Type
Crossword
Description

the “facts and events” part of memory Declarative memory
the skills and conditioned part of memory Non-declarative memory
the vivid but fleeting type of memory Sensory memory
this type of memory can last up to days, but is limited in capacity Short-term memory
similar to short-term memory, “mental sketch pad” Working memory
most stable and limitless form of memory; subtypes of declarative and non-declarative memories Long-term memory
the process that turns short-term memories to long-term memories Consolidation
when contextual information becomes associated with a separate stimulus Contextual conditioning
the part of the brain that is responsible for memory; where CA1 and CA3 neurons are located Hippocampus
the physical location of a memory Engram
the idea that neurons form unique patterns or ratios that make up memories Neural network
changes in synaptic strength that follow Hebb’s rule Hebbian plasticity
“neurons that wire together, fire together” LTP
"neurons that fire apart, wire apart” LTD
activates AMPA and NMDA receptors Glutamate
allows the influx of sodium ions into the CA1 dendritic spine AMPA receptors
allows the influx of calcium ions into the CA1 dendritic spine NMDA receptors
this ion blocks NMDA receptors until the postsynaptic cell is partially depolarized Magnesium
this happens after the Mg2+ ion leaves the NMDA receptor Calcium influx
an enzyme that adds a phosphate Kinase

Central Nervous System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

nerve impulse, membrane potential of an active neuron Action potential
in a neuron, the single process that extends from the axon hillock and transmits impulses away from the cell body Axon
division of the nervous system composed of the brain and spinal cord Central nervous system
branching or tree-like nerve cell process that receives input from other neurons and transmits impulses toward the cell body (or toward the axon in unipolar neurons) Dendrite
nonexciteable supporting cells of nervous tissue; formerly called neruoglia glia
difference in electrical charge between inside and outside of the plasma membrane membrane potential
lipoprotein substance in the myelin sheath around many nerve fibers that contribute to high speed conductivity of impulses myelin
bundle nerve fibers, plus surrounding connective tissue, located outside the brain and spinal cord nerve
nerve cell, including its processes (axons and dendrites) neuron
nerves connecting the brain and spinal cord to other parts of the body peripheral nervous system
impulse conduction route to and from the central nervous system; smallest portion of nervous system that can receive a stimulus and generate a response reflex arc
membrane-to-membrane junction between a neuron and another neuron, effector cell, or sensory cell; function to propagate action potential synapse
part of the brain containing the midbrain, pons, and medulla oblongata brainstem
second largest part of the human brain; plays an essential role in the production of normal movements cerebellum
plasma-like fluid that fills the subarachnoid space in the brain and spinal cord and in the cerebral ventricles cerebrospinal fluid
largest and uppermost part of the human brain that controls consciousness, memory, sensations, emotions, and voluntary movements cerebrum
“between” brain; parts of the brain between cerebral hemispheres and the mesencephalon, or midbrain diencephalon
graphic representation of voltage changes in the brain tissue used to evaluate nerve tissue function electroencephalogram
important autonomic and neuroendocrine control center located inferior to the thalamus in the brain hypothalamus
parts of the brain involved in emotions and sense of smell; plays key role in coupling sensory inputs to short- and long-term memory; consists of the hippocampus, the hypothalamus and several other structures limbic system
fluid-containing membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord meninges
located in the medulla where bits of gray and white matter mix intricately, this structure is involved in regulating input from sensory neurons, arousal, and motor control Reticular formation
mass of gray matter located in diencephalon just above the hypothalamus; helps produce sensations, associates sensations with emotions, and plays a part in the arousal mechanism thalamus
a cavity, such as the large, fluid-filled spaces within the brain or the chambers of the heart ventricle

