- Type
- Crossword Puzzle

A logical operator that joins two propositions and is true if an only if one or both of the propositions is true. Disjunction

The proposition following the if is called? antecedent

A proposition that is always true due to its logical structure. tautology

If the premises can be true and the conclusion false, the argument is? invalid

For two propositions to be true at the same time they are said to be? consistent

A valid argument which presents a choice between two conditionals. dilemma

A valid argument form which can be used to justify steps in a proof. Rule of Inference

Which rule of replacement says p ≡ (p ∨ p)? tautology

Which rule of replacement says (p ⊃ q) ≡ (~q ⊃ ~p)? transposition

Which rule of replacement says [p ∙ (q ∨ r)] ≡ [(p ∙ q) ∨ (p ∙ r)]? distribution

Which rule of replacement says [(p ∙ q) ⊃ r] ≡ [p ⊃ (q ⊃ r)]? exportation

Which rule of replacement says (p ≡ q) ≡ [(p ∙ q) ∨ (~p ∙ ~q)]? material equivalence

Is a path on a truth tree which includes no contradictions. open branch

When a compound proposition is broken down into simple propositions. It is said to be what? decomposed

- Type
- Crossword Puzzle

The phrase that follows the word "then" conclusion

Formed by joining two or more statements with the word "and" conjunction

Formed by joining two or more statements with the word "or" disjunction

Not P negation

If q, then p converse

If not p, then not q inverse

If not q, then not p contrapositive

A statement that requires a proof Theorem

A statement accepted as true Axiom

An example that shows a conjecture is false counterexample

A=A Reflexive

If A=B, then B=A Symmetric

If A=B, and B=C, then A=C. transitive

logically correct valid

If p, then q conditional

A concluding statement reached using inductive reasoning conjecture

A logical argument that leads you from the hypothesis to the conclusion proof

the study of shapes geometry

- Type
- Crossword Puzzle

______ is a sentence that is either true or false statement

______ value of a statement is either true (T) or (F) truth

_______ of a satement has the opposite meaning, as well as an opposite truth value negation

two or more statements joined by the word "and" or "or" form a ______ statement compound

a compound statement using the word "and" is called _____ conjunction

a compound statement that uses the word "or" is called a ______ disjunction

________statement is a statement that can be written in the "if-then form" conditional

_________ statement is of the form "if p, then q" if-then

A conditional statement is the phrase immediatley following the word "if." This is known as a_______ hypothesis

A conditional statement is the phrase immediatley following the word "if." this is known as the _______ conclusion

There are other statements that are based on a given conditinal statement. This is known as ________ conditionals related

is formed by exchanging the hypothesis and conclusion of the conditional. This is known as _______ converse

is formed by negating both the hypothesis and conclusion of the conditional. This is known as ______ inverse

is formed by negating bith the hypothesis and the conclusion of the converse of the conditional. this known as ________ contrapositive

statements with the same truth values are said to be ________ equivalent logically

a _________ and its contrapositive are logically equivalent conditional

______ reasoning uses facts, rules, definitons, or properties to reach logical conclusions from given statements deductive

______ reasoning which uses a pattern of examples or obseravtions to make a conjecture inductive

if p-->q is a true statement and p is true, then q is true. This is known as Law of ________ Detachment

The Law of _______ is another valid form of deductive reasoning; if p->q and q-->r are true statements then p-->r is a true statement Syllogism

a _______ is a statement that is accepted as true without proof postulate

a logical argument in which each statement you make is supported by a statement that is accepted as true. This is known as a _______ proof

