Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

The forced relocation of nearly fifty-thousand Indians to the west of the Mississippi River (what is now Oklahoma) between 1831 and 1838. TrailofTears
Agreement that established distinct tribal borders for Northern tribes, codifying the reservation system. FirstTreatyofFortLaramie
President __________ intervened in the 303 Dakota Sioux Indians who were sentences to death for their rebellion in what became known as the "Dakota War". Lincoln
A militia raid led by Colonel Chivington on an Indian camp in Colorado, flying both the American Flag and the white flag of surrender; over 100 men, women, and children were killed. SandCreekMassacre
The process by which an Indian was "redeemed" and assimilated into the American way of life by changing his clothing to western clothing and renouncing his tribal customs in exchange for a parcel of land. Americanization
An attempt to disarm a group of Lakota Sioux Indians near Wounded Knee, South Dakota, which resulted in members of the Seventh Cavalry of the U.S. army opening fire and killing over 150 Indians. BattleofWoundedKnee
The iconic figure who led Indians in what was their largest victory against American settlers at Little Bighorn River. SittingBull
Because of the discovery of ____ in the Black Hills, settlers broke the agreements which granted the lands to the Sioux's. gold
Known to his people as "Thunder Traveling to the Loftier Mountain Heights" was the chief of the Nez Perce tribe who lead his tribe to Canada, but were caught within 50 miles of the Canadian border. ChiefJoseph
A performance the Sioux had begun on their reservation , which told of an Indian Messiah who would deliver the tribe from its hardship; worried white settlers of uprisings GhostDance
A government policy toward Indians which permitted the federal government to divide the lands of any tribe and grant 160-320 acres of land in order to encourage individualism. DawesSeveraltyAct
Moved the Cheyenne, Arapaho, Kiowa, and Comanche tribes to "Indian Territory" (Oklahoma) TreatyofMedicineLodgeCreek
Moved the remaining Sioux to the Black Hills in the Dakota territory. SecondTreatyofFortLaramie
Indians faced _________ when they resisted the local/state militia units' forcible removals. massacres
Run by Bureau of Indian Affairs, _______ were temporary, merely "designed to civilize and Christianize Indians". reservations
Fought on June 25, 1876, federal troops led by Colonel Custer foolishly attacked the main Sioux force in Montana, perhaps the most famous battle of the American West. BattleatLittleBighorn
Symbolized the final step in the Americanization process, Indians were forced to symbolically fire their "last arrow" into the air and leave their culture and history behind, dress in white coveralls, holding an American flag. LastArrowPageant
An Indian tribe associated with the "Ghost Dance" Sioux
An armed conflict between cowboys moving cattle along the trail and ranchers who wished to keep the best grazing lands for themselves. FenceCuttingWar
The backbone of Western expansion was ___________. Homesteading
_________ of the 'Wild West' were mostly Hispanic and African American Cowboys
The idea that "Americans were destined and divinely ordained to expand democratic institutions throughout the continent. Manifest Destiny
African Americans who fled the racism and violence of the Old South. Exodusters
Large farms owned by speculators who hired laborers to work the land. Bonanzafarms
Congress passed the act during the move westward, which allowed any head of a household or individual over the age of 21 to receive a parcel of 160 acres. Homestead Act

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The Westward Expansion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

large farms owned by speculators who hired laborers to work the land; these large farms allowed their owners to benefit from economies of scale and prosper, but they did nothing to help small family farms, which continued to struggle bonanza farms
a frontier home constructed of dirt held together by thick-rooted prairie grass that was prevalent in the Midwest; sod, cut into large rectangles, was stacked to make the walls of the structure, providing an inexpensive, yet damp, house for western settlers sod house
Sod houses were common in the ________ as settlers moved west Midwest
This phrase, which implies divine encouragement for territorial expansion Manifest Destiny
allowed any head of household, or individual over the age of twenty-one—including unmarried women—to receive a parcel of 160 acres for only a nominal filing fee. Homestead Act
a term used to describe African Americans who moved to Kansas from the Old South to escape the racism there western settlers: The first houses built by __________ were typically made of mud and sod with thatch roofs exodusters
Farmers also faced the ever-present threat of _______and farm foreclosure by the banks debt
primary goal of most western settlers homestead farming
he period between 1848 and 1849 when prospectors found large strikes of gold in California, leading others to rush in and follow suit; this period led to a cycle of boom and bust through the area, as gold was discovered, mined, and stripped California Gold Rush
the first significant silver find in the country, discovered by Henry T. P. Comstock in 1859 in Nevada Comstock Lode
this armed conflict between cowboys moving cattle along the trail and ranchers who wished to keep the best grazing lands for themselves occurred in Clay County, Texas, between 1883 and 1884 Fence Cutting War
What specific types of hardships did an average American farmer not face as he built his homestead in the Midwest? hostile Indian attacks
The American cowboy owes much of its model to what other culture? Mexicans
Which of the following was not a primary method by which the American government dealt with American Indians during the period of western settlement? appeasement
an attempt to disarm a group of Lakota Sioux Indians near Wounded Knee, South Dakota, which resulted in members of the Seventh Cavalry of the U.S. Army opening fire and killing over 150 Indians Battle of Wounded Knee
the process by which an Indian was “redeemed” and assimilated into the American way of life by changing his clothing to western clothing and renouncing his tribal customs in exchange for a parcel of land Americanization
What brought the majority of Chinese immigrants to the U.S.? gold
How were Hispanic citizens deprived of their wealth and land in the course of western settlement? land seizures
were individual prospectors who sifted gold out of the dirt and gravel through “panning” or by diverting a stream through a sluice box Forty-Niners
provided a quick path from Texas to railroad terminals in Abilene, Wichita, and Dodge City, Kansas, where cowboys would receive their pay. Chisholm Trail
also known as “devil’s rope” barbed wire
who brought their families west? wealthy men
many of the long-trail cattle riders were? African American
This agreement established distinct tribal borders, essentially codifying the reservation system First Treaty of Fort Laramie
. Rather, they either returned to tribal life or fled out of fear of remaining troops, until the ____________ arrived in greater numbers and began to exterminate Indian U.S. Army

