most common abdominal surgical disease in children due to inflammation of the blind sac at the end of the cecum
severe inflammation of the upper airway affecting the larynx, trachea, and bronchi with 75% of cases caused by parainfluenza virus
acute or chronic inflammatory process of the bone and its structures that occur secondary to an infection
bacterial infection of the bladder and urethra that is often caused by Escherichia coli
neurological condition when two or more unprovoked seizures occur more than 24 hours apart
noncontagious febrile, self-limited disorder of an unknown cause with a common side effect of “strawberry tongue” and risk factors males under 5 years old and Asian decent
abdominal opening in the diaphragn that allows the abdominal contents into the thoracic cavity
disorder most often present at birth that permanently affects the body’s movement and muscle coordination that does not worsen overtime and is most commonly classified as spastic
congenital hemolytic disease that results from a defective hemoglobin molecule that causes misshapen red blood cells
pediatric emergency in which a portion of the bowel telescopes or folds into an adjacent bowel portion
abnormal absence or suppression of menstruation
acute infection of the dermis and subcutaneous tissue causing cell inflammation
severe, acute atopic reaction to an allergen with rapidly progressive respiratory distress
severe acute inflammation of the brain parenchyma resulting in cerebral edema
inflammation of the stomach and/or small intestine resulting in abdominal cramping, vomiting and diarrhea
communicable, opportunistic lung infection that is commonly associated with immunocompromised patients
chronic reactive airway disorder involving episodic, reversible airway obstruction resulting from bronchospasms
a combination of 4 cardiac defects that often require multiple surgeries
chronic, progressive incurable genetic disorder that affects mucous-secreting glands and is diagnosed with genetic testing and sweat tests
most common cause of sepsis in a newborn with antibiotics started immediately
The surgical removal of the gallbladder
A condition characterized by difficulty in defecating
A chronic, inflammatory bowel disease that usually affects the small intestine or colon
The occurrence of frequent, watery bowel movements
Solid crystals that form from substances in the bile of the gallbladder
An inflammation of the stomach or intestine that produces some combination of nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain
The movement of chyme from the stomach into the lower esophagus
An abbreviation for the chronic inflammation of the esophagus caused by the upward flow of gastric juice (caused by gastroesophageal reflux)
A disease characterized by inflammation of and damage to the liver
A condition in which the wall of the small and/or large intestine becomes chronically inflamed
Inflammation of the pancreas
A disease that affects the supporting structure of the teeth and the gums
A break in the lining of the stomach, duodenum, or lower esophagus
An inflammatory bowel disease that usually affects the colon and the mucosal layer of the intestinal wall
Thin, dry, or oily plates of epidermal flakes.
An uncomfortable and often chronic, disease of the skin, characterized by inflammation, scaling and sometimes severe itching.
Congenital leukoderma or the absence of melanin pigment of the body, including the hair, skin and eyes.
Deficiency in perspiration, often a result of fever or certain skin diseases.
Term that means - cannot survive in the presence of oxygen.
Condition characterized by increased pigmentation on the skin in spots that are not elevated.
Most common and least severe type of skin cancer; often characterized by light or pearly nodules
The main source for acne bacteria is ______.
A freckle is an example of a mark on the skin called a __________.
A large blister containing a watery fluid is a ________.
A flat spot or discoloration on the skin is a _______.
An inflamed pimple containing pus.
An abnormal cell mass that varies in size, color, and shape.
A thick scar resulting from excessive growth of fibrous tissue is known as a ______.
Distended or dilated surface blood vessels.
Hypertrophy of the papillae and epidermis is a _______.
The American cancer society recommends using a checklist to recognize potential skin cancer or changes in moles, using the letter b to check mole ________.
Excessive sweating caused by heat or general body weakness.
A non-contagious skin disease characterized by red patches covered with silver- white scales found on the scalp.
