Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

A system where encomenderos would offer protection and Catholicism for labor. Encomienda System
He was an encomenderos. In the Mid-1500s, he came to see his encomienda and saw the inhumane treatment and abuse the encomienda system promoted. He started petitioning the King of Spain to institute laws that would protect natives against abusive practices. Bartolome De Las Casas 
It put regulations on inhuman practices.   New Laws of 1542 
About 91% of all of them died from diseases that were being brought over to the Americas from Europe. Native Americans
It was a process of transferring plants, animals, diseases, and people between the Old and New Worlds. Columbian Exchange
He was given 3 ships (the Nina, Pinta, and Santa Maria) by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain. He arrived at the Bahamas on October 12, 1492. By 1494, he decided to “subjugate by force of arms” the Taino, Arawak, and Carib people.  Christopher Columbus
They married and merged Castile and Aragon unifying Spain and stopping the encroachment of the Moors (Reconquista). They also funded Christopher Columbus’s voyage to America.   Ferdinand and Isabella
Spain went to the Pope because they were scared Portugal would try to take their territory. This treaty, in 1494, divided the world between Spain (having the western hemisphere) and Portugal (having land east however Portugal technically had Brazil). They didn’t ask the native people or anyone else in Europe for that matter. Treaty of Tordesillas 
The night Moctezuma drove Cortes from Tenochtitlan.  Noche Triste
In 1680, Pueblos revolt against attacks on their religion, killing priests and destroying Catholic missionaries. Spain lost control of Santa Fe and Mew Mexico for 50 years.  Pope's Rebellion
It was a belief that the Spanish only killed, tortured, and stole in the Americas while doing nothing good.  The Black Legend
In other words, it is corn cultivation, (in 6,000 BCE) domesticated crops and animals, led to civilization, and ended nomadic lifestyle. It was majorly significant to South America.  Maize
It was a practice of growing beans, corn, and squash together. It improved diet and also led to large populations.  Three-sister Farming
It was the 1st European nation to send explorers around the west coast of Africa.  Portugal
It taught people had to be constantly on defense against temptations. Europeans also wanted to share this with others around the world and became a major reason for exploration.  Christianity
The 3 main reasons many colonists wanted to come to the New World. Gold, God, Glory
It allowed sailors to sail with or against wind and made it capable for Europeans to now sail south toward Africa.  Caravel
The bridge that got the earliest Americans between 11,000 and 35,000 years ago from Asia. It was created during the Ice Age.  Beringia Land Bridge 
One of the causes of exploration, He was an Italian adventure who travelled to China, lived there 17 years and wrote a book that described the wealth and products of China.   Marco Polo
First European to see Pacific by crossing Panama in 1513 (claiming all land for Spain).  Vasco Nunez Balboa
An animal brought from Europe that changed the Indians way of life.    Horse
Started in Spain in 1519 with 5 ships, led the 1st successful European circumnavigation of globe in 1522. Ferdinand Magellan
From 1513 to 1521, he explored Florida seeking gold and the “fountain of youth” but unfortunately didn’t find either of those.  Juan Ponce De Leon
In 1509, he went to the Caribbean because of wealth and titles. In the 1520s, he failed to conquer the Inca Empire In 1533, he founded Peru. Eight years later, he was killed by a fellow conquistador named Diego de Almagro.  Francisco Pizarro
From 1539 to 1542, helped with the Inca defeat and explored in Southeast U.S. seeking for gold. He discovered the Mississippi River. He mistreated the Indians and died of fever and wounds. His people threw his body in the Mississippi River.  Hernando De Soto 
In 1519, he entered Aztec capital and discovered their rituals and wealth. He kidnapped Moctezuma, killed 100s of natives, but Spanish ended up running for their lives. He teamed up with other natives to defeat Aztecs. By 1521, he defeated the Aztecs.  Hernan Cortes
Person of mixed European and Indian ancestry.  Mestizos 
Their capital city was Tenochtitlan. They had a warrior culture and are well known for their rituals (human sacrifices). They lived in central Mexico.  Aztecs
They were located in Peru and Andes Mountains. They built road networks, terrace farming, and quipu.   Incas
They were located in Peru and Andes Mountains. They built road networks, terrace farming, and quipu.   Mayas

