave—the distance over which the wave's shape repeats, wavelength
the lowest turning point of a wave cycle trough
A crest is a point on the wave where the displacement of the medium is at a maximum. crest
A transverse wave is a moving wave that consists of oscillations occurring perpendicular to the direction of energy transfer. transverse wave
Longitudinal waves, also known as "l waves", are waves in which the displacement of the medium is in the same direction as, or the opposite direction to, the direction of travel of the wave. longitudinal wave
the point or place where something begins or is created line of origin
Infrared (IR) is invisible radiant energy, infared light
Radio waves are a type of electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths in the electromagnetic spectrum longer than infrared light. radio waves
Ultraviolet (UV) light is an electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm (30 PHz) to 380 nm (750 THz), shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays. ultraviolet light
A gamma wave is a pattern of neural oscillation in humans with a frequency between 25 and 100 Hz,[1] though 40 Hz is typical.[2] gamma waves
Visible light waves are the only electromagnetic waves we can see visible light
Space void of matter. vacuum
is a form of electromagnetic radiation x-ray waves
a type of electromagnetic radiation, as are radio waves, ultraviolet radiation, X-rays and gamma-rays microwaves
pertaining to, or produced by electromagnetism. electromagnetic

Waves and Sound Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A means of transferring energy from one point to another wave
Particles on the wave vibrate perpendicular to the direction that the wave is moving transverse wave
Particles on these waves vibrate parallel to the direction that the wave is moving (through a series of compressions and rarefactions) longitudinal
Require a medium to travel through (Ex: water waves and sound waves)  mechanical
Do not require a medium (ex: light and radio waves) electromagnetic
The distance from a point on one wave to the identical point on the next wave (crest to crest) wavelength
The number of waves passing each second; it is measured in Hertz frequency
Maximum displacement of a wave from the rest position or the size of the wave or how large the wave is amplitude
Waves will bounce off barriers an angle equal to the angle they strike the barrier reflection
Bending of a wave as it passes at an angle into another medium refraction
Bending of waves around barriers (this occurs to a greater degree with longer waves such as sound) diffraction
Waves add as they meet Constructive
The waves partly or completely cancel as they pass destructive
Change in frequency is heard when the source of sound and the person receiving the sound are in relative motion doppler effect
material through which a wave travels medium
Unit of measurement for frequency hertz
a disturbance that travels through a medium as a longitudinal wave sound
perception of the frequency of sound pitch
The high point of a wave. crest
The low point of a wave trough

Rock Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

All rocks form under the_______. crust
Rocks that are formed by lava or magma are called_______. Igneous
Sedimentary rocks have lots of_________. Layers
All rocks have two or more________. minerals
Igneous rocks that are formed underground are made from________. magma
What type of sedimentary rock forms under water? limestone
What rock is made from sand layers are pushed together? sandstone
What helps make metamorphic rock other than soil? heat
What igneous rock is great for climbing? granite
What rock is made when rocks squeeze together by heat and other rocks? Metamorphic
Igneous rocks that cool on the outside of the earth are called________. extrusive
Igneous rocks that cool inside the earth are called_________. intrusive
What Igneous rock has lots of holes in it? pumice
What sedimentary rock is held together by different types of rock? conglomerate
What igneous rock has no crystals, is smooth, and is smooth? Obsidian
Metamorphic rocks that are made of thin layers of minerals are called_______. slate
What metamorphic rock is made of minerals pressed together? gneiss
Extrusive rocks are made by what substance? lava
Rocks made from lava or magma are________ rocks. Igneous
Rocks are turned into sand by ocean_______. waves

Electromagnetic Spectrum Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Part of the electromagnetic spectrum that has the longest wavelength Radio Wave
Distance from a center line to the top of a crest or the bottom of a trough Amplitude
The distance between crests of a wave Wavelength
Allows us to see the colors of the stars Visible Telescope
Detect wavelengths emitted from hot stars Ultraviolet telescope
Our biggest evidence that the universe is expanding and the big bang happened Red Shift
A theory our universe began as a single atom and began a violent expansion at the speed of light Big Bang
Helps us detect black holes Xray telescope
Detects what an item is made up of Visible Color
Part of the electromagnetic spectrum that has the highest frequency Gammaray
Form of energy that is all around us and takes many forms ERM
Range of all types of radiation. EM Spectrum
These detect infrared rays of heat Infrared Telescope
One Earth Year Revolution
Number of waves passing a point in a certain time. Frequency
Energy being emitted from a source Light

Waves Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

occurs when a wave bounces back after striking an object reflection
the point on the axis of a mirror lens throughwhich all incident light rays are focused focal point
maximum distance the wave vibrates from the rest position amplitude
the distance between the adjacent crests or compressions in a series of waves wavelength
result of more moves overlapping interference
curved transparent object that forms an image by refracting light lense
any disturbance that transmits energy through matter or space wave
bending waves around a barrier or through an opening diffraction
image through which light does not actually pass virtualimage
image through which light passes realimage
lens that is thicker in the middle than the edges convexlense
speed at whcih a wave travels wavespeed
the distance between a mirror lense through which all incident parallel rays are focused focallength
mirror that is curved outward convexmirror
mirror that is curved inward concavemirror
mirror with a flat surface planemirror
matter through which visible light is easily transmitted transparent
matter that transmits light but also scatters the light as it passes through matter translucent
number of waves produced in a given amount of time frequency
wave that forms from a stationary pattern in which portions of the waveare at rest position standingwave

