Taking somebody's money and buying something for oneself
Setting fire to a place on purpose
Hurting another person physically
Lying or cheating for business or monetary purposes
A type of cyberattack that uses email, phone or text to entice individuals into providing personal or sensitive information, ranging from passwords, credit card information and social security numbers to details about a person or organization
The action or crime of stealing
Entering into a building illegally with intent to commit a crime
Offenses that involve use of computers
Crimes committed by people who are in position of power (3 words)
Moral crimes are
the act of going through a marriage ceremony while already married to another person
When someone steals something using violence, he is a
someone destroys or damages public properties, it is considered
When someone copies CDs, DVDs and games illegally
Which type of crime is that which is committed by government agencies
Violent crimes or other forms of abuse that are carried out in order to protect the so-called ‘honour’ of a family or community
A finding of not guilty by a judge or jury.
The loser at a trial asks a higher court to rule the trial judge made an error. The result may be the trial court is affirmed (the winner still wins), reversed (the loser now wins), or reversed and remanded (trial court has more work to do and has to follow the rule of law established by the appeals court).
______ ____________is the details; taking the time to make sure all of the details have been examined. For example, when processing a crime scene, officers should use ______ ___________ to ensure all components of the crime scene have been examined.
If something has _____________ value in a case, then it is an item that can be used to prove guilt or innocence of a subject. In addition, items that have ________value show a crime did in fact take place. If an item does not have _____________value, then it is an item that has been ruled out from assisting in an investigation.
A crime with a lower penalty than a felony.
During an arraignment, it’s a defendant's plea of ______ _________, not admitting to the guilt of the crime, but paying the penalty for it.
An inmate's early release from prison upon good behavior, as well as meeting conditions throughout the early release.
a group (3 or more) of individuals who conspire and act out activities that our justice system deems illegal.
Crimes at a level charged higher than a Misdemeanor
A Defendant's voluntary guilty plea to an offense charge, for a lesser sentence.
Government action against an accused person's criminal conduct.
Re-offending [to do the same crime twice]
an order to appear in court.
someone who takes the law into their own hands, ignoring the criminal justice process.
The individual that the charges are against.
It is the physical action of the criminal act.
________ __________are required whenever you are interrogating someone who is in police custody (arrested/detained) about a crime. It is important to note you do not have to read someone their _______ ________ if you are gathering initial information. However, once you start asking crime specific or detailed questions, then the ___________ ___________ has to be read.
A defense to a criminal act that purports the defendant was somewhere other than the place of the crime at the time the crime occurred.
a category of crime that consists of setting a fire with the intent of causing some type of harm (excludes accidental fires).
A sufficient reason based upon known facts to believe a crime has been committed or that certain property is connected with a crime.
This amendment protects against unreasonable searches and seizures.
This Amendment protects the freedom of speech, religion, press, and peaceful protest.
This Amendment protects an individuals right of self incrimination.
Alternative to imprisonment where a person can stay in the community with supervision
The use or threat of violence directed at people or governments to punish them for past action or to bring about a change of policy that is to the terrorist's liking
The killing of one person by another, whether intentional or non intentional
Unlawful offer or attempt with force or violence to hurt another
The taking of the property of another out of his or her presence by means of force and violence or the threat thereof
Acquisition of the property of another through deception
The nighttime breaking and entering of the dwelling house of another, with the intention to commit a crime or theft therein (a felony)
The theft of property or money with which one is entrusted with or responsible for
Wrong committed by one person against other that does not require punishment, only entitles the victim to compensation
The relationship between private parties only
The relationship between the misbehaving private individual and society/government
The wronged individual in a civil case
What the plaintiff seeks to win (Money) - damages
An unintentional tort. When a person's failure to use reasonable care causes harm
Responsible for harm
Legal responsibility - the obligation to do or not do something
Oral statements that harm reputation
Someone who helps another person commit a crime
An agreement between two or more persons to commit a crime
The most serious form of criminal homicide (done w/ malice)
The deliberate taking of one's own life
Statement that contains information about the elements of a crime and that is provided and attested to by a person involved in committing the crime. Can be oral or written.
That portion of a residence not open to the public. Sidewalks and alleys are open to the public. But the ________ is reserved for private use by the property owner or the family.
Questioning of an unwilling person (could be a relative or friend or suspect or even a witness) that is reluctant to give you information and that is suspected of direct or indirect involvement in the crime being investigated.
Failure to properly care for a child. Also failure to care for a property or one's actions.
the crime of betraying one's country, especially by attempting to
Fake signature with malicious intent
make a physical attack on.
the criminal act of deliberately setting fire to property.
the giving or offering of a bribe.
take (someone) away illegally by force, typically to obtain a ransom.
a minor wrongdoing.
