Type
Crossword
Description

The fractionating column is _______ at the bottom Hottest
Evaporation is turning a liquid into a _____ Gas
Crude oil is made up of _______________ (hint: they are made up of hydrogen and carbon atoms) Hydrocarbons
A type of fuel used to power cars Petrol
A gas into a liquid is called c___________ condensation
The two conditions for oil formation is heat and _________ pressure
Hydrocarbons of similar size have similar boiling _______ points
The fraction at the bottom of the column is called _______ Bitumen
Which fraction is used for jet fuel? kerosine
The hydrocarbons collected at the top of the column are s_______ than the ones at the bottom smaller
The dead sea plants overtime got covered by sand and _____ silt
We need this for fractional distillation to take place (h____) Heat

crude oil Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

hydrocarbons
fossil fuel
refinery
liquids
mixture
condensing
evaporating
boiling
distillation
fractional
propane
pentane
butane
ethane
methane
naptha
kerosene
bitumen
diesel
petrol
crude oil

Organic Chemistry Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A compound which have the same molecular formula but a different structural formula Isomer
Hydrocarbon having the general formula CnH2n+2 Alkane
Hydrocarbon that contains one or more carbon-carbon double bonds. Alkenes with only one carbon-carbon double bond have the general formula CnH2n Alkene
A substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction without itself undergoing any permanent chemical change Catalyst
Reaction of alkenes with hydrogen, water or bromine Addition reaction
An organic acid containing the carboxyl group, -COOH. Carboxylic acid
The chemical name for burning Combustion
The breaking down of long chain hydrocarbon molecules a catalyst to produce smaller hydrocarbon molecules and/or hydrogen. Catalytic cracking
The conversion of glucose by microorganisms such as yeast into ethanol and carbon dioxide. Fermentation
A process that separates the components in a mixture on the bases of their different boiling points Fractional distillation
Organic compounds made up from the elements hydrogen and carbon only Hydrocarbons
A very large molecule built up of a number of repeating units called monomers Polymer
A formula which shows how the atoms are arranged in a molecule Structural formula
A family of organic compounds with members of the family having the same functional group and similar chemical properties Homologous series
The temperature at which a substance boils and turns to vapour Boiling point
A molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to form a polymer monomer
A mixture of hydrocarbons present under the earth's crust as a black sticky liquid Crude oil
A group of molecules attached to a backbone chain of a long molecule Side group
Used for fractional distillation of crude oil. Fractioning column
a sweet smelling chemical made by reacting an alcohol with an organic acid Esters

Fossil Fuels Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Formed from remains over millions of years dead organisms
Describes how carbon is recycled Carbon Cycle
Coal is formed from ... plants
Carbon dioxide is taken in by plants for the process ... Photosynthesis
Oil formed from ... Crude oil
Renewable fossil fuel Natural gas
Crude oil extrated from the crust by ... Drilling
Processes releases carbon dioxide into the air ... Combustion
Fuel obtained from crude oil ... Diesel
Crude oli and natural gas altered by ... Chemicals

Organic Chemistry Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A hydrocarbon with the general formula CnH2n+2 Alkane
A hydrocarbon containing one or more C=C bonds and having the general formula CnH2n Alkene
A compound with an -OH functional group and general formula CnH2n+1OH Alcohol
A weak acid that has a general formula of CnH2n+1COOH Carboxylic acid
A compound containing only carbon and hydrogen Hydrocarbon
Occurs when there is not enough oxygen to react completely with the substance burned Incomplete combustion
Substance with the same molecular formula but different arrangement of atoms Isomers
Fuel formed from the remains of tiny dead, sea creatures and plants over millions of years Fossil fuels
The separation of different substances in a liquid by their different boiling points Fractional distillation
A group of small molecules with similar boiling points,distilling off at the same place in a fractional column Fraction
A tall column used for fractional distillation Fractionating column
A hydrocarbon with only single bonds. It has the maximum amount of hydrogens possible Saturated hydrocarbon
Occurs when there is plenty of oxygen available or air present, therefore making a clean blue flame Complete combustion
The breaking of an organic compound into smaller molecules by heat Cracking
A hydrocarbon with one or more double or triple bond. Unsaturated hydrocarbons
A very large molecule Macromolecules
Polymers that can be moulded Plastics
A substance made up from a huge number of small molecules that have combined Polymers
The chemical reaction combining monomers to form a polymer Polymerisation
A small molecule that can combine to form a polymer Monomer
A polymer with -CONH- linkages Polyamide
A polymer with -COO- linkages Polyester
A compound formed when a carboxylic acid reacts with an alcohol Ester

