Type
Crossword
Description

he was vice president at the time of the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. Andrew johnson
109 U.S. 3, were a group of five landmark cases in which the Supreme Court of the United States held that the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments Civil Rights Cases
was adopted on July 9, 1868, as one of the Reconstruction Amendments. Fourteenth Amendment
were state and local laws that enforced racial segregation in the Southern United States. Jim Crow laws
was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court that upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public Plessy v. Ferguson
the period in American history that lasted from 1865 to 1877 following the American Civil War, Reconstruction
white Southerners who supported Reconstruction policies and efforts after the conclusion of the American Civil War. Scalawag
was an American military leader who served as the 18th president of the United States from 1869 to 1877. Ulysses S. Grant
was an American educator, author, orator, and adviser to several presidents of the United States. Booker T. Washington
was an important agency of early Reconstruction, assisting freedmen in the South. Freedmen's Bureau

Reconstruction Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

The fiercely abolitionist group that controlled Congress during Reconstruction Radical Republicans
The system of farming that was widely implemented in the South after the Civil War sharecropping
The term for putting a President on trial impeachment
The derogatory term given to Northerners who moved to the South after the Civil War carpetbaggers
White supremasist terror group created after the Civil War Ku Klux Klan
The agency that was created to help newly freed slaves adjust to their new lives Freedmens Bureau
System in which workers are forced to work off debts before they can find a new job dept peonage
The amendment that officially ended slavery in the United States 13th Amendment
Became president after Lincoln's assassination Andrew Johnson
The amendment that granted citizenship to everyone born in the United States 14th Amendment
The derogatory term given to white Southerners who cooperated with northern Reconstruction officials scalawags
The era of rebuilding in the South Reconstruction
Laws passed after Reconstruction ended that segregated blacks from whites Jim Crow Laws
The amendment that gave all male citizens, including black men, the right to vote 15th Amendment
Low point of race relations from 1877 through the 1950's Nadir

Civil Rights Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

State level legal codes of segregation, such as literacy requirements and poll taxes Jim Crow Laws
In 1955, after Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a city bus, Dr. Martin L. King led a boycott of city busses. After 11 months the Supreme Court ruled that segregation of public transportation was illegal. Montgomery Bus Boycott
a 1896 Supreme Court decision which legalized state ordered segregation so long as the facilities for blacks and whites were equal Plessy v. Ferguson
Nonviolent protests in which a person sits and refuses to leave Sit-in
The prejudice that members of one race are superior to members of other races racism
1955 a 14 year old black boy said "Bye, Baby" to a white woman in Mississippi. In response, he was brutally murdered Emmett Till
The intermixing of people or groups previously segregated Integration
the students were initially prevented from entering the racially segregated school by Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus The little Rock Crisis
United States civil rights leader whose college registration caused riots in traditionally segregated Mississippi (born in 1933) James Meredith
American civil rights lawyer, first black justice on the Supreme Court of the United States. Marshall was a tireless advocate for the rights of minorities and the poor Thurgood Marshall
Refused to give up her seat to a white passenger. After she was jailed, the Montgomery bus boycott was organized Rosa Parks
U.S. Baptist minister and civil rights leader. A noted orator, he opposed discrimination against blacks by organizing nonviolent resistance and peaceful mass demonstrations. He was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee. Nobel Peace Prize (1964) Martin Luther King Jr
An organization founded by James Leonard Farmer in 1942 to work for racial equality CORE
Southern Christian Leadership Conference, churches link together to inform blacks about changes in the Civil Rights Movement, led by MLK Jr., was a success SCLC
the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, an organization founded on February 12, 1909, that works to obtain equal rights for all Americans NAACP
to end the separation of two groups of people, or to free of laws or practices that have maintained this separation, in an area or facility desegregate
biasedly treating one person or one group differently from others based on something other than merit discrimination
preconceived opinion that is not based on reason or actual experience prejudice
President Mandated desegregation of the interstate system John F. Kennedy
incident in which nine African-American students were prevented from attending Little Rock Central High in 1957 during the Civil Rights Movement Little rock nine
The amendment that ended slavery 13th
Southern laws designed to restrict the rights of the newly freed black slaves Black codes
was an African-American revolutionary organization established to promote Black Power, and by extension self-defense (using arms) for blacks. It was active in the United States from the mid-1960s into the 1970s The Black Panthers
It outlawed taxing voters, i.e. poll taxes, at presidential or congressional elections, as an effort to remove barriers to Black voters 14th amendment
segregation by custom de facto
a key leader in India's struggle for independence, inspired MLK to give speaches in blacks civil rights and encourage them to remain nonviolent Ghandi

