Type
Crossword
Description

Processes that wear away Earth's surface features and landforms Destructive Forces
The breaking of larger rocks into smaller pieces called sediment Weathering
Land features that form when eroded sediment drops at the mouth of the river Deltas
Land features that are deep, v-shaped valleys, formed by water erosion Canyons
Tallest landform on Earth that may go through changes due to destructive processes Mountains
This is the process that builds up Earth's surface and landforms Constructive Force
Moves sediment from one place to another by wind, water, ice, gravity, and organisms Erosion
Land features that from when eroded sediment drops and builds up through the process of deposition Sand Dunes
When sediment is released or dropped Deposition
Landforms that open to a pool of molten rock that can be changed due to destructive and constructive processes Volcanoes

Earth's changes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The dropping, or releasing, of sediments that have been moved from one place to another. Deposition
A force that breaks down something Destructive
Topographic maps show the shapes of _____ features and how high they are above sea level. Surface
A type of weathering that is a breakdown of rocks by changing its composition. chemical
A type of weathering where Ice, moving air, and water breaks down large rocks into smaller pieces of rocks, called sediment. Mechanical
A type of landform that is a tall sloped raised area on the Earth’s crust Mountains
A type of force that builds up the land. Constructive
Type of erosion responsible for the creation and destruction of sand dunes wind
By studying contour lines, you can learn the _____ and steepness of the land. shape
The carrying away of sediments by moving water, wind, or moving ice Erosion

Weathering, Erosion and Deposition Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the process by which sediment and other materials are moved from one place to another Erosion
process by which eroded material is dropped deposition
materials carried by a stream load
flat area formed by layers of deposited sediment floodplain
fan shaped pattern where streams deposit their loads delta
a fan shaped deposit that forms on dry land alluvial fan
a place where land and a body of water meet shoreline
water located within the rocks below Earth's surface groundwater
an area of shoreline that is made up of material deposited by waves and currents beach
mounds of wind deposited sand dunes
thick deposits of windblown, fine-grained sediment loess
term for all materials carried and deposited by a glacier Glacial drift
large mass of moving ice that forms by the compacting of snow by natural forces glacier
sudden and rapid movement of a large amount of material downslope landslide

Weathering, Erosion, and Deposition Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The mechanical and chemical processes that change objects on Earth's surface over time is called _____________. Weathering
When physical processes naturally break rocks into smaller pieces __________________, occurs Mechanical Weathering
______________ is when you have water seep through a crack in a rock, that then freezes, expanding the crack of the rock. Ice Wedging
_______________ is when you have the grinding away of a rock by friction or impact. Abrasion
_______ can also cause weathering (mechanical weathering) by crumbling rocks. Plants
____________ that live in soil creates holes in the soil where water enters and causes weathering(mechanical weathering). Animals
___________________ changes the materials that are part of a rock into new materials. Chemical Weathering
Most substances dissolve in ____________ and the minerals that make up rock dissolve very slowly in __________ (same answer as first blank) Water
______ increase the rate of chemical weathering more than rain or water does and the action of _________ (same answer as first blank) attracts atoms away from rock minerals and dissolves them in the _______ (same answer as the firs and second blank). Acids
_____________ combines the element oxygen with the other elements or molecules. Oxidation
Environment, water, temperature, type of rock, the size of and number if holes in the rock, and rocks being made out of one or more minerals affects _________________. Weathering Rates
___________ is the removal of weathered material from one location to another. Erosion
__________ of erosion include water, wind, glaciers, and gravity. Agents
The ___________________sometimes depends on the type of rock. rate of erosion
When rock fragments bump each other doing erosion it causes them to be ______________. Rounded
Erosion affects the level of _________ of sediment and _________ (same answer as first blank) is the separating of items into groups according to one or more properties. Sorting
______________ is the laying down or settling eroded rock. Depostion
Sediment is deposited in locations called _____________ __________, such as swamps, deltas, at the bottom of the ocean floor, and on land. Depositional Environment
________ grains of sediment are often deposited in high-energy environments. Large
_________ grains of sediment are often deposited in low-energy environments. Small
Sediment deposited in water typically form layers called ______. The _______(same answer as first blank) usually have "stripes". Beds
Landforms can have features that are clearly produced by _________, like the landforms are often tall, jagged structures with cuts in layers of rock. Erosion
____________ created by deposition are often flat and low. Landforms