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The Gilded Age Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Completed in 1869 Transcontinental
Invented the telephone and the metal detector Alexander
The negative look on big buisness Robber Barons
sold steel furnaces and is from scottland Carnegie
Created his own trust Rockefeller
When one company controls all aspects of one company Vertical Integration
The positive look on big buisness Captains of Industry
Workers protested in Chicago Hay Market
Man who almost got assasinated Frick
12 workers were killed and wages were cut by 25% to 40% Pulman Strike
Name of contract worker were forced to sign Yellow Dog
Blacks who were moving out west Exodusters
Name of tribe that got placed on a reservation Apache
Name of tribe that got placed on a reservation Cheyenne
Name of chief the led the Nez Perce Tribe Joseph
name of battle were Indians were captured and put back on the reservation Big Hole Basin
People that started to live on native land squatters
A group of people that started to pressure congress to give them free land Boomers
Name of event where 2 million acres were for free Oklahoma Land Rush
People who arrived at the Oklahoma land rush early Sooners
Group that wanted deflation Goldbugs

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Indian Removal Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Group of tried to live in America. Native Americans
Signed by President Andrew Jackson alone removal of Native Americans. Indian removal act
Didn't who signed Indian removal act Andrew Jackson
Did you know his nation and lived in southern Appalacian regions, largest of the three federally recognized tribes Cherokee
Indigenous nation that lived in Southeast US during 19th century. Creek
Many Indians died on this journey from their home to Oklahoma. Trail of tears
Play in which the Indians were relocated to. Oklahoma
Army general responsible for removing Indians from their land Winfield Scott
Cherokee who broke tribal law by signing treaty of Washington Major ridge
Well educated Cherokee chief who took petition to Washington John Ross
Principal chief of the upper Creek who signed the treaty of New York Alexander McGillivary
Chief of the lower Creek who signed the treaty of Indian springs William McIntosh
Creator of the Indian syllabary Sequoyah
First newspaper published by Native Americans Cherokee Phoenix
Capital of the Cherokee nation New Echota

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The Native American Wars Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Location of Chivington's Massacre (in Colorado) sandcreek
Excellent horseman and Lakota Sioux who led the charge at Little Big Horn against Custer crazyhorse
Land in the Dakotas that was promised to the Sioux for "as long as the grass shall grow." blackhills
Mineral that, when discovered, always cause the US to reclaim land given to the Native Americans gold
Law which required the Native American tribes to divide up land in the reservations into plots like white owners would do dawesact
Lands set aside by the government for various Native American tribes reservations
Ceremony during which Indians envisioned a return of their land and of the buffalo ghostdance
Hunkpapa Lakota Sioux chief who was captured. Made to perform in Buffalo Bill Cody's Wild West Show. sittingbull
Speaker: "From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever." chiefjoseph
1890 site of a bloody massacre which essentially ended Native resistance woundedknee

