Type
Crossword
Description

The way in which different parts are put together to make something. structure
Giant sections of the Earth's crust. tectonic plates
Circular movements of material in the mantle. convection currents
Opening in Earth's crust through which lava and ash erupt. volcano
Volcanoes that are erupting in the near future. Active volcanoes
A force of energy that shakes the ground. shock wave
A large wave of water caused by an earthquake. tsunami
Countries where many people are poor and uneducated. developing countries
Force or strong effect. impact
Visit to a doctor. medical consultations
Not having enough food to feed people. food shortages
Floods that affect areas next to the coast. coastal flooding
An object that is made to block or get in the way of something. barrier
Emergency help given to people who are in need. relief aid
A crack or weak point in Earth's crust. fault
Heated to a very high temperature so it becomes liquid. molten
Opening in the Earth's crust through which lava and ash erupt. volcano

Volcanoes Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

largest intrusive igneous rock body that forms when magma being forced upward toward Earth’s crust cools slowly and solidifies underground Batholith
large, circular-shaped opening formed when the top of a volcano collapses Caldera
steep-sided, loosely packed volcano formed when tephra falls to the ground Cinder Cone Volcano
volcano built by alternating explosive and quiet eruptions that produce layers of tephra and lava; found mostly where Earth’s plates come together and one plate sinks below the other Composite volcano
steep-walled depression around a volcano’s vent Crater
igneous rock feature formed when magma is squeezed into a vertical crack that cuts across rock layers and hardens underground Dike
the result of an unusually hot area at the boundary between Earth’s mantle and core that forms volcanoes when melted rock is forced upward and breaks through the crust Hot spot
broad, gently sloping volcano formed by quiet eruptions of basaltic lava Shield Volcano
igneous rock feature formed when magma is squeezed into a horizontal crack between layers of rock and hardens underground Sill
bits of rock or solidified lava dropped from the air during an explosive volcanic eruption; ranges in size from volcanic ash to volcanic bombs and blocks Tephra
Opening where magma is forced up and flows out onto Earth’s surface as lava, forming a volcano Vent
solid igneous core of a volcano left behind after the softer cone has been eroded Volcanic neck
opening in Earth’s surface that erupts sulfurous gases, ash, and lava; can form at Earth’s plate boundaries, where plates move apart or together, and at hot spots Volcano

Volcano Crossword Puzzle By Lucia and Mia

Type
Crossword
Description

a mountain through which molten lava and gases erupt volcano
Area around the Pacific Ocean known for frequent earthquakes and volcanoes RingOfFire
When melted rock, ash, and gases pour out of a volcano when one of earth's plates in pushed under one another Eruption
The pocket beneath a volcano where magma collects Magmachamber
One that is erupting or shows signs that it may erupt in the near future. activevolcano
A volcano that has not erupted for a long time, but may erupt again one day. dormantvolcano
One that is unlikely to erupt ever again. extinctvolcano
A wide, gently sloping mountain made of layers of lava and formed by quiet eruptions Shieldvolcano
a wide based, steeply sloped volcano that forms from moderately explosive eruptions of pyroclastic material Cinderconevolcano
Steep, tall peaks, picturesque, composed by pyroclastic flows and lava flows, andesites CompositeVolcano
eruption where there are hot debris, ash, and gas shooting into the air explosiveeruption
occurs when magma flows easily and gently bubbles out, the lava is thin and runny as it oozes out quietly from the vent Quieteruption
Magma that reaches the Earth's surface lava
lava that hardens into rough, jagged rocks with a crumbly texture aalava
a group of many islands in a large body of water (Hawaii) archipelago
The expulsion of ash, cinders, bombs, and gases during an explosive volcanic eruption. pyroclasticflow
Cloud of dust, gas and debris caused by volcanic eruption eruptioncloud
Erupted on its side in May 1980 and continues to erupt today. Killed 63 people, caused hundreds of millions of dollars in damage, and disrupted people's lives hundreds of miles from the volcano. MtStHelens
an opening; a groove; a split fissure
Resistance to flow viscosity
an imaginary line around the Earth forming the great circle that is equidistant from the north and south poles Equator
line of the global grid running from the north pole to the south pole through Greenwich, England; starting point for measuring degrees of east and west longitude PrimeMeridian