ENERGY SOURCES Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Main source of electricity currently used throughout the world? Fossil fuels
Liquid fossil fuel (non-renewable) used for energy. petroleum
Non-renewable energy source created by splitting uranium to produce heat. Nuclear
Energy source that uses the heat or light energy from the Sun to form electricity. Solar
Energy source that uses moving water to spin the turbine directly Hydroelectric
Energy source that uses the heat below the Earth's surface to produce steam to spin a turbine. Geothermal
Coal deposits are the remains of plants that have undergone a complex chemical process called Carbonization
As peat is covered by layers of sediments, the weight squeezes out water and gases, forming a denser material called Lignite
Type of coal with the most carbon Anthracite
Coal that contains 80% carbon Bituminous
During _________, the two nuclei combine nuclear fusion
The nucleus of an atom slits during nuclear fission
Resources that forms at a rate much slower than which it is consumed nonrenewable
The form of natural gas Gas
The most abundant fossil fuel in the world coal
unrefines petroleum crude oil
Equipment in which controlled nuclear fission is carried out nuclear reactor
Country where two-thirds of the world's coal is found China
Compounds made from carbon and hydrogen atoms hydrocarbons
Impermeable rock that occurs at the top of an oil reservoir is called Caprock

Hydrocarbons Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

Viscous
Boiling point
Melting point
Pentene
Ethane
Combustion
Crude oil
Fractional distillation
Hydrogen
Double bond
Hydrocarbon
Alkene
Alkane

Natural Resources Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

Any material made naturally that is used by humans or living things. Natural Resources
A natural resource that can be used and replaced over a relatively short time. Renewable Resource
A natural resource that cannot be replaced or that can be replaced only over thousands or millions of years. Nonrenewable resource
Energy as solar, wind, or nuclear energy that can replace traditional fossil fuel sources, such as coal, oil, and natural gas. Alternative energy
Renewable energy derived from burning organic materials such as wood and alcohol. Biomass energy
Conservation method in which old materials are processed to make new ones. Recycling
Nonrenewable energy resource, such as oil and coal, formed over millions of years from the remains of dead plants and other organisms. Fossil Fuel
Inexhaustible energy resource that used hot magma or hot, dry rocks from below Earth's surface to generate electricity. Geothermal energy
Electricity produced by water-power using large dams in a river. Hydroelectric energy
Alternative energy source that is based on atomic fission. Nuclear energy
Energy from the Sun that is clean, inexhaustible, and can be transformed into electricity by solar cells. Solar energy
Careful use of resources to reduce damage to the environment though such methods as composting and recycling materials. Conservation
A resource that remains in constant supply and will not run out. Inexhaustible source
Fossil fuel formed from marine organisms that is often found in tilted or folded rock layers and is used for cooking and heating. Natural gas

Organic Chemistry Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What alkane has 5 carbons? Pentane
What homologous series has a functional group of C=C? Alkenes
All ___________ compounds contain carbon. Organic
How many carbons dose butene have? Four
Alkenes are a _______ hydrocarbon because they have a C=C bond. Unsaturated
What is ethanol? Alcohol
What is the functional group of carboxylic acid? -COOH
Carboxylic acids react with alcohols to form _________ Esters
Alkanes only contain _______ bonds. Single
Unsaturated hydrocarbons decolourises __________ water. Bromine
Carboxylic acids react with hydroxides to produce a salt and _________. Water
_________ are large molecules built up from small units (monomers). Polymers
Nylon is used for ______ , clothes and fishing nets. Ropes
Proteins and what are a constituents of food. Carbohydrates
Proteins are made out of what acids? Amino
_______ are proteins that act as a biological catalyst. Enzymes
In fractional distillation separates petroleum into what? Fractions
__________ gases don't condense in a fractionating column. Refinery
Naphtha is used for making what? Chemicals
Alkanes are generally ________ except when burning. Unreactive