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Exploration And Colonization Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

way of thought with prime importance on humans not divine matters Humanism
a imagined place thats perfect Utopia
male head of a family or tribe Patriarch
setting up a colony away from origin/home country Colonization
the difference of the values of exports and inports for a country; a favorable balance is when there is more value in the exports than the imports. Balence of Trade
the action of traveling in or through an unfamiliar area in order to learn about it Exploration
a treaty signed in 1494 by Spain and Portugal, which split the Western lands down a line of demarcation from north to south, giving Spain the all territory west of the line, and Portugal all land east of the line Treaty of Tordesillas
Helped to usher in the intense period of European naval exploration that dominated the world during the 15th-17th centuries Prince Henry the Navigator
His exploration led to the discovery of the Americas by European and resulted in future European colonization in the Americas Christopher Columbus
Marks the beginning of European colonization in the Americas and sets the stage for European dominance of the Native populations Columbian Exchange
A system of slavery used by the Spanish conquistadors on their American plantations Encomienda System
A buisness formed by a group of investors who pooled their money to invest together Joint- Stock Company
Had their passage to America paid by someone else and in return they signed a contract agreeing to pay off their debt by working for this person. Indentured Servant
Came to America to establish their own colony to escape religious persicution in England Puritans
The first law in America for freedom of worship for all Christians Act for Religious Toleration
Were motivated by the 3 G's (God, Gold, Glory); Conquered many great Native American Civilizations and brought much much of the Americas under Spanish control in the 15th century Conquistadors
Defeted the Aztecs who were ruled by Montezuma, and conquered Mexico; Spanish conquistador Hernando Cortes
Recieved Hernando Cortes and his men as gods and allowed them to conquer his kingdom; Aztec Emperor Montezuma
A child of mix race born from a Spainard and an American Indian Mestizo
First permanent English settlement in America Jamestown

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War of 1812 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

conflict fought between the United States and Great Britain over British violations of U.S. maritime rights. It ended with the exchange of ratification of the Treaty of Ghent. War of 1812
an act or means of sealing off a place to prevent goods or people from entering or leaving. Blockade
an act of defeating an enemy or opponent in a battle. Victory
called for war against England and eyed Canada as a possible target of expansion. War Hawks
best remembered for surrendering Fort Detroit to the British on August 16, 1812 following the Siege of Detroit. General William Hull
British General that led the Canadians. Isaac Brooks
The British battered Oliver Hazard Perry's own ship and left is helpless. BattleOfLakeErie
Withdraw from enemy forces as a result of their superior power or after a defeat. Retreat
The ninth President of the U.S. William Henry Harrison
A Tennessee officer who took control of the American Troops in the Creek War. Andrew Jackson
Defeated France in 1814. Britain
Defeated by Britain and its army in 1814. France
an engagement fought between January 8 and January 18, 1815, constituting the final major battle of the War of 1812, and the most one-sided battle of that war. BattleOfNewOrleans
a sustained fight between large, organized armed forces. Battle
a state of armed conflict between different nations or states or different groups within a nation or state. War
a Native American leader of the Shawnee and a large tribal confederacy which opposed the United States during Tecumseh's War and became an ally of Britain in the War of 1812. Tecumseh
Tecumseh's brother. TheProphet
a tribe led by Tecumseh. The Shawnee Tribe
an instance of defeating or being defeated. Defeat

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French and Indian War Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Politician elected leader of the British army after many loses. William Pitt
Area of land granted to wealthy English planters, that the French were occupying. Pittsburgh
What was the area called that Robert Cavelier claimed for France. Mississippi Valley
Which Native American recognized the French loss as a native American loss. Pontiac
His mission was to drive out French from the Ohio Valley. Braddock
How did the French and Indian alliance start? Trading
What was the first permanent French settlement in North America. Quebec
Who led the battle that gave the British the upper hand in the war? James Wolfe
What was a negative effect of the 7 Years War for the British? Debt
One major land of contention between the French and English. Ohio River Valley
Financial expert that was sent to help relieve tensions in the colonies. Grenville
First Native Americans to help the British. Iroquois
Set of "laws" that were put in place in 1764 to lower the amount of smuggling. Sugar Act
The fort where the French and Indian War began. Necessity
After the war, which side of the Mississippi did the British claim? East
What colony did Britain have tensions with during and before the 7 years war. Massachusetts

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American Indian crossword puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

The Plains indian were also known as ______ tribes?? Nomadic
The _______Indian tribes roamed as far north as Canada to as far south as Oklahoma. Plains
One of the Plains indian tribe was called ______? Arapaho
The Plains Indian lived in ______? Tipis
The Plains Indians hunted ______ and deer? Elk
One of the must important animals to the Plains Indian was the ______ .It gave them everything from clothing ,housing and food ? Buffalo
The ______ made hunting easier for the Plains indian. Horse
_______ has 39 federally recognized tribes. Oklahoma
Native American were settled on___________ land Reservation
One of the weapons the Plains Indians used was called the _______? Tomahawk

