Type
Crossword
Description

the breaking down of rock by mechanical action of an other rock ABRASION
when strong acids fall to Earth they are called ACIDPRECIPITATION
the process by which rock is broken down by physical changes PHYSICALWEATHERING
the breakdown of rock by physical and chemical changes WEATHERING
the process when the outer layers of rock slowly peel away EXFOLIATION
the breaking down and wearing away of rock material by the mechanical action of other rock ABRASION
the breakdown of rocks by chemical reactions CHEMICALWEATHERING
the process by which other chemical combine with oxygen OXIDATION
a common feature in cave systems STALACTITES
a common feature in cave systems STALAGMITES
the process by which by which sediment is moved to one place to another EROSION
the process by which eroded material is dropped DEPOSITION
layers of deposited sediment can form a flat area called a FLOODPLAIN
streams often deposits their loads in a fan-shaped pattern DELTA
a fan-shaped deposit that forms on dry land ALLUVIALFAN
the water located within the rocks below Earth's surface GROUNDWATER
is a place where land and a body of water meet SHORELINE
an area of shorelinethat is made up ofmaterial deposited by waves and currents BEACH
an underwater or exposed ridge of sand, gravel, or shell material SANDBAR
a long narrow island usally made of sand BARRIERISLAND
mounds of wind-deposited sands are called DUNES
deposites of this windblown, finegrained sediment LOESS
a large mass of moving ice GLAICER
the general term for all materials carried and deposited by a glaicer GLACIERDRIFT
slow movement of material downslope CREEP
happens when loose rocks fall down a steep slope ROCKFALL
the sudden movement of a large amount of material downslope LANDSLIDE
a rapid movement of a large mass of mud is called MUDFLOW

Weathering, Erosion and Deposition Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the process by which sediment and other materials are moved from one place to another Erosion
process by which eroded material is dropped deposition
materials carried by a stream load
flat area formed by layers of deposited sediment floodplain
fan shaped pattern where streams deposit their loads delta
a fan shaped deposit that forms on dry land alluvial fan
a place where land and a body of water meet shoreline
water located within the rocks below Earth's surface groundwater
an area of shoreline that is made up of material deposited by waves and currents beach
mounds of wind deposited sand dunes
thick deposits of windblown, fine-grained sediment loess
term for all materials carried and deposited by a glacier Glacial drift
large mass of moving ice that forms by the compacting of snow by natural forces glacier
sudden and rapid movement of a large amount of material downslope landslide

Rocks, Weathering, and Erosion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The process by which natural forces break down rocks. weathering
When weathered materials are carried away. erosion
__________ rocks are formed from shells, fossils, pebbles, and sand. sedimentary
__________ rocks are formed when other rock types are changed by the heat and pressure under earths surface. metamorphic
__________ rocks are formed when magma cools and solidifies. Igneous
The breaking of ricks by physical force. mechanical weathering
the breakdown of rocks by chemical reactions changing their composition. chemical weathering
The freezing and thawing of water in cracks of rocks that causes rocks to split ice wedging
When fertile land becomes desert like, often in result of a drought. desertification
A large mass of ice that moves over land causing erosion. glacier
Rain that causes weathering because it contains sulfuric acid. acid rain
When two objects collide causing damage. abrasion
Particles of rock and soil that are eroded ad deposited and form sedimentary rocks. sediment

Weathering Erosion Surface Water Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The breakup of rock due to exposure to process that occur at or near Earth's surface is called Weathering
Erosion is the removal and transport of materials by natural agents such as _______ and running water Wind
The breakdown of rock that takes place when a rock is broken into smaller peices of the same material without changing its composition MechanicalWeathering
The breakdown or _________ of a rock that takes place when minerals are changed into different substances is called Chemical Weathering Decomposition
A mechanical wheathering process in which water freezes in the cracks of a rock and ________ apart is called frost wedging Wedges
The wearing away of rock material by grinding action is called Abrasion
The peeling of surface layers from _______ bedrock is called exfoliation Exposed
______ is the chemical reaction of water with other substances Hydrolysis
Rainwater that contains unusually high amounts of acids that can be traced back to pollutants, including sulfur dioxide, nitrogen compounds, and carbon dioxide is called AcidRain
Oxidation is the chemical reaction of ________ with other substances Oxygen
Mass movement is the _________ transportation of large masses of earth materials by gravity Downslope
________ is the slow, often imperceptible, movement of soil down a slope Creep
The downslope movement of water that contains large amounts of suspended clay and silt is called Mudflow
________ is the higher land that separates one drainage basin from another Divide
All the land that ______ into the river either directly or through its tributaries; a watershed is called drainage basin Drains
________ is sand, pebbles, and boulders that are moved along the bed of a stream and that are too heavy to be carried in suspension BedLoad
The volume of water that passes a certain point in a stream or river in a given amount of time is called Discharge
A river and all of its tributaries RiverSystem
_______ is a state in whk materials carried by a river are stirred up and kept from sinking by the turbulence of stream flow Suspention
The slope or incline of an area of land or of a stream is called Gradient
A measure of the total amount of sediment a stream can carry is called Capacity
A crescent-shaped body of water formed when sediments deposited by a river cut off a meander from the river is called OxbowLake
Broad, looping bends in a river are called Meanders
A wide, level area that borders a river and is covered by its water during a flood is called Floodplain
A measure that describes the maximum size of the particles a stream can carry is called Competence
A fan-shaped deposite that forms when a river flows into a quiet or large body of water, such as a lake, and ocean, or an island sea is called Delta
A stream that runs into another stream or river is called a Tributary
All the land that drains into the river either directly or through its tributaries; a drainage basin is called a Watershed

