Type
Crossword
Description

contains genetic material nucleus
gel-like substance where most chemical reactions happen cytoplasm
holds the cell together and controls what goes in and out cell membrane
site of aerobic respiration mitochondria
where proteins are made ribosomes
where in the plant does photosynthesis occur? chloroplasts
green pigment that absorbs light for photosynthesis, in the chloroplasts chlorophyll
name of the process where substances move from a low to high conc using energy active transport
photosynthesis product 'g' glucose
anaerobic respiration= glucose --> ______ + carbon dioxide (begins with 'e') ethanol
pathogens are ________ that enter the body and cause disease microorganisms
type of pathogen beginning with 'f' fungi
hiv is a _____ spread by sexual contact ('v') virus
what animal beginning with 'm' spreads malaria? mosquitoes
antibodies are produced by _____________ b-lymphocytes
name of the hormone found in womens urine when they're pregnant HCG
name for when an enzymes active site no longer works ('D') denatures
bacteria produces ______ that make us feel ill toxins
white blood cells _______ foreign cells and digest them engulf
technical name for when someone is short sighted myopia
type of lens given to someone that is long sighted convex
name of the gland that produces insulin pancreas
when your blood vessels get smaller because you're cold vasoconstriction
different word for changes in the environment? stimuli
name for the brain and spinal cord (shortened) CNS
______ are chemical messengers hormones

Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The first step of Cellular Respiration where glucose is broken in half and 2 ATP energy units are released. Glycosis
Short for Adenosine Triphosphate. It is the energy that is released when the mitochondrion breaks down the sugars you have eaten. ATP
The second of two major stages in photosynthesis, involving atmospheric CO2 fixation and reduction of the fixed carbon into carbohydrate. Calvincycle
The steps in photosynthesis that occur on the thylakoid membranes of the chloroplast and that convert solar energy to the chemical energy of ATP and NADPH, evolving oxygen in the process. Lightreactions
The small openings on the undersides of most leaves through which oxygen and carbon dioxide can move Stomata
Organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals and use it to produce its own food from inorganic compounds; also called a producer. Autotroph
An organelle inside a plant cell only where photosynthesis takes place Chloroplast
An organism that must eat plants or other animals for food heterotroph
An organelle inside an animal AND plant cell where cellular respiration takes place Mitochondria
The process by which plants use carbon dioxide + energy from the sun to create sugars and oxgen Photosynthesis
Produces 36 ATP energy units for each sugar molecule broken up Krebscycle
The process that takes place inside all eukaryotic cells (both plants and animals) that breaks down sugars to produce energy in the form of ATP Cellularrespiration
Cellular respiration that takes place when there is oxygen Aerobicrespiration
Cellular respiration that takes place where there is NO oxygen anaerobicrespiration
Sugars produced by photosynthesis Glucose
Primary light absorbing pigment in autotrophs chlorophyll

Photosynthesis & Cellular respiration Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Respiration without oxygen Anaerobic
green pigment Chloroplast
Makes glucose from sunlight Photosynthesis
Too much exercise and not enough oxygen can cause Lactic acid
with oxygen Aerobic
Step on in cellular respiration-split glucose Glycolysis
Fermentation with yeast makes Acholol
The opposition of photosynthesis Cellular respiration
Adenosine triphosphate ATP
Place where cells perform glycolysis Cytoplasm
Organelle found in all organisms that is the site of aerobic cellular respiration Mitochondria
takes glycolysis to produce carbon dioxide and high energy electrons Krebs cycle
type of respiration without oxygen used by organisms such as yeast Alcoholic fermentation
CO2 Carbon dioxide
O2 Oxygen
H2O water
C6H12O6 Glucose
The starting material in a chemical reaction Reactants
Absorbs light energy, pigment that it's green color Chlorophyll
Energy used by plants to produce their own food Light energy
tiny holes in the leaves where carbon dioxide and oxygen enter and exit Stomata
Ability to do work Energy
Obtain energy from the foods they consume Heterotrophs
Organisms that use light energy from the sun to produce food Autotrophs
Chloroplasts contain sac like structures called Thylakoids
Light collecting units of the chloroplast Photosystem
Carry the high energy electrons Electron carriers
protein that uses energy from H+to form ATP and ADP ATP synthase
NADP+ becomes NADPH
Thylakoids are stacked= Grana

Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

Able to make energy from Light Energy (Plants) Autotrophs
Able to make energy from Chemicals (Bacteria) Chemotrophs
Obtains energy from food; Cannot make energy (Animals & Humans) Heterotrophs
The Organelle found in plants and algae cells where Photosynthesis takes place Chloroplast
Stacks of Thylakoids Grana
Flattened discs where Light-Dependent Reactions occur Thylakoid
The Solution/Space inside the Thylakoid where Light-Independent Reactions occur Stroma
Cannot occur without Oxygen; requires Oxygen Aerobic Respiration
Ca occur with or without Oxygen present; Does NOT require Oxygen Anaerobic Respiration
A green pigment found in most plant cells; gives plants there green color, reacts with sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water to form Carbohydrates; located in Chloroplast Chlorophyll
The process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water to produce Carbohydrates and Oxygen Photosynthesis
The process by which cells obtain energy from Carbohydrates; Atmospheric Oxygen combines with Glucose to form Water and Carbon Dioxide Cellular Respiration
The 1st step of Photosynthesis; Light Energy is captured and stored as NADPH and Oxygen gas is released; requires light Light-Dependent Reactions
The 2nd step of Photosynthesis; Calvin Cycle forms Organic compounds using the stored energy(Glucose) Light-Independent Reactions
The anaerobic breakdown of glucose to Pyruvic Acid, which makes a small amount of energy available to cells in the form of ATP; 1st Step of Cellular Respiration Glycolysis
A series of biochemical reactions that convert Pyruvic Acid into Carbon Dioxide and Water; it is the major pathway of oxidation for many organisms and it releases energy; 2nd Step of Cellular Respiration Krebs Cycle
Known as ETC, it converts the most energy into ATP for cells; domino effect; Final Step in Cellular Respiration Electron Transport Chain

Plant Cells vs. Animal Cells Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This type of cell is rectangular in shape. plant
Animal cells are ______ in shape. irregular
This organelle is larger in a plant cell compared to it's size in an animal cell. vacuole
These green organelles are located in a plant cell, but not an animal cell. chloroplasts
The reason plant cells maintain their shape. cell wall
A plant cell is _____ than an animal cell. larger
An animal cell has many _____ vacuoles. small
This organelle in an animal cell contains digestive enzymes. lysosome
A(n) _____ cell has no cell wall. animal
The animal cell is _____ in size than the plant cell. smaller
Chloroplasts are the sight of ______ in a plant cell. photosynthesis
The organelle in the nucleus that helps make ribosomes; located in both plant and animal cells. nucleolus
This ER, located in both kinds of cells, has ribosomes making proteins. rough
_____ cells have the organelle that contains the DNA site where RNA is made. both
Both animal and plant cells have _____ different endoplasmic reticulums. two
Plant and animal cells are _____. eukaryotic
This site of cellular respiration is in both plant and animal cells. mitochondria
Both cells have this jelly-like substance that contains the organelles. cytoplasm
A plant cell has a cell wall AND a _______, unlike the animal cell. cell membrane
This "post office" organelle is located in both cells. golgi complex

Carbon and Oxygen Cycle Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What takes place in the mitochondria during Gycolysis? Cellular Respiration
Photosynthesis needs this. Sunlight
This goes with sunlight and enters the light dependent reactions. Water
This is used during respiration and given out during Photosynthesis. This also enters the Electron Transport Chain to make ATP. Oxygen
What is broken down into Pyruvic Acid and used during the Kreb's Cycle? Glucose
Cellular Respiration takes place in this. Mitochondria
Photosynthesis takes place in this. Chloroplast
Sunlight and water enters this to produce ATP, NADH, and Oxygen. Light dependent
This is given out to air when food is used by animals during respiration to produce energy to live and grow Carbon Dioxide
This converts carbon dioxide and other compounds into glucose. These reactions occur in the stroma, in the chloroplast, and on the outside of the thylakoid membranes. Light Independent
This is where the Carbon cycle and Calvin cycle of photosynthesis take place. Stroma
During photosynthesis, carbon dioxide is taken in from the atmosphere through this and oxygen is released as a waste product. Stomata
This is a membrane in chloroplasts and the site of the light depended reactions of photosynthesis. Thylakoid
These are stacks of thylakoids in the stroma of a chlorplast that contain important light-absorbing pigments, such as chlorophyll. Grana

