Type
Word Search
Description

plastic
glass
sand
clay
brittle
waterproof
light
heavy
flexible
stiff
wool
strong
weak

Fibres to Fabrics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

_____________ fibres come from plant and animal sources Natural
plant sources include cotton and ________ Linen
Cotton comes from __________ __________ Cotton plant
Animal sources include ______ and silk wool
linen comes from the ________ plant flax
Manufactured fibres are created from a ____________ of raw materials Mixture
Examples of __________ fibres are viscose and acetate Regenerated
Examples of synthetic fibres are ___________ and acrylic polyester
Cotton grows in ______, moist climates hot
Undesirable properties of cotton are _____________, not very stretchy, burns easily & shrinks Creases
Flax grows in ________, damp climates cool
Wool is the most common ___________ fibre used animal
when wool is cleaned and combed it is called __________ Carding
Wool is used to make household products such as blankets, _____________ and rugs carpets
Silk is produced from a _________________ Silkworm
The worms spin __________ of silk cocoons
Regenerated fibres contain _____________ because they come from plants cellulose
__________ describes the thickness of manufactured fibres Denier
When cotton & polyester are mixed together ____________ is created Polycotton
Printing means applying colour and _________ to one side of the fabric only pattern

Ceramic Vocabulary Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

clay that has dried slightly from the plastic stage, can be joined using water, but has become a bit too fragile to bend and shape at lot. leather hard
Clay that has completely dried out, but has not been fired yet. bone dry
Clay objects that have been fired one time, turning the clay into glass. At this stage, clay is ready to be stained, painted or glazed. Bisqueware
Clay that has been applied with glaze or underglazes and then fired a second time. glazeware
a term that refers to one of several techniques used to build pottery using only the hands and simple tools, rather than using the potter’s wheel. handbuilding
This technique is a method of shaping clay by inserting the thumb of one hand into a ball of clay and lightly pinching between the thumb and the fingers, while slowly rotating the ball of clay in the palm of the other hand. pinch pots
a handbuilding technique used to construct ceramic forms by rolling out ropes of clay and joining them together with the fingers and various smoothing tools. coil pots
a handbuilding of technique used to construct ceramic forms by rolling out a flat “pancake-like” piece of clay which can then be cut into shapes and built into a box. slab pots
the process of mixing and turning clay to remove air pockets and create uniform consistency in the clay. wedging
a technique used to connect two pieces of clay by scratching into the surfaces of each piece of clay and then applying watered down clay to each piece before pressing the pieces together. slip and score
to draw or scratch lines into the clay surface, to either connect two pieces of clay or add texture. score
a process in which clay is heated to high temperatures in a kiln, which melts the silica sand in the clay and when it cools turns to glass, making the form permanent. firing
a furnace of refractory clay bricks used to heat pottery or fuse glass. kiln
glass-forming chemicals, usually with coloring compounds added, that is applied in a liquid form to bisqueware clay and fired in a kiln, forming a pleasing coating around the surface of the clay. glaze
Pottery which can not only serve as an art object but can also be used for a purpose, such as bowls, plates, cups. functional pottery
the usually narrower part that leads from the body of a pot or vase to the mouth. neck
this is the main part of the pot or vase. It usually the largest part of the pot or vase. body
this is the part of the pot or vase that meets or rests on the floor or table. foot
a decoration technique in which lines are carefully drawn into a clay surface. carving
process in which material is steadily built up to produce the finished figure additive
a large container, typically earthenware, glass, or plastic, with a handle and a lip, used for holding and pouring liquids pitcher
a pot with a handle, spout, and lid, in which tea is brewed and from which it is poured teapot
a round, deep dish or basin used for food or liquid bowl
a small, bowl-shaped container for drinking from, typically having a handle cup
a strong, coarse unbleached cloth made from cotton, or a similar yarn, used as a surface for clay handbuilding canvas
a board used as a base for handbuilng and storing clay projects bat