Civil Rights Movement Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

court case that has to do with "seperate but equal" Plessy v Ferguson
Students wore black wristbands to protest discrimination Sweatt V Painter
was instrumental in ending legal segregation and became the first African-American justice of the Supreme Court. Thurgood Marshall
state and local laws enforcing racial segregation in the Southern United States Jim Crow Laws
federal law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in any federally funded education program or activity Title lX
aimed at abolishing wage disparity based on sex Equal Pay Act
ended segregation in public places and banned employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin Civil Rights Act
Laws that prohibit discrimination in the work place Equal Employment
Student could not get into UT because he was Black Brown v Board
admission policies that provide equal access to education for those groups that have been historically excluded Affirmative Action
prohibits any poll tax in elections for federal officials. 24th Amendment
case against abortion Roe v Wade
challenged segregation in Orange County, California Mendez v Westminister
made the segregation of children of Mexican descent in Texas illegal Delgado v Bastrop
the first and only Mexican-American civil-rights case heard and decided by the United States Supreme Court during the post-World War II period Hernandez v Texas
Court ruled that members of both houses of a state legislature must be chosen from districts approximately equal in population. White v Regester
concerning public school finances Edgewood v Kirby

The Reconstruction Era Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A term that describes a former slave who was released from slavery. Freedmen
Amendment that abolished slavery. Thirteenth
Amendment that assured the rights of anyone, including African Americans, who were born in America. Fourteenth
This system of agriculture eventually led to legal slavery. his is when a tenant could use land in exchange for a portion of the crop harvested. Sharecropping
This Amendment gave African Americans the right to vote. Fifteenth
Northern whites who moved to the South and served as republican leaders during reconstruction for profit. Usually carried there belongings in a carpet bag. Carpetbaggers
Southern whites who supported republican policy throughout reconstruction. Scalawags
To kill by hanging without due process of the law. Lynch
To attempt to take a president out of office for high crimes. would be to ______ him/her. Impeach
Laws designed to enforce segregation of blacks from whites. Jim Crow Laws
Vice President to Lincoln; President after Lincoln's assassination. Johnson
Presidential power to keep congress from passing a law. President Johnson did this the most, using this power twenty-nine times. Veto
A clan started by ex confederate soldiers that used violence to try to restore democratic control to the South, and to keep white supremacy. Ku Klux Klan
Financial panic during Grant’s presidency which caused a market crash and many banks to close down. Panic of 1873
President after Johnson; Union general; Often refered to as a "Great General, Lousy President". Grant
A set of laws limiting the rights of freedmen in the South. Black Codes
A social system used to keep blacks separate from whites. Segregation
The period after the Civil War in which the South was rebuilt and reorganized before being readmitted to the Union. Reconstruction
Act/Law passed in 1866 intended to protect the right of African American. This act was vetoed by Johnson, but still passed by Congress. Civil Rights Act
An agency set of to aid former slaves in adjusting themselves to freedom. It provided food, clothing and work for them. FreedmensBureau

U.S. History: Civil Rights Movement Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a bus Rosa Parks
first black justice on the Supreme Court Thurgood Marshall
student non-violent coordinating committee SNCC
formed to use activism and non-violent protest to bring an end to segregation SCLC
law designed to help end formal and informal barriers to African American suffrage (1965) Voting Rights Act
made racial, religious, and sex discrimination by employers illegal (1964) Civil Rights Act
rode on interstate buses into the segregated southern U.S. to test the ruling of unsegregated public places Freedom Riders
overturned Plessy v. Ferguson Brown v Board
boycott of city buses led by Dr. MLK Montgomery Bus Boycott
segregation imposed by law de jure
segregation resulting from economic or social conditions or personal choice de facto
state level legal codes of segregation, such as literacy tests and poll taxes Jim Crow Laws
led black community to peaceful nonviolence protests against the injustices they faced MLK
association founded in 1909 to work for racial equality NAACP
activist in civil rights; leader of SNCC Stokely Carmichael
1963 demonstration in which more than 200,000 people rallied for economic equality and civil rights March on Washington
organization of militant African Americans founded in 1966 Black Panthers
social movement in the U.S. in which people organized to demand equal rights for African Americans and other minorities Civil Rights Movement
required citizens of a state to pay a special tax in order to vote poll taxes
first black major league baseball player Jackie Robinson
Arkansas governor Orval Faubus called the National Guard to keep black students from enrolling in Little Rock's Central High School; President Eisenhower sent the Army to force integration for the students Little Rock Nine
organized the United Farm Workers Cesar Chavez

