Type
Crossword
Description

Molten rock that does not reach the Earth's surface Magma
Igneous rock that forms below the surface of the Earth Intrusive
Molten rock that reaches the Earths surface Lava
Rock formed from cooling magma (or lava) Igneous rock
Igneous rock that forms on the surface of the Earth Extrusive
Light-coloured rocks Felsic
Dark-coloured rocks Mafic
A Type of intrusive igneous rock Granite
A type of extrusive igneous rock Basalt
Crystals that lock together and grow into each other in a rock Interlocking mineral crystals
An opening in Earth’s crust that allows molten rock from beneath the crust to reach the surface Volcano

Rock Cycle Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Rocks formed by extreme heat and pressure Metamorphic
Rocks formed by the cooling of magma Igneous
Rocks formed by weathering, layering, and compaction Sedimentary
This molten material cools inside a volcano Magma
This igneous rock that cools slowly has large crystals and coarse grains Intrusive
This igneous rock that cools quickly has small crystals and fine grains Extrusive
This material cools on the exterior of a volcano Lava
A mixture of minerals forms this Rock
The Latin word meaning "igneous" Fire
Sedimentary rocks often have layers that contain this Fossils
A specific type of sedimentary rock Sandstone
A specific type of metamorphic rock Quartzite
A specific type of igneous rock Granite

Rock Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

All rocks form under the_______. crust
Rocks that are formed by lava or magma are called_______. Igneous
Sedimentary rocks have lots of_________. Layers
All rocks have two or more________. minerals
Igneous rocks that are formed underground are made from________. magma
What type of sedimentary rock forms under water? limestone
What rock is made from sand layers are pushed together? sandstone
What helps make metamorphic rock other than soil? heat
What igneous rock is great for climbing? granite
What rock is made when rocks squeeze together by heat and other rocks? Metamorphic
Igneous rocks that cool on the outside of the earth are called________. extrusive
Igneous rocks that cool inside the earth are called_________. intrusive
What Igneous rock has lots of holes in it? pumice
What sedimentary rock is held together by different types of rock? conglomerate
What igneous rock has no crystals, is smooth, and is smooth? Obsidian
Metamorphic rocks that are made of thin layers of minerals are called_______. slate
What metamorphic rock is made of minerals pressed together? gneiss
Extrusive rocks are made by what substance? lava
Rocks made from lava or magma are________ rocks. Igneous
Rocks are turned into sand by ocean_______. waves

Crossword Puzzle for Rocks and Minerals

Type
Crossword
Description

the solid mineral material forming part of the surface of the earth and other similar planets, exposed on the surface or underlying the soil or oceans. rock
a solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence. mineral
the stratification or layering of rocks or other geological materials. bedding
hot fluid or semifluid material below or within the earth's crust magma
hot molten or semifluid rock erupted from a volcano or fissure, or solid rock resulting from cooling of this. lava
igneous rocks that form from crystallized magma beneath the earth's surface intrusive
igneous rocks formed on the surface extrusive
occurs when only a portion of a solid is melted partialmelting
formed through the cooling and solidification of magma or lava igneousrock
Veins of extremely large-grained minerals pegmatites
large, well-formed crystals surrounded by fine-grained crystals of the same or different minerals Porphyritic
size, shape, and distribution of crystals or grains that make up a rock  texture
when mineral growth cements sediment grains together into rock Cementation
chemical sedimentary rocks that form as a result of crystal grains precipitating out of a supersaturated body of water evaporite
a subsurface area of rock that has enough porosity to allow for the accumulation of oil, natural gas, or water Reservoir
the percentage of open spaces between grains in a rock Porosity
sediments having particles ranging in size from boulders to microscopic particles, which often have worn surfaces and rounded corners. Clastic
a naturally occurring solid material from which a metal or valuable mineral can be profitably extracted. ore

