Games held every four years
Government ruled by wealthy privileged families
Famous for its army
A fast-spreading, often deadly disease
Earliest known greek civilization
Another word for slaves in Sparta
Who created the machine that carried water from a lower to a higher level
A machine that carried water from a lower to a higher level
Valuables seized in wartime
The war fought between Sparta and Athens was called
The Trojan war was fought between the Greeks and the people of
A great king of Macedonia who expanded the empire
One of Greek's finest achievements in architecture
Composed two poems about the Trojan War
The "Father of Medicine"
Had a mighty navy
A greek philosopher who used a question-and-answer method of argument
Greeks believed most gods lived on Mount
The first known lighthouse was located in
Government ruled by the people
Greek philosophers developed a respect for the power of
Created important theories about numbers and music
A great leader of Athens
Name of the longest olympic race
After the Greeks defeated the Persians they entered a time called the ______age
What is a form of government in which citizens govern themselves?
Who is someone who uses reason to explain natural events?
What is the city-state in Ancient Greece that is the current capital?
Only 1/5 of the people were allowed to participate in ________.
Slaves, foreigners, and ______ were excluded from government.
Plato, Aristotle, and ______ were notable Greek philosophers.
Many Greeks believed that their ______ were responsible for all natural events.
A ______ is a sacred site used to consult a god or goddness.
Who was the goddness of war?
Who was the father of Hercules?
The first _____ was held in Greece.
Which philosopher believed intellectual intelligence can only be attained by upper-class males?
Which Athenian branch of government was made up of a council of only 500 men?
What kind of democracy does Ancient Athens have?
What princess did the Trojans capture that led into the Trojan war?
Which empire took control of Athens?
Spartian warriors were known for their skill and ___
How many kings ruled the city of Sparta?
Athens was a powerful ___
Building this structure was an achievement in Athens
8,000 of these ruled over 10,000 slaves
Women in Athens had lots of ___
The Assembly met on top of this hill
How many social classes did Athens have?
What was the lowest social class in Athens?
Athens had four of these around their city
What class were the farmers in in Sparta?
A famous philosopher in Athens
At what age were boys in Sparta taken from their parents and trained for warfare?
Athens had this type of government
What did Sparta do early on to the land around them
Who was the king who helped Sparta defeat Troy?
What was the name of the middle class in Sparta?
War between Athens and Sparta
This caused lots of people in Athens to become sick and die
Who was the leader in Athens from 461 B.C. to 429 B.C.?
Where was the Parthenon to Athena built?
Under the leadership of Pericles, citizenship was extended to?
The Greeks laid the foundation for which civilization?
What is Plato's most famous work?
Who was known as the "Father of Tragedy"?
______________ Bound was one of Aeschylus's famous works.
One of Sophocles's famous works was the O------ at C------?
Both of Homer's works was based on the?
Who is known as the first writer to collect materials and arrange them in a narrative?
Herodotus is also known as the?
Who wrote The History of the Peloponnesian War?
Which statue is one of the seven wonders of the Ancient World?
Phidias was both a sculptor and a?
What is the most ornate type of Greek column?
Which is the least ornate type of Greek column?
Which is considered the average ornate type of Greek column?
Archimedes contributed to the discovery of?
Hippocrates is also known as the?
Which Greek mathematician wrote "The Elements"?
Which Greek philosopher created the theorem a^2 + b^2 = c^2?
Which Greek philosopher was a teacher of Plato?
Pluto believed in the concept of the philosopher king and disliked?
Aristotle was a tutor of?
Some Ancient Greeks beleieved in many gods/goddess, were most Ancient Greece monotheistic or polytheistic?
This war is divided into two sub wars. Jealousy from Sparta because of Athens resilience of power of wealth started it. Sparta declared this war on Athens and won.
This city-state defeated Athens in the Peloponnesian War. Culture was centered loyalty the military service and state.
For years the Greeks had been trying to breach the Trojan wall. Odysseus, the Greek general, made a plan to make a huge beautiful wooden horse with men inside to put outside of the Trojan wall. The Trojans took the horse inside and at night the men inside of the horse opened the gates for the Greek Army. That was the end of Troy.
A system of government chosen by the people.
A piece of land surrounded by three bodies of water. This piece of land made it easier for Greeks to access water, while the high mountains kept them isolated so enemies would have a hard time communicating and traveling to them.
This city-state won the Persian War with Sparta, but lost the Peloponnesian War to Sparta. Became bankrupt, tired, and unpatriotic.
The Trojan war is considered a (BLANK), because it is thought to be historical yet unauthentic.
Athens and Sparta are both considered to be (BLANK). They both were located in Greece.
This war is divided into four battles. This war was fought to conqour the Greeks (Athens and Sparta), but the Greeks won.
A collection of stories told to explain nature, history, and customs.
the island the Minoans lived on
replaced the Minoans as the main power in the Mediterraneans
body of land with water on three sides
a settlement in a new territory that keeps ties with its homeland
term for a city-state
fortified area at the top of a hill
marketplace at the bottom of a hill
citizen soldiers in Greece
someone who takes power by force and rules with total authority
government where few people hold power
all citizens share in the running of the government
captive workers in Sparta
created the Council of 500
provinces in the Persian Empire
The Persian religion
battle fought in 490 B.C.
led the Persian troops at Thermopylae
thinkers who ponder questions about life
leader of Athens
war fought between Athens and Sparta
It's also Greek to me for city
He conquered, but he allowed others to keep culture.
