Type
Crossword
Description

water returning to the surface after being absorbed by the ground Spring
a colorless, pungent gas composed of nitrogen and hydrogen from animal waste Ammonia
When large amounts of nutrients enter the water and cause an increase in the amount of oxygen Eutrophication
when the point of the pollution is difficult to identify Non- point source
officially, an ____ is any area of the marine environment that has been reserved by federal, state, tribal, territorial, or local laws or regulations to provide lasting protection for part or all of the natural and cultural resources therein Marine protected area (MPA)
hosphorous can come from natural sources such as ___- containing rocks and human sources such as fertilizers, pesticides, detergents, and industrial wastes. Phosphates
when the source of the pollutant is easily identified Point source
a place in the aquifer where impermeable rock covers permeable rock Confining layer
holds the rock layers that make up an aquifer and the water that is stored and transported through the openings in the rocks Groundwater system
single celled algae Phytoplankton
the process by which water is released from plans leaves Transpiration
pollution that occurs when living things decompose Organic Pollution
chemicals used to kill weeds Herbicides
when precipitation is absorbed into the ground and moves down through the soil Percolation
a water-soluble molecule made up of nitrogen and oxygen, commonly found in agricultural fertilizers Nitrate
a hole that is drilled into the aquifer Well
a rock with many spaces between grains. Porous Rock
an underground water system made of porous rock and sand Aquifer
an area of land over which water flows to reach a common body of water such as a lake or pond Watershed
the passage of water between reservoirs (oceans and atmosphere) by groundwater percolation, evaporation, condensation, and precipitation. Hydrologic Cycle

Hydrology Unit Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

mass of water found on, under, and over the surface of a planet. HYDROSPHERE
water present beneath Earth's surface in soil pore spaces and in the fractures of rock formations Ground water
an area or ridge of land that separates waters flowing to different rivers, basins, or seas. Watershed
study of the movement, distribution, and quality of water on Earth and other planets HYDROLOGY
of or found in fresh water; not of the sea FRESHWATER
all the waters on the earth's surface, such as lakes and seas HYDROSPHERE
an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock, rock fractures or unconsolidated materials AQUIFER
may be anywhere on Earth that is covered by seawater OCEAN BASIN
a partly enclosed coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it estuary
oceanographic phenomenon that involves wind-driven motion of dense, cooler, and usually nutrient-rich water towards the ocean surface, UPWELLING
The integration and application of environmental values into the military mission in order to sustain readiness, improve quality of life STEWARDSHIP
biological conversion of one or more carbon molecules CHEMOSYNTHESIS
a single identifiable source of air, Water pollution, thermal, noise or light pollution POINT SOURCE POLLUTION
introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that cause adverse change POLLUTION
saltiness or dissolved salt content of a body of water SALINITY
water pollution affects a water body from sources such as polluted runoff from agricultural areas draining into a river, or wind-borne debris blowing out to sea. NONPOINTPOLLUTION
the cloudiness or haziness of a fluid caused by large numbers of individual particles that are generally invisible to the naked eye TURBIDITY
a rapid increase or accumulation in the population of algae ALGAL BLOOM
a numeric scale used to specify the acidity or basicity(alkalinity) of an aqueous solution pH
of, found in, or produced by the sea MARINE
may be anywhere on Earth that is covered by seawater OCEAN BASIN
a substance that pollutes something, especially water or the atmosphere POLLUTANT
species that can be used to monitor the health of an environment or ecosystem. BIO-INDICATOR
change of the physical state of matter from gas phase into liquid phase CONDENSATION
rain, snow, sleet, or hail that falls to the ground. PRECIPITATION
the draining away of water (or substances carried in it) from the surface of an area of land, a building or structure, etc. RUNOFF
a type of vaporization of a liquid that occurs from the surface of a liquid into a gaseous phase EVAPORATION
process of water movement through a lant and its evaporation from aerial parts TRANSPIRATION

Water Resources: Environmental Science Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Water found on Earth's land surface. Surface Water
Continuous movement of water between Earth and its atmosphere Water Cycle
A flowing network of water formed by rivers and streams River System
Area of land that is drained by a river Watershed
Water found beneath the earth's surface groundwater
Underground formation that contains groundwater Aquifer
ability of rock or soil to allow water to flow through it permeability
Area of Earth's surface from which water percolates down into an aquifer recharge zone
A hole that is dug or drilled to reach groundwater well
percentage of the total volume of a rock that has spaces (pores) porosity
The level undergound where rocks and soil are saturated with water water table