EARTH SCIENCE CROSSWORD PUZZLE

Type
Crossword
Description

the action of surface processes (such as water flow or wind) that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth's crust, then transport it away to another location. EROSION
wear away or change the appearance or texture of (something) by long exposure to the air: WEATHERING
Waves of energy that travel through the Earth's layers, and are a result of an earthquake, explosion, or a volcano that gives out low-frequency acoustic energy SEISMIC WAVES
an instrument that measures and records details of earthquakes, such as force and duration. SEISMOGRAPH
the point on the Earth's surface that is directly above the hypocentre or focus, the point where an earthquake or underground explosion originates. EPICENTER
the great size or extent of something MAGNITUDE
a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface. volcano
is one of several very large landmasses on Earth continent
a mixture of molten or semi-molten rock, volatiles and solids that is found beneath the surface of the Earth, and is expected to exist on other terrestrial planets. magma
the line at which the earth's surface and the sky appear to meet horizon
a solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence. mineral
the upper layer of earth in which plants grow, a black or dark brown material typically consisting of a mixture of organic remains, clay, and rock particles soil
a sudden and violent shaking of the ground, sometimes causing great destruction, as a result of movements within the earth's crust or volcanic action. earthquake

Earthquakes and Volcanoes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What is the point of Earth's surface directely above an earthquake's focus ? epicenter
device used by seimologists to record primary, secondary, suface waves from earthquakes seismograph
vibrations caused by breaking rocks along faults earthquake
Opening in Earth's surface that often forms a mountain when layers of lava and volcanic ash erupt and build up volcano
An opening on Earth's surface where magma is forced up and flows out as lava Vent
a broad volcano with gently sloping sides Shield volcano
A volcano formed by alternating layers of tephra and lava and that is found mostly where Earth's plates come together Composite volcano
steep-sided volcano made of loosely packed tephra Cinder cone volcano
scientist who studiesearthquakes and seismic waves Seismologist
large opening formed when the top of a volcano collapes Caldera
Measure of the energy released by an earthquake Magnitude
A mixture of molten or semi-molten rock, volatiles and solids that is found beneath the surface of the Earth Magma
a very large igneous intrusion extending deep in the earth's crust. batholith
a column of solidified lava or igneous rock formed in a volcanic vent, especially when exposed by erosion. volcanic necks
are imaginable as the veins of a volcano, the pathways of rising magma. Volcanic dikes

Volcano Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

A mixture of molten or semi-molten rock Magma
hot molten or semifluid rock erupted from a volcano or fissure, or solid rock resulting from cooling of this Lava
steep conical hill of loose pyroclastic fragments cinder cone
conical volcano built up by many layers (strata) of hardened lava, tephra, pumice, and volcanic ash composite
a type of volcano usually built almost entirely of fluid magma flows shield
roughly circular mound-shaped protrusion resulting from the slow extrusion of viscous lava from a volcano lava dome
side vent conduit
a bowl-shaped geological formation at the top of a volcano crater
a mountain that produces magma, lava, and ash and is formed by cracks in the Earth's surface volcano
a giant, fast moving wave that is caused by an earthquake or volcano tsunami

Volcano Vocabulary Review Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A large pool of liquid rock found beneath the surface of the Earth. MagmaChamber
A sleeping volcano Dormant
Pressure builds up and gases/rock/lava shoot up through the vent Erupt
Molten rock found deep inside the Earth Magma
A volcano that has had at least one eruption in the past 10,000 years active
Molten rock after magma erupts from a volcano Lava
The area around the opening of a volcano that is shaped like a bowl crater
The opening at the top of a volcano vent
A mountain having a crater or vent through which lava, rocks, ash, and gas can be erupted from volcano
Earth's outer layer is made up of moving pieces, made out of solid rock tectonic plates
Wide volcano with gentle slopes Shield
Most common volcano that is formed by layers of ash and lave Composite
Smallest volcano that is circular or oval cones made up of small fragments of lava Cinder

Plate Tectonics Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

What is the trace or organism that lived in the past? Fossil
What is liquid magma that reaches the surface? Lava
What is the molten mixture of rock? Magma
What was the land mass that broke 200 million years ago? Pangea
What is a section of litosphere that slowly moves over the asthenosphere carrying pieces of continental drift and oceanic crust called ? Plates
What is the theory that pieces of earths litosphere are in constant motion driven by convection currents in the mantle called? Plate Tectonics
What is the process by which the shaking is perpendicular to the direction to the wave called? Seafloor spreading
What are vibrations that travel through earth carrying the energy released during an earthquake called? Seismicwaves
What causes the rock to change its shape or volume? Stress
What is rocks surface, size, and shape? Texture
What is a slab of volcanic rock formed when magma is forced up and flows out as lava called? Sill
What is an opening on earths surface where magma is forced up and flows out as lava called? Vent
What is a violent shaking of the ground? Earthquake
What is very dense, has a solid center,mostly iron, and has small amount of oxygen? Innercore
What is the largest layer inside the earths? Mantle
What forms when the top of the volcano collapse? Caldera
What fossil when sediments fill in a mold and harden into a rock? Cast
What is a liquid core that surrounds earths solid inner core and that's is mostly made of iron? Outtercore
What is bits of rocks or solified lava dropped from the air? Tephra
What is the location in the mantle that is hotter than other areas? Hotspot