Material Science Puzzle Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Material Science is a branch of science that focuses on materials; interdisciplinary field composed of physics and _________. chemistry
Ability of a material to break, snap, crack or fail easily when subjected to external loads. Brittle
Ability of a material to undergo permanent deformation through cross-section reductions and elongation without fracture. ductility
Reversible deformation of the form or dimensions of a solid body under stress. elastic
Irreversible deformation of the form or dimension of a solid body under stress. plastic
Able to withstand great strain without tearing or cracking toughness
Category of materials that consists of aluminum, copper, steel (iron alloy), nickel, and titanium metal
Category of materials that includes clay, silica glass, alumina, and quartz ceramic
Category of materials that includes PVC, teflon, various plastics, adhesives, and kevlar polymer
Category of materials that includes wood, carbon fiber resins, and concrete composite
Metals are _____________ strength high
Metals have a __________ melting point. meduim
Polymers are ________weight. light
Polymers are _____ to corrosive chemical environments inert
Some polymers can be ________ to 1000% the original length stretched
A mixtures of two or more metal and nonmetal elements (for example, steel) is called an _____ alloy
A materials scientist uses his/her combined knowledge of physics, chemistry and ______________ to exploit property-structure combinations for practical use. metallurgy
The example of a composite in our lab was a ________________. popsicle stick
Our example of a metal was a _____________. paper clip
In our lab we used a ____________ to represent polymers. plastic bag
Mrs. Schneider had a single ______ to represent ceramics. tile

Materials Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

flint
clay
leather
glass
plastic
fabric
sand
paper
metal
wood

Physical Properties Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

A physical property that describes if a material is magnetic Magnetism
A physical property that describes how electricity or heat passes through the material Conductivity
A physical property that describes the ability of one substance to disolve Solubility
A physical property that means a substance is likely to break, snap, or crack when subjected to pressure Brittle
A physical property used to describe a substance as having a shiny appearance or reflecting light, if a substance lacks this property it can be described as dull Luster
A physical property that means the mass per unit of volume of a substance Density
The amount of space that a substance or object occupies Volume
A physical property that describes the ability of a substance to be rolled or pounded into thin sheets Malleability
What is the most reliable physical property? Conductivity
A measurable characteristic of an substance Physical Property
A physical property tested by creating a circuit and replacing part of the wire with an object Conductivity
The ability of an object to be pulled or rolled into thin wire Ductility
Has three forms, solid, liquid, and gas State of Matter
A physical property tested by trying to flatten an object into thin sheets Malleability
A physical property tested by shining light on an object and observing if it reflects Luster

CERAMICS Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This hand building technique is formed by building up the walls with rope-like rolls of clay. COIL
The second firing cycle in which the glaze will melt to form a glass-like coating. GLAZE
Clay that is completely dry and free of any moisture. It is now ready for the first firing. BONE DRY
Clay that is moist and pliable. It is fresh out of the bag. PLASTIC
This hand building technique starts with a ball of clay. PINCH POT
Clay that has been fired once. BISQUE
Clay that has been fired once is now considered this. CERAMIC
A ceramic piece of art that has a useful purpose. FUNCTIONAL
Clay that is slightly flexible and cool to the touch. LEATHER HARD
This hand building technique involves rolling out a flat sheet of clay. SLAB
The preliminary (first) firing to harden the clay. BISQUE FIRING
A ceramic piece of art that is purely decorative. NON FUNCTIONAL
A liquid consisting of finely ground minerals that is applied to a bique fired piece. It is either matte or glossy. GLAZE
Using a tool to scratch the surface of two clay pieces that are going to be joined together. SCORE
Liquid clay used to help join pieces of clay together. SLIP
An oven used to fire clay. KILN
Process of heating clay to a high temperature to cause a chmeical change which will permanently harden the clay. FIRING

Building Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The end, upper, triangular area of a home Gable
The process in installing glass Glazing
A mixture of sand, stone and a major component of concrete Aggregate
space behind a wall cladding cavity
load bearing cross members, timber or steel beams
exterior weather-resistant surface of the building cladding
part of the roof that extends out over the walls eaves
parallel beams of timber, concrete, or steel for supporting floors or ceilings joists
to restore to a previous or better condition renovation
detailed written instructions of building work to be done specifications
a wall that supports any vertical load in addition to its own weight bearing wall
metal angle iron that brick rests on brick lintel
a pipe, usually metal, for carrying rainwater down from the roof's horizontal gutters downpipe
a manufactured gypsum plaster panel drywall
sheet metal or other material used waterproofing roof or wall flashing

