Type
Crossword
Description

soft tissue filling the spongy interiors of the bones YELLOWBONE MARROW
any distinct piece of the skeleton of the body; the hard bone compact bone
The dense fibrous membrane covering the surface of bones periosteum
a vessel through which the blood passes away from the heart to various parts of the body nutrient artery
the tissue lining the medullary cavity of a bone. endosteum
A thin layer, sheet, or plate of collagen fibers, LAMELLAE
A bone pointed towards the center of the body that is rounded and made of spongy tissue & covered in articulate cartilage PROXIMIAL EPIPHYISIS
the portion of a long bone between the ends or extremities. DIAPHYSIS
Made up of spongy bone, which is bone with tiny holes similar to lattices. DISTAL EPIPHYSIS
the hard, rigid form of connective tissue constituting most of the skeleton Spongy Bone
is a hyaline cartilage plate in the metaphysis at each end of a long bone. EPIPHYSISEAL
the small cavity containing an osteocyte in bone, or a chondrocyte in cartilage Lacuna
part of the bone tissue and forms most of the mass of the bone bone matrix
a thin layer, membrane, or plate of tissue, especially in bone. LAMELLA

Skeletal System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Covers end of long bones Articular Cartilage
Top end of the bone Proximal Epiphysis
Bottom end of bone Distal Epiphysis
Shaft; Composed of compact bine Diaphysis
Cavity of the shaft Medullary Cavity
Dense smooth outer layer Compact bone
Honey comb ; containg red marrow Spongy bone
When cartilage hardens after growth Epiphyseal line
Band of cartilage between epiphysis and diaphysis epiphyseal plate
Covers diaphysis; fibrous connective tissue membrane Periosteum
In spongy bone red marrow
in medullary cavity Yellow Marrow
concentric circles that surround the haversian canals lamellae
open spaces with in the lamellae that contain osteocytes lacuna
Mature bone cells osteocytes
bone - destroying cells osteoclast
bone forming cells osteoblast
functional unit of compact bone osteon
opening in centerr of osteon central canal
canal perpindicular to central canal perforating canal

Skeletal System Vocabulary Crossword Puzzle 1

Type
Crossword
Description

covers the surfaces of bones where they come together to form joints Articular Cartilage
the end of the bone located nearest to the midline of the body Proximal Epiphysis
end of the bone located farthest away from the midline Distal Epiphysis
shaft of a long bone Diaphysis
cavity within the shaft of the long bones filled with bone marrow Medullary Cavity
Hard, dense bone tissue that is beneath the outer membrane of a bone Compact Bone
Layer of bone tissue having many small spaces and found just inside the layer of compact bone. Spongy Bone
remnant of the epiphyseal plate, seen in adult bones Epiphyseal Line
A dense fibrous membrane covering the surface of bones (except at their extremities) and serving as an attachment for tendons and muscles. Periosteum
produces red blood cells Red Marrow
soft, fatty material found in the medullary cavity of long bones; stores fat Yellow Marrow
Concentric rings made up of groups of hollow tubes of bone matrix Lamellae
small cavities in bone that contain osteocytes Lacuna
mature bone cell Osteocyte
Bone-destroying cells Osteoclast
bone-forming cell Osteoblast
structural unit of compact bone Osteon
A tiny channel found within the spinal cord and inferior medulla oblongata Central Canal
canal perpendicular to the central canal, carries blood vessels and nerves Perforating Canal
growth plate Epiphyseal Plate

Skeletal system Review Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The skeletal system ______ internal organs. Protects
Stores and releases salts of calcium and __________. phosphorus
_________ body in movements assists
Participates in ________ cell production blood
Stores triglycerides in adipose cells of _________ bone marrow yellow
Provides ________ to the human body. support
unspecialized bone cells that are able to change into other type of cells osteoprogenitor
Bone-building cells osteoblasts
Mature bone cells osteocytes
Remodel bones and cause them to release calcium osteoclasts
_______ skeleton that lies on the longitudinal axis of the human body. axial
_________ skeleton that deals with upper and lower limbs, pelvis, and pectoral. appendicular
What type of bone is your carpals? short
What type of bone is your femur? long
What type of bone is your patella? sesmoid
What type of bone is your frontal bone? flat
What type pf bone is your vertebrae? irregular
The process of bone formation ossification
All bones consists of mainly 99% of this mineral. calcium
Bone connected to shoulder joint and elbow joint. humerous
Your thigh bone femur
kneecap bone patella
The bone we call our collar bone clavicle
Triangle shaped bone behind shoulder scapula
Jaw bone mandible
Finger bones are also called ______ phalanges
bone that is on the thumb side of arm Radius
bone that is on pinky side of arm bone Ulna
bone that holds your brain cranial
________ bone is good at providing protection and support compact
________ bone is lightweight and provides tissue support spongy
Main portion of long bone Diaphysis
both ends of bone at the joints. (proximal and distal) epiphyses
region between diaphysis and epiphyses metaphyses
thin layer that covers both epiphyses articular cartilage
connective tissues surrounding the diaphysis periosteum
hollow space within diaphysis. Houses yellow bone marrow medullary cavity
thin membrane lining the medullary cavity endosteum

