Psychological and/or physiological state characterized by a diminished capacity to perform and tiredness
Any type of change that causes physical, emotional or psychological strain and is the body's response to anything that requires attention or action (fight or flight response)
Accurate perception of the operational and environmental factors that affect the aircraft and its occupants during a specific period
The process of exchanging gases between the body and the atmosphere
The movement of blood from the lungs through the vessels of the body which distributes nutrients and oxygen to cells and removes waste products
A chemical reaction that happens in all cells to release energy from glucose sugars and oxygen
Over breathing, or breathing at a rate in excess of that required to remove carbon dioxide
Inadequate oxygen supply to the cells and tissues of the body
Differences in pressure on either side of the ear drum causing distension and pain, even damage
Expansion or contraction of gases in facial cavities causing pain
Dental cavities may hurt at increasing altitude due to more pressure within the affected tooth
Injuries causes by a rapid decrease in pressure that surrounds the body, mainly causes by diving
Colorless, odorless and tasteless gas produced by gasoline and fuels which binds to red blood cells instead of oxygen therefore reducing oxygen carrying capacity in the body
Component of the inner ear which converts vibrations into nerve impulses sent to the brain
dome shaped muscle that that separating thorax from abdomen
body cavity that connects nasal and oral cavities
chemical formula of carbon atom bonded to two oxygen atoms
chemical formula for oxygen
muscle groups situated between ribs that create and move chest
muscles in front of the abdomen that assists in regular breathing
exchange of air between the lungs and atmosphere
the act or process of releasing air from the lungs through the nose or mouth
the drawing in of breath; inhalation
any minute branches into which a bronchus divides
Cell responsible for production and secretion of surfactant
Large membraneous tube reinforced by rings of cartilage
Network of microscopic blood vessels that connect arterioles with venules
Diatomic gas measuring 21% at room air.
Abnormal presence of air in the plueral cavity.
Monitoring of the concentration or partial pressure of carbon dioxide
An increased acidity in the blood and other body tissue
High-pitched breath sound resulting from turbulent air flow in the larynx
Caused by hyperventilation
Iron-containing oxygen-transport metalloprotein in the red blood cells
Inflammatory condition of the lung
aka "sibilant rhonchi"
Deformity of the finger or toe nails associated with a number of heart and lung disease.
Shortness of breath
Clicking, rattling, or crackling noises that may be made by one or both lungs
Coarse rattling respiratory sounds, usually caused by secretions
A sudden and often repetitively occurring reflex which helps to clear the large breathing passages
The smallest of a body's blood vessels that make up the microcirculation.
An audible sound present in some patients with pleurisy
Inflammation of the bronchi in the lungs
Long term inflammatory disease of the airways of the lungs.
Aids in the protection of the lungs by trapping foreign particles that enter it
Coughing up blood or blood-stained mucus
The appearance of a blue or purple coloration of the skin
the cavity behind the nose and above the roof of the mouth that filters air and moves mucus and inhaled contaminants outward and away from the lungs.
voice box-passageway for air moving from pharynx to trachea; contains vocal cords.
one of the tubules forming the respiratory system.
The passages that branch from the trachea and direct air into the lungs.
the paired organs in the thoracic cavity where gas exchange takes place between air in the alveoli and blood in the pulmonary capillaries.
progressively smaller tubular branches of the airways.
tiny sacs of lung tissue specialized for the movement of gases between air and blood.
short structures projecting from a cell and containing bundles of microtubules that move a cell through its surroundings or move fluid over the cell's surface.
protective secretion of the mucus membranes.
passing or able to pass air in and out of the lungs normally.
the metabolic processes certain organisms obtaining energy from organic molecules.
the exchange of gases between the air in the alveoli and the blood in the pulmonary capillaries.
the uppermost cartilage of the larynx; covers the larynx during swallowing
inhalation; the intake of air into the lungs
any of the fine branching blood vessels that form a network between the arterioles and venules.
The average weather for a region over a long time period
A change in the quality of the environment that can adversely affect the heaalth of humans or other living organisms
The ___ Layer has holes in it due to global warming
___ ___ is another name for global warming
_____ energy: direct radiant energy from the sun
_____ dioxide is what we exhale
Process that occurs in living green plants where carbon dioxide is converted to oxygen
The mixture of gases surrounding the earth
Planet _____ is heating up because of global warming
You can _____ a plastic bottle
_____ gases can cause global warming
muscle moves air in and out the lungs
food and air both pass through
where vocal cords are
where the trachea forks into each lung
small branching tubes
grape-like cluster of sacs where oxygen is absorbed
internal sacs lined with epithelium; transports gases
lined with a mucous membrane; has little hairs that help filter the air you breathe in, blocking dirt and dust from getting into your lungs
the amount of air which enters the lungs during normal inhalation at rest
the most air you can exhale after taking the deepest breath you can
a series of organs responsible for taking in oxygen and expelling carbon dioxide
tiny hairs that line the bronchial tubes
a sticky fluid; collects dust, germs and other matter that has invaded the lungs
a waste product that can be lethal if allowed to accumulate
a gas that your body needs to survive
a flap of elastic cartilage that acts as a switch between the trachea and the esophagus
a muscular organ about the size of a closed fist that functions as the body’s circulatory pump
opening through the nose carrying air into the nasal cavities
An addictive drug found in tobacco leaves and in all tobacco products.