Rock cycle Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What is formed by deposition Sedimentary
What is a inorganic substance Mineral
What is from magma or lave Igneous
What is called the process of rocks Rockcycle
What is a solid mineral material that to form on the surface of earth Rock
The process of eroding by wind Erosion
What is a rock that transform by heat or pressure Metamorphic
What are the metamorphic process Heat
Different type of sedimentary rocks Limestone
What cause a igneous rock Cooling
What is called when magma reached earth surface and turned in a rock surface Extrusive
What wears away and change things Weathering
What is another metamorphic process Pressure
What are intrusive igneous rocks Basalt
What breaks down things Deposition
When rocks are stick together what is that called Compacting

Earthquakes and Volcanoes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What is the point of Earth's surface directely above an earthquake's focus ? epicenter
device used by seimologists to record primary, secondary, suface waves from earthquakes seismograph
vibrations caused by breaking rocks along faults earthquake
Opening in Earth's surface that often forms a mountain when layers of lava and volcanic ash erupt and build up volcano
An opening on Earth's surface where magma is forced up and flows out as lava Vent
a broad volcano with gently sloping sides Shield volcano
A volcano formed by alternating layers of tephra and lava and that is found mostly where Earth's plates come together Composite volcano
steep-sided volcano made of loosely packed tephra Cinder cone volcano
scientist who studiesearthquakes and seismic waves Seismologist
large opening formed when the top of a volcano collapes Caldera
Measure of the energy released by an earthquake Magnitude
A mixture of molten or semi-molten rock, volatiles and solids that is found beneath the surface of the Earth Magma
a very large igneous intrusion extending deep in the earth's crust. batholith
a column of solidified lava or igneous rock formed in a volcanic vent, especially when exposed by erosion. volcanic necks
are imaginable as the veins of a volcano, the pathways of rising magma. Volcanic dikes

Igneous Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the chemical makeup of a rock AND one of the two main criteria used to classify rocks Composition
the size, shape, and position of the grains in a rock AND one of the two main criteria used to classify rocks texture
from fire (latin) Ignis
rocks formed when magma or lava cools and solidifies igneous
igneous rocks that form beneath the Earth's surface or in the earth intrusive
igneous rocks that form above the Earth's surface extrusive
the texture of extrusive igneous rocks that cool quickly outside the Earth's crust and have small or no grains fine grained
the texture of intrusive igneous rocks that cool slowly inside the Earth's crust and have large, visible grains coarse grained
a large, irregularly shaped igneous intrusion- Stone Mountain (GA) is an example pluton
the terms used to describe the composition of igenous rocks that are dark in color, more dense, and rich in elements like magnesium and others mafic
the term used describe the composition of igenous rocks that are light in color, less dense, and rich in elements like potassium, aluminum, silicon and sodium felsic
molten rock found beneath the Earth's surface magma
molten rock found above the Earth's surface lava

Rock Cycle Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

An Igneous rock turns into Sediments
become less hot cooling
The rock cycle _______ in a circle Rotates
Metamorphic ______. Rock
When a Volcano _______ Igneous rocks come out. Erupts
An igneous rock turns into sediments which turns into a sedimentary rock which then turns in to a metamorphic rock. Cycle
breaking down of rocks, soil and minerals as well as artificial materials through contact with the Earth's atmosphere, biota and waters Weathering
To make the sedimentary rock you have to combine _____ and pressure. Heat
Formed through the cooling and solidification of magma or lava. Igneous
Be created by an upward movement of the earth's surface. Uplifting
After it turns into a metamorphic rock it has to _____ then it turn into an igneous rock. Melt
the binding together of particles or other things by cement. Cemention
formed by the deposition of material at the Earth's surface and within bodies of water. Sedimentary
the action or process of forcing a body of igneous rock between or through existing formations, without reaching the surface. Intrusion
transformation of existing rock types. Metamorphic
process of formation of solid crystals precipitating from a solution, melt or more rarely deposited directly from a gas. Crystallization
metamorphic rocks are subjected to heat and pressure from ______. Burial
mixture of molten or semi-molten rock, volatiles and solids that is found beneath the surface of the Earth, and is expected to exist on other terrestrial planets. Magma
When you are trying to make an sedimentary rock you have to apply a lot of pressure. Pressure
action of surface processes (such as water flow or wind) that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth's crust, then transport it away to another location. Erosion