Chapter 17: Reconstruction Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A process that took place from 1865 till 1877. Reconstruction
It offered an official pardon to those who formerly supported the rebellion. Ten Percent Plan
A group that provided food, education, and legal help to certain poor southerners and freed-people. Freedmen's Bureau
This required African Americans to sign work contracts, creating working conditions to be very similar to ones as slaves. Black Codes
This made the south be divided into 5 districts and to be controlled by U.S. military commanders. Reconstruction Acts
This caused all remaining federal troops to be removed from the south. Compromise of 1877
These enforced segregation. Jim Crow Laws
This ruling allowed segregation in "separate-but-equal" facilities. Plessy v. Ferguson
When landowners provide land and materials for farming, and sharecroppers provide the labor. Sharecropping
A special payment people had to pay before voting. poll tax
Democrats who brought their party back to power in the south. Redeemers
Northern-born Republicans who had moved to the south after the war. Carpetbaggers
A change to the constitution that allowed male African Americans to vote. Fifteenth Amendment
Gave African Americans the same legal rights as white Americans. Civil Rights Act of 1866
It made slavery illegal throughout the United States. Thirteenth Amendment

Civil War Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

a person who favors the abolition of a practice or institution, especially capital punishment or (formerly) slavery. Abolitionist
Abraham Lincoln was the 16th President of the United States, serving from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865 Abe Lincoln
the action of annexing something, especially territory. annexation
murder (an important person) in a surprise attack for political or religious reasons. Assassinate
an act or means of sealing off a place to prevent goods or people from entering or leaving. Blockade
a Northerner who moved to the South after the American Civil War, during the Reconstruction era (1865–1877). Carpetbagger
fought from 1861 to 1865 to determine the survival of the Union or independence for the Confederacy. Civil War
a southern soldier confederate
a plant that is farmed by slaves Cotton
landmark decision by the U.S. Supreme Court in which the Court held that African Americans, whether enslaved or free you have no rights Dred Scott Case
the fact or process of being set free from legal, social, or political restrictions; liberation. Emancipation
a sea fort in Charleston, South Carolina, notable for two battles of the American Civil War. FortSumter
a former slave who has been released from slavery, usually by legal means. Freedman
state that doesn't allow slavery FreeState
passed by the United States Congress on September 18, 1850, as part of the Compromise of 1850 between Southern slave-holding interests and Northern Free-Soilers. FugitiveSlaveAct
a historic town in Jefferson County, West Virginia, United States. Harpers Ferry
the production of goods or services within an economy. Industry
an American politician who was a U.S. Representative and Senator from Mississippi, the 23rd U.S. Secretary of War, and the President of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War. Jefferson Davis
an American abolitionist who believed armed insurrection was the only way to overthrow the institution of slavery in the United States. John Brown
an effort by Congress to defuse the sectional and political rivalries triggered by the request of Missouri late in 1819 for admission as a state in which slavery would be permitted. Missouri Compromise
a person who supervises others, especially workers. Overseer
a large piece of land usually in a tropical or semitropical area where one crop is specifically planted for widespread commercial sale and usually tended by resident laborers. Plantation
a public or official announcement, especially one dealing with a matter of great importance. Proclamation
a person who rises in opposition or armed resistance against an established government or ruler. Rebel
Southern whites who supported Reconstruction and the Republican Party, after the American Civil War. Scalawags
withdraw formally from membership in a federal union, an alliance, or a political or religious organization. Secede
a legal or economic system in which principles of property law are applied to humans allowing them to be classified as property, to be owned, bought and sold accordingly, and they cannot withdraw unilaterally from the arrangement. Slavery
a network of secret routes and safe houses used by 19th-century enslaved people of African descent in the United States in efforts to escape to free states and Canada with the aid of abolitionists and allies who were sympathetic to their cause. Underground Railroad
the state of being united or joined. Union