bones Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

small canals in compact bonne canaliculi
connective tissue consisting of fat cells yellow bone marrow
layer of connective rings lamella
process shaped like pulley on a bone Trochle
bones enclosed in a tendon sesamoid bone
tiny cavitities between lacunae
layer ofareular tissue fascia
center of shaft of long bone filled with yellow bone marrow medullary cavity
forms the outer layer oof the bone and is very dense compact bone
thick filaments of proteinin a muscle cell myosin
closed sacs with a synovial membrane lining bursae
compact bone cointaining capillaries haversian canals
the electrically polarized muscle cell membrane sarcoleme
small round process on a bone Tubercle
soft spot on top of a babys head fontanelle
freely moving joints or articulation piarthroses
a furrow or groove gulcus
rounded prominence found at the point of articulation condyle
found within cancellous bone red bone marrow
fiberous connective tissue trabeculae
formation of bone by osteoblast ossification
a type of specialized connective tisse cartilage
the area between two adjacent z lines in a muscle cell sarcomere
a cavity with a bone sinus
dense connective tissue that attaches muscle to bone tendon
thin filaments of protein in a muscle cell actin
connective tissue that attches bone to bone ligament
articulation in which the bones are united by a thin layer of fiberous tissue suture
shaft composed mainly of compact bone diaphysis
cells involved of bong tissue osteoblast
a joint gomphosis

Long Bones Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

connective tissue that covers atricullar surface of bones articular cartilage
enlarged terminal part of bone near the center of the body proximal epiphysis
enlarged terminal part of bone further from body distal epiphysis
shaft or central part of a long bone diaphysis
central part of bone shaft where red and yellow bone marrow is stored medullary cavity
dense bone were the bony matrix is filled with ground substance compact bone
bone that is highly vascular and contains red marrow spongy bone
line of long bone where growth occurs epiphyseal line
hyaline cartilage plate at the end of a long bone epiphyseal plate
dense layer of vascular connective tissue that envelopes long bones periosteum
required for formation of red blood cells red marrow
fatty bone marrow; found at end of long bones yellow marrow
thin layer or platelike tissue found in bone tissue lamellae
cavity or depression in bone lacuna
mature bone cell osteocyte
cell that breaks down bone and is responsible for bone resorption osteoclast
bone-forming cell osteoblast
fundamental functional unit of compact bone; basic unit osteon
canal that runs through the spinal cord and ventricles of the brain central canal
canals in bone through which blood vessels pass perforating canal

Histology Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

primary cell found in dense regular connective tissue fibroblast
A single layer of flat cells is a _______ _______ epithelium simple squamous
nonciliated __________ ______________ epithelium lines the small intestine simplecolumnar
All connective tissues have ground substance, fibers, and ________________. cells
a "red blood cell" erythrocyte
_________________ cells secrete mucin goblet
Tissue that makes up the fetal skeleton hyaline cartilage
Protein fiber that gives collage the ability to resist compression collagen
A cartilage cell chondrocyte
_________ _____________ connective tissue resists force applied in one direction denseregular
a "fat cell" adipose
the study of tissues histology
_____________ stratified squamous epithelium makes up the epidermis keratinized
A single layer of square cells is a ________ ____________ epithelium. simplecuboidal
the "hole" containing an osteocyte or chondrocyte lacuna
tissue that makes up intervertebral discs fibrocartilage
The "brush border" is made up of ________________. microvilli
composes the wall of hollow internal organs smoothmuscle
____________ ____________ connective tissue resists stress in all directions dense regular
_________ connective tissue makes up lymph nodes. reticular
__________ epithelium lines the bladder. transitional
ciliated pseuodstratified columnar epithelium lines the _____________ trachea
"white blood cell" leukocyte
a bone cell osteocyte