The Nervous System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Cells that transmit impulses Neurons
Short branch extensions that carry impulses towards the cell body Dendrites
Long fiber that carries impulses away from cell body Axon
Contained in sacs in axon terminals; released to cause stimulus in the next cell; chemicals Neurotransmitters
Relays messages, processes information, and analyzes information. Central nervous system
Connects brain to the spinal cord; Controls involuntary actions. Brain Stem
Controls reflexes; Carries signals from brain to the body Spinal cord
Second largest part of the brain; Located at the back of the skull; Coordinates balance and movement. Cerebellum
Largest part of the brain; Responsible for voluntary and educated actions; Located in 2 different lobes. Cerebrum
Fatty insulated sheath that surrounds all but the smallest nerve fibers. Myelin sheath
a bundle of fibers running to organs and tissues in the body. nerve

Biology Nervous System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

An electrochemical pulse that moves long the membrane of a neuron Nerve impulse
The protective coverings of the brain and spinal cord Meninges
The brain region that receives general sensations and relays impulses to a parietal lobe Thalamus
The region of the brain that controls involuntary activities Hypothalamus
Part of the neuron that receives nerve impulses and transmits them toward the cell body Dendrite
The series of neurons that produces a single reaction in response to a stimulus Reflex arc
The white fatty membrane that protects the neuron Myelin Sheath
The part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord Central Nervous System
The part of the neuron with the greatest diameter; contains the nucleus Cell Body
The junction between the axon and dendrite Synapse
The part of the brain containing motor and sensory centers: controls voluntary movement Cerebrum
Part of the brain that monitors and adjusts body activities Cerebellum
The gray matter of the cerebrum Cerebral Cortex
Part of the brain; Relay center between spinal cord and brain; reflex center Medulla oblongata
A rounded portion of the lower brain that relays information from one side of th brain to the other Pons
The nervous tissue that conducts messages between the brain and the peripheral body parts Spinal cord
The functional unit of the nervous system. The cell that receives and distributes nerve impulses. Neuron
The chemicals responsible for extending the nerve impulse from one cell to the next Neurotransmitters

Anatomy: The Nervous System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Lobe; language, speech FRONTAL
Eliminates wastes from neurons in CNS MICROGLIAL
The sensory neuron AFFERENT
Lobe; auditory, olfactory (smell) TEMPORAL
Shapes and supports neuron CELL BODY
Part of the brain that controls blood pressure, heart rate, swallowing MEDULLA
Diencephalon; hormones, body temp, water balance, metabolism HYPOTHALAMUS
Forms myelin sheath in CNS OLIGODENDROCYTE
Forms myelin sheath in PNS SCHWANN
Part of the brain that controls balance CEREBELLUM
Impulses in between afferent and efferent neurons INTERNEURON
Blood-brain barrier in CNS ASTROCYTE
Slows down cardiac in PNS PARASYMPATHETIC
Lobe; vision OCCIPITAL
Involuntary in PNS; cardiac & smooth muscles AUTONOMIC
Forms myelin to support neurons in PNS SATELLITE
Lobe; sensory, taste PARIETAL
Receives message from neurons DENDRITE
Speeds up cardiac in PNS SYMPATHETIC
Wraps around axon MYELIN SHEATH
The motor neuron EFFERENT
Sends message to neurons AXON
Part of the brain that controls breathing only PONS
Voluntary in PNS; skeletal muscles SOMATIC
Cushions neuron in CNS EPENDYMAL

The Nervous System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What is the branch part of the neuron that transports messages away from the cell body. Axon
A _____ is made up of a cell body, dendrite, and axon. Neuron
The _______ nervous system is made up of the brain and spinal cord. Central
When a movement causes the spinal cord to interpret an impulse from the brain from sensory receptors this movement is called ______. Reflex
The olfactory cells in the nasal passages detect _________ in the air, transmitting these impulses as odors. Molecules
The _________ _____ in the nasal passages detect molecules in the sir, transmiting these impulses as odors. Olfactory Cells
The ear, along with detecting and transmitting _____ _____, also controls the body's balance by reacting to motion and gravity. Sounds Waves
This part of the brain coordinates voluntary muscle movements. Cerebellum
Nerve cells that conduct impulses from the brain to muscle and glands throughout your body are called _____ neurons. Motor
When an impulse reaches the end of and axon, the axon releases a chemical that flows across the synapse and relrelaysyas the impulse the ________ of the next neuron. Dendrite
Nerve cells that relay impulses from sensory nerve cells are called ____________. Internerons
Which part of the nervous system is made up of nerve cells that carry impulses to and from the brain. Spinal Cord
The rods and cones send impulses to the _____ _____, which carries them to the visual area of the cortex. Optic Nerve
When light is focused in front of the retina a person is ___________. Nearsighted
When the light focused in front of the retina a person is__________. Farsighted

