Type
Crossword
Description

The immediate response to injury (11) Haemostasis
The first type of leukocyte to the wound (10) neutrophil
What phase of healing do many chronic wounds get stuck in? (12) Inflammatory
One of the main functions of the macrophage (11) debridement
The growth of new blood vessels (12) angiogenesis
One of the key features in the maturation phase wound contraction
..... wounds heal within an expected time span (5) Acute
The process of leukocyte migration through the blood vessel wall (10) Diapedesis
Bradykinin causes what symptom that a person with a wound may complain of? (4) pain
Epinephrine causes what biological response? (16) Vasoconstriction
...... metalloproteinases breakdown and remove extracellular ...... proteins. (6) matrix
late sin, a protein needed in the proliferative phase (7) (anag) elastin

Wounds Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Enzymes that breakdown proteins of the extracellular matrix Matrix metalloproteinases
Cells that produce collagen fibroblasts
Cell messengers cytokines
Dry, dead skin and tissue Eschar
Wound exudate mostly comprised of spent neutrophils slough
One "I" of the I in TIME Infection
The process of blood clotting coagulation
First cells to respond to bleeding by forming a plug platelets
Cells that line blood vessels endothelial
Factor II - derived from prothrombin thrombin
A wound that is not progressing through the recognised stages of healing is called: chronic
Factor VIII is also known as: von Willerbrands
If tissue get too wet it will get: macerated
Chronic wounds are generally caused by wounds being stuck in the ... phase inflammatory
A community of nonplanktonic bacteria housed in a extrapolymer matrix biofilm
The process by which the body breaks down damaged tissue autolysis
Removing dead and damaged tissue from the wound bed debridement
Formation of new blood vessels from existing blood vessels angiogenesis
Formation of new blood vessels neovascularisation
The main endothelial cells involved in the proliferative phase keratinocytes

Wound Healing & Tissue Repair Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Clotting factor prothrobin
1st stage of wound healing Haemostasis
Fibrinogen converts to Fibrin/clot
Granualtion tissue formed by Macrophages
Cell death Apoptosis
Scar type found in darker skin tones Keloids
Pulls wound together Myfibroblasts
Enzyme Plasim
Structural protein Collagen
Appears after a break in the skin Blood
Infected wound puss
Affects healing time Health

Wound Healing Process Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This is the first phase of healing and is all about controlling bleeding and activating the immune system. Inflammation
Wound fluid, dead tissue, and immunologic cells form pus, which is designed to flow as a liquid from the wound and carry debris with it. Debridement
Collagen begins to fill in the wound to bind the torn tissues, a process that will take several weeks to complete. Repair
Once plenty of collagen has been deposited, the final phase of scarring can form. The scar becomes stronger and stronger over time as new blood vessels and nerves grow in and the tissue reorganizes. Maturation
An example of a wound healing by primary intention. SpayIncision
When the wound is a surgical incision with sutures in place, there is no area for the body to fill with granulation tissue. Instead, the wound margins are already held together and the two margins simply need to bond together. PrimaryIntention
If the wound cannot be closed with sutures (it is too big, there is too much tension on the wound margins pulling them apart, the wound is too infected, etc.), then this process occurs. SecondaryIntention
This should be moist so as to allow better blood flow and a proper debridement phase and bleeds easily as it is rich in blood vessels. Granulationtissue
When the wound seems to be on-going, either healing and then getting worse again and when the pet be taken to the veterinarian NonhealingWounds
A type of biological cell that is prokaryotic- can be many shapes, ranging from spheres to rods and spirals bacteria
May be caused by accidents, falls, hits, weapons, and other causes. Results in physical damage. injury

Wound Care Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Softening and breaking down of skin, resulting from prolonged exposure to moisture Maceration
The upper outer layer of the two main layers of cells that make up the skin Epidermis
A common bacterial skin infection Cellulitis
A wound irrigation solution that has antimicrobial and excellent moisturising properties Octenalin
A fluid with high content of protein ad cellular debris that has escaped from blood vessels due to inflammation Exudate
Bacteria embedded in a thick shiney barrier of sugars and protein Biofilm
A dressing that adds moisture to a wound Hydrocolloid
A sweet sticky substance that has been used in wound care for 100's of years Honey
NICE guidelines recommend this product for debridement of necrotic, sloughy and long standing hyperkeratotic tissue Debrisoft
It can be white or yellow in colour, and is made up of dead skin cells Slough

Cardiovascular System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the fluid portion of the blood plasma
red blood cells erythrocytes
the oxygen-transporting pigment of erythrocytes hemoglobin
white blood cell leukocytes
a white blood cell with secretory granules in its cytoplasm (ex. eosinophil/basophil) granulocytes
the most abundant of the white blood cells neutrophils
granular white blood cells whose granules readily take up a stain called eosin eosinophils
white blood cells whose granules stain deep blue with basic dye; have a relatively pale nucleus and granular-appearing cytoplasm basophils
white blood cells with a one-lobed nucleus. no granules in cytoplasm agranuloctyes
agranular white blood cells formed in the bone marrow that mature in the lymphoid tissue lymphocytes
large single-nucleus white blood cell; agranular leukocyte monocytes
one of the irregular cell fragments of blood; involved in clotting platelets
formation of blood cells hematopoiesis
stem cells that give rise to all the formed elements of the blood hemocytoblast
the stopping of a flow of blood hemostasis
the stout wall separating the lower chambers of the heart from one another interventricular septum
begins at the base of the right ventricle, branches into two pulmonary arteries which deliver deoxygenated blood to the corresponding lung pulmonary trunk
bicuspid and tricuspid atrioventricular valves
cord-like tendons that connect the papillary muscles to the tricuspid valve and the mitral valve in the heart (heart strings) chordae tendineae
lub dub, lub dub heart sounds
a condition in which the heart produces or is apt to produce a recurring sound indicative of disease or damage murmur
abnormally high blood pressure hypertension
a disease of the arteries characterized by the deposition of plaques of fatty material on their inner walls atherosclerosis
the membranous sac enveloping the heart pericardium
a chamber of the heart receiving blood from the veins; superior heart chambers atria
discharging chambers of the heart ventricles
system of blood vessels that carry blood to and from the lungs for gas exchange pulmonary circulation
major systemic artery; arises from the left ventricle of the heart aorta
systems of blood vessels that carries nutrient- and oxygen-rich blood to all the body organs systemic circulation
valves that prevent blood return to the ventricles after contraction semilunar valves
the contraction phase of heart activity systole
a period (between contractions) of relaxation of the heart during which it fills with blood diastole
a volume of blood ejected by a ventricle during systole stroke volume
sequence of events encompassing one complete contraction and relaxation of the atria and ventricles of the heart cardiac cycle