Weathering Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

The breaking down and weathering of a rock from mechanical weathering Abrasion
Rocks break by chemical weathering Chemical weathering
Metallic element combines with oxygen and causes chemical change Oxidation
chemical Reaction between water and another substance to form two new substances Hydrolysis
conversions of a compound into a carbonate Carbonation
Percipitation that contains a high concentrarion of acid Acid Percipitation
Weaker rocks weather away at a faster rate than harder rocks Differential Weathering
Mixture of minerals, water, gases, and remains of dead organisms Soil
Layers of soil Soil Profile
Horizontal layer of soil Horizon
Dark, organic material formed in soil from the decayed remains of plants and animals Humus
Process were Earth's surface are loosened, dissolved or worn away Erosion
Water removes topsoil Sheet Erosion
Movement of a large mass of sediment or a section of land down a slope Mass movement
Slow, downslope flow of soil Sulification
Slow downhill movement of weathered rock material Creep

Weathering and Erosion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What type of weathering breaks smaller pieces of rock from larger pieces Mechanical
What type of weathering slowly dissolves rock chemical
What is the process in which wind, water, gravity transport soil? Erosion
When farmers change crops to protect nutrient depletion. Crop rotation
When farmers grow a crop between seasons to prevent erosion. cover crop
Creating a series of steps so that farming can occur on a steep hill Terracing
Leaving the previous season's stalks behind to prevent erosion. no till
Refers to the pore space in soil taken up by water or oxygen porosity
Water dissolves and carries nutrients in topsoil to lower layers leaching
The top layer of soil topsoil
The most fertile section of topsoil humus
The layer of rock beneath soil layers bedrock
When water in the air causes chemical change oxidation
Repeated freezing and thawing in cracks of rock ice wedging
Type of weathering in which harder rock weathers less than softer rock differential
When limestone is dissolved underground, you get a... cave
When pollution and rain weather together. acid rain
Grinding away of rock abrasion
Agent of mechanical weathering wind
Agent of chemical weathering water
Living agent of mechanical weathering plants
Rock that is the source of the fragments parent rock
Protecting soil from nutrient loss or erosion soil conservation
When water slows and drops sediment deposition
Deposition that occurs as a body of water slows to flow into another delta
Sediment deposits here when a river overflows its banks (pg.318) floodplain
a fan-shaped deposion on land alluvial fan
As a mountain ages, its peaks become (rounder/sharper) rounder

Weathering, Erosion, and Deposition Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The mechanical and chemical processes that change objects on Earth's surface over time is called _____________. Weathering
When physical processes naturally break rocks into smaller pieces __________________, occurs Mechanical Weathering
______________ is when you have water seep through a crack in a rock, that then freezes, expanding the crack of the rock. Ice Wedging
_______________ is when you have the grinding away of a rock by friction or impact. Abrasion
_______ can also cause weathering (mechanical weathering) by crumbling rocks. Plants
____________ that live in soil creates holes in the soil where water enters and causes weathering(mechanical weathering). Animals
___________________ changes the materials that are part of a rock into new materials. Chemical Weathering
Most substances dissolve in ____________ and the minerals that make up rock dissolve very slowly in __________ (same answer as first blank) Water
______ increase the rate of chemical weathering more than rain or water does and the action of _________ (same answer as first blank) attracts atoms away from rock minerals and dissolves them in the _______ (same answer as the firs and second blank). Acids
_____________ combines the element oxygen with the other elements or molecules. Oxidation
Environment, water, temperature, type of rock, the size of and number if holes in the rock, and rocks being made out of one or more minerals affects _________________. Weathering Rates
___________ is the removal of weathered material from one location to another. Erosion
__________ of erosion include water, wind, glaciers, and gravity. Agents
The ___________________sometimes depends on the type of rock. rate of erosion
When rock fragments bump each other doing erosion it causes them to be ______________. Rounded
Erosion affects the level of _________ of sediment and _________ (same answer as first blank) is the separating of items into groups according to one or more properties. Sorting
______________ is the laying down or settling eroded rock. Depostion
Sediment is deposited in locations called _____________ __________, such as swamps, deltas, at the bottom of the ocean floor, and on land. Depositional Environment
________ grains of sediment are often deposited in high-energy environments. Large
_________ grains of sediment are often deposited in low-energy environments. Small
Sediment deposited in water typically form layers called ______. The _______(same answer as first blank) usually have "stripes". Beds
Landforms can have features that are clearly produced by _________, like the landforms are often tall, jagged structures with cuts in layers of rock. Erosion
____________ created by deposition are often flat and low. Landforms

