# Intermediate Logic Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A logical operator that joins two propositions and is true if an only if one or both of the propositions is true. Disjunction
The proposition following the if is called? antecedent
A proposition that is always true due to its logical structure. tautology
If the premises can be true and the conclusion false, the argument is? invalid
For two propositions to be true at the same time they are said to be? consistent
A valid argument which presents a choice between two conditionals. dilemma
A valid argument form which can be used to justify steps in a proof. Rule of Inference
Which rule of replacement says p ≡ (p ∨ p)? tautology
Which rule of replacement says (p ⊃ q) ≡ (~q ⊃ ~p)? transposition
Which rule of replacement says [p ∙ (q ∨ r)] ≡ [(p ∙ q) ∨ (p ∙ r)]? distribution
Which rule of replacement says [(p ∙ q) ⊃ r] ≡ [p ⊃ (q ⊃ r)]? exportation
Which rule of replacement says (p ≡ q) ≡ [(p ∙ q) ∨ (~p ∙ ~q)]? material equivalence
Is a path on a truth tree which includes no contradictions. open branch
When a compound proposition is broken down into simple propositions. It is said to be what? decomposed

## Chapter 2 Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The phrase that follows the word "then" conclusion
Formed by joining two or more statements with the word "and" conjunction
Formed by joining two or more statements with the word "or" disjunction
Not P negation
If q, then p converse
If not p, then not q inverse
If not q, then not p contrapositive
A statement that requires a proof Theorem
A statement accepted as true Axiom
An example that shows a conjecture is false counterexample
A=A Reflexive
If A=B, then B=A Symmetric
If A=B, and B=C, then A=C. transitive
logically correct valid
If p, then q conditional
A concluding statement reached using inductive reasoning conjecture
A logical argument that leads you from the hypothesis to the conclusion proof
the study of shapes geometry

## 2.2-2.6 Review Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

______ is a sentence that is either true or false statement
______ value of a statement is either true (T) or (F) truth
_______ of a satement has the opposite meaning, as well as an opposite truth value negation
two or more statements joined by the word "and" or "or" form a ______ statement compound
a compound statement using the word "and" is called _____ conjunction
a compound statement that uses the word "or" is called a ______ disjunction
________statement is a statement that can be written in the "if-then form" conditional
_________ statement is of the form "if p, then q" if-then
A conditional statement is the phrase immediatley following the word "if." This is known as a_______ hypothesis
A conditional statement is the phrase immediatley following the word "if." this is known as the _______ conclusion
There are other statements that are based on a given conditinal statement. This is known as ________ conditionals related
is formed by exchanging the hypothesis and conclusion of the conditional. This is known as _______ converse
is formed by negating both the hypothesis and conclusion of the conditional. This is known as ______ inverse
is formed by negating bith the hypothesis and the conclusion of the converse of the conditional. this known as ________ contrapositive
statements with the same truth values are said to be ________ equivalent logically
a _________ and its contrapositive are logically equivalent conditional
______ reasoning uses facts, rules, definitons, or properties to reach logical conclusions from given statements deductive
______ reasoning which uses a pattern of examples or obseravtions to make a conjecture inductive
if p-->q is a true statement and p is true, then q is true. This is known as Law of ________ Detachment
The Law of _______ is another valid form of deductive reasoning; if p->q and q-->r are true statements then p-->r is a true statement Syllogism
a _______ is a statement that is accepted as true without proof postulate
a logical argument in which each statement you make is supported by a statement that is accepted as true. This is known as a _______ proof
___________ argument by forming a logical chain of statements linking the given to what you are trying to prove deductive
if a=b, then b=a. What property is this? Symmetric
If a=b and b=c, then a=c. What property is this? Transitive

## El alfabeto Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Pronouciation of B be
Pronouciation of D de
How to say F efe
How do you say H hache
How is the letter J pronounced? jota
Pronounce L ele
Say N ene
What is O in spanish? O
Q in spanish. cu
The rr in spanish is pronounced how? erre
How do you say T for team in spanish? te
Is U pronounced as U? yes
How is V pronounced? (Two ways) ve or uve
How is X said? equis
Z is said_____ Zeta
What are the two ways Y is said and spelled? i griega or ye
W is called double ve or _____ doble u
S is said as _____ ese
R is ere, True or false? True
Pronounce P pe
N is said as______ ene
Say M eme
Pronounce K ka
The first letter of the alfabeto A
Spell ANDY AENEDEIGREIGA

## Logical Fallacies Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

falsely assumes that one thing leads to another Slippery Slope
misrepresents a position to make it sound weaker Straw Man
authority figure affirms incoherent proposition Appeal to Authority
idea must be true because it is the popular opinion Appeal to Popularity
idea is dismissed because of who the source is Genetic
fallacy of distraction Red Herring
an assumption one makes based on insufficient evidence or biased information Hasty Generalization
someone is asked to choose between two ideas Flase Dichotomy
the reasoner beginswith what they are trying to end with Circular Argument
A question with a false, disputed, or question-begging presupposition. Loaded Question
An argument is given from which a perfectly valid and sound conclusion may be drawn, yet the stated conclusion is something else Missing the Point

## Logic and Geometry Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A logical argument that shows a statement is true. proof
A statement formed by exchanging the hypothesis and conclusion. converse
The "then" part of a conditional statement. hypothesis
When a conditional statement and its converse are both true, you can write them as a _____ statement. biconditional
A conditional statement is either true or _______. false
A statement formed by negating and switching the hypothesis and conclusion. contrapositive
______ reasoning is reasoning from a specific case to a general rule. inductive
A statement formed by negating both the hypothesis and conclusion. inverse
Law of logic that is similar to the Transitive Property. syllogism
The Law of _______ says that if a conditional statement is true and the hypothesis is true, we must conclude the conclusion is true. detachment
An educated guess based on analyzing information or patterns. conjecture
_____ reasoning uses facts, definitions, accepted properties, and the laws of logic to form a logical argument. deductive
A statement written in "If-then" form is called a _______ statement. conditional
The _____ of a statement is the opposite of the original statement. negation
The contrapositive is formed by negating and switching the hypothesis and _______. conclusion
A specific case for which the conjecture is false. Counterexample
The ______ property refers to when something is congruent to itself. reflexive