reconstruction crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

a former slave freedman
a federal agency set up to help former slaves after the civil war freedmans bureau
an amendment banning slavery thirteenth amendment
a law passed by southern states that limited the freedom of former slaves black code
an insulting term used to describe a northern who moved to the south after the civil war carpetbagger
an amendment made all persons born or naturalized in the U.S. including former slaves citizens of the country fourteenth amendment
the system in which landowners gave farm workers land, seed, and tools in return for a part of the crops they raised sharecropping
a white southerner who worked with the republican party and the reconstruction government after the civil war scalawag
one of the white politicians who took power after Georgia was readmitted to the Union in 1872 redeemer
an amendment where the U.S. cannot deny a citizen the right to vote based on "race, color, or previous condition of servitude". fifteenthamendment
a terror group created by former Confederate soldiers that used violence and intimidation tactics to disenfranchise blacks kukluxklan
African- American who was very influential as a religious leader and Georgia politician. HenryTurner
elected governor over a Democratic candidate, former Confederate General John B. Gordon RufusBullock
an organization formed by African Americans throughout the south after Reconstruction to protect their rights unionleague
a series of laws that divided the previously Confederate states into military districts militaryacts

Reconstruction Era Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

men and women who had been slaves freedmen
a government pardon amnesty
refers to the rebuilding of the South after the Civil War reconstruction
a popular actor from the South, who shot Lincoln in the head john wilkes booth
the amendment that banned slavery throughout the nation thirteenth amendment
became president after Lincoln died andrew johnson
laws that severely limited the rights of freedmen black codes
the amendment thay granted citizenship to all persons born in the USA fourteenth amendment
to bring formal charges of wrongdoing against an elected offical impeach
the amendment that forbade any state to deny African Americans the right to vote because of their race fifteenth amendment
a word used for small scruffy horses scalawag
dangerous white southerners that worked to keep blacks and white Republicans out of office ku klux klan
fortune hunters hoping to profit from the South's misery carpetbaggers
required voters to pay a fee each time they voted poll taxes
required voters to read and explain a section of the Constitution literacy tests
is the illegal seizure and execution of someone by a mob lynching
seperating people of different races in public places segregation

Civil War and Reconstruction Era Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Having to do with the way people live together in communities. Social
having to do with structures and affairs of government, politics and its instutions, or politicians. Political
Having to do with the production, development, and mangement of material wealth of country, household, or business enterprise. Economic
War between the North and South during 1861-1865. Civil War
Era of rebuilding time for the United States after Civil War. (1865-1877) Reconstruction
_______of 1876 adopted the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments. Texas Constitution
Most Texans were originally from the South and had connections to friends and families there. Many of these Texans agreed with slavery though most did not hold slaves. Sectionalism
President of the United States during the Civil War; assassinated 1 week after the war ended. Abraham Lincoln
Power reserved for the states rather than the states rather than the national government. States RIghts
Withdraw; pull away from Secede
Nothern states that wanted to abolish slavery. Union
Southern States that seceded to retain the slavery. Confederacy
Tax on imported goods from other countries import; to bring in from another country. Tariff
Lincoln's decree that abolished slavery throughout the Confederacy. Emanciapation Proclamation
Act that made men age 20-45 join the Confedrate army or the Union army. Conscription Act
He assassinated (killed) President Lincoln. John Wilkes Booth
June 19th, celebrated the ending of slavery; began in Galveston June 19, 1865. Juneteenth
Poeple reside on and farm land owned by a landlord. Tenant Farming
Poeple farming another landowner's land for a share of the profit. Sharecropping
Established in 1865 by the national government to provide freed slaves food, shelter, medicine, and opened the first school for African American children. Freedmen's Bureau
Laws passed in some southern states that encouraged segregation (separatin of races) Jim Crow Laws
Recognized the right to vote among African American men. 15th Amendment
Extended citizenship and due process to all born within, or naturalized to the United States (incuding formerly-enslaved people and excluding Amerianc Indians.) 14th Amendment
This ammendment freed people in slavery. 13th ammendment