Skeletal System Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The most abundant cartilage type in the body; provides firm support with some pliability hyaline
Skeleton that includes the bones of the skull, vertebral column, and rib cage Axial
Internal layer of skeletal bone Spongy bone
Large cells that resorb or break down bone matrix Osteoclast
Glistening white, double layered membrane that covers the external surface of bone Periosteum
a break in a bone Fracture
Fibrous membrane at angles of cranial bones that accomadate brain growth in the fetus and infant Fontanel
Freely movable joint exhibiting a joint cavity Synovial
Inflammation of the joints Arthritis
Hematopoietic tissue Red marrow
Type of joint where rounded end of one bone protrudes into a sleeve or ring composed of another bone Pivot
Band of regular fibrous tissue that connects bone to bone ligament
Type of cartilage with abundant elastic fibers Elastic
Skeleton consisting of the bones of the upper and lower limbs, and the girdles Appendicular
The elongated shaft of a long bone Diaphysis
Bone forming cell Osteoblast
Runs through the core of osteons Central canal
Osteomalacia in children Rickets
Bone joined without joint cavity Fibrous joint
Flattened fibrous sacs lined with synovial membrane Bursae
A chronic inflammatory disorder of joints Rheumatoid Arthritis
Type of joint where articular surfaces are essentially flat Plane
Type of joint wher the oval articular surface of one bone fits into a complementary depression of another Condyloid
Most compressable type of cartilage Fibrocartilage
External layer of bone Compact bone
Bone ends Epiphyses
Mature bone cell Osteocyte
process involving bone formation and destruction in response to hormonal and mechanical factors bone remodeling
Increased softening of the bone osteoporosis
type of joints where the articulating bones are united by cartilage Cartilaginous
an elongated bursa the wraps around a tendon subjected to friction Tendon Sheath
Urate crystals in the soft tissues of joints Gout
type of joint where a cylindrical projection of one bone fits into a trough shaped surface on another hinge
Type of joint that resemble condyloid joints but allow greater movement saddle
type of joint wher the spherical or hemispherical head o fone bone articulates with the cuplike socket of another Ball and Socket

Skeletal system Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Bones that form longitudinal Axial skeleton
Bones of the limbs and girdles Appendicular skeleton
Dense smooth looking and homogenous Compact bone
Composed of small needlelike peices of bone Spongy bone
Longer than wide Long bones
Cube shaped and spongy bone Short bones
Thin, flattened, and curved Flat bones
Any that do not fit the catorgorized bones Irregular bones
Shaft that makes up most of bones length Diaphysis
Fibrous connective tissue membrane Periosteum
Connective tissue fibers Sharpeys fibers/perforating
End of long bones Epiphyses
Cover external parts of moving joints Articulate cartilage
Remnants of epiphyseal plate Epiphyseal line
Flat piece of hyaline cartilage Epiphyseal plate
Adipose fat Yellow morrow
Storage for yellow morrow Medullary cavity
Forms red blood cells Red morrow
Bumps holes or ridges in bone Bone marking
Mature bone cells Osteocytes
Tiny cavities in the matrix Lacunae
Con centrism circles Lamellae
Run down the bone Central canals/haversian
What the matrix ring consist of Osteon
Runs lengthwise through the bone matrix Haversian system
Tiny canals Canaliculi
Runs into compact bones at right angle Perforating/ Volksmann canals
Process of bone formation Ossification
Bone forming cells Osteoblasts

Bones and Joints Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

How many bones are in the axial Skeleton Eighty
A "connection" between two or more bones Joints
what type of bone is a humerus Long
What type of bone is a patella Sesamoid
What type of bone is a vertebra Irregular
What type of bone is the skull Flat
Fibrous-ligamentous joint where only slight motion takes place Synarthrosis
A fibrous joint where there is a peg in a socket type of structure Gomphosis
Joints between fibro and hyaline cartilage Amphiarthrosis
Primary motion extension and flexion Hinge joint
Joint in wrist Elipsoid Joint
Type of joint at knee Condyloid joint
resists compressive and shear forces in articular surfaces Articular Cartilage
Bone density becomes weak and brittle osteoporosis
Non-vascular, Receives nutrients from synovial fluid Hyaline cartilage
Point runs through a joint from front to back Sagittal Axis
Point that runs through a joint from side to side Frontal Axis
Point that runs through a joint from top to bottom Vertical Axes
What is between the Epiphysis and Metaphysis Epiphyseal Plate
thin fibrous membrane covering all of the bine but the articular surfaces Periosteum
lie between the vertebral bones Disk
thick, clear fluid Synovial fluid
Small, padlike sacs found around most joints Bursae
partial or complete tearing of ligament fibers Sprains

Long Bone Structures Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Made up of hylaine cartilage, covers the external surface of the epiphysis, decreases friction at joint surfaces Articular Cartilage
Ends of bone, composed of mostly spongy bone. Epiphysis
Shaft, composed of compact bone Diaphysis
Cavity of the shaft, contains yellow and red marrow. Medullary Cavity
Dense, smooth, solid, gives bone strength Compact Bone
Honeycomb, needle-like, contains red marrow and blood vessels, flexibility and support. Spongy Bone
Band of cartilage between the epiphysis and diaphysis, increase bone length, growth is complete cartilage hardens into the ephyseal line. Epiphyseal Line/Plate
Outside covering of the diaphysis, fiberous connective tissue membrane, richly supplied with nerve fibers, blood and lymphatic vessels, which enter the bone via nutrient formania. Periosteum
In spongy bone, forms blood cells Red Bone Marrow
In the hollow portions of the long bone, stores fat. Yellow Bone Marrow
Arteries and veins, and capilaries, Highly vascularized Blood vessels