___________ argument by forming a logical chain of statements linking the given to what you are trying to prove deductive

if a=b, then b=a. What property is this? Symmetric

If a=b and b=c, then a=c. What property is this? Transitive

- Type
- Crossword Puzzle

Pronouciation of B be

Pronouciation of D de

How to say F efe

How do you say H hache

How is the letter J pronounced? jota

Pronounce L ele

Say N ene

What is O in spanish? O

Q in spanish. cu

The rr in spanish is pronounced how? erre

How do you say T for team in spanish? te

Is U pronounced as U? yes

How is V pronounced? (Two ways) ve or uve

How is X said? equis

Z is said_____ Zeta

What are the two ways Y is said and spelled? i griega or ye

W is called double ve or _____ doble u

S is said as _____ ese

R is ere, True or false? True

Pronounce P pe

N is said as______ ene

Say M eme

Pronounce K ka

The first letter of the alfabeto A

Spell ANDY AENEDEIGREIGA

- Type
- Crossword Puzzle

falsely assumes that one thing leads to another Slippery Slope

misrepresents a position to make it sound weaker Straw Man

authority figure affirms incoherent proposition Appeal to Authority

idea must be true because it is the popular opinion Appeal to Popularity

idea is dismissed because of who the source is Genetic

fallacy of distraction Red Herring

an assumption one makes based on insufficient evidence or biased information Hasty Generalization

someone is asked to choose between two ideas Flase Dichotomy

the reasoner beginswith what they are trying to end with Circular Argument

A question with a false, disputed, or question-begging presupposition. Loaded Question

An argument is given from which a perfectly valid and sound conclusion may be drawn, yet the stated conclusion is something else Missing the Point

- Type
- Crossword Puzzle

A logical argument that shows a statement is true. proof

A statement formed by exchanging the hypothesis and conclusion. converse

The "then" part of a conditional statement. hypothesis

When a conditional statement and its converse are both true, you can write them as a _____ statement. biconditional

A conditional statement is either true or _______. false

A statement formed by negating and switching the hypothesis and conclusion. contrapositive

______ reasoning is reasoning from a specific case to a general rule. inductive

A statement formed by negating both the hypothesis and conclusion. inverse

Law of logic that is similar to the Transitive Property. syllogism

The Law of _______ says that if a conditional statement is true and the hypothesis is true, we must conclude the conclusion is true. detachment

An educated guess based on analyzing information or patterns. conjecture

_____ reasoning uses facts, definitions, accepted properties, and the laws of logic to form a logical argument. deductive

A statement written in "If-then" form is called a _______ statement. conditional

The _____ of a statement is the opposite of the original statement. negation

The contrapositive is formed by negating and switching the hypothesis and _______. conclusion

A specific case for which the conjecture is false. Counterexample

The ______ property refers to when something is congruent to itself. reflexive

- Type
- Crossword Puzzle

a persuasive appeal that is used to show the credibility of the speaker (expert or celebrity) Ethos

a persuasive appeal that is used to evoke the emotions of the audience Pathos

a persuasive appeal that is uses logic through definitions, facts, or statistics to prove a point Logos

an error in thinking or arguing Fallacy

the author/creator of the persuasive appeals ethos, pathos, and logos Aristotle

to state something to be true with or without evidence Claim

a claim plus supporting reasons Thesis

a statement that creates an inferred conclusion Premise

a confident and forceful statement of fact or belief Assertion

language used to persuade an audience Rhetoric

the degree to which an objective is achieved Effectiveness

Judging the value or character of something; discussing the positive and negative advantages or disadvantages. Evaluate

A summary based on evidence or facts Conclusion

the available body of facts or information indicating whether a belief or proposition is true or valid. Evidence

- Type
- Crossword Puzzle

Comparing two things as though they are actually alike when they have key features that are different. False Analogy

The fallacy of composition arises when one infers that something is true of the whole from the fact that is true of some part of the whole Fallacy of Composition

Assuming casual relationships between two events based solely on the two events happening close in time, or "after this, therefore because of this." False Cause Fallacy

"Domino theory" and "ripple affect" aka one thing leads to another Slippery slope

Attacking someone personally while criticizing them in a totally different arena Ad hominem