Benign, keratin filled cysts that appear just under the epidermis and have no visible opening are called ________.
the inner framework made up of all the bones of the body
a soft tissue inside the bone that produces blood cells
specialized connective tissue composed of osteocytes forming the skeleton
strong connective tissue that supports the body and is softer and more flexible than bone
place where two or more bones meet
A group of genetic diseases. They're caused by defective genes that are passed from parent to child.
Very common congenital disorder that affects the posture, balance and motor functions. Physical tasks become difficult because of this disorder.
Shoulder muscles help in rotating the shoulder as well as move the hand in front and back. Structural strength for this joint is due to tendons of these muscles.
It's degenerative and inflammatory in nature. It affects systemic connective tissue causing weakness and muscle atrophy.
It's a common disease of the bones. Approximately 10 million Americans have the disease, with at least three times more Americans at risk of developing it.
Small, brownish spot or blemish on the skin. Ranging in color from pale tan to brown or to bluish black
Large blister containing fluid
Cannot survive in the presence of oxygen
Crack in the skin that penetrates the dermis
Small blister or sac containing clear fluid, lying within or just beneath the epidermis
Abnormal growth of the skin
Itchy, swollen lesion that lasts only a few hours; caused by a blow or scratch, the bite of an insect, urticaria or nettle sting. Ex. Hives and mosquito bites
Darker than normal pigmentation
Chronic condition appears on the cheeks and nose, characterized by redness, distended or dilated surface blood vessels
Bacterial infection commonly known as pink eye
An inflammatory, often chronic disease of the skin characterized by moderate to severe inflammation, scaling, and severe itching
Contagious bacterial skin infection characterized by weeping lesions
Also known as cicatrix
Allergic reaction created by repeated exposure to a chemical or a substance
Abnormal brown-colored or wine-colored skin discoloration
Flat spot or discoloration on the skin
Also known as wart
Technical term for freckles
Also known as a birthmark
Hereditary condition that causes hypo pigmented spots and splotches on the skin, may be related to thyroid conditions
Abnormal, rounded, solid lump above, within, or under the skin
Absence on pigment, resulting in light or white splotches
Skin sore or abrasion produced by scratching or scraping
Open lesion on the skin or mucous membrane of the body, accompanied by pus and loss of skin depth
Inflammatory condition of the skin
Skin disease characterized by red patches covered with silver-white scales; usually found on the scalp, elbows, knees, chest, and lower back
Dead cells that form over a wound or blemish
Closed, abnormally developed sac containing fluid, pus, semi-fluid, or morbid matter
progressive disease that destroys memory and other important mental functions.
Condition where pigments is lost from areas of skin, causing white patches
Inflammation of subcutaneous connective tissue
nervous system disease that weakens muscles and impacts physical function
A chronic inflammatory disorder affecting many joints, including those in the hands and feet
Widespread muscle pain and tenderness
a metabolic disease in which the body’s inability to produce any or enough insulin causes elevated levels of glucose in the blood
condition in which a person's airways become inflamed, narrow and swell, and produce extra mucus, which makes it difficult to breathe
group of genetic diseases that cause progressive weakness and loss of muscle mass
cancer that forms in the cells of the breasts
Chronic inflammation of the sebaceous glands from retained secreations and bacteria
An absence of melanin pigment of the body
Inability to sweat
Most common and least severe type of skin cancer
Foul smelling perspiration
Large blister containing a watery fluid
Inflammation of the skin caused by having contact with chemicals
An accumulation of seabum and pus
Morbid matter above or below the skin
Moderate to severe inflammation, scaling, and sometimes severe itching
Environmental factors that contribute to aging
Crack in the skin that penetrates the dermis
Fever blister or cold sore
Darker than normal pigmentation
Absence of pigment
Weeping lesions caused by staphlococcus
Freckle or red spot left after a pimple has healed
Most serious form of skin cancer
A solid bump larger than 0.4 inches
Red patches covered with silver white scales
A thin plate of epidermal flakes
Distended or dilated surface blood vessels
Itchy swollen lesion that lasts only a few hours
1. Treating and preventing bacterial infection in second- and third-degree burns. Although rare, side effects associated with this drug may occur, such as blood dyscrasias (including agranulocytosis, aplastic anemia, thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, and hemolytic anemia), dermatologic and allergic reactions (including life-threatening cutaneous reactions [Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, and exfoliative dermatitis]), gastrointestinal reactions, hepatitis, hepatocellular necrosis, CNS reactions, and toxic nephrosis.