Forcing someone into sexual intercourse
refers to an unintentional killing
violent or aggressive behavior within the home
the concealment of the origins of illegally obtained money
Race between two or more cars usually short distance
Illegally entering a building with intent to commit a crime
action involving deliberate destruction of or damage to public or private property.
Crime reguarded more serious that a misdemenor
An act respecting the criminal law
Something that was previously illegal
in the proposed of legislation
affects how decisions are made and policies are established
the reason for doing the act
an act of trying to achieve something
make better; improve
institute legal proceeding against
cease by legislation to treat as illegal
turn into a criminal offense by making it illegal
equal treatment of all rivals or disputants fairness
case may be prosecuted either summarily or as indictment
Such acts are forbidden and punishable by law
another word to call it is indictment
Yelling or harassment
as opposed to the mental state of the accused
lack of regard for the danger or consequences of one's actions
Sometimes called ignorance of law
a person who incites or assists someone to commit a crime
help, assist, or support in the achievement of something
a secret plan by a group to do something unlawful or harmful
encourage or assist (someone) to do something wrong to commit a crime or other offense
What stops people from illegally distributing and copying material?
what software is designed to disrupt, damage, or gain authorised access to a computer system?
what program is designed to breach the security of a computer system?
what can be downloaded accidentally onto a computer whilst you have e.g. illegally downloaded a film?
When a hacker steals personal information e.g. bank passwords and uses it to steal money from you
when someone sends emails posing as a company asking for personal information
messages from crooks trying to steal your money or your identity
a piece of software that processes incoming emails so as to prevent spam from reaching a user's inbox.
the use of electronic communication to bully a person, typically by sending messages of an intimidating or threatening nature.
when someone or a robot gets into your device and steals personal information like pictures and bank details
obvious, unauthorized, malicious modification or destruction of data such as information on Web sites.
A program that performs some specific task that either has some mobility (that is, can move to other computers) or can communicate with other bots and agents to obtain the information necessary to solve the task at hand
The exclusive right tof a work's creator to use,modify,sell, and copy that work as he or she chooses. No one else may use another's work without permission.
A criminal hacker who uses his or her computer skills to gain access to computer systems without permission and / or tampers with programs and data, often causing damage or destruction
The use of the Internet or private networks to break state or federal laws
Someone who uses electronic communications such as email to harm, threaten, or harass a person, group, or organization.
Converting data into a form that cannot be interpreted without decrypting it.
A law that allows use of copyrighted material, so long as it is without profit and for educational or other approved uses.
Someone who enjoys examining computer programs to see how they work, often seeking undocumented features or weaknesses in security.
Crime in which someone obtains personal information such as social security #'s or DL #'s about another person and uses that information to buy goods and services or commit other crimes
Destructive or malicious software programs such as computer viruses, worms, and trojan horses; software tools used to commit cybercrimes.
A common means of authentication in which a person must enter an account name and private word or phrase.
illegally redirecting a websire's traffic to a bogus website.
Using the internet to trick people into giving personal or sensitive data
The use of someone else's words, ideas, or images without their permission and without source citation
Unwanted email that's usually trying to sell or promote something
Sorftware installed on a user's computer without that person's knowledge; it can be used to monitor computer activity, direct users to websites theey do not mean to visit, and even install other softwaare.
taking a person against there will
first degree _________________
taking something thats not yours
someone who saw the crime
being on someones propertywithout their permission
the willful and malicious burning or charring of property or structure
intentional property damage, often for aesthetic purposes
more serious crimes such as murder, kidnapping and robbery
Less serious crimes such as shoplifting or a DUI
stealing from a store
Driving under the influence of what?
Driving while under the intoxication of what?
abusing someone your in a relationship with
abusing your child
the use of legislated or otherwise authorised powers by government officials for illegitimate private gain.
the recurring use of alcoholic beverages despite its negative consequences
the infliction of suffering or harm upon animals, for purposes other than self-defense
an attempt to tarnish a person's reputation
verbal or physical abuse against a person based on their sexual orientation
Offense against society
offense against a person
responsibility to do or not do something
held criminally responsible for people or situations
crime punishable by confinement for more than a year
crime punishable by confinement for less than one year
unlawfully offering or giving anything of value to influence
falsely making or altering writing
one who receives stolen property
offenses committed in the business world
wrongful taking of money or personal property
taking property from someone against their will
breaking into someone's home or car and taking items
willful and illegal burning or exploding a building
another word for blackmail
reasonable ground for belief of criminal act
legal position taken by an accused to defeat charges
use of force necessary to prevent death of self or family
freedon from prosecution even when one has committed crime
agreeing to lesser crime in exchange for dropping more serious charge
hindering the administration of justice
judgment in a civil case
element of a tort
occurs when on person intentionally puts someone in fear of harm
occurs when a person is intentionally shoved, hit, or pushed
occurs when a person is held against their will without charges
false statement that injures a person's reputation
written words that damage a person's reputation
accepting and using someone else's property as your own
engaging in activity even though is it dangerous
a court order for a person to do or not do an act
statements made by witnesses under oath
Use (something) to bad effect or for a bad purpose; misuse.