Petrleum and Natural Gas Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Natural gas is an abundant source of what type of energy? Domestic
Another name for petroleum? Crude Oil
What is the cleanest fossil fuel? Natural Gas
How many barrels of petroleum are used today? 84 million
Petroleum is generaly_ to use? inexpensive
Natural Gas is used for? Electricity
The odor of Natural Gas makes it more? Detectable
Will we ever run out of Natural Gas? NO
What should I do if I smell Natural Gas? Evacuate
What metal is used in road asphalt? Bitumen
Solvent used in the deaspalting process is? propane
Which is the most undersirable component in keerosene? Aromatics
Crude Oil is pumped by a? Centrifugal
Pour point and freezing point is equal for? Water
Casing head gasoline is the liquid? butane

Lab Equipment Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

A large container used to store or heat large amounts of liquids Beaker
A type of flask used to heat substances inside of it (ex: Florence Flask). Boiling Flask
A metallic object with bristles on them that come in many sizes used to clean lab equipment. Brush
A type of burner that is connected to a gas or heating source. Bunsen Burner
Kind of like a pipette, it accurately measures small amounts of liquids and controls how much goes out. Buret
Pieces that can be attached on a stand so other lab equipment could be placed on it. Clamp
A lab equipment tool that is shaped like a triangle used to heat material directly under a flame. Clay Triangle
A type of flask used to store liquids without it spilling (ex: Erlenmeyer Flasks). Conical Flask
A lid that covers the crucible. Cover
A porcelain dish that is used for igniting solid substances. Crucible
A tube like structure that is used to suck in liquid and to drop small amounts of liquid into something. Dropper
A type of measuring tool in which measures mass of an object. It measures more accurately than humans sometimes. Electronic Balance
Used for evaporating liquids or for drying purposes. Evaporating Dish
Somewhat like tweezers, they are used to hold small bits or objects. Forcep
A conical shaped lab equipment used to pour liquid from one place to another without a single drop. Funnel
A type of rack with holes that allows a base for funnels to be placed on. It has a clamp so it can be attached to a ring stand. Funnel Support
A plate made of glass that has many uses. Glass Plate
A rod made of glass that is used to stir up solutions or mixtures. Glass Rod
A long cylindrical tube with marks on it to accurately measure liquids by using the meniscus. Graduated Cylinder
A part for a stand that links to it and causes it to hold items without falling. Holder
A type of paper used for testing acids and bases. Litmus Paper
A lab equipment tool used to grind solids into powder. Mortar Pestle
A thin, plastic dish that is used to observe substances or to analyze/grow microorganisms. Petridish
A small plastic or glass tube that is used to measure small amounts of liquids. accurately. Pipette
A type of knob that is used to suck liquid out of a pipette. Pipette Bulb
A type of stand used in labs that could be used to attach clamps on it. Ring Stand
Types of stoppers that are made of rubber that is useful in closing the equipment for storage. It comes in many different sizes. Rubber Stoppers
Sounds like a kitchen tool, but it is used in science too! It is a tool used to scoop substances out. Spatula
A type of dropper used to "inject" substances into something. Syringe
A thin, glass structure that is used to store small amounts of liquids inside. Test Tube
A type of tong utensil that is used to carry hot test tubes. Test Tube Holder
A type of rack that is used to store test tubes. Test Tube Rack
A metallic "scissor like" object used to carry heated objects or to "crush" small ignition tubes so the heated substances could dissolve in water. Tong
A type of measuring tool used in science that measures mass. It is not accurate due to human error. Triple Beam Balance
Type of flasks that are used to measure precise amounts of liquids. Volumetric Flask
Used to observe substances and to help cover up the beaker. Watch Glass
Used as a container to store substances. Wide Mouth Bottle
A thin tray, wired like a coordinate plane, that acts like a base that helps to limit heat, cracking and overheating. Wire Gauze