Capable of causing a user to develop intense cravings.
A thick, oily, dark liquid that forms when tobacco burns.
passages through which air enters and spreads through the lungs.
a poisonous, colorless, odorless gas.
ground tobacco that is chewed or inhaled through the nose.
a condition in which passages in the lungs become swollen and irritated eventually losing their elasticity.
a process in which the body needs more and more of a drug to get the same effect.
a type of addiction in which the body itself feels a direct need for a drug.
Physical and psychological reactions that occur when someone stops using an addictive substance
Products that assist a person in breaking a tobacco habit.
a return to the use of a drug after attempting to stop.
Environmental tobacco smoke
smoke that comes directly from a burning cigarette, pipe, or cigar.
smoke that is exhaled by a smoker.
A nonsmoker who breathes in secondhand smoke
pressure you feel to go along with harmful behaviors or beliefs of others your age.
Site of gas exchange
Tiny hair-like cells that sweep out foreign material in lungs.
Genetic disorder in which lungs are clogged with abnormally thick mucus.
Thin sheet of muscle that play an important role in breathing.
A thin, moist, and slippery membrane that covers the outer surface of the lungs and lines the inner surface of the rib cage
Another word for inhalation.
The volume of air that is inspired or expired in a single breath during regular breathing.
The amount of pressure a gas exerts
A device that measures lung capabilities
A process in which particles move from an area of higher concentration to an area of low concentration.
Special receptors that detect changes of pH in blood.
Lung disease in which bronchioles swell and produce mucus.
Branches of windpipe that lead into the lungs
Scientific name for the voice box
Condition in which the body cells do not have enough oxygen
Another term for exhalation
Infection that inflames the air sacs in one or both lungs.
This is where air first enters the body.
Leads to the alveoli
Waste product of the respiratory system
I do this once a day to remove food in between my teeth.
I put clean clothes on every day, especially this!
I never do this into my hands. I use a tissue whenever possible.
I do this before eating, after using the bathroom, sneezing or playing with pets.
Keep this neat by styling and brushing.
I clean these often so I don't get wax in them.
Keeping my body __________ is an important part of staying healthy.
Always get your beauty _________.
Do this to avoid gingivitis, cavities and bad breath.
I trim these weekly. I keep them short and clean.
Doing this every day or two is a must, and always after sports practice or playing outside.
I always use this when I wash my hands and body.
My hair always smells so fresh and clean when I use ______________.
I always try to keep fresh ____________ in my purse.
It's also nice to keep a ______________ in my purse.
Before you go to bed don't forget to wash your _________.
Combination of physical, mental/emotional, and social well-being
A very small parasitic bacterium, like a virus, requires the biochemical mechanisms of another cell in order to reproduce
A veneral disease involving inflammatory discharge from the urethra or vagina
A substance that provides nourishment essential for growth and the maintenance of life
A chronic bacterial disease that is contracted chiefly by infection during sexual intercourse, but also congenitally by infection of a developing fetus
A band or bundle of fibrous tissue in a human or animal body that has the ability to contract, producing movement in or maintaining the position of parts of the body
The process of providing or obtaining the food necessary for health and growth
A mineral important in building and maintaining bones, and for muscle and nerve function
A unit of energy in food
The state or condition of being in good physical and mental health
Excessive or extra weight
The scientific study of the human mind and its functions
Food that can be prepared quickly and easily and is sold in restaurants and snack bars as a quick meal or to be taken out
The condition of being grossly fat or overweight
Wheat or any other cultivated cereal crop used as food
A measure of body weight relative to height
A condition that causes pain in muscles, joints, ligaments and tendons
A nutritional diagram
Found only in plant foods
A hormone that is released from the adrenal glands in response to stress that facilitates fat storage and has a catabolic affect on muscle and connective tissue
A fat-like substance that is made by the body and is found naturally in animal foods such as meat, fish, poultry, eggs, and dairy products
A form of vitamin A found naturally in yellow/orange vegetables and fruits
Personal habits or behaviors related to the way a person lives
High blood pressure
A major source of energy in the diet. They are found naturally in foods such as breads, cereals, fruits, vegetables, and milk and dairy products
The first step of Cellular Respiration where glucose is broken in half and 2 ATP energy units are released.
Short for Adenosine Triphosphate. It is the energy that is released when the mitochondrion breaks down the sugars you have eaten.
The second of two major stages in photosynthesis, involving atmospheric CO2 fixation and reduction of the fixed carbon into carbohydrate.
The steps in photosynthesis that occur on the thylakoid membranes of the chloroplast and that convert solar energy to the chemical energy of ATP and NADPH, evolving oxygen in the process.
The small openings on the undersides of most leaves through which oxygen and carbon dioxide can move
Organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals and use it to produce its own food from inorganic compounds; also called a producer.
An organelle inside a plant cell only where photosynthesis takes place
An organism that must eat plants or other animals for food
An organelle inside an animal AND plant cell where cellular respiration takes place
The process by which plants use carbon dioxide + energy from the sun to create sugars and oxgen
Produces 36 ATP energy units for each sugar molecule broken up
The process that takes place inside all eukaryotic cells (both plants and animals) that breaks down sugars to produce energy in the form of ATP
Cellular respiration that takes place when there is oxygen
Cellular respiration that takes place where there is NO oxygen
Sugars produced by photosynthesis
Primary light absorbing pigment in autotrophs