Chapter 11: Water Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

fresh water on Earth's land surface surface water
streams and rivers moving across the land form a river system
area of land that is drained by a river watershed
water found beneath Earth's surface groundwater
an underground formation that contains groundwater aquifer
percentage of the total volume of a rock that was pores porosity
the ability of rock or soil to allow water to flow through it permeability
area of Earth's surface from which water percolates down into an aquifer recharge zone
meaning "safe to drink" potable
organisms that cause illness or disease pathogens
built across rivers to control the river's flow dams
artificial lake reservoir
process of removing salt from water desalination
polluting of water water pollution
pollution discharged from a single point point-source solution
runoff pollution nonpoint source polution
water that contains waste waste water
when power plants use water in their cooling systems then discharge warm water into a lake or river thermal pollution
chemical buildup in water biomagnification

Water Cycle and Terms Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

Porosity
Contaminant
Watershed
Reservoirs
Surface Water
Storm Water Drains
Nonpoint Source Pollution
Point Source Pollution
Water Table
Impermeable
Permeable
Aquifer
Ground Water
Transpiration
Infiltration
Condensation
Evaporation
Precipitation

Pollution Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

one of the leading causes towards he increase amount of non-point solution agriculture
example of point source solution pipes
the source of pollution can be directly seen point
leading cause of run-off pesticides
movement of water through soil and rock percolation
can not directly see where the pollution is coming from nonpoint
agricultural practices placing pesticides and it running off into groundwater runoff
example of non-point source pollution from waterways stormwater
reaction of sunlight, nitrogen oxides, and VOCs; point source appears gray photochemical smog
nonpoint pollutant refering to the outflow of acidic water from mines acid mine drainage
2012 oil spill in the gulf of mexico on BP operated ship deep water horizon
hazardous chemicals that had been buried in a canal, leaked into people's property and school yards love canal
extremely damaging substance to human blood carbon monoxide
wet/dry deposits of secondary pollutants onto earth surfaces acid deposition
brown haze composed of sulfur dioxide, sulfuric acid, and suspended particles industrial smog
pollution of water through air pollution atmospheric depostion
river in India polluted by trash and untreated sewage Ganges
mercury dumped in a body of water in Japan, leading to mental impairment, birth defects and death in humans minamata bay
nations agree to cut CFC productionin half to recover ozone montreal protocol
the process by which something becomes impure, defiled, dirty, or otherwise unclean pollution

Chapter 11 Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

fresh water on Earth's surface surface water
a virus, microorganism, or other substance that causes disease pathogens
a structure built across a river to control the river's flow dam
the ability of a rock or sediment to let fluids pass through its open spaces or pores permeability
an area in which water travels downward to become part of an aquifer recharge zone
the accumulation of pollutants at successive levels of the food chain biomagnification
a temperature increase in a body of water that is caused by human activity and that has a harmful effect on water quality and on the ability of that body of water to support life thermal pollution
water that contains wastes from homes or industry wastewater
the water that is beneath the Earth's surface groundwater
the area of land that is drained by a water system watershed
suitable for drinking potable
a process of removing salt from ocean water desalination
the introduction into water of waste matter or chemicals that are harmful to organisms living in the water or to those that drink or are exposed to the water water pollution
a method of providing plants with water from sources other than direct precipitation irrigation
a process that increases the amount of nutrients in a body of water through human activities, such as waste disposal and land drainage artificial eutrophication
the percentage of the total volume of a rock or sediment that consists of open spaces porosity
pollution that comes from many sources rather than from a single specific site nonpoint source pollution
a flowing network of rivers and streams draining a river basin river system
pollution that comes from a specific site point source pollution
an artificial body of water that usually forms behind a dam reservoir
a body of rock or sediment that stores groundwater and allows the flow of groundwater aquifer