Ch. 9 Anatomy Vocab Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

nerve cells neurons
information in the form of electro. chemical changes nerve impulses
rounded area on neurons cell body
extension of cell body that receive electro. chemical messages dendrites
extensions that send electro chemical info. axons
nervous tissue that provides physical support, insulation, and nutrients neuroglia
consists of brain and spinal cord CNS
composed of nerves and connects the CNS to other body parts PNS
gather info. by detecting changes inside and outside the body sensory receptors
include muscles and glands whose actions are controlled or modified nerve impulses effectors
controls skeletal muscle somatic nervous system
mixture of proteins and lipids that form a white-ish insulating sheet around nerve fibers myelin
support neurons and phagocytize bacterial cells microglial
provide myelin sheath around axons in the brain and spinal cord oligodendrocytes
provide structural support, join parts by their cellular processes, and regulate concentrations of nutrients and ions astrocytes
form an epithelial like membrane that covers specialized brain parts and form inner linings that enclose spaces in the brain ependymal
produce a myelin sheath around axons of neurons schwann cells
a network of fine threads that form the cell body of a neuron neurofibrils
sheath that surrounds the myelin sheath neurolemma
narrow gaps between schwann cells nodes of ranvier
type of neuron that has many processes arising from their cell body (1 axon, the rest dendrites) multipolar neurons
type of neuron that have 2 processes, one arising from each of the cell body (1 axon, 1 dendrite) bipolar
type of neuron that have single processes extending from cell body that divide into 2 branches (peripheral process ad central process) unipolar
(afferent neurons) transmit nerve impulses from peripheral body parts into brain or spinal cord sensory neurons
(assosciation neuron) found entirely within the brain or spinal cord and transmit impulses from one part of the brain or spinal cord to another interneurons
(efferent neurons) transmit impulses out of the brain or spinal cord to effectors; control muscle contraction and secretions of glands motor neurons
junction between two communicating neurons synapse
potential difference between the region outside the membrane and inside the membrane resting potential

Neuroscience Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

Another name for action potential (the message being sent); a brief electrical charge that travels down an axon Impulse
The finger-like branches on a neuron that receive messages from other cells Dendrites
Neurotransmitter that triggers muscle contraction Acetylcholine
Excess dopamine receptor activity is linked to this brain disease schizophrenia
Neurotransmitter that helps control the brain's reward and pleasure center Dopamine
Part of a neuron that passes messages away from the cell body to other neurons, muscles, or glands Axon
Type of neurons that control muscles Motor
Period after a neuron has fired an impulse; it pauses to recharge itself so it can fire again Refractory
Layer of fatty tissue that insulates the axons of some neurons and helps speed their impulses Myelin Sheath
The level of stimulation required to trigger a neural impulse threshold
Neurons that carry incoming information from the sense receptors (sight, sound, touch, taste, smell) to the central nervous system Sensory
Undersupply of Acetylcholine (ACh) marks this brain disease Alzheimers
Signals that tell the neuron "FIRE!" (insert happy dance here) Excitatory
From Legally Blonde: "Exercise gives you ___________. __________ make you happy. Happy people just don't shoot their husbands. They just don't." (Hint- They are the same word) Endorphins
The sodium-potassium pump moves ________ out of the axon out
Provides energy for the neuron to carry out its function Nucleus
People who have splitting migraines may have an overproduction of this neurotransmitter Glutamate