Tectonic Plates Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Massive rock made of Earth's lithosphere that move float and drift. Tectonic Plates
A cone shaped mountain which lava and ash flow during eruption. Volcano
A super continent that existed 300 million years ago. Pangea
A sudden shake of the ground caused by the shifting of tectonic plates. Earthquake
A massive wave caused by an earthquake. Tsunami
The outer layer of the Earth. Crust
In-between the Earth's crust and core. Mantle
Fluid layer that is above Earth's inner core and below the mantle. Outer Core
Inner most part of the Earth believed to be a solid ball. Inner Core
Where two tectonic plates collide against each other. Convergent Boundary
When two tectonic plates move apart from each other. Divergent Boundary
When two tectonic plates slip or slide past each other. Transform Boundary
Hot fluid below Earth’s crust where lava is formed. Magma
The hot fast-moving lava that hardens to form smooth, ropelike coils. Pahoehoe Lava
The slow moving-moving lava that hardens to form rough chunks. Aa Lava
Rigid outer part of the Earth, which is the crust and upper mantle. Lithosphere
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface. Volcanic Neck
A vibration that travels through Earth carrying the energy released during an earthquake. Seismic Wave
The point on Earth’s crust directly above an earthquake’s focus. Epicenter
A device that records ground movement caused by seismic waves as they move through the Earth. Seismograph

tectonic plate boundaries Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

this scientist had the theory of the continental drift alfred
two plates slide against each other in a sideways motion transform
a line on a rock surface or the ground that traces a geological fault faultline
changed by extreme heat and pressure to form another rock metamorphic
places where the sea floor spreading takes place midoceanridge
a tall mountain that with a lot of pressure shoots out hot lava volcano
formed by deposition and solidification pf sediments sedimentary
a violent shaking of the ground caused by tectonic plates earthquakes
piece of the crust that floats on the mantle tectonic
hot fluid or semi fluid material within the earth's crust magma
two plates are moving away from one another divergent
formed by cooling and solidification of magma or lava igneous
made of iron, with small amount of nickle core
technical name for the crust and mantle lithosphere
remains of a prehistoric organism preserved in a mold form in a rock fossils
two plates move toward one another and collide convergent
contains most of earths mass (hints: its hot) mantle
hot molten or semi fluid rock erupted from volcano lava
a long high sea wave caused by earth quakes tsunami
outermost later of the planet, with life crust

Volcanoes & Earthquakes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Liquid rock that forms under earths surface Magma
Magma that flows into earths surface the rock that forms when lava cools and solidifies Lava
A vent or fissure in earths surface through which magma and gases are expelled Volcano
Any activity that includes the movement of magma toward onto earths surface Volcanism
A volcanically active area of earths surface commonly far from a tectonic plate boundary Hot spot
Describes magma or igneous rocks that is rich in magnesium and iron and that is generally dark in color Mafic
Describes magma or igneous rock that is rich in feldspar and silica and that is generally light in color Felsic
Fragments of rock that form during a volcanic eruption Pyroclastic material
A movement or trembling of the ground that is caused by a sudden release of energy when rocks along a fault move Earthquake
The sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undeformed shape Elastic rebound
In geology a seismic wave that travels through the body of a medium Body wave
The point on earths surface directly above an earthquakes starting point or focus Epicenter
An area on earths surface where no direct seismic waves from a particular earthquake can be detected Shadow zone
The bending, tilting, and breaking of the Earth's crust; the change in the shape of rock in response to stress Deformation
The study of earthquakes Seismology
A seismic wave that causes particles of rock to move in a back-and-forth direction P Wave
a seismic wave that causes particles of rock to move in a side-to-side direction S Wave
Giant pieces of the Earth's thin, outermost layer that move around on top of a layer of plastic rock Tectonic plates
A break in the Earth's crust along which blocks of the crust slide relative to one another Fault
A measure of the strength of an earthquake Magnitude
An area along a fault where relatively few earthquakes have occurred recently but where strong earthquakes have occurred in the past Seismic Gaps
Process of making older structures more earthquake resistant Retrofitting
a side vent Conduit
a giant, fast moving wave that is caused by an earthquake or volcano Tsunami
the remains of something that has been destroyed or broken up Debris