Like an ancient governor
a group of wise men
Persian state of trade
A great military ruler who created the greatest ancient empire.
"______, The Great" who conquered Median, Lydian, and Mesopotamian Empires.
Ancient religion, which was both monotheistic and believed in dualism.
Greek statesman famous during the Persian and Peloponnesian Wars.
Ancient highway constructed by Darius, The Great
A group of Greek city-states, which fought in the Persian Wars
_______________ War, fought, basically between Athens and Sparta.
Time between the death of Alexander, The Great and The Roman Empire
Conflict between 499-449 B.C. between ancient Greece and Persia
The Mycenaeans fought a 10 year war against Troy
A single king governs over people
A government rulled by a small group of noble, landowning families
A government ruled by a few powerful people
Powerful individuals that siezed the government by appealing to the common people; usually harsh and cruel
A governmenr ruled by the people
Peasants forced to stay on the land they worked (Messenians)
Between Greece and Persian Empire
perfect sculptures (usually in motion showing no expression)
serious drama about common themes such as love, hate, war, or betrayl
scenes contained with slapstick sitiuations and crude humor
War between two city states. Sparta with the better army and Athens with the better navy
believed that absolute standards did exist for truth and justice (unlike Sophists)
student of socrates; had vision of a perfectely governed society
questioned the nature of the world and human belief, thought, and knowledge
located north of greece; rough terrain and cold climate
proclaimed king of macedonia; over 13 years of great accomplishments, he got his name
lost in battle against alexander the great at granicus; persian king
Blended Greek, Persian, Indian, and Egyptian culture
egyptian city; foremost center of commerce and hellenistic civilization
Hellenistic Scientist of syracuse; studied at alexandria. estimated value of piue accurately; explained law of lever
a highly regarded mathmatician who taght in alexandria
Most historians believe that Hellenic history began with the living on _____.
Who wrote the Odyssey?
After the Mycenaean civilization ended, there was an era known as the __________.
Homer lived in the:
A Greek City State is known as a _______.
The five main city states of Greece were Sparta, Athens,Argos,Megara, and _________.
By the early sixth century, what were the two leading city states? hint: put a dash between the two
Sparta needed a strong because they had enslaved the _______ and needed to control them.
In 490 BCE the ____________ was about to attack on Greece
When the battle finally took place it was called the Battle of __________.
Ten years later after that battle was fought the Persians invaded again, under the command of King _____.
When the Persians invaded again the Greeks were unprepared this time. They sent 300 Spartans to stall the horde at a narrow mountain pass called _______.
Later after the Spartans fought the Persians on Thermopylae, the Athenians fought a sea battle called the ___________.
During 480-430 BCE the Athens flourished with the leadership of _________.
_______ ships protected Athenian trading ships from pirates
A group of thinkers are called ________.(lovers of wisdom)
In 461 BCE the Athens and Sparta had their first __________ War.
Philip II and his son Alexander were two ________ warrior-kings.
Alexander had conquered on oft he largest empires ever and spread Greek civilization as far eat as the _____ River.
_________ died in the Hellenistic Era at age 33 in Babylon.
Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer.
Free African-American scientist, surveyor and farmer.
French mathematician and physicist.
English polymath, mathematician, philosopher, inventor and mechanical engineer.
Greek mathematician, often referred to as the "father of geometry".
A famous mathematician who was born in Pisa, Italy in about 1170.
The mathematical sequence in which any number in the sequence is the sum of the two previous numbers.
German mathematician who invented set theory.
The country where many famous mathematicians came from.
American inventor who developed an electromechanical punched card tabulator.
Greek mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher in Egypt.
Jewish-Hungarian American mathematician and computer scientist.
American mathematician best known for their work on decision problems and Hilbert's tenth problem.
Swiss mathematician, physicist and astronomer.
Hungarian mathematician known both for their social practice of mathematics and for their eccentric lifestyle.
French lawyer at the Parlement of Toulouse, France.
Greek philosopher and founder of the Academy of Athens.
An Ionian Greek philosopher and mathematician.
Female French mathematician, physicist, and philosopher.
Pre-Socratic Greek philosopher of Magna Graecia.
What was a period of time for Greece when major economic downfalls were occurring?
What do you call a city with walls surrounding it? This city is usually built on a hill.
What do you call the series of Wars between Greek city-States and Persia?
What do you call the battle where 300 Spartan soldiers held off 2,000 to 2,500 Persian soldiers?
What was the most powerful city in all of Greece? This city focused on education and the arts and was and is the capital city.
What do you call the period of rebuilding in Athens? At this time many important scientific and cultural developments and achievements occurred.
What was the series of Wars between Athens and Sparta? Athens lost this War with Sparta.
What city-state had an oligarchy for a government? They were really focused on the military and had many Wars and battles. This city-state discouraged the arts.
Who was a Greek philosopher and teacher who believed honor and integrity was better than being rich and famous?
Who united weakened city-states with his father? He spread Greek culture throughout Western Asia.