Photosynthesis Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

process by which plants and some other organisms use light energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into oxygen and high-energy carbohydrates such as sugar and starches photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals and use it to produce its own food from inorganic compounds; also called a producer autotroph
the steps in photosynthesis that occur on the thylakoid membranes of the chloroplast and that convert solar energy to the chemical energy of ATP and NADPH, evolving oxygen in the process light reactions
a green pigment found in the chloroplasts of plants, algae, and some bacteria chlorophyll
an organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating other organisms or their byproducts and that cannot synthesize organic compounds from inorganic materials heterotroph
specialized ground tissue that makes up the bulk of most leaves; performs most of a plant's photosynthesis mesophyll
the second of two major stages in photosynthesis (following the light reactions), involving atmospheric CO2 fixation and reduction of the fixed carbon into carbohydrate. Calvin Cycle
a colored chemical compound that absorbs light, producing color pigment
A flattened membrane sac inside the chloroplast, used to convert light energy into chemical energy. thylakoid
granum (grana) a stack of thylakoids in a chloroplast granum
The fluid of the chloroplast surrounding the thylakoid membrane; involved in the synthesis of organic molecules from carbon dioxide and water. stroma
large protein that uses energy from H+ ions to bind ADP and a phosphate group together to produce ATP ATP synthase
The second of two major stages in photosynthesis, involving atmospheric CO2 fixation and reduction of the fixed carbon into carbohydrate. These reactions are also called the Calvin Cycle dark reactions
is the set of metabolic reactions and processes that take place in the cells of organisms to convert biochemical energy from nutrients into adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and then release waste products. Cellular respiration
a compound composed of adenosine and three phosphate groups that supplies energy for many biochemical cellular processes by undergoing enzymatic hydrolysis. ATP

Living Environment Terms Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Movement of water. Osmosis
Things that are kept the same in a experiment Controlled Variables
Mostly known as the "brain" Nucleous
Made of water like material Cytoplasm
Stores waste " vaccum" Vacuole
Balance of something Homeostasis
When glucose is gone Glucagon
To produce Procreate
Make more of the same kind Reproduction
Organism repairs a lost part and creates an identical one Fragmentation
A full grown cell splits into two halves and creates two cells Binary Fission
Division of cells at the end of mitosis Cytokinesis
Do not determine gender Autosomes
Substance or hormone that increases rate of chemical reaction Biocatalyst
Physical expression of a trait Phenotype
Site where testosterone is produced Testis
Place where testis temperature is controlled Scrotum
Cell division Mitosis
Another name for sex cell Gamete
Cause of a disease Pathogen
Protein on the surface of something that causes a inflammatory response Antigen
Birth opening Cervix
Birth canal Vagina