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Chapter 17 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

the phrase, coined by journalist John O’Sullivan, which came to stand for the idea that white Americans had a calling and a duty to seize and settle the American West with Protestant democratic values Manifest Destiny
a term used to describe African Americans who moved to Kansas from the Old South to escape the racism there exodusters
large farms owned by speculators who hired laborers to work the land; these large farms allowed their owners to benefit from economies of scale and prosper, but they did nothing to help small family farms, which continued to struggle bonanza farms
a frontier home constructed of dirt held together by thick-rooted prairie grass that was prevalent in the Midwest; sod, cut into large rectangles, was stacked to make the walls of the structure, providing an inexpensive, yet damp, house for western settlers sod house
What specific types of hardships did an average American farmer not face as he built his homestead in the Midwest? hostile Indian attacks
What group was not impacted by the invention of barbed wire? illegal prostitutes
The American cowboy owes much of its model to what other culture? Mexicans
the period between 1848 and 1849 when prospectors found large strikes of gold in California, leading others to rush in and follow suit; this period led to a cycle of boom and bust through the area, as gold was discovered, mined, and stripped California Gold Rush
the first significant silver find in the country, discovered by Henry T. P. Comstock in 1859 in Nevada Comstock Lode
this armed conflict between cowboys moving cattle along the trail and ranchers who wished to keep the best grazing lands for themselves occurred in Clay County, Texas, between 1883 and 1884 Fence Cutting War
What did the Last Arrow pageant symbolize? finalstep
what was not a primary method by which the American government dealt with American Indians during the period of western settlement? appeasement
the process by which an Indian was “redeemed” and assimilated into the American way of life by changing his clothing to western clothing and renouncing his tribal customs in exchange for a parcel of land Americanization
an attempt to disarm a group of Lakota Sioux Indians near Wounded Knee, South Dakota, which resulted in members of the Seventh Cavalry of the U.S. Army opening fire and killing over 150 Indians Battle of Wounded Knee
a militia raid led by Colonel Chivington on an Indian camp in Colorado, flying both the American flag and the white flag of surrender; over one hundred men, women, and children were killed Sand Creek Massacre
the Spanish name for White Caps, the rebel group of Hispanic Americans who fought back against the appropriation of Hispanic land by whites; for a period in 1889–1890, they burned farms, homes, and crops to express their growing anger at the injustice of the situation las Gorras Blancas
How were Hispanic citizens deprived of their wealth and land in the course of western settlement? land seizures
What brought the majority of Chinese immigrants to the U.S.? gold
In the nineteenth century, the Hispanic, Chinese, and white populations of the country ___________. collided
Chinese immigrants, Hispanic citizens were relegated to the______-paying jobs worst
The original ___________ were individual prospectors who sifted gold out of the dirt Forty-Niners
An even more violent confrontation occurred between large ranchers and small farmers in Johnson County, Wyoming, where cattle ranchers organized a lynching bee
a Canadian-born fur trapper, Henry Comstock
While the______ industry lacked the romance of the Gold Rush cattle
the _______ expanded rail lines and invested in ranches east

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Westward Expansion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

the period between 1848 and 1849 when prospectors found large strikes of gold in California California Gold Rush
the first significant silver find in the country Comstock Lode
this armed conflict between cowboys moving cattle along the trail and ranchers who wished to keep the best grazing lands for themselves Fence Cutting War
The American cowboy owes much of its model to what other culture Mexicans
an integral part of western expansion cattle drives
the process by which an Indian was “redeemed” and assimilated into the American way of life by changing his clothing to western clothing and renouncing his tribal customs in exchange for a parcel of land Americanization
an attempt to disarm a group of Lakota Sioux Indians near Wounded Knee, South Dakota, which resulted in members of the Seventh Cavalry of the U.S. Army opening fire and killing over 150 Indians Battle of Wounded Knee
a militia raid led by Colonel Chivington on an Indian camp in Colorado, flying both the American flag and the white flag of surrender; over one hundred men, women, and children were killed Sand Creek Massacre
not a primary method by which the American government dealt with American Indians during the period of western settlement? appeasement
was the chief of the Nez Perce tribe Chief Joseph
the rebel group of Hispanic Americans who fought back against the appropriation of Hispanic land by whites las Gorras Blancas
What brought the majority of Chinese immigrants to the U.S gold
How were Hispanic citizens deprived of their wealth and land in the course of western settlement? land seizures
manual laborers similar to slaves peons
cattle herders vaqueros
came to stand for the idea that white americans had a calling and a duty to seize and settle the American West with Protestant demorcatic values manifest destiny
which came to stand for the odea that white Americans had a calling and a duty to seize and settle the American West exodusters
"we are the nation of human progress, and who will, what can, set limits to our onward march? Providence is with us, and no earthly power can John O' Sullivan
helped settlers move west more quickly, as well as move their farm products Pacific Railway Act
the country by rail was driven into the ground in Utah Golden Spike
large farms owned by speculators who hired laborers to work the land bonanza farms
frontier home constructed of dirt held together by thick-rooter prairie grass sod houses
author of the little house series laura ingalls wilder
dry-farming techniques to grow corn, wheat, and sorghum great plains
temporary designed to civilize and christianize indians reservation system

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