Blood Cells Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Where do Granulocytes mature? Bonemarrow
Which cell types have no nucleus when mature? Erythrocytes
A White Blood cell is also called what? Leukocyte
These cells aid in the coagulation process. Platelets
What cells lack Granulocytes? Agranulocytes
What do monocytes become in the tissues? Macrophages
What is the formation of platelets called? Thrombopoiesis
An immature red blood cell is known as what? Reticulocytes
These white blood cells are defined by their round nucleus. Lymphocytes
These white blood cells have an indented nucleus. Monocytes
What cell is associated with cell mediated immunity? T-cell
What cell is associated with humoral immunity? B-cell
What is the balance between coagulation and anticoagulation? Hemostasis
The fist step to coagualtion is what? Vasconstriction
This prevents excessive clotting/thombus formation. Fibrinolysis
Fibrinogen and what other plasma protein are involved in the clotting of blood? Prothrombin
This Granulocyte stains pink. Eosinophils
Which Granulocytes pick up a blue/purple stain? Basophils
These granulocytes do not take up any stain. Neutrophils

Tissue inflammation and healing Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A local defensive response to tissue injury of any kind including trauma and infection. Inflammation
Chemicals that regulate inflamation and immunity, often small proteins. Cytokines
Increasing blood flow beyond normal via vasodilation Hyperemia
Leukocyte adhesion to selectins that tumble along the endothelium and block blood flow. Margination
Inflammation involves containment and destruction __________. Pathogens
Condition when, within fee hours of inflammation, neutrophil count in blood rise way above normal levels Neutropilla
Name the agent of inflammation that will clean up tissue damage, phagotise bacteria, tissue debris, dead and dying leukocytes and pathogens Macrophages
A kinin that stimultes pain receptors. Bradykinin
Major agents of tissue cleanup and repair. Monocytes
A pool of yellowish fluid made up of dead cells, other tissue debris and tissue fluid. Pus

Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Study of the structure of the body Anatomy
Study of the functions of the body Physiology
Smallest unit of an element Atom
Smallest unit of life Cell
It is made of 11 systems that work together Organism
Toward the head Superior
Towards the back Posterior
Close to the point of attachment Distal
Towards the surface Superficial
A cut that divides the bod or organ into superior and inferior part Transverse
A cut that divides the body or organ into right and left parts Sagittal
Cavity that surrounds each lung Pleural
Cavity that contains the liver and the stomach Abdominal
A fluid that allows the organs to move without friction Serous
Feedback that reverses the stimulus Negative
Fluid found outside of the cells Extracellular
Extracellular fluid found in the blood vessels Plasma
Organ that responds to control center's output Effector
What monitors the environment Receptor
A cavity that contains 4 quadrants Abdominopelvic

immune system Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

lymph follows venous flow
lymph is pulled from plasma
Lymphatic vessels have these to keep lymph going one direction- valves
Intestinal lymphatic tissue peyers patches
where t cells mature thymus
micro-organisms and invaders in the blood are called pathogens
stores blood in the body, and is located in the upper left quadrant of the stomach spleen
largest percent of blood cells in the body erythrocytes
white blood cells leukocytes
secretes antibodies B cells
proteins produced by B cells that destroy antigens antibodies
white blood cells that destroy debris macrophage
makes clots thrombocytes
axillary, inguinal, popliteal, terminus and cisterna, chyli lymph nodes
liquid connective tissue blood
clear watery fluid that surrounds cells lymph
thrombocytes AKA platelets
gland that provides immune support early in life thymus
these remove and filter pathogens and debris from lymphatic fluid nodes
where ALL lymph nodes drain heart
lymphatic massage starts here tonsils
example of specific immunity vaccinations
lymphocytes are formed in red bone marrow
fluid between tissue cells interstitial
where the largest amount of lymph fluid drains thoracic duct
lymphatic massage strengthens the immune system
white blood cells that filter out old red blood cells macrophages
number of superficial lymph node locations three

Blood Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

White blood cells leukocytes
active phagocytes neutrophils
not classified as cells themselves platelets
There is 0.2 milligrams of what in your body? gold
phagocytize large particles monocytes
attack infections, viruses, and early stages of cancer lymphocytes
Red blood cells carry away what? carbon dioxide
plasma can be separated from the cells by spinning blood in what device? centrifuge
mixture of proteins, enzymes, nutrients, hormones, and gases plasma
aggregates of blood cells in the yolk sac blood island
Hematopoiesis in children occurs where? long bones
makes up around 7% of the weight of a human body blood
The development of different blood cells from HSCs to mature cells hematopoiesis
allergic response and attack parasites eosinophils
Red blood cells erythrocytes