2. This is a type of cancer that develops from the pigment-containing cells known as melanocytes. Typically they occur in the skin but may rarely occur in the mouth, intestines, or eye. In women they most commonly occur on the legs, while in men they are most common on back. Sometimes they develop from a mole with concerning changes including an increase in size, irregular edges, change in color, itchiness, or skin breakdown.
3. Symptoms of this virus infection include watery blisters in the skin or mucous membranes of the mouth, lips or genitals. Lesions heal with a scab characteristic of herpetic disease. Sometimes, the viruses cause very mild or atypical symptoms during outbreaks. However, as neurotropic and neuroinvasive viruses, types 1 and -2 persist in the body by becoming latent and hiding from the immune system in the cell bodies of neurons. After the initial or primary infection, some infected people experience sporadic episodes of viral reactivation or outbreaks. In an outbreak, the virus in a nerve cell becomes active and is transported via the neuron's axon to the skin, where virus replication and shedding occur and cause new sores. It is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections.
4. This is a long lasting disease characterized by patches of abnormal skin. These skin patches are typically red, itchy, and scaly. They may vary in severity from small and localized to complete body coverage. is generally considered a genetic disease which is triggered by environmental factors.
This is an acute peptic ulcer of the duodenum resulting as a complication from severe burns when reduced plasma volume leads to ischemia and cell necrosis (sloughing) of the gastric mucosa.
This is a bacterial skin infection that most often begins as a red sore near the nose or mouth which soon breaks, leaking pus or fluid, and forms a honey-colored scab, followed by a red mark which heals without leaving a scar. Sores are not painful, but may be itchy. Lymph nodes in the affected area may be swollen, but fever is rare. Touching or scratching the sores may easily spread the infection to other parts of the body. Ulcerations with erythema and scarring also may result from scratching or abrading of the skin.
This is the infection of the head hair and scalp by the head louse. Itching from lice bites is common.
8. This drug (brand name) is primarily used as a treatment for severe acne. The most common adverse effects are a transient worsening of acne (lasting 2–3 weeks), dry lips (cheilitis), dry and fragile skin, and an increased susceptibility to sunburn. Uncommon and rare side effects include: muscle aches and pains (myalgias), and headaches. It is known to cause birth defects due to in utero exposure because of the molecule's close resemblance to retinoic acid, a natural vitamin A derivative which controls normal embryonic development.
This is a contagious skin infestation by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei. The most common symptoms are severe itchiness and a pimple-like rash. Occasionally tiny burrows may be seen in the skin. When first infected, usually two to six weeks are required before symptoms occur.
10. This is a surgical procedure used to treat full thickness (third-degree) circumferential burns. In full thickness burns both the epidermis and the dermis are destroyed along with sensory nerves in the dermis. The tough leathery tissues remaining after a full thickness burn has been termed eschar. Following a full thickness burn, as the underlying tissues are rehydrated, they become constricted due to the eschar's loss of elasticity, leading to impaired circulation distal to the wound.
This is a type of inflammation of the skin (dermatitis). It results in itchy, red, swollen, and cracked skin. Clear fluid may come from the affected areas which often become thickened over time. It typically starts in childhood with changing severity over the years. In children under one year of age much of the body may be affected. As they get older the back of the knees and front of the elbows are the most common area for the rash. In adults the hands and feet are most affected. Scratching worsens symptoms and affected people have an increased risk of skin infections. Many people with atopic dermatitis develop hay fever or asthma.
