Also known as a Fibrous Joint or immovable joint
Ball and ________ joint
The inner portion of articular capsule that secrets synovial fluid
A joint with little movement
A fibrous joint in skull is also known as a (ex: between parietal bones)
Type of synovial joint between the carpal and metacarpal of thumb
Sac-like extensions of the joint capsule that cushion moving structures
Movement that decreases the angle of a joint
Movement that increases the angle of a joint
A freely movable joint
Type of synovial joint between humerus and ulna
Type of synovial joint that permits movements between flat bones
Cartilage at ends of long bones
flexible but inelastic cord of strong fibrous tissue attaching a muscle to bone
fibrous connective tissue that connects two bones or cartilages or holds together a joint
the location at which bones connect
connective tissue found in many areas of the body between bones
fibrous tissue that has gthe ability to contract producing movement in or maintaining the position of parts of the body
tissue that connects,supports,binds, or separates other tissues or organs.
relating to the part of the stomach nearest the esophagus
relating to or functioning as a skeleton
occuring in the gut and other internal oorgans and not uder voluntary control
inner of the two bones between the knee and the ankle, parallel with the fibula
external framework of bone, cartilage, or rigid material supporting the body of an animal or plant
can be found where the hummerous meets the ulna
type of synovial joint
the bone of the uppper arm or forelimb
the ball shaped surface of one rounded bone fits into the cup like depression of another bone
the type of muscle that we can control
the type of muscle that we don't control
the brain is referred to this
the part of the brain that controls the body balance and movement
the flap of tissue that seals your windpipe
a dense layer of tissue enveloping bones except at the surface of joints is known as what?
Bone Remodeling is also known as ___________
a viscous non-newtonian fluid found in synovial joints is known as what?
How many bones are in the body?
ligaments connects two ____
where is the Humerus located?
the Vertebrae is a part of what structure in the body?
The Skull, the Sternum, and Shoulder blades are known as what type of Bone?
What do short bones provide?
Red Marrow is also known as ___________
The Hip and the SHoulders are known as what type of joint?
The Clavicle is a Fancy name for what bone?
Phalanges are what?
Which group of muscles located in the shoulder acts to support the joint during rotation movements?
What type of joint is the shoulder?
Name the function of the skeleton beginning with S
Which component of a synovial joint lubricates and nourishes the joint?
What type of joint is the knee?
What movement does the shoulder do?
What type of muscle starts with a H
What muscle is located at the top of the legs
Name one of Bo'ness that form the shoulder joint?
What bone sits in front of the knee joint?
What bones form the head and thee respectively?
What bone is in the head?
What bone keeps you upright?
Name one of the ankle joints
What type of joint is the elbow?
is found covering the articular surfaces of bones in synovial joints
consists of 80 bones and is composed of eight parts; the skull bones, the ossicles of the middle ear, the hyoid bone, the rib cage, sternum and the vertebral column
the spicules form a latticework, with interstices filled with embryonic connective tissue or bone marrow
a large multinucleate bone cell that absorbs bone tissue during growth and healing
a dense layer of vascular connective tissue enveloping the bones except at the surfaces of the joints
the breaking of a bone, cartilage, or the like, or the resulting condition
one of the spaces, covered by membrane, between the bones of the fetal or young skull
joins bones with a fibrous joint capsule that is continuous with the periosteum of the joined bones, constitutes the outer boundary of a synovial cavity, and surrounds the bones' articulating surfaces
any disorder that affects joints
the reddish bone marrow where red blood cells and some white blood cells are formed
the axis of a convex articular surface is parallel with the longitudinal axis of the bone
a short band of tough, flexible, fibrous connective tissue that connects two bones or cartilages or holds together a joint
How many bones are in the axial Skeleton
A "connection" between two or more bones
what type of bone is a humerus
What type of bone is a patella
What type of bone is a vertebra
What type of bone is the skull
Fibrous-ligamentous joint where only slight motion takes place
A fibrous joint where there is a peg in a socket type of structure
Joints between fibro and hyaline cartilage
Primary motion extension and flexion
Joint in wrist
Type of joint at knee
resists compressive and shear forces in articular surfaces
Bone density becomes weak and brittle
Non-vascular, Receives nutrients from synovial fluid
Point runs through a joint from front to back
Point that runs through a joint from side to side
Point that runs through a joint from top to bottom
What is between the Epiphysis and Metaphysis
thin fibrous membrane covering all of the bine but the articular surfaces
lie between the vertebral bones
thick, clear fluid
Small, padlike sacs found around most joints
partial or complete tearing of ligament fibers
Name an irregular bone
There are two types of synolvial joints, name one
The knee is what joint of joint?
An articulating bone in the shoulder
Bones in the hand
A flat bone
A function of the skeleton
Your fingers and toes
Bones produce what?
