Type
Matching Worksheet
Description

a person who moves from place to place to make a living nomad
a fertile place in a desert where there is water and vegetation oasis
a rock-filled rapid or waterfall cataract
the height of land above sea level elevation
a small stream or river that flows into a larger river tributary
a large, mostly flat area that rises above the surrounding land plateau
bits of rock and dirt deposited by rivers silt
a crop that is raised for sale cash crop
rich soil that is able to grow many plants fertile
a deep trench in the earth rift
a long, steep cliff escarpment
to artificially water crops irrigate
all the things people do to make a living in a particular place economy
raising crops to support one's family subsistence farming
to add variety diversify
a region where tall grasses grow savanna

Gift of the Nile Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What is the longest river that flows through the North Mediterranean? Nile River
A _______ is an area near a river's mouth that deposits fine soil called silt. delta
What is it called when you make a fabric from flax? linen
Egyptian farmers searched for this type of bird. ibises
What valuable metal element did Egyptians find in 6000 B.C. that was stronger than copper? iron
Egyptians used ________ to build their houses. bricks
What is another name for a waterall? cataract
________ soil is good for growing crops. fertile
Farmers used ______ to carry water from the river to the farmland. irrigation
A ______ was used to spread water across the fields. shadoof

Weathering and Erosion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What type of weathering breaks smaller pieces of rock from larger pieces Mechanical
What type of weathering slowly dissolves rock chemical
What is the process in which wind, water, gravity transport soil? Erosion
When farmers change crops to protect nutrient depletion. Crop rotation
When farmers grow a crop between seasons to prevent erosion. cover crop
Creating a series of steps so that farming can occur on a steep hill Terracing
Leaving the previous season's stalks behind to prevent erosion. no till
Refers to the pore space in soil taken up by water or oxygen porosity
Water dissolves and carries nutrients in topsoil to lower layers leaching
The top layer of soil topsoil
The most fertile section of topsoil humus
The layer of rock beneath soil layers bedrock
When water in the air causes chemical change oxidation
Repeated freezing and thawing in cracks of rock ice wedging
Type of weathering in which harder rock weathers less than softer rock differential
When limestone is dissolved underground, you get a... cave
When pollution and rain weather together. acid rain
Grinding away of rock abrasion
Agent of mechanical weathering wind
Agent of chemical weathering water
Living agent of mechanical weathering plants
Rock that is the source of the fragments parent rock
Protecting soil from nutrient loss or erosion soil conservation
When water slows and drops sediment deposition
Deposition that occurs as a body of water slows to flow into another delta
Sediment deposits here when a river overflows its banks (pg.318) floodplain
a fan-shaped deposion on land alluvial fan
As a mountain ages, its peaks become (rounder/sharper) rounder

Environmental Issues in Africa/ Geography Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the action of clearing a wide area of trees DEFORESTATION
the process by which fertile land becomes desert, typically as a result of drought, deforestation, or inappropriate agriculture DESERTIFICATION
the contamination of water WATER POLLUTION
the process of removing salt from seawater DESALINATION
what river is in nigeria NIGER RIVER
when one consumers to much contaminated water causes DISEASES
river that flows north, located in Northeastern Africa NILE
located in central Africa, home to the Bantu group RAINFOREST
long skinny lake in eastern Africa TANGANYIKA
second most popular religion in Africa CHRISIANITY
form of agriculture that cuts down an area of forest and burn the land to land to grow crops SLASHANDBURN
high standard of living in this group SAVANNA
trade is difficult in Africa because most countries are LANDLOCKED
they type of agriculture that only grows enough to feed family,not to sell of trade SUBSISTENCE

Water Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

An underground layer of rock or soil that holds water aquifer
An underground water source in which water rises because of the pressure of the weight of the rocks and soil above the aquifer Artesian Well
Place where an organism lives and receives all things it needs to survive habitat
A region of land drained by a river and its tributaries river basin
Having pores or openings that allow water or other liquids to flow through them permeable
When water seeps into rocks and between particles of soil infiltration
Water found on the surface of the Earth surface water
Does not allow water to flow through impereable
A large mass of ice moving over land glacier
Water located below Earth's surface ground water
A land area that is covered with a shallow layer of water during some or all of the year wetland
Found in oceans, cannot be drank by humans until after the salt is removed salt water
A lake that stores water for human use reservoir
Water we use on earth for cooking, drinking, etc. no salt freshwater

Ancient Mesopotamia Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

collection of Babylonian Laws Hammurabi's Code
territories and people under one ruler empire
extremem hunger from lack of food famine
belief in one god monotheism
belief in many gods polytheism
type of writing with wedges and curves carved in clay cuneiform
a person who writes down information scribe
community with its own seperate governmane city-state
an amount more than what is needed surplus
soil that is carried down river and settles in the bottom of the river silt
area between the tigris river and euphrates river fertilecresecent
creation of waterways to carry water to crops irrigation
buying, selling, or exchanging goods trade
period when men made weapons and tools from a mixture of copper and tin bronzeage
person who studies prehistoric people and their cultures archaelogist
dwelling place for the gods ziggurat
farming including growing crops and lraising livestock agriculture
society with cities, government, workers, social classes civilization