Rocks, Weathering, and Erosion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The process by which natural forces break down rocks. weathering
When weathered materials are carried away. erosion
__________ rocks are formed from shells, fossils, pebbles, and sand. sedimentary
__________ rocks are formed when other rock types are changed by the heat and pressure under earths surface. metamorphic
__________ rocks are formed when magma cools and solidifies. Igneous
The breaking of ricks by physical force. mechanical weathering
the breakdown of rocks by chemical reactions changing their composition. chemical weathering
The freezing and thawing of water in cracks of rocks that causes rocks to split ice wedging
When fertile land becomes desert like, often in result of a drought. desertification
A large mass of ice that moves over land causing erosion. glacier
Rain that causes weathering because it contains sulfuric acid. acid rain
When two objects collide causing damage. abrasion
Particles of rock and soil that are eroded ad deposited and form sedimentary rocks. sediment

Weathering, Erosion and Soil Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

process of erosion where windblown particles scrape against rock surfaces and wear them away abrasion
unweathered solid parent rock bedrock
all of Earth's organisms and the environment in which they live biosphere
type of weathering where rocks and minerals undergo changes in their composition due to chemical reactions chemical
process by which productive land becomes a desert desertification
removal and transport of weathered material erosion
the settling of eroded material deposition
process that occurs when water repeatedly freezes and thaws in cracks in rocks frost wedging
erosion that occurs when a channel widens and deepens gully
weathering where big rocks break down into smaller pieces physical
erosion where water runs down the side of a slope carving a small stream rill
pieces of rock that are moved and deposited sediment
loose covering of weathered rock overlying bedrock soil
distinct layer in soil horizon
section of soil with many distinct layers profile
the change in elevation of the Earth's crust topography
the most influential factor in soil formation climate
soil whose parent material is local residual
soil whose parent material has moved far from its source transported
steep slopes have this kind of soil shallow
they help break down organic material and helps increase water holding capacity organisms
regardless of the type of soil, they all need this to develop time
decreasing surface area, _____________ chances of chemical weathering decreases
row of trees planted perpendicular to the wind windbreak
type of erosion that creates unsorted deposits glacial
chemical weathering due to oxygen oxidation
weathering where outer layers seem to peel away like an onion exfoliation
type of weathering that is favored in cold and dry climate mechanical
type of erosion that can defy gravity wind

Weathering Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the breaking down of rock by mechanical action of an other rock ABRASION
when strong acids fall to Earth they are called ACIDPRECIPITATION
the process by which rock is broken down by physical changes PHYSICALWEATHERING
the breakdown of rock by physical and chemical changes WEATHERING
the process when the outer layers of rock slowly peel away EXFOLIATION
the breaking down and wearing away of rock material by the mechanical action of other rock ABRASION
the breakdown of rocks by chemical reactions CHEMICALWEATHERING
the process by which other chemical combine with oxygen OXIDATION
a common feature in cave systems STALACTITES
a common feature in cave systems STALAGMITES
the process by which by which sediment is moved to one place to another EROSION
the process by which eroded material is dropped DEPOSITION
layers of deposited sediment can form a flat area called a FLOODPLAIN
streams often deposits their loads in a fan-shaped pattern DELTA
a fan-shaped deposit that forms on dry land ALLUVIALFAN
the water located within the rocks below Earth's surface GROUNDWATER
is a place where land and a body of water meet SHORELINE
an area of shorelinethat is made up ofmaterial deposited by waves and currents BEACH
an underwater or exposed ridge of sand, gravel, or shell material SANDBAR
a long narrow island usally made of sand BARRIERISLAND
mounds of wind-deposited sands are called DUNES
deposites of this windblown, finegrained sediment LOESS
a large mass of moving ice GLAICER
the general term for all materials carried and deposited by a glaicer GLACIERDRIFT
slow movement of material downslope CREEP
happens when loose rocks fall down a steep slope ROCKFALL
the sudden movement of a large amount of material downslope LANDSLIDE
a rapid movement of a large mass of mud is called MUDFLOW