Water resources Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

If you don't get your drinking water from a river or reservoir, you probably get it from here Groundwater
A specific body of underground water Aquifer
Where most of South Jersey gets it's drinking water Kirkwood Cohansey Aquifer
A body of underground water close to the surface Unconfined aquifer
An impermeable layer underground that water cannot easily pass through Confining Bed
A body of water underneath of an impermeable layer Confined Aquifer
The highest point of the groundwater, closest to the surface Water Table
The total area underground that is filled with water Zone Of Saturation
Water can flow through a material (adj.). Example: a grassy field permeable
Water cannot flow through a material (adj.). Example: a parking lot impermeable
An area of land that drains to a particular body of water on the surface watershed
When rain water seeps underground into an aquifer recharge
Rain water that flows over the surface, often into a stormdrain, to a local stream and ultimately to the ocean Stormwater Runoff
Something people build to capture runoff from an impermeable surface, using natural processes Green Infrastructure
A container for holding water that falls on your roof and flows through the gutter. Often used for gardening Rain Barrel
A planted area, dug out to be lower than the surrounding area, where stormwater can pool and slowly infiltrate into the ground. Often uses native plants Rain Garden
Using native plants that are accustomed to your area's climate, and therefore don't need much extra watering. Also called xeriscaping, from the Greek "xeri" meaning dry naturescaping
A planted area, using grasses, shrubs, and/or trees, that slows down and soaks up stormwater before it reaches a stream or river Riparian Buffer
A special type of pavement that water can flow through. Also called permeable pavement Porous Concrete
Certification that a product meets a certain level of water efficiency. This is to water what EnergyStar is to electricity WaterSense

Biogeochemical Cycles Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Our atmosphere contains 78% free _________________________. Nitrogen
Animals need nitrogen to produce ______________________. Proteins
What molecule is produced when nitrogen is fixed? Ammonia
Animals get nitrogen into their systems by eating _______________. Plants
Large organic molecule containing nitrogen that contains your genetic information. DNA
Prokaryote responsible for "fixing" nitrogen. Bacteria
_________________________ occurs when fertilizer runoff causes excess algae and water weeds. Eutrophication
Process where water "evaporates" from plants. Transpiration
What "powers" the water cycle? Sun
Rain, snow, sleet, or hail. Precipitation
The downward entry of water into the soil or rock surface. Infiltration
Process by which water changes from a liquid to a gas. Evaporation
Oats, peas, beans, corn Legumes
Helps plants to grow. Fertilizer
Bacteria that break down organic matter. Decomposers
Process by which water vapor turns into liquid water. Condensation

freshwater vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the area of land that is drained by a river system watershed
the path that a stream follows channel
any form of water that falls to Earth's surface from the clouds; includes rain, snow, sleet, and hail precipitation
the materials carried by a stream load
the raising of aquatic plants and animals for human use or consumption aquifer
the change of state from a liquid to a gas evaporation
the ability of a rock or sediment to let fluids pass through its open spaces, or pores permeability
the volume of water that flows within a given time discharge
a stream that flows into a lake or into a larger stream tributary
the percentage of the total volume of a rock or sediment that consists of open spaces porosity
the water that is beneath the Earth's surface groundwater
a well whose water comes from an artesian aquifer artesian well
the branch of science concerned with the properties of the earth's water, especially its movement in relation to land. hydrology
an area of low-lying ground adjacent to a river, formed mainly of river sediments and subject to flooding foodplain
a place where water or oil wells up from an underground source, or the basin or flow formed in such a way. spring
a large natural or artificial lake used as a source of water supply. reservoir
an area of land that does not let water pass through easily impermeable
the bed or channel in which a river flows. riverbed
water that collects on the surface of the ground. surface water
the property of a solid, liquid, or gaseous chemical substance solubility

Hydrosphere Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Drinkable potable
When a gas changes into a liquid condensation
Saltiness of water salinity
Water that flows from the land into rivers and lakes runoff
Water is called this due to its ability to dissolve many things universalsolvent
All of the water on Earth hydrosphere
The "skin" or "film" on top of water surfacetension
Property where something sticks to other things adhesion
A factory dumping waste into a river would be this type of pollution pointsource
Evaporation from plants transpiration
Cloudiness of water turbidity
Rain, sleet, snow, and hail precipitation
The place where salt water and fresh water mix estuary
When a liquid changes to a gas evaporation
Water within the earth groundwater
How easily water can travel through rock permeability
The portion of land drained by a river riverbasin
Oxygen in water dissolvedoxygen
97% of Earth's water is this type saltwater
Most of Earth's freshwater is found here glaciers
The process of water seeping into the ground infiltration
3% of Earth's water is this type freshwater
Property where something sticks to itself cohesion
Pockets of water that feed wells and springs aquifer
The size of the spaces between rock porosity