Geography Of Africa Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Harming the enviroment Pollution
Population is almost extinct Endangered Species
Growing enough food to feed him and his family Subsistence Farming
A person who does not stay long in the some place Nomads
Extreme scarcity of food Famine
Without rainfall for a long period of time drought
Transforming a forest into cleared land Deforestation
When fertile land becomes deserts Desertification
A grassy plain in tropical and subtropical regions, with few trees Savannas
Has an annual rainfall of 400cm Tropical Rainforest
The largest hot desert in the world Sahara
What region is located in of western and north central Africa Sahel

Water Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Having a positively charged end and a negatively charged end Polarity
water sticking to water Cohesion
Water sticking to another surface Adhesion
The skin of the water created by cohesion. Surface tension
The ratio of mass to volume in a substance. Density
The amount of energy to raise temperature. Specific heat
The saltiness of a body of water. Salinity
Water that flows over the land without sinking. Runoff
Underwater vent found near volcanoes. Hydrothermal vent
Weather pattern that develops over the ocean. El-Nino
Zone of the ocean. Photic zone
Water located below Earth's surface. Groundwater
A rock layer that collects and stores groundwater. Aquifer
A surface able to penetrated by water. Permeable
A surface that water cannot penetrate. Impermeable
An area of land that drains into drains, etc, to a river. Watershed
The land that water flows across or under. River basin
Freshwater stream. Tributary
Where freshwater and saltwater mix and meet. Estuary
Large material or artificial lake. Reservoir
Movement of cold water. Upwelling
A process, weathered rock is picked up and moved. Erosion
Where eroded materials such as rock and other materials are deposited by water, wind, ice. Sedimentation
Organisms that live in top layer of ocean. Phytoplankton
Enrichment of an ecosystem. Eutrophication
When organisms go far down. Chemosynthesis
Technique that uses sound. Sonar
Amount of present in the water. Dissolved oxygen

Soil and Agriculture Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Tool used to determine soil texture SOILTRIANGLE
_______ is parallel to the crust and is made up of layers SOILHORIZON
Method of farming used on the sides of mountains to increase amount of crops grown TERRACING
_____ is the process of removing trees from a habitat DEFORESTATION
Caused by excessive rain or over cropping SOILEROSION
Chemicals used to kill any insects trying to eat crops INSECTICIDES
Man made crops designed to produce more food (controversial) GMOS
_________ are used to stop the growth of fungus and bacteria in crops FUNGICIDE
Fences or trees strategically placed to stop the flow of wind are called WINDBREAKS
Plowing along the contours of land to prevent erosion CONTOURPLOWING
_______ is the process of changing crops yearly to maintain nutrients in the soil CROPROTATION
_______ happens with water forces fertilizer from its original position FERTILIZERRUNOFF
When crops do no receive the nutrition UNDERNUTRITION
Revolution that recently occurred that brought GMOS to the market GREENREVOLUTION
Process of which water completely fill an area WATERLOGGING
the layer of untouched rock located above the bedrock RIGOLITH
Very top layer of the soil horizon OHORIZON
Second layer from the top layer of soil AHORIZON
Lowest layer of all the soil horizons CHORIZON
The growing of one type of crop in a given area MONOCULTURE

Landforms and Bodies of Water Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Part of a large body of water that extends into a shoreline bay
A deep, narrow alley with steep walls. canyon
Body of water completely surrounded by land; usually freshwater. lake
Point of land that extends into a river, lake, or ocean. cape
Area of level land, usually low elevation and often covered with grasses plain
Body of land completely surrounded by water. island
Flat, low land built up from soil carried downstream by a river and deposited at its mouth. delta
Large natural stream that flows through land. river
Low land between hill or mountains. valley
Land along a sea or an ocean. coast
Small stream or river that flows into a larger stream or river. tributary
_____ of a river--Place where a river empties into a larger body of water. mouth
Part of a body of water that extends into a shoreline; larger and deeper than a bay. gulf
Narrow stretch of land connecting two larger land areas. isthmus
Body of land jutting into a lake or ocean, surrounded on three sides by water. peninsula
Area of flat or rolling land at high elevation, about 300 to 3,000 feet high plateau
Land with steep sides that rise sharply from the surrounding land. mountains

Latin America Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

cutting down forests without replanting new trees Deforestation
area between Tropic of cancer and Tropic of Capricorn, it’s usually warm Tropics
dense stand of trees and other growth that receives high amounts of precipitation each year Rain Forest
the elevation above sea level Altitude
narrow stretch of land connecting two larger land masses (or areas) Isthmus
small river that flows into a larger river Tributary
an area where river currents and ocean tide meet Estuary
humanmade fuel produced by mixing gasoline and alcohol made from sugarcane Gasohol
an overcrowded city slum in Brazil Favela
a public square in Latin American city around which government buildings and major churches were built Plaza
Mexican cowhand (similar to american cowboys) Vaquero
a foreign owned factory in Mexico where workers assemble parts made in other countries Maquiladora
small plot of land which a farmer only grows enough crop to feed their family Subsistence Farming
a large farm Plantation
a person who earns a living by temporarily moving to a place that is separate from their home for work Migrant Worker
the division of land into zones based on elevations, it helps to determine climate and vegetation Altitudinal Zone
lowest elevation on Mts. where snow stays year round Snow Line
creation of flat areas on mountains for farming purposes Terracing
highest elevation where trees grow on a mountain Tree Line
trading of crops between lowland Vertical Trade