Tiny, grape-like sacs in the lungs where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide occurs.
alveoli
a chronic and episodic inflammatory disease that makes it difficult to breathe and causes coughing and wheezing.
asthma
branches of the passages of the respiratory system that lead from the trachea into the lungs.
bronchi
a condition in which the bronchi become permamently dilated and damaged.
bronchiectasis
an irritation and inflammation of the lining of the bronchi.
bronchitis
clapping the chest to help lungs draink with the force of gravity.
chest percussion
a chronic, progressive, and incurable lung disease that causes difficulty breathing.
COPD
a chronic, incurable lung disease in which the alveoli in lungs become filled with trapped air.
emphysema
the process of exhaling air out of the lungs.
expiration
the coughing up of blood from the respiratory tract.
hemoptysis
the process of breathing air into the lungs
inspiration
main organs of respiration responsible for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide.
lungs
the administation of oxygen to increase the supply of oxygen to the lungs.
oxygen therapy
acute inflammation in the lungs tissue caued by a bacterial, viral, or fungal infection or chemical irritants.
pneumonia
a contagious disease caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis that is transmitted through the air; usually affects the lungs, but other body parts can also be affected, such as spine, brain, and kidney.
tuberculosis
an air passage that goes from the throat (pharynx) to the bronchi; also called windpipe.
trachea
mucus coughed up from the lungs.
sputum
the process of inhaling air into the lungs and exhaling air out of the lungs.
respiration