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The Age of Exploration Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Spanish conqueror of Mexico Hernan Cortes
took the lead in European exploration Portugal
went around the cape and cut across the Indian ocean to the coast of India Vasco de Gama
a thriving spice trade port melaka
believed he could reach Asia by sailing west instead of east around Africa Christopher Columbus
Christopher Columbus explored these coastlines cuba
persuaded the king of Spain to finance his voyage to Asia through the western hemisphere Ferdinand Magellan
explored the New England coastline of the Americas for England John Cabot
his letters described the land he saw led to the use of the name America Amerigo Vespucci
individuals with firearms, organizational skills, and determination that led to success conquistadors
Aztec monarch montezuma
landed on the pacific coast of south America with 180 men Francisco Pizarro
the right of landowners to use native Americans as laborers encomienda
the exchange of plants and animals between Europe and Asia columbian exchange
a settlement of people living in a new territory, linked to a parent country colony
a set of principles that dominated society mercantilism
the difference in value between what a nation imports and what it exports balance of trade
payments subsides
large agricultural estates plantations
connected Europe, Asia, and Africa triangular trade
the middle portion of the triangular trade route middle passage
"so great is the corruption that our country is being completely depopulated" king afonso
pulled into the slave trade benin
in the 1500's Portugal came to dominate this land Brazil
Spanish and Portuguese officials who had been born in Europe peninsulares
descendants of Europeans born in Latin America creoles
offspring of Europeans and Native Americans mestizos
offspring of Africans and Europeans mulattoes

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European Explorers Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

The "G" that has to do with wealth Gold
_________ River Hudson
Spain, France, and Portugal are all in ______ Europe
_______ Cartier Jacques
________ Diaz Bartholomew
If people don't think Columbus is a Villain, they think he's a _____ hero
Type of people Columbus encountered when he came to the Americas Native Americans
The "G" that has to do with religion God
_________ Cabral Pedro
________ Passage Northwest
Known for discovering the Americas Christopher Columbus
Conquored the Aztecs Hernando Cortes
Juan Ponce de ______ Leon
_____, Pinta, and Santa Maria Nina
Rene Robert de La _____ Salle
Francisco ___________ Coronado
Giovanni __________ Verrazano
Marco _______ Polo
Country Columbus thought he landed in India
Vasco Da _____ Gama

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Exploration And Colonization Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

way of thought with prime importance on humans not divine matters Humanism
a imagined place thats perfect Utopia
male head of a family or tribe Patriarch
setting up a colony away from origin/home country Colonization
the difference of the values of exports and inports for a country; a favorable balance is when there is more value in the exports than the imports. Balence of Trade
the action of traveling in or through an unfamiliar area in order to learn about it Exploration
a treaty signed in 1494 by Spain and Portugal, which split the Western lands down a line of demarcation from north to south, giving Spain the all territory west of the line, and Portugal all land east of the line Treaty of Tordesillas
Helped to usher in the intense period of European naval exploration that dominated the world during the 15th-17th centuries Prince Henry the Navigator
His exploration led to the discovery of the Americas by European and resulted in future European colonization in the Americas Christopher Columbus
Marks the beginning of European colonization in the Americas and sets the stage for European dominance of the Native populations Columbian Exchange
A system of slavery used by the Spanish conquistadors on their American plantations Encomienda System
A buisness formed by a group of investors who pooled their money to invest together Joint- Stock Company
Had their passage to America paid by someone else and in return they signed a contract agreeing to pay off their debt by working for this person. Indentured Servant
Came to America to establish their own colony to escape religious persicution in England Puritans
The first law in America for freedom of worship for all Christians Act for Religious Toleration
Were motivated by the 3 G's (God, Gold, Glory); Conquered many great Native American Civilizations and brought much much of the Americas under Spanish control in the 15th century Conquistadors
Defeted the Aztecs who were ruled by Montezuma, and conquered Mexico; Spanish conquistador Hernando Cortes
Recieved Hernando Cortes and his men as gods and allowed them to conquer his kingdom; Aztec Emperor Montezuma
A child of mix race born from a Spainard and an American Indian Mestizo
First permanent English settlement in America Jamestown