Bioenergetics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Process that uses chemical energy, instead of light energy, to make the energy storing molecule of glucose Chemosynthesis
Sequence of biochemical reactions, catalyzed by enzymes, that occur in all living cells and concerned mainly with the exchange of energy Biochemical pathway
A natural compound that gives color to plants and animals Pigment
The mechanism in plants by which chlorophyll and other light-absorbing pigments absorb energy from sunlight Photosystem
The process of converting carbon dioxide from the atmosphere into carbohydrates, like glucose, by photosynthesis Carbon fixation
Anaerobic respiration performed by bacteria and muscle cells Lactic acid fermentation
Plant pigment responsible for red, orange, and yellow colors Carotenoid
A lower energy molecule that can be converted to ATP by adding a phosphate group ADP
Any pigment in plant leaves other than chlorophyll Accessory pigment
Movement of hydrogen ions across a semipermeable membrane during cellular respiration or photosynthesis to generate ATP Chemiosmosis
Process that does not require oxygen to occur Anaerobic respiration
Membrane bound organelle where cellular respiration takes place Mitochondria
Membrane bound organelle where photosynthesis occurs Chloroplast
Another name for the Krebs cycle Citric acid cycle
Pores on the underside of a leaf Stoma
Enzyme that adds a phosphate group to ADP to make ATP ATP synthase
The molecule glucose is converted to during glycolysis Pyruvic acid
Anaerobic stage during cellular respiration that occurs in the cytoplasm Glycolysis
Third stage of cellular respiration when most ATP molecules are produced Electron transport chain
Site where oxygen in produced in the chloroplast Thylakoids
Second phase of photosynthesis Calvin cycle
Reactions that convert light energy into chemical energy Photosynthesis
Chemical reactions in which glucose is converted into ATP in the mitochondria Cellular respiration
Form of cellular energy synthesized in the mitochondria ATP
Area of the chloroplast where the Calvin Cycle takes place Stroma
Anaerobic respiration performed by yeast cells Alcoholic fermentation
Cellular respiration that requires oxygen Aerobic respiration
Second stage of cellular respiration that requires only 2 ATP Krebs cycle
First phase of photosynthesis that occurs in the thylakoid membranes Light dependent reactions
Another name for anaerobic respiration Fermentation

Cell process Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

where cellular respiration takes place Mitochondria
processes in which plants make food photosynthesis
moving materials across the membrane Active transport
a small opening in the leaves stomata
converts glucose and oxygen into ATP with energy Cellular respiration
coverts materials across the cell membrane without energy passive transport
the diffusion of water across the cell membrane. osmosis
passive movement of particle form high to low concentration diffusion
moves particles that are to large transport proteins
Organelle that absorbs sunlight Chloroplast
When the gogli complex surrounds in a vesicle to be removed from the cell Exocytosis
Cell membrane surrounds a large particle in a vessel and carries it into cell Endocytosis
selectivley permiable covering of cell Cell Membrane
substances can pass through the cell membrane while others cannot selectively prmeable
how crowded something is or how much something is in something else concentration
diffusion with a transport protien that does not need ATP facilitated diffusion
the normal way materials flow gradient
energy for all life functions atp
the process of making ATP without the use of oxygen fermentation

Cell Respiration Crossword Review

Type
Crossword
Description

The word that means "requires oxygen" aerobic
How many ATP are produced during the Electron Transport Chain stage? 34
What is the energy currency used by all cells to do work? ATP
What does ATP supply you (your cells) with? energy
Where does glycolysis take place in the cell? cytoplasm
What is another name for the Krebs Cycle? citric acid cycle
What term means "oxygen not required"? anaerobic
When ATP loses a phosphate, it becomes this molecule? ADP
In glycolysis, glucose is split to for 2 molecules of _______ ? pyruvate
Cell respiration produces a total of ________ ATP molecules from one glucose molecule. 38
The Krebs Cycle takes place in the soupy liquid of the mitochondria called the _____? matrix
The organelle involved in cell respiration is called the _____. mitochondria
The folds of the inner membrane of the mitochondria are known as ______. cristae
How many Calories per gram do we get from carbohydrates? (spell it out) four
The term that refers to the amount of energy needed to raise one gram of water by one degree Celsius is ? calorie
The ETC occurs in the ______ ______ of the mitochondria inner membrane
The process by which food is broken down to release energy in the presence of oxygen is known as ____ ______. cell respiration
Glycolysis produces this many molecules of ATP? (spell it out) two
This macromolecule type yields 9 Calories for every gram consumed. fat
The Krebs Cycle produces this many ATP (spell it out) two
C6H12O6 is the chemical formula for _______? glucose
Glucose is a type of ____________ (macromolecule family) carbohydrate
Glycolysis is anaerobic, which means _____________ is not needed. oxygen
Calorie with a capital C is equal to a ______calorie (prefix for 1000) kilo
Besides carbohydrates, ________________ also gives up 4 Calories per gram consumed. proteins