legal doctrine related to the guilt of someone who aids or abets in the commission of a crime
A threat or attempt to inflict offensive physical contact or bodily harm on a person (as by lifting a fist in a threatening manner) that puts the person in immediate danger of or in apprehension of such harm or contact
An offensive touching or use of force on a person without the person's consent
The issuing of a statement or certificate by a professional organization to a person who has met the requirements of education and/or experience and who meets the standards set by the organization
Threat of kidnapping, extortion, force or violence to be performed immediately or in the future, or the use of parental, custodial, or official authority over a child
The act of saying false things in order to make people have a bad opinion of someone or something
A system of moral principles that apply values and judgments to the practice of medicine
A clear and voluntary indication of preference or choice, usually oral or written, and freely given in circumstances where the available options and their consequences have been made clear (informed consent
An intentional tort; the intentional unjustified, nonconsensual detention or confinement of a person within fixed boundaries for any length of time. Restraint may be physical, chemical, or emotional
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (1996) is United States legislation that provides data privacy and security provisions for safeguarding medical information
An agreement by a patient to allow disclosure of private health information in cases in which the patient has been informed about the information to be disclosed, the purpose of the disclosure, and his or her right to object to the disclosure, but has not done so.
A formal agreement that a patient signs to give permission for a medical procedure (such as surgery) after having been told about the risks, benefits, etc.
Illicit (i.e., unauthorized) use of documentary materials related to treatment or condition of a patient.
An area of commercial law dealing with a set of contractual, quasi-contractual and non-contractual fiduciary relationships that involve a person, called the agent, that is authorized to act on behalf of another (called the principal) to create legal relations with a third party.
The branch of law that deals with the application of medical knowledge to legal problems.
Responsible by law; legally answerable
A false accusation written, printed, or typewritten, or presented in a picture or a sign that is made with malicious intent to defame the reputation of a person who is living or the memory of a person who is dead, resulting in public embarrassment, contempt, ridicule, or hatred.
The state or condition of having a license granted by official or legal authority to perform medical acts and procedures not permitted by persons without such a license
Improper, illegal, or negligent professional activity or treatment, especially by a medical practitioner, lawyer, or public official
Concerning or relating to what is right and wrong in human behavior
Fail to care for properly
The failure to do something that a reasonable person of ordinary prudence would do in a certain situation or the doing of something that such a person would not do
The orignial location of a crime or accident
applies principles of disease and medicine to law
documents the crime scene in detail and collects any physical evidence
tests body fluids and tissues to determine the presence of drugs and poison
study of bullets and ammunition through the comparison of fired bullets, gunpowder patterns, ect. on people and objects
any physical location in which a crime has occured
anything that tends to establish or disprove a fact
statement of where a suspect was at the time of a crime scene
person thought to be capable of committing a crime
second person associated with committing a crime
an alternate location where additional evidence may be found
this type of evidence would be any witnessed accounts of a crime
this type of evidence would be any material items that are present at the crime scene ot on the victims
this evidence refers to any evidence that is found at a crime scene in small but measurable amounts
the application of science to the criminal and civil laws that are enforced by police agencies in a criminal justice system
studies human skeletal biology
you would use this type of search for larger areas
you would use this type of search for larger objects
you would use this type of search for the exact lay out of where objects are
type of search where people are given smaller areas from a larger area to search
the medical examination of a human body to determine cause of death
applies priciples of dental science to law
examines law for admissibility of evidence
a witness who does not testify as an expert witness
someone who testifies under the oath in the court of law
evidence written or oral assertion offered as proof in court
a witness who has more knowledge then the average person concerning the topic
information indicating if the proposition is true
the crime scene _______ is interview-examine-document-process
you have to have demensions, location of objects, a scale, a key, crime scene info, and compass on what type of sketch
what type of sketch is just the outline of where objects are
an organisms life has ended
_____ exchange principle says the perpetrator of a crime takes something and leaves something at a crime, which can be used as physical evidence
analyzes, compares, indentifies, and interprets physical evidence
_____ science applies principles of engineering to resolve legal issues, mostly civil law
can be taken from a crime scene to identify a suspect based on unique patterns
everyone has unique
evidence that someone was elsewhere
place where an offence has been committed
the killing of one person by another
someone who sees an event and reports what happens
amount of time spent in prison
objects collected from a crime scene
examination of a dead body
when a case is discussed in court is it said to have gone to
person thought to have committed a crime
person harmed or killed as a result of a another
object used to harm someone
type of finger print with repeated circles
we leave fingerprints because our skin produces
DNA is found in what part of cells
everybody's DNA and fingerprint is
the unique pattern of our fingerprint is created by many
fingerprints at a crime scene may be lifted with powder or