substances that your body needs to grow, to supply you with energy, and to repair itself
nutrients
a desire, rather than a need, to eat
appetite
the process by which the body takes in and uses food
nutrition
a simple carbohydrate; also known as our blood sugar
glucose
the starches and sugars present in foods
carbohydrates
the result of the hydrogenation process of a lipid
trans fat
another name for fat; a fatty substance that doesn't dissolve in water
lipid
units of heat that measure the energy used by the body and the energy that foods supply to the body
calories
a natural physical drive that protects you from starvation
hunger
the type of cholesterol that helps to clear clogged arteries
HDL
a type of fat that is solid at room temperature and associated with an increased risk of heart disease
saturated fat
nutrients that help build and maintain body cells and tissues
proteins
products that have not been refined and are high in fiber
whole grain
the number of essential amino acids that we need from food
nine
a type of fat that has been associated with a reduced risk of cancer
omega three
the building blocks of protein
amino acids
an indigestible complex carbohydrate
fiber
the condition of being extremely overweight
obesity
someone who eats nothing animal-related
vegan
an eating disorder in which a large quantity of food is consumed in a short period of time, often followed by feelings of guilt or shame.
bulimia