reflex arc Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

this receptor binds a poison muscarinic
from stimulus to response is termed a reflexarc
sympathetic respons to stress flight or fight
parasympathetic pathways begin in the craniosacral
the end of the dendrite, that detects stimulus receptor
cells that transmit impulses towards the CNS sensory
where impulses are coordinated and a response is organized central nervous system
a cell that carries an impulse away motor
motor impulses leave the _______ horn ventral
a muscle or gland that carries out a reponse effector
a rapid, uncomplicated and automated response simple
simple response that does not involve the brain spinal reflex
a stretched muscle that responds by contracting stretch reflex
also known as the visceral system (abbreviated) ans
this system can be summarized by the 4 E'S sympathetic
motor neurons originate in the thoracolumbar
two cordlike strands of ganglia, sympathetic... chains
nerves that supply the abdominal and pelvis organs synapse are_____ganglia collateral
activated by adrenaline adrenergic
these motor pathways begin in the craniosacral
this system is termed cholinergic parasympathetic
neurons of the parasympathetic release ACh, this system is cholinergic
also known as_____these are near or within walls of effectors terminal
2nd class of receptors is the adrenergic receptors alpha and _____ beta
binds nicotine on skeletal muscle cells nicotinic
a poison binds these receptors muscarinic

Sensation and Perception Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Taking information and making it neural Sensation
Interpretation of neural energy Perception
specialized neurons that respond to sensory information Sensory Receptors
Absolute and difference are the two types of... Thresold
Given constant levels of stimulation, sensitivity decreases Sensory Adaption
Help channel the energy to receptors accessory structures
the actual conversion of physical energy to neural energy tranduction
the pathway from the sensory system to the brain sensory nerve
How many stages of perception are there? Three
the action of explaining the meaning of something to someone interpretation
analyzing small features to interpret the whole bottom up approach
using larger interpretation to understand the small parts top down approach
How many characteristics/principles of perception are there? Seven
receive information from neurons dendrites
where the decision whether or not to fire a cell occurs cell body
sends information axon
molecules that carry a charge ion
# of pulses per second frequency code
energy used to open ion channels electrical event
rods contain... rhodopsin
cones contain... iodopsin
technical term for farsightedness hyperopia
technical term for nearsightedness myopia
movement of charge potential event
marks the cell's boundaries; fluid environment cell membrane
How many stages of action potentional? Six
tendency of ions to move from areas of high concentration to low diffusion
neurons firing action potential
like charges repel, opposite charges attracts electrostatic pressure
point of communcation between two cells synapse
Presynaptic cells ________ information send
Postsynaptic cells __________ information receive
moves membrance away from threshold (abbr.) EPSP
pushes membrane away from threshold (abbr.) IPSP
mishape of the cornea astigmatism
responsible for black and white rods
responsible for color cones
bends light to receptors; focuses 80% of the light into the eye cornea
muscle that surrounds the pupil; helps modify the amount of light that gets to the retina iris
last thing that light hits before the retina lens
Stage one in the eye is... physical
Stage two in the eyes is... Neural
Vision has two systems mediated by the rods and cones Duplicity Theory

Neurology Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

What is the largest part of the brain? Cerebrum
What is the inner most layer covering the spinal cord (meninges)? Piamater
Main part of neuron Cell body
Dome-shaped bone of skull Cranium
How many pairs of cranial nerves? Twelve
Finger like structure that pick up impulses Dendrites
Immature cell Blast
What are the rounded folds in cerebral cortex? Gyri
Inflammation of sciatic nerve Sciatica
Groups of bundled wrapped axons Fascicles
Bundles of axons in CNS Tract
Suffix sclerosis Hardening
What covers the whole nerve? Epineurium
Painful skin condition caused by herpes zoster infection in neurons Shingles
How many pairs of spinal nerves? Thirtyone
Partial or total memory loss Amnesia
Most common brain tumor from glia Glioma
Tail of the neuron Axon