Waves,sound,and light Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

is a lens that possesses at least one surface that curves inwards concave lens
involve the transport of energy without the transport of matte waves
s a wave that is an oscillation of matter, and therefore transfers energy through a medium. mechanical wave
oscillates perpendicular to the axis along which the wave travels transverse wave
is a region in a longitudinal wave where the particles are closest together. compressional wave
hat are propagated by simultaneous periodic variations of electric and magnetic field intensity electromagnetic waves
the maximum extent of a vibration or oscillation, measured from the position of equilibrium. amplitude
distance between one peak or crest of a wave and the next peak or crest. wavelength
common unit of frequency is the hertz (Hz), corresponding to one crest per second. frequency
The change in direction of a wave, such as a light or sound wave, away from a boundary the wave encounters. reflection
typically accompanied by interference between the wave forms produced. diffraction
he process in which two or more light, sound, or electromagnetic waves of the same frequency combine to reinforce or cancel each other interference
is the characteristic of a sound that is primarily a psycho-physiological correlate of physical strength (amplitude). loudness
a sound is determined by the rate of vibration, or frequency, of the sound wave. pitch
a sound or series of sounds caused by the reflection of sound waves from a surface back to the listener. echo
an increase (or decrease) in the frequency of sound, light, or other waves as the source and observer move toward (or away from) each other Doppler effect
a typical example: "the science or art of ordering tones or sounds in succession, in combination, and in temporal relationships music
which a system oscillates when not subjected to a continuous or repeated external force. natural frequency
ncrease in amplitude of oscillation of an electric resonance
ncrease in amplitude of oscillation of an electric fundamental frequency
that is a part of the harmonic series above a fundamental note and may be heard with it. overtone
series above a fundamental note and may be heard with it. overtones
prolongaprolongation of a sound; resonance. reverberation
vibrates in response to sound waves; the tympanic membrane. eardrum
one of the waves that are propagated by simultaneous periodic variations of electric and magnetic field intensity electromagnet wave
energy that travels by waves or particles, particularly electromagnetic radiation such as heat or x-rays. radiant energy
an electromagnetic wave of a frequency between about 104 and 1011 or 1012 Hz, as used for long-distance communication radio waves
light rays which are longer than light but shorter than radio waves. Electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength between infrared waves
a form of electromagnetic (EM) radiation, as are radio waves, infrared radiation, ultraviolet radiation, X-rays and microwaves. visible light
in the part of the electromagnetic spectrum where wavelengths are just shorter than those of ordinary, visible violet light but longer than those of x-rays. ultraviolet radiation
stream of such photons used for their penetrating power in radiography, radiology, radiotherapy, and scientific research. xrays
penetrating electromagnetic radiation of a kind arising from the radioactive decay of atomic nuclei. gamma rays
a high-frequency electromagnetic wave modulated in amplitude or frequency to convey a signal. carrier waves
system of satellites, computers, and receivers that is able to determine the latitude and longitude of a receiver on Earth by calculating the time difference for signals from different satellites to reach the receiver. global positioning system
he range of wavelengths or frequencies over which electromagnetic radiation extends. electromagnetic spectrum
the range of wavelengths electromagnetic spectrum

Waves unit Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

how fast an object moves speed
A wave in which the particles vibrate at right angles to the direction of wave transverse
Part of the Em spectrum . Electromagnetic radiation light
material that carries waves ; solid ,liquid and gas medium
A disturbance that transfers energy from place to place wave
A wave in which the particles move parallel to the path of the wave longitudinal
waves caused by vibrations that are transmitted through matter. example of longitudinal sound
maximum displacement from rest position ; shows the amount of energy amplitude
the part of a longitudinal wave where the particles of the medium are close together compression
highest point of a wave crest
Lowest point of a wave trough
the time it takes for one cycle period
the part of longitudinal wave where the particles of the medium are far apart rarefaction
a change in the direction of a wave when the wave finds an obstacles or an edge , such as an opening diffraction
occurs when a wave bounces off a surface that it cannot pass through; upside down reflection
a wave that require a medium to travel mechanical
the distance between one crest or trough of a wave and next wavelength
waves of energy traveling through rock seismic
electromagnetic waves used for communication on computers , phones ,etc. radio
the number of complete waves that pass a given point in a certain amount of time frecuency

Unit 4: Waves Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

vibration moving back and forth wave
distance between two crests of a wave wavelength
amount of energy of a wave measured from the resting line amplitude
unit of frequency Hertz
not transparent or transluscent opaque
changed direction in light due to passing through different mediums refraction
particle representing electromagnetic radiation photon
a wave moving in a perpendicular manner transverse
a wave moving in a parallel manner longitiudinal
reduction of wave's density rarefaction
transparent, letting light pass through transluscent
in longitudinal wave where particles are closer together compression
energy that lets waves or vibrations travel medium
consists of transverse, longitudinal and surface waves mechanical wave
when a electric field couples with a magnetic field electromagnetic