Flexible tissue that acts as a buffer
A sac filled with liquid floating inside the joint of the knee
What is an alternative name for the colar bone?
What is the longest bone in the body?
A decrease in the angle of bones at a joint
Flexes the foot upwards to decrease the angle
Name the muscle that covers the shoulder
What is the correct name for the calf?
The muscle that contracts
The muscle that relaxes
A muscle contraction where the muscle changes length when it contracts
A type of Isotonic muscle contraction where the muscle shortens
Muscle contraction where the muscle does not change when it contracts
The most abundant cartilage type in the body; provides firm support with some pliability
Skeleton that includes the bones of the skull, vertebral column, and rib cage
Internal layer of skeletal bone
Large cells that resorb or break down bone matrix
Glistening white, double layered membrane that covers the external surface of bone
a break in a bone
Fibrous membrane at angles of cranial bones that accomadate brain growth in the fetus and infant
Freely movable joint exhibiting a joint cavity
Inflammation of the joints
Type of joint where rounded end of one bone protrudes into a sleeve or ring composed of another bone
Band of regular fibrous tissue that connects bone to bone
Type of cartilage with abundant elastic fibers
Skeleton consisting of the bones of the upper and lower limbs, and the girdles
The elongated shaft of a long bone
Bone forming cell
Runs through the core of osteons
Osteomalacia in children
Bone joined without joint cavity
Flattened fibrous sacs lined with synovial membrane
A chronic inflammatory disorder of joints
Type of joint where articular surfaces are essentially flat
Type of joint wher the oval articular surface of one bone fits into a complementary depression of another
Most compressable type of cartilage
External layer of bone
Mature bone cell
process involving bone formation and destruction in response to hormonal and mechanical factors
Increased softening of the bone
type of joints where the articulating bones are united by cartilage
an elongated bursa the wraps around a tendon subjected to friction
Urate crystals in the soft tissues of joints
type of joint where a cylindrical projection of one bone fits into a trough shaped surface on another
Type of joint that resemble condyloid joints but allow greater movement
type of joint wher the spherical or hemispherical head o fone bone articulates with the cuplike socket of another
the most abundant cartilage type in the body
skeleton related to the head, neck, and vertabrae
internal layer of skeletal bone
large cells that break down the bone matrix
connective tissue that covers the bone
a break in a bone
fibrous membranes at the angles of the cranial bones
freely movable joints
inflammation of the joints
bone marrow that contains the development stages of red blood cells
a joint that pivots
tissue that connects bones
cartilage with abundant elastic fibers
skeleton relating to limbs
elongated shaft of a long bone
bone forming cells
the canal in the center of each osteon
a vitamin D deficiency
bones formed by fibrous tissue
a fibrous sac containing synovial fluid
a disease that causes the inflammation of the joints
a synovial joint which allows for a gliding movement
a joint that allows for an elliptical movement
the most compressible type of cartilage
dense bone that contains osteocytes
ends of a long bone
mature bone cell
process of removing old bone tissue and replacing it with new tissue
decreased density and strength of a bone
bones united by cartilage
synovial membrane around a tendon
a disease that causes arthritis in smaller bones
a joint that includes the ankle, knee, and the elbow
a joint that resembles a saddle
the hip joint
Biaxial Joint Motion
Planes of Action
Center of Gravity
The area where two bones are attached
The full movement potential of a joint, usually its range of flexion and extension.
A strong, flexible connective tissue that is found in various parts of the body Includes the joints, the outer ear, and the larynx
Known as diarthrosis; it joins bones with a fibrous joint capsule. SYNOVIAL
Permits rotatory movement only; it is also known as the trochoid. PIVOT
A good example includes the carpometacarpal joint of the thumb which is formed between the trapezium bone and the first metacarpal SADDLE
Allows movement in two planes, allowing flexion, extension, adduction, Abduction, and circumduction CONDYLOID
Formed between bones that meet at flat or nearly flat articular surfaces GLIDING
A joint in which a ball moves within a socket so as to allow rotary motion in every direction within certain limits BALL AND SOCKET
Includes the ankle, elbow, and knee joints HINGE
Present in joints and respiratory passages, and forming most of the fetal skeleton HYALINE
Found in the cavities of synovial joints SYNOVIAL
A tissue that connects, supports, binds or separates other tissues or organs CONNECTIVE
Supports an organ and keeps that organ in position
Attaches muscle to bone
A device used in physical therapy to measure the range of motion around a joint in the body
Movement in which a bone or a whole limb, pivots or revolves around a single long axis
Flexion, extension, abduction, and adduction
A decrease of an angle in certain parts of the body
An increase of an angle in certain parts of the body
Moving body parts away from the mid-line of the body
Moving body parts closer to the mid-line of the body
Movement of the foot in which the foot or toes flex downward PLANTAR
An action of raising the foot upwards towards the shin