Introduction to Ceramics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Clay mix with water. 50% water Slip
Used for cutting large lumps of clay, cleaning edges of cast pieces, and in removing thrown work from the potter's wheel. (2 words) Fettling Knife
Long heavy needle with a handle, one of the most versatile tools in pottery. Needle Tool
A rubber, metal or wooden tool used to facilitate throwing on the wheel and finishing surfaces in hand-building. rib
These come in a variety of shapes, used in all sorts of hand-building. (3 words) Wooden modeling tools
A natural material extracted from the earth's crust. Made of alumina+silica+water Clay
Creating a form with long, rope shaped, pieces of clay. coil
Pottery that has been fired once, without glaze, and cannot be recycled. 0% water Bisque
To heat a clay object in a kiln to a specific temperature. fire
Unfired pottery. Ready to be bisque fired. greenware
Creating ceramic shapes on the potter's wheel. Throwing
A flat disc made from plaster, wood, or plastic which is a fixed to a wheel head. bat
Pressed or rolled flat sections of clay used for hand-building. Slab
A method of kneading the clay to make it evenly mixed, remove air bubbles and to change the water content. Wedging
This is a this coat of glass. An impervious silicate coating, which is developed in clay ware by the fusion under heat of inorganic materials. Glaze
Base of a ceramic form. Foot
Clay forced through a die to form uniform shaped clay. Extrusion
To manipulate clay with your fingers in the palm to hollow a shape. pinch
The quality of clay which allows it to be manipulated into different shapes without cracking. 25% water Plasticity
The stage of clay between plasticity and bone dry. Clay is still damp enough to join it to another piece using slip. 10% water (2 words) Leather hard
Completely air dried. 2% water Bone dry
Pushing the clay down and together, forcing the particles together. Compress
Technique of moving the clay into a symmetrical rotating axis in the middle of a wheel head so you can throw it. centering
a furnace of refractory clay bricks for firing pottery and fusing glass. Kiln
A plaster shape designed to pour slip cast into and let dry so the shape comes out as an exact replica. mold
A creation of an object out of clay. ceramic

SOIL CROSSWORD

Type
Crossword
Description

Largest particle dries quicl;y and texture is rough and gritty. Sand
Relative proportions of sand, silt, and clay texture
What the soil is composed of air, water, nutrients, and orgainic matter Composition
the proccess by which the surface of the earth is worn away by the action of water, glaciers, winds, waves, ext. Erosion
How much water the soil will allow through permeability
Depends on how many pores and the size of the pores porosity
influenced by the amount of proteins present in the soil Color
used to identify different types of soil Soil Properties
the break down of rock and minerals by rain, acid, salt, wind, and temperature into sediments weathering
Medium sized particles, texture is smooth and powdery when dry and slippery when wet. silt
smallest particle; smooth and hard as stone when dry and sticky when wet clay
Mixture of sand, silt, and clay. Best type of soil for growing plants. Loam
soil layers; more mature soil has more horizons soil horizon
Mixture of rock, minerals, and organiz matter soil
living particles in soil organic
non living particles in soil inorganic
Mostly made of decaying leaves, twigs, and animal remains/waste Humus
loose soil that is rich in organic material needed by plants topsoil
rich in minerals that are wased down in minerals that are wased downfrom topsoil by rain subsoil
slightly broken up rock. plants roots cannot go through this layer. Mostly inorganic. weathered rock
also knowthe parent material. unweathered solid rock bneath all layers. bedrock
the extraction of valuable minerals or geological materials from the earth. mining
a natrual material with a high concentation of metals and valuable materials that can be extracted for a profit. Ore
when a mine is no longer being used, the land should be restored to its former state or better. Reclamation
minerals or substances that occur in nature and can be used for economic gain. Natrual resource
a natural resource that can be replaced quickly enough so that we will not run out renewable resource
hydrocarbons created from the remains of formerly living organisms used for energy. fossil fuel
a natrual resource that we need to use carefully because it cannot be replaced quickly and we will run out. nonrenewable resource

Physical Properties of Matter Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Physical characteristics of an object or material that can be observed with out changing the substance. Physical Properties
A physical property that means the substance is likely to break, snap, or crack when subjected to pressure. BRITTLE
A physical property that describes how electricity or heat passes through the material. You can test this by creating a circuit and adding an object to he circuit to see if it is a conductor or insulator. CONDUCTIVITY
A physical property that describes the ability of a substance to rolled into a thin wire. DUCTILITY
A physical property used to describe a shiny appearance or reflecting light. You can test this by shining a flashlight on the object and then seeing if it is shiny or if it reflects light. LUSTER
A property that describes if the material is magnetic. MAGNETISM
A physical property that describes the ability of the material to be rolled or hammered into thin sheets, You can test this by trying to put the object between your hands and push it together MALLEABILITY
A phase is another name for a physical state of matter such as solid, liquid, and gas PHASEOFMATTER
A physical property that describes the ability of one substance to dissolve in another. SOLUBILITY
A physical property that defines the amount of matter (stuff) in a given space Density