Volcanoes Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

largest intrusive igneous rock body that forms when magma being forced upward toward Earth’s crust cools slowly and solidifies underground Batholith
large, circular-shaped opening formed when the top of a volcano collapses Caldera
steep-sided, loosely packed volcano formed when tephra falls to the ground Cinder Cone Volcano
volcano built by alternating explosive and quiet eruptions that produce layers of tephra and lava; found mostly where Earth’s plates come together and one plate sinks below the other Composite volcano
steep-walled depression around a volcano’s vent Crater
igneous rock feature formed when magma is squeezed into a vertical crack that cuts across rock layers and hardens underground Dike
the result of an unusually hot area at the boundary between Earth’s mantle and core that forms volcanoes when melted rock is forced upward and breaks through the crust Hot spot
broad, gently sloping volcano formed by quiet eruptions of basaltic lava Shield Volcano
igneous rock feature formed when magma is squeezed into a horizontal crack between layers of rock and hardens underground Sill
bits of rock or solidified lava dropped from the air during an explosive volcanic eruption; ranges in size from volcanic ash to volcanic bombs and blocks Tephra
Opening where magma is forced up and flows out onto Earth’s surface as lava, forming a volcano Vent
solid igneous core of a volcano left behind after the softer cone has been eroded Volcanic neck
opening in Earth’s surface that erupts sulfurous gases, ash, and lava; can form at Earth’s plate boundaries, where plates move apart or together, and at hot spots Volcano

Geology Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

molten rock magma
cool, top layer of Earth crust
17 huge slabs of rock tectonic plates
tool to measure motion of ground seismometer
a naturally occurring solid that has a specific chemical make-up Mineral
2 or more minerals together. Rock
formed from cooled magma or lava. Igneous
forms under the surface, cools slowly and forms big crystals. Intrusive
forms above the surface, forms small crystals. Extrusive
made of sand, rocks, minerals, and organic matter. Sedimentary
the compaction and cementation of sediments. lithification
organisms (plants + animals) preserved in sedimentary rock. fossils
formed when heat and pressure "RECYLCE" rock. Metamorphic
this law states that older rocks are at the bottom of the sequence, youngest at the top. Law of Superposition
movement of Earths crust. Plate Tectonics
heat, ash, and lava released from vent forms "cones" volcanoes
shaking caused when tectonic plates suddenly move and release pressure and stress. Earthquakes
acid rain eats away rock. Forms caves and sinkholes. chemical weathering
water and wind breaking down rocks. physical weathering
weathered rock and organic matter. Soil
organic material Humus
nutrient rich Topsoil
sand, silt, clay Subsoil
Least Permeable Bed Rock
air spaces Porosity
ability to transport H2O Permeability
gritty, H2O flows easily Sand
powder Silt
sticky and clumpy (NO H2O flow) Clay
best for plants, mix of all. Loam
wind deposited silt Loess
decomposing organic matter Humus

EARTH SCIENCE CROSSWORD PUZZLE

Type
Crossword
Description

the action of surface processes (such as water flow or wind) that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth's crust, then transport it away to another location. EROSION
wear away or change the appearance or texture of (something) by long exposure to the air: WEATHERING
Waves of energy that travel through the Earth's layers, and are a result of an earthquake, explosion, or a volcano that gives out low-frequency acoustic energy SEISMIC WAVES
an instrument that measures and records details of earthquakes, such as force and duration. SEISMOGRAPH
the point on the Earth's surface that is directly above the hypocentre or focus, the point where an earthquake or underground explosion originates. EPICENTER
the great size or extent of something MAGNITUDE
a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface. volcano
is one of several very large landmasses on Earth continent
a mixture of molten or semi-molten rock, volatiles and solids that is found beneath the surface of the Earth, and is expected to exist on other terrestrial planets. magma
the line at which the earth's surface and the sky appear to meet horizon
a solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence. mineral
the upper layer of earth in which plants grow, a black or dark brown material typically consisting of a mixture of organic remains, clay, and rock particles soil
a sudden and violent shaking of the ground, sometimes causing great destruction, as a result of movements within the earth's crust or volcanic action. earthquake