Purposely misinterpeting or mistaking an opponents argument as a way to make it easier to denigrate or attack Straw Man Fallacy

Bringing up irrelevant issues that have more emotional appeal than the real issues in order to divert attention away from the point Red Herring

Claiming that a statement/argument is more valid because it comes from an authority figure Appeal to Authority

Claiming that a position is valid because it hasn't been proven wrong Ad Ignorantium

Claiming that the majority opinion must be the correct opinion Ad Populum

- Type
- Crossword Puzzle

a statement that is accepted as true axiom

statement formed by exchanging the hypothesis and the conclusion of a conditional statement converse

statements that have the same truth value logically equivalent

any sentence that is either true or false, but not both statement

table used as a convenient method for organizing the truth values of statements truth table

statement that immediately follows the word 'then' conclusion

the truth or falsity of a statement truth value

statement formed by negating both the hypothesis and conclusion of the converse of a conditional statement contrapositive

a proof that is made up of a series of algebraic statements algebraic proof

in a conditional statement, the statement that immediately follows the word 'if' hypothesis

a formal proof that contains statements and reasons organized in two columns two-column proof

a statement that can be written in 'if-then' form conditional statement

an example used to show that a given statement is not always true counterexample

statement formed by negating both the hypothesis and conclusion of a conditional statement inverse

a compound statement of the form "if 'p', then 'q'", where 'p' and 'q' are statements if-then statements

- Type
- Crossword Puzzle

The set of all possible outcomes of an experiment Sample space

The set that contains elements or objects that belong to either A or B or to both Union of two sets (A u B)

The set having no elements Null or Empty set

Refers to the elements not in that set Complement of a set

A diagram that shows relationships between different finite sets Venn Diagram

Two or more events that cannot occur at the same time Mutually exclusive

Two or more events that can occur at the same time Mutually inclusive

When two events A and B are mutually exclusive, the probability that A or B will occur is the some of probability of each events Addition rule

Probability of both occurring by p(A and B) Event

Total number outcome is based on a particular category or event p(A/B) Conditional probability

Two events are dependent if the outcome of the first affect the outcome of the second probability changed Dependent event

Two events, A and B are independent if the fact that A occur does not effect the probability that B occur Independent events

Is the chance that something's will happen how likely is that some event will happen sometime you can measure a probability with a number like 10 percent chance of rain Basic probability

A tree diagram is a toal that we use in general mathematics ..Probability and stastic that allow us to calculate the number of possible outcome of an event Tree diagrams

The probability of two independent events occurring can found by the following former p(AnB) =p(A).p(B) Multiplication rule

When two events are said to be independent of each other Two way table

Drawing a red card from a standard deck of card is 26/52 so percent the probability of drawing a deck is 13/52 (25) percent the odd for event is the ratin of the number Odds

The chance of an event occurring Probability

- Type
- Crossword Puzzle

A comparison between two things that helps the reader to draw conclusions about their similarities analogy

Suggests that families are good, especially traditional nuclear families appeal to family values

A story about someone or something that the writer has experienced or heard about Anecdote

Examining general rules and facts about a group to form a specific conclusion about one part of the group Deductive Reasoning

Overused phrase quickly understood by a wide audience Cliche

Repetition of a consonant, especially at the start of words Alliteration

Evidence in a visual form graphs and diagrams

Language that has a strong emotional impact. Uses the positive and negative connotations of words to influence the readers respond Emotive language

Uses 'we' 'our' 'us' etc. to include the readers in the same group as the writer Inclusive language

Figure of speech that identify a similarity between two different things. Metaphor and simile

Exaggerates the true situation for dramatic impact Exaggeration

Used to link together and develop an argument in support of the main contention reason and logic

Plays on people's tendency to react emotionally with their safety, security, country or loved ones as threatened appeal to fear

An idea or statement that someone takes for granted as being true assumption

facts, information or expert opinions to support an argument evidence