Rock cycle Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What is formed by deposition Sedimentary
What is a inorganic substance Mineral
What is from magma or lave Igneous
What is called the process of rocks Rockcycle
What is a solid mineral material that to form on the surface of earth Rock
The process of eroding by wind Erosion
What is a rock that transform by heat or pressure Metamorphic
What are the metamorphic process Heat
Different type of sedimentary rocks Limestone
What cause a igneous rock Cooling
What is called when magma reached earth surface and turned in a rock surface Extrusive
What wears away and change things Weathering
What is another metamorphic process Pressure
What are intrusive igneous rocks Basalt
What breaks down things Deposition
When rocks are stick together what is that called Compacting

Weathing, Erosion, and Deposition Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Natural process by which atmospheric and environmental agents disintigrate rocks. Weathering
When rocks break into smaller pieces by physical means. Mechanical
These changes help disintigrate and decompose rocks. Think ice. Temperature
When water seeps into cracks, then freezes, we call it this. (2 words, no spaces) Icewedging
Grinding and wearing away of rock surface through action of rock/sand particles Abrasion
Parts of plants that crack rock. roots
Animals, such as wolves, are doing this to make their homes in the ground. See pg. 375. Burrowing
When rocks break down by chemical reactions, we say it is ___ weathering. chemical
Process when metal combines with oxygen. Forms rust. Oxidation
The lion on page 379 was damaged by... (2 words, no spaces) Acidprecipitation
Process where materials of Earth's surface are loosened, dissolved, or worn away. See pg. 387. Erosion
On pg. 389, I see urban ____ that contributes to erosion. development
On pg. 390, there are three pictures of soil ____ methods pictured. conservation
Physical feature of Earth's surface (pg. 393). Landform
Ancient ____ carved plateaus into mesas on pg. 394. rivers
The rugged ____ ____ mountains are still very jagged! (pg. 393) PatagonianAndes
These mountains in the US are very smooth and eroded (pg. 393). Appalachian
Don't get caught in one of these while driving a truck! (pg. 391) landslide

Shaping Earth's Surface Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the process in which sediment and other materials are moved from one place to another erosion
the process by which eroded material is dropped and creates new landforms deposition
the measure of the change in elevation over a certain distance gradient
the size of a streams ___________ has an affect on the stream's speed load
_____________ increases after a major storm occurs such as rapid snow melting discharge
when a stream or river floods, a layer of sediments is deposited over the flooded land. Very fertile & flat area floodplain
streams that deposit their load in a fan-shaped pattern delta
a ____________________ is a fan-shaped deposit that forms on dry land alluvial fan
the curve, twists in a river or stream meander
the movement of water underground can also cause erosion groundwater
a circular depression left in the ground when the roof of a cave collapses. sinkhole
a place where land and a body of water meet shoreline
an area of shoreline that is made up of materials deposited by waves and currents beach

Coastal landforms Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The movement of water from a broken wave as it runs down the beach returning to the ocean backwash
A large powerful storm wave that has a strong backwash destructive wave
The movement of water in a wave as it breaks onto a beach. swash
A gentle backwash that leads to material being deposited on land Constructive wave
The main direction from which the wind blows. Prevailing wind
land jutting out into the sea Peninsula
The process of looking after a coast Coastal management
A large pile of sand at the beach Dune
When a cave erodes through to the other side of the headland Arch
When sand is moved along a beach because of the prevailing wind Longshore drift
A fence like structure built from the beach out into the water to stop longshore drift groyne
What is left when an arch collapses Stack
What is left when a stack collapses Stump
A wall of rocks to prevent coastal erosion Sea wall
A section of the water that can quickly drag a swimmer out to sea rip
A small section of land that juts out into the sea headland
This can help bind sand together and prevent erosion vegetation
visitors to coastal areas are called this tourists