Weathering, Erosion and Soil Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

process of erosion where windblown particles scrape against rock surfaces and wear them away abrasion
unweathered solid parent rock bedrock
all of Earth's organisms and the environment in which they live biosphere
type of weathering where rocks and minerals undergo changes in their composition due to chemical reactions chemical
process by which productive land becomes a desert desertification
removal and transport of weathered material erosion
the settling of eroded material deposition
process that occurs when water repeatedly freezes and thaws in cracks in rocks frost wedging
erosion that occurs when a channel widens and deepens gully
weathering where big rocks break down into smaller pieces physical
erosion where water runs down the side of a slope carving a small stream rill
pieces of rock that are moved and deposited sediment
loose covering of weathered rock overlying bedrock soil
distinct layer in soil horizon
section of soil with many distinct layers profile
the change in elevation of the Earth's crust topography
the most influential factor in soil formation climate
soil whose parent material is local residual
soil whose parent material has moved far from its source transported
steep slopes have this kind of soil shallow
they help break down organic material and helps increase water holding capacity organisms
regardless of the type of soil, they all need this to develop time
decreasing surface area, _____________ chances of chemical weathering decreases
row of trees planted perpendicular to the wind windbreak
type of erosion that creates unsorted deposits glacial
chemical weathering due to oxygen oxidation
weathering where outer layers seem to peel away like an onion exfoliation
type of weathering that is favored in cold and dry climate mechanical
type of erosion that can defy gravity wind

Weathering and erosion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The process that breaks down rock and other material at Earth surface weathering
The process by which ice wind water and soil move weather rock Erosion
Rock is physically broken down into smaller pieces mechanical weathering
Breaks down rock with chemical changes chemical weathering
The geological principle that the same geologic processes that operate it today in the past to change Uniformitarianism
Grinding away of rocks by other rock particles carried in water with ice or wind Abrasion
Sports rock when water seeped into cracked and freezes and expands Ice wedging
Chemical change in which substance combines with oxygen as when iron oxides forming rest Oxidation
Characteristics of material that is full of tiny connected air spaces I can see through Permeable
Loose weathered material and earth surface in which plants can grow Soil
Dark colored organic material in soil Humus
Organisms that breakdown the remains of organisms and I just them Decomposers

Weathering & Erosion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the breakdown of rocks into smaller particles weathering
small particles of rock that break off another rock sediments
the type of weathering in which the composition stays the same physical
the type of weathering in which the composition of the rock changes chemical
what water does when it freezes expands
the release of pressure that causes a rock to break exfoliation
when sediments collide and break abrasion
the name of the rock that caves form in limestone
the most important cause of chemical weathering water
when oxygen combines with iron in a rock and forms iron oxide(rust) oxidation
examples of organisms that release acids to chemically weather rocks lichens
decayed plant an animal material found in soil humus
when the bedrock matches the soil residual
when the bedrock does NOT match the soil transported
the process by which weathered sediments are transported erosion
another name for gravity erosion massmovement
the force behind most types of erosion gravity
a smaller stream running into a larger one tributary
an area of land that drains to a specific stream/water body watershed
a v-shaped valley is formed by this river
when sediments are dissolved in water solution
when small minerals are carried within water suspension
a u-shaped lake that forms when a meander is cut off from the rest of a stream/river oxbow
wind blows loose sediment against rocks sandblasting
a U-shaped valley is made by this glacier
a rock deposited by a glacier that does not match the surrounding rock in the area erratic
the shape of rocks eroded by water round
the shape of rocks eroded by gravity angular
you find these on rocks carried by glaciers scratches

Weathing, Erosion, and Deposition Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Natural process by which atmospheric and environmental agents disintigrate rocks. Weathering
When rocks break into smaller pieces by physical means. Mechanical
These changes help disintigrate and decompose rocks. Think ice. Temperature
When water seeps into cracks, then freezes, we call it this. (2 words, no spaces) Icewedging
Grinding and wearing away of rock surface through action of rock/sand particles Abrasion
Parts of plants that crack rock. roots
Animals, such as wolves, are doing this to make their homes in the ground. See pg. 375. Burrowing
When rocks break down by chemical reactions, we say it is ___ weathering. chemical
Process when metal combines with oxygen. Forms rust. Oxidation
The lion on page 379 was damaged by... (2 words, no spaces) Acidprecipitation
Process where materials of Earth's surface are loosened, dissolved, or worn away. See pg. 387. Erosion
On pg. 389, I see urban ____ that contributes to erosion. development
On pg. 390, there are three pictures of soil ____ methods pictured. conservation
Physical feature of Earth's surface (pg. 393). Landform
Ancient ____ carved plateaus into mesas on pg. 394. rivers
The rugged ____ ____ mountains are still very jagged! (pg. 393) PatagonianAndes
These mountains in the US are very smooth and eroded (pg. 393). Appalachian
Don't get caught in one of these while driving a truck! (pg. 391) landslide