12. This is a viral disease characterized by a painful skin rash with blisters involving a limited area. Typically the rash occurs on either the left or right of the body or face in a single stripe. Two to four days before the rash occurs there may be pain or tingling in the area. Otherwise there are typically few symptoms. The rash usually heals within two to four weeks; however, some people develop ongoing nerve pain which may last for months or years, a condition called postherpetic neuralgia. In those with poor immune function the rash may occur widely. If the rash involves the eye, vision loss may occur.
This is a systemic autoimmune disease (or autoimmune connective tissue disease) in which the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue. When the immune system is functioning normally, it makes proteins called antibodies that protect against pathogens such as viruses and bacteria. This is characterized by the presence of antibodies against a person's own proteins; these are most commonly anti-nuclear antibodies, which are found in nearly all cases. These antibodies lead to inflammation. most often harms the heart, joints, skin, lungs, blood vessels, liver, kidneys, and nervous system. The course of the disease is unpredictable, with periods of illness (called flares) alternating with remissions.
15. is a type of skin inflammation (dermatitis).It results from exposure to allergens or irritants.
This is a superficial fungal infection (dermatophytosis) of the arms and legs, especially onglabrous skin; however it may occur on any part of the body.
Chronic, irreversible, degenerative disease of the liver
result of pancreatic enzymes digesting pancreatic tissue
the most common stomach ailment
acute inflammation of the small, pouchlike herniations in the intestinal wall
chronic inflammation, usually of the ileum, although it may affect any portion of the GI tract
classic symptom is abdominal pain and altered bowl function - usually constipation, diarrhea or alternating constipation and diarrhea
treatment usually is a gluten-free diet for this disease
ulcerative colitis and Crohn disease are often referred to as:
this condition is caused by the forming of cholesterol or calcium-based compounds ranging from a few millimeters to a few centimeters
infection and subsequent inflammation of the liver
frequent passage of feces, with increase in fluidity and volume
dilated, tortuous veins in the mucous membrane of the anus or rectum
A substance the body cannot recognize, usually on living
A quick and general immune response you're born with
A highly specific attack on a antigen or pathogen by the creation of antibodies
A type of WBC that fights infection by swallowing pathogens
The movement of B cells to produce antibodies
A sexually transmitted disease
Swelling and redness at the site of infection
Chemical released by the body in response to an injury or allergen
Specific particles created by the immune system to destroy specific disease causing invaders
The action or process of recognizing foreign bodies
Any substance that causes an allergic reaction
A special version of auntie Jen that provides immunity against disease
A disease that can be spread by contact with infected people animals water or food
Physical contact touching and infected individual including sexual contact
A severe allergic reaction that can result in swelling breathing difficulty and sometimes does
The action or process of anti-bodies destroying pathogens
Third and order or level
Blood cells that fight infection and prevent the growth of cancer
Specialized white blood cells that fights diseases by talking antigens directly
Specialized White blood cells that fight diseases by activating the B-cells
Localized collection of pus
Scraping away of the skin by mechanical process
Inflammation of the skin and subcutaneous tissue caused by infection, characterized by redness, swelling, and fever
injury with no break in the skin, characterized by pain, swelling, and discoloration (also called a bruise)
noninfectious, inflammatory skin disease characterized by redness, blisters, scabs, and itching.
death of tissue caused by loss of blood supply followed by bacterial invasion (a form of necrosis)
Torn, ragged-edged wound
Any visible change in tissue resulting from injury or disease. It is a broad term that includes sores, wounds, ulcers, and tumors.
Chronic skin condition producing red lesions covered with silvery scales.
Disease characterized by chronic hardening (induration) of the connective tissue of the skin and other body organs.
Fungal infection of the skin, that may infect keratin of the skin, hair,and nails. (also called ringworm)