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Age of Exploration Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

first European to make it to India by sea daGama
explorer who is given credit for "discovering" the Americas Columbus
his crew was the first to circumnavigate the globe Magellan
first European to sail to the southern tip of Africa Diaz
the wife of King Ferdinand of Spain. She and her husband sponsored Columbus' voyages Isabella
Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztec Cortes
Spanish conquistador who defeated the Inca Pizarro
Spanish explorer who claimed Florida in his search for the "Fountain of Youth" Poncedeleon
Muslim explorer who led the Ming voyages in Chinese history ZhengHe
large Chinese ships Junk
navigational instrument Compass
the transfer of plants, animals, and diseases between the Old and New Worlds ColumbianExchange
a labor system in which a person is seen as property slavery
the most economically valuable agricultural product grown in Latin America Sugar
name given to the voyage made by many slaves during their forced migration from Africa to the Americas MiddlePassage
labor system used by the Inca Mita
Prince of Portugal who sponsored voyages of exploration HenrytheNavigator
famous silver mine in South America Potosi
economic philosophy that encouraged countries to accumulate as much wealth as possible by exploiting colonies for resources mercantilism
dominant religion of Latin America following European settlement Catholicism

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Age Of Exploration Crossword Puzzle:

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

In 1592______ sailed the ocean blue. Columbus
Conquered the Inca civilization. Francisco Pizaro
Discovered New York State, Canada and Hudson Bay Henry Hudson
Fierce sailors who raided towns in their free time Vikings
A navigation device which replaced the Astrolabe and the Cross-staff because it could be used on land and sea. Sextant
A faster and more efficient cargo ship invented for better sea tavel. Caravel
Famous Portuguese leader who created a school for navigational sailing. Prince Henry
A system used for mass-producing books and maps. Printing Press
Long stories passed down verbally generation to generation. Saga
Northern part of Europe which includes Denmark, Norway and Sweden. Scandinavia
Eric The Red's son, viking explorer who discovered Greenland Lief Ericson
A very long and sleek ship used by the vikings. Longship
The Incan emperor that Francisco Pizaro captured and murdered. Atahlupa
Famous conquistador who conquered the Aztecs of Mexico. Hernando Cortes
Number of natives Christopher Columbus took back to Spain to serve as slaves. 500 natives
Columbus's sons name. Ferdinand
Name of the biggest main ship Columbus sailed with on his most famous voyage. Santa Maria
Name the other two ships in the same voyage in number 17. Nina and Pinta
A term used by the vikings to describe the savage natives. Skraelings
What the vikings were called/what they called themselves. Norsemen
A famous explorer who has a game named after him and found a lot of the Silk Road Marco Polo
An enormous trading route from East Asia to Europe. Silk Road

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Age of Discovery Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

What were the 3 Gs? God Gold Glory
What was brought over to America on the middle passage? slaves
Who conquered the Aztecs? Cortez
Allowed people to enslave Native Americans Encomienda System
Ended French and indian war/ 7 years war Treaty of Paris
Represenatives of the king; ruled for him in the America Viceroys
priest from Spain who challenged the Encomienda system Bartolome de las casa
sailed to Peru and conquered the Incas Pizzarro
former slave who bought his freedom Olaudah Equiano
ship that returned back to africa; only successful slave mutany The Amistad

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Famous Explorers Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Who sailed the ocean in 1492 Christopher Columbus
Who was the first European to reach India by sea Vasco de Gama
1497, he discover parts of North America John Cabot
Made the first Europeans contact with the Eastern Coast of Australia James Cook
He conquered Mexico Hernando Cortes
Mapped much of the Southern half of the modern United States Hernando De Soto
Conquered Peru Francisco pizarro
English sea explorer and navigator in the early 17th century Jacque Cartier
Organized the Castilian expedition to the East Indies Ferdinand Magellan
Best known for crossing the isthmus of Panama to the Pacific Ocean in 1513 Vasco Balboa
First demanstrates that Brazil and the West IndIves did not represent Asias eastern outskirts as initially conjectured from Columbian voyages America Vespucius
Sailed around the southernNmost tip of Africa in 1488, reaching the Indian Ocean from the Atlantic Bartolomeu Dias
Found the city of Santa Fe and New Mexico in 1610 Pedro Peralta
Explored the Great Lakes region of the United States, Canad, the Mississippi River and the Gulf of Mexico Sierra do Salle
Claimed the Moreast coast of South America for Portugal Pedro Alvares Cabral
Founded New France and Quebec City on July 3, 1608 Samuel Champlain
First governed of Puerto Rico by appointment of the Spanish crown Juan Ponce Leon
Italian explorer of North America in service of King Francis I of France Giovanni Verrazzano
First resident Bishop of Chiapas Bartolome Casas