## Persuasive Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

a persuasive appeal that is used to show the credibility of the speaker (expert or celebrity) Ethos
a persuasive appeal that is used to evoke the emotions of the audience Pathos
a persuasive appeal that is uses logic through definitions, facts, or statistics to prove a point Logos
an error in thinking or arguing Fallacy
the author/creator of the persuasive appeals ethos, pathos, and logos Aristotle
to state something to be true with or without evidence Claim
a claim plus supporting reasons Thesis
a statement that creates an inferred conclusion Premise
a confident and forceful statement of fact or belief Assertion
language used to persuade an audience Rhetoric
the degree to which an objective is achieved Effectiveness
Judging the value or character of something; discussing the positive and negative advantages or disadvantages. Evaluate
A summary based on evidence or facts Conclusion
the available body of facts or information indicating whether a belief or proposition is true or valid. Evidence

## Logical Fallacies Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Comparing two things as though they are actually alike when they have key features that are different. False Analogy
The fallacy of composition arises when one infers that something is true of the whole from the fact that is true of some part of the whole Fallacy of Composition
Assuming casual relationships between two events based solely on the two events happening close in time, or "after this, therefore because of this." False Cause Fallacy
"Domino theory" and "ripple affect" aka one thing leads to another Slippery slope
Attacking someone personally while criticizing them in a totally different arena Ad hominem
Purposely misinterpeting or mistaking an opponents argument as a way to make it easier to denigrate or attack Straw Man Fallacy
Bringing up irrelevant issues that have more emotional appeal than the real issues in order to divert attention away from the point Red Herring
Claiming that a statement/argument is more valid because it comes from an authority figure Appeal to Authority
Claiming that a position is valid because it hasn't been proven wrong Ad Ignorantium
Claiming that the majority opinion must be the correct opinion Ad Populum

## Geometry Chapter 2 Vocab Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

a statement that is accepted as true axiom
statement formed by exchanging the hypothesis and the conclusion of a conditional statement converse
statements that have the same truth value logically equivalent
any sentence that is either true or false, but not both statement
table used as a convenient method for organizing the truth values of statements truth table
statement that immediately follows the word 'then' conclusion
the truth or falsity of a statement truth value
statement formed by negating both the hypothesis and conclusion of the converse of a conditional statement contrapositive
a proof that is made up of a series of algebraic statements algebraic proof
in a conditional statement, the statement that immediately follows the word 'if' hypothesis
a formal proof that contains statements and reasons organized in two columns two-column proof
a statement that can be written in 'if-then' form conditional statement
an example used to show that a given statement is not always true counterexample
statement formed by negating both the hypothesis and conclusion of a conditional statement inverse
a compound statement of the form "if 'p', then 'q'", where 'p' and 'q' are statements if-then statements

## Probability Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The set of all possible outcomes of an experiment Sample space
The set that contains elements or objects that belong to either A or B or to both Union of two sets (A u B)
The set having no elements Null or Empty set
Refers to the elements not in that set Complement of a set
A diagram that shows relationships between different finite sets Venn Diagram
Two or more events that cannot occur at the same time Mutually exclusive
Two or more events that can occur at the same time Mutually inclusive
When two events A and B are mutually exclusive, the probability that A or B will occur is the some of probability of each events Addition rule
Probability of both occurring by p(A and B) Event
Total number outcome is based on a particular category or event p(A/B) Conditional probability
Two events are dependent if the outcome of the first affect the outcome of the second probability changed Dependent event
Two events, A and B are independent if the fact that A occur does not effect the probability that B occur Independent events
Is the chance that something's will happen how likely is that some event will happen sometime you can measure a probability with a number like 10 percent chance of rain Basic probability
A tree diagram is a toal that we use in general mathematics ..Probability and stastic that allow us to calculate the number of possible outcome of an event Tree diagrams
The probability of two independent events occurring can found by the following former p(AnB) =p(A).p(B) Multiplication rule
When two events are said to be independent of each other Two way table
Drawing a red card from a standard deck of card is 26/52 so percent the probability of drawing a deck is 13/52 (25) percent the odd for event is the ratin of the number Odds
The chance of an event occurring Probability

## Argument analysis technique's Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A comparison between two things that helps the reader to draw conclusions about their similarities analogy
Suggests that families are good, especially traditional nuclear families appeal to family values
A story about someone or something that the writer has experienced or heard about Anecdote
Examining general rules and facts about a group to form a specific conclusion about one part of the group Deductive Reasoning
Overused phrase quickly understood by a wide audience Cliche
Repetition of a consonant, especially at the start of words Alliteration
Evidence in a visual form graphs and diagrams
Language that has a strong emotional impact. Uses the positive and negative connotations of words to influence the readers respond Emotive language
Uses 'we' 'our' 'us' etc. to include the readers in the same group as the writer Inclusive language
Figure of speech that identify a similarity between two different things. Metaphor and simile
Exaggerates the true situation for dramatic impact Exaggeration
Used to link together and develop an argument in support of the main contention reason and logic
Plays on people's tendency to react emotionally with their safety, security, country or loved ones as threatened appeal to fear
An idea or statement that someone takes for granted as being true assumption
facts, information or expert opinions to support an argument evidence