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Exploration and Colonization Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Traveled to Asia Marco Polo
Made traveling by land difficult Ottoman Empire
helped figure out which way to travel Compass
measures longitude and latitude Maps
a boat with a rounded bottom Caravel
sailed China around 1405 Zheng he
taught sailors how to explore prince Henry
sailed Portugal around 1487 Bartholomew Dias
sailed Spain and seen the new world Christopher Columbus
first European to reach India by sea Vasco de Gama
sailed England around 1497 John Cabot
America was named after him Amerigo
sailed Spain around 1513 Vasco Nunez de balboa
searched for the fountain of youth Ponce de Leon
compass- helped figure out which way to travel maps- the gridded map that measures longitude and latitude caravel- a boat with a rounded bottom Christopher Columbus- Saild Spain and explored the new world Ponce de Leon- searched for the fountain of youth John Cabot- sailed England around 1497 Zheng He- sailed China around 1405 Prince Henry the navigator- taught sailors about exploring Bartholomew Dias- sailed Portugal around 1487 Vasco da Gama- first European to reach idea by sea Amerigo Vespucci- America was named after him Vasco Nunez de Balboa- sailed Spain arountraveled to Asia Astrolabe astronomical computer for solving problems relating to time and the position of the Sun and stars in the sky. Astrolabe
the three g's God, gold, and glory

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Exploration Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Came from China and is used for directions. Compass
Discovered the new world. Christopher Columbus
Sailed from China around 1405-1433. Zheng he
Sailed from Portugal in 1487. Bartholomew
Had a navigation school. Prince Henry
First European to get to India by sea vasco de gama
Used to measure the angle of an astral body. Sextant
Found the Pacific Ocean Vasco Nunez
America is named after him Amerigo Vespucci
Said England atound 1497-1498 John Cabot
Tried to find fountain of youth Juan pounce de Leon
A boat with a rounded bottom Caravel
Measures longitude and latitude Maps
The three g's God gold glory
Sailed to Asia Marco Polo
Made it hard to trade Ottoman Empire
Told what time it was and where the sun and stars were in the sky. Astrolabe
Defeated the Aztecs in Mexico. Hernando Cortez
Searched from Carolina to Oklahoma. Hernando de soto
Conquered incas in Peru. Francisco Pizarro

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2.1 Spanish Colonization & New Spain Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Incan emperor ATAHUALPA
Spanish conquerors CONQUISTADORS
Explored the southwestern borderlands. Never did find streets of gold. CORONADO
Spanish conquistador who conquered the Aztec. CORTES
People born in the Americas to parents from Spain. Wealthy and well educated. CREOLES
Founder of New Mexico colony in 1598. DEONATE
Explored Florida to the Mississippi River DESOTO
Indian woman who advised Cortes DONAMARINA
Land grants from Spanish government that allowed for Native Americans to provide labor or pay taxes. ENCOMIENDAS
One of 4 people who traveled more than 1000 miles through the Southwest. ESTEVANICO
People at the bottom of the social classes in New Spain. INDIANS
Catholic father who set up 24 missions in Arizona. KINO
A priest who tried to protect the Indians' civil rights, and, in doing so, encouraged African slave trade. LASCASAS
People of mixed Spanish and Indian background. MESTIZOS
Settlements run by Catholic priests and friars. Goal: to convert Indians to Christianity. MISSION
Aztec emperor MOCTEZUMA
People at the top of the social order in New Spain; born in Spain, highest jobs, owned land and mines. PENINSULARES
Conquered Inca PIZARRO
A large estate farmed by many workers. PLANTATION
Searched for fountain of youth in Florida. PONCEDELEON
Forts where soldiers lived. PRESIDIOS
Towns PUEBLOS

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